Engineers frequently face the challenge of maintaining control of air flow around an object across a wide range of conditions. After all, wind turbines and airplanes don’t always get to choose the perfect weather. To widen their operating ranges, designers can use active flow control to keep air flowing around an airfoil instead of separating and causing stall. One method of flow control uses plasma actuators on the upper surface of an airfoil. When activated, the plasma actuator ionizes air near the wing surface, producing the purplish glow seen above. That ionized air, or plasma, gets accelerated by the electric field of the device. The acceleration adds momentum to air near the wing surface, which helps it stay attached and flowing smoothly despite the unfavorable pressure conditions near the trailing edge of the wing. Compared to other methods of active flow control, plasma actuation is relatively simple to implement and so is actively being researched for applications in aviation and wind energy. (Image credit: N. Fine et al., source; M. Debiasi et al.)
I feel like whoever wrote this, wrote it with an eyeliner, which means she gives a lot of thought into her appearance and looking good. And this makes me really sad because despite what made her happy, she was still criticised for it.
They will hate if you’re pretty, and they will hate you if you’re not.
Both aspects of this photo makes me so fucking sad.
One of the challenges of experimental fluid dynamics is capturing information about a flow that varies in three spatial dimensions and time. Experimentalists have developed many techniques over the years–some qualitative and some quantitative–all of which can only capture a small portion of the flow. The photos above are a series of laser-induced fluorescence (LIF) images of an airfoil at increasing angles of attack. The green swirls are from an added chemical that fluoresces after being excited with a laser. In this case, the technique is providing flow visualization, showing how flow over the upper surface of the airfoil shifts and separates as the angle of attack increases. The technique can also be used, however, to measure velocity, temperature, and chemical concentration. (Image credit: S. Wang et al.)