state normal school

10

Cedar Falls, Iowa
Population: 39,260

“Cedar Falls was founded in 1845 by William Sturgis. It was originally named Sturgis Falls, for the first family who settled the site. The Sturgis family moved on within a few years and the city was renamed Cedar Falls because of its proximity to the Cedar River. However the city’s founders are honored each year with a three-day community-wide celebration named in their honor – the Sturgis Falls Celebration.

Because of the availability of water power, Cedar Falls developed as a milling and industrial center prior to the Civil War. The establishment of the Civil War Soldiers’ Orphans Home in Cedar Falls changed the direction in which the city developed when, following the war, it became the first building on the campus of the Iowa State Normal School (now the University of Northern Iowa).”

Josephine Silone Yates (1852/1859-1921)

Art by Grailknight (tumblr)

Born into a well-educated free black family on Long Island, Josephine was the first black student at Rogers High School in Newport, Rhode Island. She graduated in 1877 as valedictorian and enrolled in a teacher training program at Rhode Island State Normal School(today Rhode Island College). Josephine graduated with honors in 1879 and became the first black person certified to teach by the state of Rhode Island.

She accepted a position at the Lincoln Institute (today Lincoln University), Missouri’s black teacher training school. One of the first black teachers hired, Josephine soon became head of the natural science department. This makes her the first black woman to head a college science department.

Josephine married in 1889 and like many women of the period, gave up her teaching career. While raising two children she became active in the black women’s club movement, serving in leadership positions in the Women’s League of Kansas City and the National Association of Colored Women. She also wrote for publications such as Woman’s Era, the first monthly magazine published by black women in the United States.

After her children reached school age, Josephine returned to teach at the Lincoln Institute, this time as chair of the English and history departments. She retired in 1910 and died two years later.

ON THIS DAY IN HISTORY:

“On December 18, 1852, George H. White was born. White the only African American member of the U.S. House of Representatives in 1896 and the first to introduce an anti-lynching bill. ”

TheGrio posted this on fb so I took it upon myself to learn more, well his a pretty interesting guy that I never learned about in history class…. Anyways here’s a short bio about him from the University of North Carolina Chapel Hill. 

George Henry White (18 Dec. 1852-28 Dec. 1918), lawyer, legislator, congressman, and racial spokesman, was born near Rosindale in Bladen County, the son of Wiley F. and Mary White. It is possible that he was born into slavery, although the evidence on this is contradictory. He did attend public schools in North Carolina and received training under D. P. Allen, president of the Whitten Normal School in Lumberton. In 1876 he was an assistant in charge of the exhibition mounted by the U.S. Coast Survey at the Centennial Exhibition in Philadelphia. After graduation from Howard University in 1877, he was principal of the Colored Grade School, the Presbyterian parochial school, and the State Normal School in New Bern. He studied law under Judge William J. Clarke and received a license to practice in North Carolina in 1879.

Entering politics in 1881, he served in the North Carolina House of Representatives for Craven County. Although an unsuccessful candidate for the state senate in 1882, he represented the Eighth District in Congress for the 1885 term and was a member of the Judiciary, Insane Asylum, and Insurance committees. In 1886 he won election to a four-year term as district solicitor of the Second Judicial District. During this period White gained the respect of many whites and blacks in his district. In addition, he became more active in religious and fraternal organizations. A founder and elder of the Ebenezer United Presbyterian Church in New Bern, he served as grand master of both King Solomon Lodge No. 1 of New Bern (1899–90) and the Colored Masons of North Carolina (1892–93).

In 1894 White moved to Tarboro in order to live within the boundaries of the Second Congressional District. This district, known as “The Black Second,” included nine counties in the coastal plain area, from Warren and Northampton on the Virginia border to Lenoir in the south. All the counties had a sizable black population; four blacks served in the U.S. Congress from the district between 1872 and 1900.

White lost his party’s nomination for the U.S. House in 1894 to his brother-in-law, Henry Plummer Cheatham, in a bitter fight that had to be settled finally by the National Republican Congressional Committee. White was nominated by the Republicans in 1896, and in an election held under a liberalized election law enacted by the fusion legislature, he beat the incumbent Democratic representative, Frederick A. Woodard, 19,332 to 15,378. In 1898 White won reelection, defeating W. E. Fountain in a campaign dominated by the race issue.

As the only black representative in Congress, White was an eloquent and vocal spokesman for his race. He is perhaps best known for his valedictory speech on 29 Jan. 1901 in which he spoke of the accomplishments of African Americans and of the hope for a better future. In his first term he was a member of the Agricultural Committee, and in the 56th Congress (1899-1901) he served on the District of Columbia Committee. Many of his speeches condemned the brutal treatment received by Negroes in the South, and White introduced the first anti-lynching bill in Congress. He supported local bills and appointed blacks to federal positions (especially postmasters) in his district.

A successful campaign to disenfranchise blacks plus increasing anti-Negro feeling prompted White not to seek reelection in 1900. When his term ended in 1901, he and his family moved to Washington, D.C., where he practiced law until 1905. He then went to Philadelphia. While continuing his law practice, he became involved in banking, founding the first black-managed bank in Philadelphia. He also established an all-black community in Cape May County, N.J., called Whitesboro.

White married Fannie B. Randolph in 1879, and they had one child, Della. In 1886 he married Cora Lina Cherry, the daughter of Henry C. Cherry, a black politician from Tarboro. They had two children, Mary A. and George H., Jr.

From: http://docsouth.unc.edu/nc/whitegh/bio.html

anonymous asked:

Why is everyone saying we don't have sex ed in the UK? In my school (normal boring state school) we were taught about the reproductive system since we were like 8, and taught about sex/disease/ consent when we started secondary school. I can't remember a time when I didn't know what went were and when it was okay. And they all set us up with the local sex clinic so we knew where contraception and STI testing was.

Good! but from the comments I’m getting it seems that isn’t across the board