Headcanon: Awoken “Sterility”

It’s a common myth that the Awoken are sterile, or at least the Reefborn Awoken are. Where it originated is not entirely known, but as many Earthborn Awoken (such as Tess Everis) can trace their lineages back to the Reef, it’s safe to say the Awoken are not totally and completely sterile. They do, however, have trouble with fertility, but this has lessened with each generation.

Firstborn Awoken did struggle with conception; the lingering effects of the blast that transformed their people rendered a good portion of the population unable to father or carry children, while the rest of their people were found to have reduced rates of fertility. This slowed the Awoken’s population growth, but with each generation, the low fertility rate began to become a thing of the past, although certain bloodlines are known to have trouble, the Sov line being one of them.

Mara Sov is capable of having children, but as she is a Firstborn Awoken, she struggled when trying to have an heir. It took three pregnancies––two of which failed for seemingly unknown reasons––and many, many more tries before Ronja Sov was finally born. And unbeknownst to any of them, Ronja will not be able to carry to term herself, likely from whatever she inherited from her mother, and amplified by Techeun blood, as Techeuns are indeed supposed to be entirely sterile. 

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No Más Bebés: New PBS Documentary Reveals Population Control Of “Poor Who Cannot Adequately Feed Or Clothe The Children They Already Have”

Mothers like Consuelo Hermosillo were in labor when medical staff urged signed consent for a “life saving” treatment. Unbeknown to the mothers, doctors performed a tubal ligation, by clamping, cutting or burning of the fallopian tubes without disclosing the exact procedure.

A small group of Mexican immigrant women sued county doctors, the state and the U.S. government after they were sterilized while giving birth at Los Angeles County-USC Medical Center during the late 1960s and early 1970s.

cbc.ca
Aboriginal women say they were sterilized against their will in hospital
An aboriginal woman in Saskatoon alleges she experienced forced sterilization at a local hospital. And she's not alone. Today, we hear those stories and how they are part of a too-common pattern in our country's history.

“I’m laying there, scared enough, not wanting this done, telling her I didn’t want it done. All of a sudden I smell something burning. If I could’ve moved my legs I probably would’ve kicked her.”- Brenda Pelletier on being sterilized against her will

Brenda Pelletier checked in to Royal University Hospital in Saskatoon five years ago to give birth to her baby girl. She left, with her tubes tied. The tubal ligation procedure happened, she says, after she was pressured into it by hospital staff, while she was in a vulnerable state.

And as a Métis woman, Brenda Pelletier’s experience appears not to be an isolated case.

At least three other aboriginal women have come forward to say that they too were pressured to be sterilized at the Saskatoon hospital in recent years.

Continue Reading.

Women Prisoners Sterilized To Cut Welfare Cost In California

In California, prison doctors have sterilized at least 148 women, mainly Mexicans, from 2006 to 2010. Why? They don’t want to have to provide welfare funding for any children they may have in the future and to eliminate ‘defectives’ from the gene pool.

The sterilization procedures cost California taxpayers $147,460 between 1997 and 2010. The doctors at the prison argue it is money well-spent.

Dr. James Heinrich, an OB-GYN at Valley State Prison for Women, said, “Over a 10-year period, that isn’t a huge amount of money compared to what you save in welfare paying for these unwanted children – as they procreated more.

In 1909, California passed the country’s third sterilization law, authorizing reproductive surgeries of patients committed to state institutions for the “feebleminded” and “insane” that were deemed suffering from a “mental disease which may have been inherited and is likely to be transmitted to descendants.” Based on this eugenic logic, 20,000 patients in more than ten institutions were sterilized in California from 1909 to 1979. Worried about charges of “cruel and unusual punishment,” legislators attached significant provisions to sterilization in state prisons. Despite these restrictions, about 600 men received vasectomies at San Quentin in the 1930s when the superintendent flaunted the law.

Moreover, there was a discernible racial bias in the state’s sterilization and eugenics programs. Preliminary research on a subset of 15,000 sterilization orders in institutions (conducted by Stern and Natalie Lira) suggests that Spanish-surnamed patients, predominantly of Mexican origin, were sterilized at rates ranging from 20 to 30 percent from 1922 to 1952, far surpassing their proportion of the general population.

In her recent book, Miroslava Chávez-García shows, through exhaustively researched stories of youth of color who were institutionalized in state reformatories, and sometimes subsequently sterilized, how eugenic racism harmed California’s youngest generation in patterns all too reminiscent of detention and incarceration today.

California was the most zealous sterilizer, carrying out one-third of the approximately 60,000 operations performed in the 32 states that passed eugenic sterilization laws from 1907 to 1937.

Although such procedures may seem harsh, they are not illegal. The Supreme Court ruled in 1927 that women can be forcibly sterilized in jail in Buck vs Bell. Writing for the majority, Supreme Court Justice Oliver Wendell Holmes, Jr. said, “Three generations of imbeciles are enough.

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My transgender sterilization, or why my consent meant nothing.

In 2009 I was sterilized against my will. 

And it didn’t happen the way I expected. I wasn’t strapped to a bed or dragged screaming into an operating room. If that had been the case, at least I would have had an easier time understanding what happened to me. 

Instead it was the slow mounting of circumstances. I was told that without proof of sterilization, I couldn’t change the gender marker on my passport. I learned that without that change I couldn’t find a job. I couldn’t go to a bank, hospital or dentist without being publically humiliated as I was forced to explain the discrepancy on my passport. I couldn’t get through passport control to leave my country. I couldn’t safely go to a bar at night. And since I didn’t get sterilized, doctors doubted my ‘commitment’ to being transgender and refused access to further transition related care. 

Eventually I gave in. I needed to get on with my life. I was done screaming, crying, fighting. I made my appointment, packed up my own bag for a 3 day stay at the hospital and checked myself in for my own sterilization. The one I really did not want. 

When I made my appointment, when I checked myself in, when I went through preparation for surgery, I must have signed over half a dozen consent forms. It seemed that at every turn there was a new form for me to sign saying that I did in fact want this. That I was giving my full informed consent to the procedure. I’ve had other surgeries that did not involve this pile of paper work and looking back, I’m sure all that extra attention to consent was there precisely because I was being forced into this position. I was being sterilized against my will, but I had to put on a performance of consent so the agents within the system could never be held accountable. I do not know if the nurse who handed me my 5th consent form and prepped my for my surgery knew that I really wanted to run out of that hospital. I don’t know if she knew that I felt broken, defeated, hopeless. Sometimes I feel guilty about allowing her to be an unknowing participant in my violation. 

I hated the consent forms more than anything. 

I had the surgery and I went on, as I did before, to campaign against sterilization as a requirement for legal gender recognition. And in 2014 sterilization ceased to be a requirement for legal gender recognition in the Netherlands, where I live. I celebrated that day. I am really happy that the next generation of transgender people will not have to go through the same thing. 

But I never forgot what had happened to me or considered it a finished chapter. I never forgot that consent can be a performance, enforced to cover up a great coercion. I never forgot that the participants in a consent violation, doctors and nurses in my case, may not even be aware of their role because they did not witness the coercion taking place. They did not see how my options were limited until I got to this point. Consent can be a choice made because all the other roads you would choose are blocked. Consent can be the mask violation wears. And I am very skeptical when I see consent hailed as the highest standard for ethical conduct. So there is a ‘yes’, maybe even an eager, informed ‘yes’. But what’s the rest of the story? Where there are those with power and those without it, consent is not a good measure for whether abuse occurs.

I am sure others are at this very moment signing consent forms or saying ‘yes’ to things they really do not want.

When I was four years old, a doctor advised my parents that I should undergo a “routine” hysterectomy. It was recommended, the doctor said, to prevent the future inconvenience of menstruation. My parents, thankfully, were horrified and high-tailed it out of there, taking me and my four year old uterus with them.
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Photos: Survivors of North Carolina’s Eugenics Program
Photographs by Andy McMillan / Text by Maya Dusenbery

Between 1929 and 1974, North Carolina sterilized more than 7,500 of its residents. Most were operated on without their consent, having been deemed “feebleminded” and unfit to reproduce by the state Eugenics Board. Eighty-five percent were women; about 40 percent were black or Native American. As many as 2,000 victims are thought to still be alive.  [Read more.]

See also Medical Apartheid: The Dark History of Medical Experimentation on Black Americans from Colonial Times to the Present

External image
 by Harriet Washington.

Elaine Riddick was 13 years old when she got pregnant after being raped by a neighbor in Winfall, N.C., in 1967.  The state ordered that immediately after giving birth, she should be sterilized.  Doctors cut and tied off her fallopian tubes.

Riddick was never told what was happening.  “Got to the hospital and they put me in a room and that’s all I remember, that’s all I remember,” she said.  “When I woke up, I woke up with bandages on my stomach.” 

Her records reveal that a five-person state eugenics board in Raleigh had approved a recommendation that she be sterilized. North Carolina was one of 31 states to have a government run eugenics program.  By the 1960s, tens of thousands of Americans were sterilized as a result of these programs.

To read more about this story, click here. Dr. Nancy Snyderman’s full broadcast report, ‘State of Shame’, airs Monday, November 7, at 10pm/9c on NBC’s Rock Center with Brian Williams.

Sweden Ends Mandatory Sterilization of Transgender People

Sweden officially ended its forced sterilization policy for transgender people undergoing gender transition surgery procedures.

According to the Transgender Law Center in San Francisco, Sweden has forced transgender people to be sterilized since 1972, but the law was found unconstitutional by a court last year. The end to the policy occurred Jan. 10.

Maceo Persson, the Transgender Law Center’s operations manager who also holds dual citizenship for Sweden, said the policy change “lifts an dehumanizing law that traces back to the dark times of the eugenics movement.

For several decades, private agencies, including the International Planned Parenthood Federation, and the Puerto Rican government, with the support of federal funds, waged a crusade to sterilize Puerto Rican women. Women on the island were encouraged to agree to “la operación” by armies of public health workers who offered it at minimal or no cost.

The island-wide sterilization campaign was so successful that by 1968 more than one-third of the women of childbearing age in Puerto Rico had been sterilized, the highest percentage in the world at that time.

A similar effort on Indian reservations during the 1970s left more than 25 percent of Native American women infertile. In four Indian Health Service hospitals alone, doctors performed more than 3,000 sterilizations without adequate consent between 1973 and 1976. For small Indian tribes, this policy was literally genocidal. One physician reported that “[a]ll the pureblood women of the Kaw tribe of Oklahoma have now been sterilized. At the end of the generation the tribe will cease to exist.”

—  Dorothy Roberts, Killing the Black Body

anonymous asked:

Apparently using contraception for long periods of time can make you infertile!? is this true? and what are you supposed to do if you don't want to get pregnant yet you need to stop taking contraception because of this? :/

No.  Birth control does not make you infertile.

It just doesn’t.  Every method that is FDA approved and used here in the USA (and approved/used in other countries through their comparable regulating organizations) is safe and temporary. 

That includes:

  • Birth control pills, both combined (estrogen & progesterone) and progesterone-only
  • The Nuva Ring
  • The patch
  • The Depo shot (the shot/injection)
  • The Copper IUD (Paragard)
  • The hormonal IUDs (Mirena, Skyla, Liletta)
  • Nexplanon (the implant/rod)
  • Condoms (internal or external)
  • Diaphragms
  • Spermicide
  • The sponge
  • Natural family planning
  • Withdrawal

None of these methods will make you infertile / stop you from being able to get pregnant later in your life in any way.

PERMANENT sterilization methods include:

  • Bilateral tubal ligation (”getting your tubes tied”, BTL)
  • Essure

With some birth control methods it may take a few months for your regular cycle to come back after you stop using it.  For example, it may take 1 or 2 months to become pregnant after you stop using the pill, and as long as 1 year to get pregnant after you stop using the depo shot.  

The only birth control method that has a time limit on it is the Depo shot, because it can weaken your bones if used for longer than 2 years.  All others can be used as long as desired.  For example, if you love the Mirena IUD & you still want to use it after your first one was taken out, you can have another one inserted immediately.

cbc.ca
Sterilization of indigenous women an act of genocide, new book says
A new book is shedding light on the coercive sterilization of indigenous women in Canada in the 1970s.

A new book is shedding light on the coercive sterilization of indigenous women in Canada in the 1970s.

An Act of Genocide, Colonialism and the Sterilization of Aboriginal Women was written by Karen Stote, an assistant professor of women and gender studies at Wilfred Laurier University in Ontario.

She documents 580 sterilizations of indigenous women that took place at federal hospitals between 1971 and 1974. The hospital in Moose Factory, Ont. conducted 147 of them. The Sioux Lookout, Ont. hospital is responsible for 61.

“Evidence indicates this practice was carried out by eugenically minded doctors in Ontario and northern Canada, where aboriginal women were the prime targets,” Stote writes.

Other vulnerable populations were subject to sexual sterilization, but indigenous people are disproportionately represented in the statistics, she said.

Preventing indigenous women from getting pregnant was a means of limiting government responsibilities, Stote told CBC News.

“As long as indigenous women continue to reproduce there will continue to be indigenous people and indigenous people directly connected to lands and to aboriginal rights,” she said. […]

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Testimonies from women sterilized against their will in Peru

anonymous asked:

Hi. I'm 18 yrs old, in university, and have finally come to the decision I absolutely do not want children. I told my mum I would like to have a tubal ligation in my late 20s, and she laughed saying they won't do it until I'm in my 40s. Why??

Short answer: sexism.

Long answer: Doctors will often refuse to sterilize DFAB people, and insurance companies will refuse to pay for sterilizations, unless we’re literally dying, because they assume we’ll always regret it because we’ll always want more children by the simple fact we’re “women” and as such our only instinctual drive in life is to be mothers. 

And this DOES include denying trans people transitioning needs and procedures.

Even people who’ve had children have had to fight to be sterilized - my aunt, for example, had a serious disease in her uterus, which was putting her in so much pain she could barely leave bed, but they refused to remove her uterus until they had made her pay an exorbitant amount to “exhaust all options”.

As your mother has pointed out, some doctors/insurance policies will allow DFAB of certain ages to go through sterilizing procedures, including tubal ligation. The earliest I’ve ever heard is late 20s, but some may not serve you until your 40s or even 50s. However, I don’t know what one has to do in order to be given this chance, as I’m waiting to begin trying myself. All I know is that it’s almost always a struggle even in these cases.

One woman’s personal journey to bodily autonomy through sterilization. This is a really good read. Definitely check it out when you can!

original post by Mallorie Nasrallah

A few hours after I took this photo, I get a call from my mother.
“I don’t see what the big deal is, I had my tubes tied after I had your brother, I was in my twenties.”

The thing is, I exist, because she is my mother, and the mother of my brother. She is a mother. Physicians are fine with that, she fulfills their ideal of what a woman should be: a mother.

I do not. I have had 6 pregnancies in spite of my use of contraceptives, and I have terminated every single one. It is in my nature to research everything, and so, while every terminated pregnancy could easily be called an informed decision, I never wrestled with the choice. I am not a mother, I will never be a mother. I am certainly a woman, I love sex, and men. Through them I celebrate life and love. I am greedy, and selfish, and would consume the world if I could. I imagine my will as a physical force. I visualize wreckage and chaos temporally behind me. I’m not sorry at all. 

Probably, it is true that most women want to be mothers. Probably, it is true that there is great satisfaction in motherhood for many women. It is absolutely false that I must conform to that shape (which repulses me) to live a life worth living. But it is that premise which most of America operates under. As though my existence is an affront to theirs.

So, for 10 years I have searched for a physician who was both willing and able to sterilize me. I have spent thousands of dollars, only to be told that I did not know myself. I have undergone numerous psychological evaluations, confirmed my sanity and mental stability through the absurd act of jumping though endless hoops, only to be turned away at the final door. 

Keep reading

The dark history of the pill you’ve never heard 

The pill. Freedom in a tablet. The cause célèbre of the women’s rights movement. More women (27.5%, according to recent data from the Guttmacher Institute) rely on the pill than any other type of contraception, yet public discourse suggests that most, on the pill or not, have no idea about its past anchored in eugenics, sexism and racism.

The irony of the pill is that before being marketed predominately to white women in America as a symbol of independence, it was tested women of color — many of whom were forced to undergo sterilization.

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Sterilization Abuse Documentary 'No Más Bebés' Premieres on PBS
PBS is now airing the story of sterilization abuse against Mexican-American women at a Los Angeles hospital in the 1970s.

No Más Bebés,“ a disturbing documentary about the coercive or non-consensual sterilization of Mexican-American women at a Los Angeles hospital in the 1970s, premiered yesterday, February 1, on PBS.

The film focuses on Madrigal vs. Quilligan, a historic lawsuit filed by 10 Mexican-American women who had been sterilized at Los Angeles County General Hospital after having emergency C-sections. Many didn’t know they’d been rendered infertile until much later and had signed consent forms in a language they didn’t speak—English.

We spoke with director/producer Renee Tajima-Pena, an Oscar-nominated Asian-American filmmaker and a UCLA Asian Studies professor, last June about the film when it premiered at the Los Angeles Film Festival