stop grammar time

I’m going to start correcting the people who say “*you’re instead of actually contributing to discourse by reminding them that “*you’re” is a sentence fragment and can’t stand alone. The year is 2017 Jimothy if they make a better point than u I literally do not care if their grammar looks like ancient Enochian put through a blender you are so boring. 

So little to make me happy. 

Take notes for da4 bioware.

…How old are you?

So, I have officially taken on the challenge of inspiring Gigi’s muse to continue her Hobbit AU. Wish me luck.

anonymous asked:

A friend of mine much better at writing than I am told me that I cannot use an -ing word with a past tense verb. For example, "I whirled to face her, sending her back a step with my glare." However, I've seen that done in a lot of fiction I've read. I can't find anything definitive on Google to help. What's your opinion?

Stop - Grammar time! 

So your friend had the right idea, except for the part where she was wrong. 

To explain why she’s wrong, let’s learn a little grammar. Fun, right? Shh. It’s good for you to learn this stuff and they don’t teach it to you kids in high school these days. I had to learn all my grammar on the streets. 

A sentence, like the one you provided me, is made up of clauses. Sometimes a sentence contains a single clause, and sometimes it contains two or more. Clauses can be independent - which means they can exist on their own - or they can be subordinate, which means they have to live at home with mom and dad clause until they’re all grown up and they can go off and make their own sentence. 

Now, the thing to keep in mind is that a dependant clause can function like a type of word - for example, a noun or an adjective. 

If a dependant clause includes a “-ing” word, it can be one of two things: a participle phrase or a gerund phrase. 

A gerund phrase is a clause that functions as a NOUN. (For example, “Swimming with Dave sucks,” or “I hate running with Alice.” If you could replace the entire phrase with a single word - “Dave sucks,” or “I hate Alice,” the you know you have a gerund phrase on your hands. 

(*Note: Gerund is the term for any word ending in -ing that functions as a noun. For example, the word “running” in “I hate running.” Now you know. Go forth and impress your English teachers, kids.)

A participle phrase is a clause starting with -ing that functions as an adjective, modifying the sentence by describing what’s happening within it. This is the type of -ing word you’re using in your sentence. 

“She turned, sighing.” - In this case, the phrase “sighing” is modifying “She turned.”

And now I’m going to explain why it’s okay to use it in past AND present tense. And why your friend was wrong.

So here’s the dealio. Even though technically “-ing” is present tense (“She is running,”) it’s not being used as a verb. The “-ing” word is describing the way something is happening. So even though “She screaming” or “She is screaming” wouldn’t be correct if everything else is past tense, “She turned, screaming loudly,” would. Because “screaming loudly” is describing the way “She turned”. 

Make sense? I hope so. It’s been a long time since I actually had to explain grammar, and I don’t think I’m very good at it.