strait-of-magellan

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Tierra del fuego by Our Breathing Planet
Via Flickr:
The ethereal beauty of: Tierra del Fuego. It is an archipelago of the tip of South America, across the Strait of Magellan. It consists of a main island named Isla Grande de Tierra del Fuego; totaling 18,500 square miles ( 48,000 sq. kilometers ) and a few smaller islands, including Cape Horn. It was first discovered by Europeans by Ferdinand Magellan in 1520. The southern part of the island commonly serves as a site for Antarctic logistics, while the northern areas are used for petroleum extraction. Most of the Southern area is protected as a National Park. #ourbreathingplanet

anonymous asked:

my real question is what reasons 1-75 are

owlgirl1998 reblogged your post and added:

3) Where’s Patagonia it sounds lovely?

ALRIGHT PEOPLE LISTEN UP

PATAGONIA IS THE SOUTHERNMOST PART OF SOUTH AMERICA, A REGION THAT INCLUDES BOTH CHILE AND ARGENTINA

IT’S THE MOST FRIGGIN GORGOUS PLACE IN THE WORLD

NO SERIOUSLY IT’S BEAUTIFUL

I SHIT YOU NOT THE SKY IS BLUE

LIKE YOU THINK YOU KNOW THIS BUT MY GOD YOU DO NOT KNOW THAT THE SKY IS BLUE UNTIL YOU’VE SEEN HOW FECKING BLUE THE SKY CAN BE

AND WHILE WE’RE AT IT THE OUTSIDE WORLD IS A FABULOUS FABULOUS PLACE BUT IN THE TOWNS THEY HAVE A GREAT APPRECIATION OF (A) SUBLIME CHURCHES AND (B) CHOCOLATE WORTH KILLING FOR NO JOKE I HAVE NO IDEA WHAT GOES IN THIS HOT CHOCOLATE BUT I’M PRETTY SURE IT’S STRAIGHT UP AMORENTIA BECAUSE MY GOD

GLACIERS MY FRIEND BIG ASS GLACIERS THIS FUCKER IS PERITO MORENO GLACIER AND IT’S OVER 70M TALL M E T E R S 70 METERS

AND YOU KNOW THE BEST FUCKING THING ABOUT THIS IS THAT NO ONE GOES TO PATAGONIA IN WINTER BECAUSE IT’S COLD AND TRANSPORT STOPS WORKING AND YOU GET RANDOMLY SNOWED IN WITH FOOD SUPPLIES DWINDLING BUT MY FRIENDS THESE FAIR WEATHER PEOPLE ARE MISSING OUT BECAUSE DO YOU KNOW HOW MANY PEOPLE WE SHARED THIS GLACIER WITH???

FOUR. FOUR OTHER PEOPLE. AND WE DIDN’T LIKE SHARING SO WE WALKED DOWN A BIT AND GOT OUR OWN PRIVATE STRETCH OF GLACIER WHERE WE COULD HEAR THE ICE CREAKING AND SINGING AND CAN YOU DO THAT WITH CROWDS? I THINK NOT FUCKERS

AND ALLOW ME TO INTRODUCE YOU TO THE ESTEEMED KING PENGUINS WITH GIANT FLUFFBOMB CHICKS LOOK AT THEM AND WEEP BECAUSE LET ME TELL YOU I WAS SOBBING UGLY TEARS AND IT WAS SO DAMN COLD AND WINDY THAT I GOT BLOWN OVER AND FROZE TO DEATH BUT I’D DO IT AGAIN IN A HEARTBEAT BECAUSE ACTUAL PENGUINS

WOULD YOU BE SURPRISED IF THE EAGLES OF MANWE CAME WHEELING OUT FROM BEHIND THE FITZ ROY??? YES FOOLS BECAUSE THOSE LIVE IN NEW ZEALAND IT’S CONDOR COUNTRY OVER HERE AND HOLY FUCK CONDORS CAN MOVE THEY’RE LIKE SUPER FAST AND HUGE IT’S AMAZING

BY THE WAY WE DID TRY AND CLIMB THE FITZ ROY AND IT WENT BADLY BECAUSE THE WEATHER WENT FROM THE LOVELINESS YOU SEE ABOVE TO THIS ARSECRACK OF A DAMP SQUIB

AND IT KEPT GETTING WORSE UNTIL WE HAD TO TURN AROUND AND LEG IT AND WE GENUINELY THOUGHT WE WERE GOING TO FALL OFF AND DIE BECAUSE WE COULD SEE ZIPPO ANYWHERE IT WAS HILARIOUS

IS THIS A LLAMA NO IT IS NOT BAMBOOZLED AGAIN IT’S A LLAMA’S WILD COUSIN THE GUANACO AND THESE THINGS DEFY PHYSICS I SWEAR BUT ALSO MEGA CUTE

AND INCIDENTALLY

THE FOOD

I DON’T HAVE A PICTURE BECAUSE MY HANDS WERE BUSY EATING BUT THEY DO LAMB IN A BIG WAY AND YOU HAVE NEVER SEEN QUANTITIES OF MEAT UNTIL YOU’VE SEEN QUANTITIES OF MEAT LIKE THE SOUTH AMERICANS SERVE IT IT CAUSED ME ACTUAL PHYSICAL PAIN TO EAT THAT MUCH FOOD BUT I WOULD NOT STOP IF YOU PAID ME

SO IN SUMMARY FRIEND

IF YOU EVER HAVE HERMIT DESIRES GET THYSELF TO PATAGONIA PRONTO AND MAKE SURE YOU GO IN WINTER

YOU WILL GET SNOWED IN

YOU WILL SPEND OVER AN HOUR WALKING AROUND A MOSTLY DESERTED TOWN TRYING TO FIND SOMEWHERE OPEN THAT SELLS BREAD

YOU WILL BUILD AN ALTAR OF SOCKS TO THE FIRE AND TAKE OUT THE KNEECAPS OF ANYONE WHO DARES STEAL YOUR HOT CHOCOLATE

YOU WILL STAND ON TOP OF A MOUNTAIN WITH YOUR ARMS OUTSTRETCHED AND THE ONLY OTHER HUMAN BEING YOU WILL BE ABLE TO SEE IS THE GOOF YOU DRAGGED WITH YOU

YOU WILL WALK APPROXIMATELY TWENTY MILES A DAY AND MOST OF IT WILL BE UPHILL

YOU WILL SORELY MISS TREES

YOU WILL NEVER SHUT UP ABOUT HOW FUCKING BLUE THE FUCKING SKY IS

OR HOW PRETTY IS IT

IN SHORT

GET THYSELF TO PATAGONIA

AND CRAP I FORGOT TO MENTION THEY HAVE FLAMINGOS AND FOXES AND SEA LIONS AND BIRDS AND ALL OF THAT

AND CULTURE AND HISTORY THE PEOPLE OF TIERRA DEL FUEGO DIDN’T WEAR CLOTHES BECAUSE WET CLOTHES? EEEWWW SO THEY JUST PUT ANIMAL FAT ON THEIR BARE SKIN  AND WHEN THE EUROPEANS ARRIVED THEY WENT WTF???? WHY AND BROUGHT SOME OF THE PEOPLE BACK WITH THEM TO EUROPE TO TEACH THEM TO BE “CULTURED” AND THESE PEOPLE LEARNT THE LANGUAGE AND WORE THE CLOTHES AND DID EVERYTHING THEY WERE ASKED BUT WHEN THE EUROPEANS TOOK THEM HOME TO TEACH THEIR FAMILIES THEY STRIPPED RIGHT BACK OFF AND WENT BACK TO BARE SKIN AND FAT AND THE EUROPEANS JUST WENT NO WAIT WHY SO THEY SAID “WE’VE HAD OUR TIME AS SAVAGES NOW WE’RE BEING ACTUAL PEOPLE AGAIN SO PISS OFF YOU BARBARIANS” WELL NOT IN THOSE EXACT WORDS BUT MEANING STRONGLY IMPLIED AND THE EUROPEANS HAD TO ACCEPT THAT THEY WERE BARBARIANS WHO COULDN’T COMPARE WITH LOCAL SUAVITY AND STYLE

AND AND AND THE MAGELLAN STRAIT LIKE HELLO HISTORY BEAGLE CHANNEL LET ME JUST LIE DOWN ON THIS DECK AND DIE

PATAFUCKINGGONIA BITCHES

The Worst Pirate in History — The Forgotten Legend of Bartholomew Sharp

Perhaps one of the worst pirates to sail the high seas, Bartholomew Sharp certainly is not a legendary figure like Blackbeard, Bartholomew Roberts, or Captain Kidd.  The fictional pirate Jack Sparrow, when accused of being the worst pirate ever heard of remarked, “But you have heard of me.”  Unfortunately Bartholomew Sharp was so bad that his name is almost forgotten to history.  In 1639 Sharp set off with a crew of pirates to Panama in search of Spanish treasure.  Unlike most pirates who stalked the Caribbean, Sharp had the idea to raid the Pacific side of the Spanish Main.  It is a wonder why he had this idea, most treasure fleets bound for Europe crossed through the Caribbean, only a few ships, mostly supply ships bound for the Philippines with some treasure ships bound for the Straits of Magellan could be found on the Pacific side.  Regardless, Sharp and his men sailed to Panama, abandoned ship at the coast, then seized Spanish ships on the Pacific side of Panama.  

Bartholomew Sharp and his crew raided several Spanish ships, but none had anything of value.  After two years of slim pickings, his crew mutinied and replaced him as captain.  Fortunately for him, his replacement only lasted three weeks before unexpectedly dying.  Amazingly, the crew voted to restore Sharp as captain once again.  However Sharps luck failed to pick up, that was until him and his crew came across a Spanish treasure galleon, which they captured after a short fight.  However, rather than finding a rich haul of treasure, the ship was loaded with 700 bars of a dull grey metal which they thought was tin.  Dejected and depressed, Sharp and his pirates decided to cut their losses and head home.  They threw the bars overboard, saving a small portion to be cast into musket balls.

Sharp and his men rounded South America and returned to the Caribbean.  When they arrived they learned of two pieces of very bad news.  First, Sharp had assumed that because England was enemies with Spain, he would be recognized as a privateer by English authorities.  However the English were not at war with Spain at the time, and arrest warrants had been issued in Sharp’s name for piracy.  Secondly, the men had run out of lead to cast musket balls, and had dug into the stock of “tin bars” captured from the Spanish galleon earlier.  It was then discovered that the tin bars were not tin at all, but in fact were silver.  The unfortunate pirates had dumped a fortune worth 150,000 English Pounds (millions today) into the deep blue sea.  Bummer.

When Sharp tried to make harbor at Barbados, he found a Royal Navy frigate waiting for him.  He then made for Antigua, but authorities there barred him from entry.  Eventually Sharp and his men were captured and arrested, then hauled into court in chains.  In a rare stroke of luck for Sharp, him and his men were acquitted due to lack of evidence, either that or the jury felt bad for him.  After avoid the hangman’s noose and gibbet, Sharp settled down on the Danish Island of St. Thomas.  A man who could not lead a successful life as a pirate, Sharp was also a man who could not lead a successful life as a regular citizen.  He died in a debtors prison in 1702.

CHILE, Magdalena Island : A Magellanic penguin is seen in Magdalena Island, located in the Strait of Magellan near Chile’s southern tip, where tens of thousands of penguins come every year to breed, on February 14, 2016. The Magellanic penguin (Spheniscus magellanicus) is a South American penguin breeding in coastal Argentina, Chile and the Falkland Islands, with some migrating to Brazil where they are occasionally seen as far north as Rio de Janeiro.   AFP PHOTO / MARTIN BERNETTI                  

Cien años de soledad - (Parte 1) Vocabulario

el pelotón- squad/platoon

la aldea - small village/small town

desarrapado- ragged (clothes)

montaraz - rustic/coarse

el caldero-  cooking pot/basin

el alboroto- commotion/racket/fuss

espantarse- to become frighten/scared

pregonar- to trumpet/announce loudly

el gitano- gypsy

la partida-  shipment(of goods)/departure

la honradez- honesty/integrity

desenterrar- to dig up/to unearth

el rizo- curl/lcck of curly hair

mediante - by means of/by

el catalejo- telescope

la lupa- magnifying glass

el tamaño- size

el imán- magnet

la quemadura- burn

a cambio de- in exchange for

la brújula- compass

contraer- to shrink/contract(diseases)

el espinazo- backbone/spine

sustituir- to substitute

febril- feverish/febrile/hectic/frenzied

el entendimiento- understanding

la cabecera- the head/headboard/headline

el Oriente- east

inculcar- to instil/to teach/to drum into/hammer into

reunir- to gather

el rapto- a fit (of anger,rage,etc)

impasible- unemotional/apathetic

incomprensible- incomprehendable/unfathomable

descomunal- enormous/large

desaforado- large/violent

el escorbuto- scurvy

el beriberi- beriberi

el estrecho de Magallanes- Strait of Magellan

el terciopelo- velvet

la sabiduría- wisdom/knowledge

los sienes- temples (head)

el hallazgo- finding/discovery

inquebrantable- unbreakable/unshakeable

el arcón- chest(of wood)

la trocha- path/shortcut

el pantano- bog/swamp

la ciénaga- swamp/bog/marsh

Lynne Cox is an accomplished American open water swimmer. Twice, she held the record for the fastest crossing of the English Channel. Cox was the first woman to swim the Cook Strait and the first to swim the Straits of Magellan and around the Cape of Good Hope. Cox swam the Bering Strait from American soil to Soviet soil in 1987, at the height of the Cold War. 

Satellite map of Patagonia during Winter

Snow runs down the spine of the Andes Mountains along the southern tip of South America. Chile is on the left, and Argentina is on the right. The water cutting across the continent in the bottom center of the image is the Strait of Magellan, once the only safe route between the Atlantic and the Pacific Oceans. Along the coast of Argentina, waters of the Atlantic Ocean are tinted green with sediment. The Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) on the Terra satellite captured this true-color image on August 24, 2003.

Magellan’s Crew Reaches the Pacific

28 November 1520

Ferdinand Magellan, with his three remaining ships, reached the Pacific Ocean on this day in history, 28 November 1520. The expedition had finished exploring the strait at South America’s southern tip and when the ships exited the Strait of Magellan into the South Pacific, they became the first European ships to cross from the Atlantic to the Pacific. Magellan named the waters the Mar Pacifico (Pacific Ocean) because of its apparent stillness. It was also at this time that Magellan and his crew became the first Europeans to reach Tierra del Fuego just east of the Pacific side of the strait.

The map above is a 1635 Dutch map by Hondius depicting both the Strait of Magellan and Tierra del Fuego.

10

Magdallenes penguins:

From the charming town of Punta Arenas, Chile, an 18 mile boat ride heading east in the straight of Magellan delivers you to isle Magdallenes. The ride outbound goes by quickly as we pass cormorants, diving terns, prodigious Albatrosses, and the occasional spotting of black and white dolphins swimming the strong currents that pass under the ship. The barren, treeless piece of earth that is Isle Magdallenes becomes less barren as we approach. From a distance it is crawling with creatures, and upon reaching the island we see that those creatures are actually penguins. Waddling as far as the eye can see.

The tour of the island passes directly through penguin rush hour waddling, allowing us to get within a few feet of animals whose cuteness is only surpassed by the strength of wafting fish breath. They sun bathe, squawk, dig, mate, preen and poop. Observing these oddities of planet earth I cannot help but wonder how they exist at all, such easy prey and helpless, drunken waddlers. This thought is swiftly attacked and vanquished once I watch a group of them return from their hunting in the rough waters of the straight. They swim like torpedos, frequently breaching the surface water with mouths agape, as if they are yelling “ Woo hoo”! I now understand how they survive, thrive in such a challenging environ. That initial stench of fish breath, all that pink stained pooping, thousands of young & fat penguin chicks; all were telltale signs of a dominant sea hunter, one who should never be questioned as to how they exist on planet earth.

p.s. The straight of Magellan is a mad house of raging waves and relentless ocean currents. I, and I’m certain the 40 sea sick people on the boat, are still wondering how big Magellan’s balls actually were.