stipple engravings

Portrait of Lady Frances Cowper
Plate from Finden’s Portraits of the Female Aristocracy of the Court of Queen Victoria (London: E. & W. Finden, 1839)

William Henry Egleton, British, active 1833 - 1860. After John Hayter, British, 1800 - 1891. Printed by McQueen. Published by E. & W. Finden, Nos. 18 & 19 Southampton Place, Euston Square, London.

Geography:
Made in London, England, Europe

Date:
1838 Medium:
Hand-colored etching and stipple engraving Philadelphia Museum of Art

On this day in history,11th June 1456 – Birth of Anne Neville, Queen Consort of Richard III, at Warwick Castle. Anne was the daughter of Richard Neville, 16th Earl of Warwick and 6th Earl of Salisbury, known as the Kingmaker, and his wife, Anne Beauchamp. Anne’s father, Richard Neville, Earl of Warwick, was a nephew of the Duke of York's wife, Cecily Neville. He came into considerable property and wealth when he married Anne Beauchamp; they had no sons, only two daughters, of whom Anne Neville was the younger.  These daughters would inherit a fortune, and thus their marriages were especially important in the royal marriage game. Women of this period (14th /15th century) were not well documented.

Customarily they were chronicled by the accomplishments of their families and spouses. Anne was betrothed to and in 1470 married Edward of Westminster, Prince of Wales, son of Henry VI. After Yorkist victories and Edward’s restoration to the throne in 1471, Anne married Richard, Duke of Gloucester in 1472, later Richard III, brother of Edward IV. The couple, especially Anne, spend most of their time during the first decade of their marriage at Middleham. It was at Middleham that their son Edward was born in the mid-1470s. Anne represented her husband at York during his absence in France in 1475-6, and it may be assumed she did so on other occasions, just as it may be assumed she conducted her household in the typical manner of other great ladies of her class. What information can be gleaned  of Anne's spiritual life shows that she was conventionally pious woman. In 1476 she became a member of the sisterhood of Durham Cathedral Priory, and the next year she and her husband were admitted to the Guild of Corpus Christi at York, and founded a chantry at the Queen’s College, Cambridge. They also established two colleges, at Barnard Castle, Durham and Middleham. Anne Neville and Cecily Duchess of York both owned copies of Ghostly Grace was said to be enjoyed discussing it together. Anne’s most significant cultural association is with the Beauchamp Pageant, a magnificent illustrated life of her grandfather Richard Beauchamp. The identity of the Pageant is uncertain, but it’s widely suggested that it was commissioned by Anne’s mother, dowager Countess of Warwick, it has also been proposed that Richard and Anne commissioned the work. According to Rous Roll "in person she was seemly, amiable and beauteous…And according to the interpretation of her name Anne full gracious". 

Pictured: Anne Neville, Queen of England by Edward Harding Jr, stipple engraving, published 29 January 1793© National Portrait Gallery, London

A winged woman (the genius of literature) presents an elegant couple to the Roman goddess of wisdom, Minerva, above the group appears a triangle (sign of God) surrounded by cherubs, signs of the sciences and the lettering “Literature”. Colour stipple engraving by J.W. Chapman after Dodd.

1797 By: Dodd after: John Watkins Chapman 

Published: J. Millers,London :  2nd Dec. 1797 

Size: platemark 25.7 x 20.3 cm. 

Wellcome Library, London