stoic philosopher

The 12th House

sun in 12th: compassionate, insecure, imaginative, creative, confused, introverted, sensitive, reserved, hard working, wise, calm, dreamy, mystical, misunderstood, illusive, martyr

moon in 12th: spiritual, intuitive, withdrawn, emotional, closed off, perceptive, caring, vulnerable, secluded, lonely, private, quiet, unsatisfied, hidden

jupiter in 12th: humanitarian, generous, strong morals, intuitive, optimistic, spiritual, lucky, prefers to be alone, selfless, understands the world on a deeper level

mercury in 12th: sensitive mind, introspective thoughts, imaginative, talented writers, creative, knowledgeable, overwhelmed, anxious, overthinker, disconnected

venus in 12th: sympathetic, loving, compassionate, guarded, feels lonely, people pleaser, hurt easily, mysterious, reserved, slow to trust but quick to love

mars in 12th: self-motivated, private, fights for beliefs, doesn’t like to show anger, hates confrontation, kind, creative, hides true feelings, spiritual, intuitive, compassionate

saturn in 12th: artistic, old soul, intuitive, selfless, feels trapped, self sacrificing, compassionate, empathic, understanding, healing

uranus in 12th: ‘closet rebel’, inventive, insightful, unique, misfit, revolutionary spirit, self-defeating, scared of not having freedom, fear of judgement, contradictory

neptune in 12th: highly sensitive, dreamy, unrealistic, feels like they don’t belong, thick-skinned, escapist, intuitive, artistic, gifted

pluto in 12th: hides who they really are, psychic, powerful but hides it, naturally spiritual, passionate, hates not having control, prefers fantasy over reality


aries in 12th: energetic in seclusion, less competitive, inwardly aggressive, works best behind the scenes, excellent strategist

taurus in 12th: anxious about finances, inwardly fearful, sees the ‘heart of the matter’, indecisive outwardly, indulgent

gemini in 12th: active mind in seclusion, lets emotions cloud judgement; impulsive, knows how things should come together by instinct

cancer in 12th: hides emotions, can be taken for granted, compassionate, seeks to help those in distress, can smother people unknowingly

leo in 12th: inwardly powerful, doesn’t show off, loves humanity, manipulative, forceful but subtle

virgo in 12th: critical subconsciously, concerned about health, insensitive, wants to find a cure for everything; wants to fix everything

libra in 12th: fears depending on others, introverted, can be detached, too idealistic about others, spiritually gifted

scorpio in 12th: subconsciously powerful, guarded secrets, quietly mysterious, outwardly down to earth, incredible inner thoughts

sagittarius in 12th: subconsciously good at planning, privately religious/ philosophical, stoic character, feels a need to find the universal truth, deeper knowledge

capricorn in 12th: subconsciously conservative, never feels complete; feels inadequate, detached, can be manipulative

aquarius in 12th: interested in the subconscious, dreamer; can get lost in dreams,  humane nature, loves helping others

pisces in 12th: compassionate, soft inner self, sensitive to others; empathic, outwardly aggressive, inwardly a dreamer, has difficulty expressing themselves, prone to self-destruction

Book Reviews : Meditations by Marcus Aurelius

Roman Emperor. Philosopher. Human being.

A friend of mine said that reading this was like reading the emperor’s diary and in that sense, he was right. This also felt like a series of ‘life tips’ coming from a philosopher. It’s a great read if you want to learn more about Stoicism or the emperor himself.

One particularly influential Stoic was the philosopher Epictetus who wrote that suffering stems not from the events in our lives, but from our judgements about them. This has resonated strongly with modern psychology and the self-help movement. For example, rational emotive behavioral therapy focuses on changing the self-defeating attitudes people form about their life circumstances.

From the TED-Ed Lesson The philosophy of Stoicism - Massimo Pigliucci

Animation by Compote Collective

Joe Biden said Trump voters were “just being realistic” and I’m starting to get how he lost like four presidential primaries. Biden was a good foil to Obama, a bombastic happy warrior to complement Obama’s stoic philosopher persona, but as a candidate and as a politician, he leaves a lot to be desired.

anonymous asked:

Funny how all bigoted shut in the Bible seems to come from Paul, interesting.... can we just ignore all his teaching plz?

Paul is an interesting guy, because even though his letters make up the bulk of the non-Gospel part of the New Testament, he was extremely controversial during his lifetime among the early Christians. He was canonized so readily later partially because his work was so much more heady and detached in comparison to the other early writers, who were not afraid to be more overtly political and anti-Empire (like compare any of Paul’s letters to the Epistle of James, for example). I don’t mind Paul, though, so long as he is read in context. Like, he clearly thought the second coming was going to happen in his lifetime, and he was very inspired by the stoics philosophically. That’s where most of his “don’t have sex, don’t get married, don’t do anything physically pleasurable” attitude comes from - he thought getting in serious relationships was a bad idea, since Jesus was going to come back any time, and so it’s a bad idea to create unnecessary attachments, and besides, celibacy builds character, or so the stoics kept telling him. Paul had some really good stuff on the power of grace, and the power of love, and so I don’t mind reading him - but the best way to read Paul is to take his own advice about his words:

1 Corinthians 13: 1-3 “If I speak in the tongues of mortals and of angels, but do not have love, I am a noisy gong or a clanging cymbal.  2 And if I have prophetic powers, and understand all mysteries and all knowledge, and if I have all faith, so as to remove mountains, but do not have love, I am nothing.  3 If I give away all my possessions, and if I hand over my body so that I may boast, but do not have love, I gain nothing.“

Sometimes Paul has love behind what he is saying, sometimes he doesn’t. And when he doesn’t, it is, as he put it, “nothing.”

The idea that wealth is morally perilous has an impressive philosophical and religious pedigree. Ancient Stoic philosophers railed against greed and luxury, and Roman historians such as Tacitus lay many of the empire’s struggles at the feet of imperial avarice. Confucius lived an austere life. The Buddha famously left his opulent palace behind. And Jesus didn’t exactly go easy on the rich, either — think camels and needles, for starters.
—  Charles Mathewes and Evan Sandsmark
Starting now, begin training yourself to grasp firmly what’s under your direct control and what isn’t in any situation.

From Stoic Week 2014

  1. What’s the situation?
  2. How much control do you have over the situation as a whole (0–100%)?
  3. Why isn’t it 100%? What aspects don’t you have direct control over?
  4. Why isn’t it 0%? What aspects do you have direct control over?
  5. What would happen if you made a conscious effort to adopt a more Stoic attitude towards this situation by accepting things beyond your control, and taking full responsibility for things under your control?

Ties in nicely with Morita Therapy

Morita’s theory: Thoughts, feelings, and body sensations are uncontrollable through an act of will. Furthermore, that efforts employed to avoid or suppress unwanted internal experiences often have a paradoxical effect. Arugamama. (acceptance of life as it is). Once we learn to accept our feelings we find that we can take action without changing our feeling state. Doing well—paying strict attention to what reality brings for us to do—provides the only stability. The good news is you have power over your own actions and behavior.

“The answer lies in practicing and mastering an attitude of being in touch with the outside world. This is called a reality-oriented attitude, which means, in short, liberation from self-centeredness.” Takahisa Kora, M.D.



Found here (*) The Enchiridion
Ataraxia

by Samsaran

(Ἀταραξία “tranquility”) is a Greek term used by Pyrrho and Epicurus for a lucid state of robust tranquility, characterized by ongoing freedom from distress and worry. Dictionary.com defines Ataraxia as: a state of freedom from emotional disturbance and anxiety; tranquility.

Zeno of Citium (334-262 B.C.E.)

The achievement of ataraxia the “untroubled mind” is seen as the goal of philosophy and the keystone to a good life by the ancient Greek and Roman Stoic philosophers such as Zeno of Citium and Marcus Aurelius. This is achieved by detaching one’s mind from the stream of events and affecting a calm and dispassionate acceptance of fate. Ataraxia or Apatheia as it is later known is seen by many as the Buddhist concept of nirvana “stripped of its mysticism”. I am not sure if I agree with this but it is easy to see how such an assumption might be made.

Lucius Annaeus Seneca (4 B.C.E– 65 C.E)

Buddhists and Stoics hold similar views regarding “desire”and “attachment”. Stoic philosophers categorize attachment into four categories: desire fear, distress, and delight. The most important of these fear is the judgment that things out of our control about to happen are bad. Its antithesis, “desire”, judgment that things out of our control about to happen are good.

Marcus Aurelius (121-180 C.E.)

Compassion was another common trait of the Stoics and Buddhism. The Stoics, unique in their time, were opposed to slavery and preached brotherly love and an insistence on understanding and accepting whatever the logos set out i.e calm acceptance of our now whatever it may entail. This Stoic idea of “logos”, which is a sort of universal reason that determines the unfolding of events. For the Stoics the goal is to develop a degree of self-control that allows one to overcome destructive emotions. This obviously is a corollary to the Buddhist concept of mindfulness. So we have two entirely unrelated philosophical systems appearing at roughly the same time in two very different cultures sharing almost the same core tenets proving, to my satisfaction, that Truth is Truth and will always appear within a sufficiently advanced culture perhaps wearing a toga in one place and a saffron monk’s robe in another but always the same Truth.

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“Marcus Aurelius, Roman emperor. Last of the five good ‘uns. Stoic philosopher. And the only pin-up I ever had on my wall when I was fifteen. The only one I ever had. I am not sure who you think you’re talking to right now, but I have never had the slightest interest in pretty young men.”