stratal

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Highlights—Clinoform Geometries and Sediment | JSR Paper Clips

Clinoforms are fundamental sequence and seismic stratigraphic elements, reflecting information on sediment distribution in space and time to and across shelf margins. In this contribution, Gong et al. quantitatively explore relationships between clinoform-growth styles and sand- and sediment-budget partitioning across shelf margins of late Miocene-Quaternary clinoforms of the northwestern South China Sea. The results illustrate that clinoform-growth styles represent distinct stratal stacking patterns and sediment distribution. For example, downward-prograding shelf-margin clinoforms with low angles of growth trajectories (Gct) and low clinoform height (Hc) favor partitioning volumes of sediment into deep-water areas, thus are fronted by sand-rich submarine fan systems. In contrast, steeply upward aggrading shelf-margin clinoforms with high Gct and high Hc favor storage of volumes of sediment on shelf margins, and hence include mud-dominated mass-transport systems downdip of shelf breaks. Gct and Hc therefore increase linearly with sediment budget stored on shelf margins, but decrease linearly with sand- and sediment-budget partitioning into deep-water areas, provided similar sediment-supply conditions through time. The results suggest that clinoform-growth styles are thus good predictors of sand- and sediment-volume partitioning across shelf margins.