st. clements

Our heartfelt condolences go out to those affected by the terrible fire in Kensington, West London.

If you are based in London and can help with clothes, food, blankets etc then please donate these to:
- St Clements Church, 95 Sirdar Road, W11 4EQ

If you are concerned about someone you know who may have been affected, a number has been set up - 0800 0961 233

This tragedy also serves as another reminder that we should never, ever stop recognising the heroic bravery, dedication and humanity of our emergency services who never hesitate to put themselves in harms way. Thank you.


Some recently developed photos I took while I was in my last year of Academy School about 7 years ago. Film has been sitting in the back of my bedside cabinet and finally got curious enough to get them developed. Not half bad. Bit  grainy and out of focus but could just say it was intentional and arty! Try and ignore the Tesco sign in the back ground of the bottom picture!

London fire: Muslims up early for Ramadan may have saved Grenfell Tower residents' lives

Muslims awake for Ramadan might have helped save lives after noticing the horrific blaze at Grenfell Tower.

Residents have told of how they didn’t hear alarms as the fire swept through the 24-storey tower block in West London. But they were instead alerted to the blaze by fellow residents, some of whom may have been Muslim people who were awake early in the morning because of Ramadan and were among the first to notice the fire.

The fire broke out not long after midnight and when many people living inside the tower block were asleep.

Muslims were among the first people on the scene as people were evacuated from Grenville Tower.

Andre Barroso, 33, told The Independent: “Muslims played a big part in getting a lot of people out.

"Most of the people I could see were Muslim. They have also been providing food and clothes.”

He said lots of people were still searching for friends and relatives who lived inside the tower.

Many people have donated water, food and clothing to the nearby St Clement church, where locals have taken refuge. Others are distributing water bottles to those waiting outside.

“Everybody was hands on. It was wonderful to see everyone come together.”

“We encounter the Word, that is Christ, in those who reflect Him, who show us the Face of God and who reflect His meekness, His humility of heart, His simplicity, His kindness, His sincerity.”

~Pope Benedict XVI

(Image via Redford, MI)

gospel-of-yggdrasil  asked:

Greetings, I am searching for sources exploring the slow process of Christianization of the north lands and the resulting unique brand of Christianity; can you recommend any resources? Thanks-in-advance

Komdu blessaður (eða blessuð), vinur minn!
(Come blessed, my friend!)

I deeply apologize for the length of time that I have made you wait for this response. May your patience be thanked and rewarded. I will stay true to your wishes in this request, and so I shall provide you a plentiful amount of sources to explore, but leave them untainted by my commentary. Hopefully I am able to offer resources that you are not already aware of.

I have categorized the following sources by geographical relevance, but also by source type (primary versus secondary); they are not listed in particular order beyond that (i.e. alphabetical, chronological, etc). I have also offered links to each source, either to where it can be bought, or to where it can be freely read. I must also mention that, although I am singling out Christian-related sections of larger works, you would benefit greatly from also understanding the non-religious aspects of these societies, which inevitably played a considerable role in the formation of unique brands of Christianity.

Regardless of what sources I have not included (for I cannot possibly included everything), these 26 sources, both primary and secondary, should keep you busy for a while. I recommend you read them carefully and keep in mind the inherent bias and perspective being told. Also, in regards to further research beyond these 26 works, I highly recommend investigating not only the scholars directly involved, but also the footnotes and works that they have used in constructing these sources. Such a process will surely lead you to even more resources to discover.


Primary Sources:

  1. Ari Thorgilsson, The Book of the Icelanders, translated by Siân Grønlie (Viking Society for Northern Research, University College London, 2006), 3-34. See also pages ix-xxix for historical background regarding Ari and this work. You will also notice that this source includes the source mentioned below.
  2. Ari Thorgilsson, The Story of Conversion, translated by Siân Grønlie (Viking Society for Northern Research, University College London, 2006), 35-74. See also pages xxx-xliv for historical background.
  3. “The Journey of Abbot Nikolas Bergsson from Iceland to Jerusalem,” in The Viking Age: A Reader, second edition, edited by Angus A. Somerville and R. Andrew McDonald (Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 2014), 416-21.
  4. Andrew Dennis, Peter Foote, and Richard Perkins trans., “Christian Laws Section,” in Laws of Early Iceland: Grágás I (repr., 1980; Winnipeg, CA: University of Manitoba Press, 2012), 23-52.
  5. Helen Carron trans., Clemens saga (The Life of St. Clement of Rome) (Viking Society for Northern Research, University College London, 2005).
  6. Kellinde Wrightson ed., Fourteenth-Century Icelandic Verse on the Virgin Mary (Viking Society for Northern Research, University College London, 2001).
  7. Ármann Jakobsson and David Clark trans., The Saga of Bishop Thorlak (Viking Society for Northern Research, University College London, 2013).

Secondary Sources:

  1. Gunnar Karlsson, “Christianization,” “The Church,” “The Victory of the Church,” “Reformation,” and “Lutheran Society,” in The History of Iceland (Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 2000), 33-37, 38-43, 96-99, 128-33, and 134-37.
  2. Jesse L. Byock, “A Peaceful Conversion: The Viking Age Church” and “Bishops and Secular Authority: The Later Church,” in Viking Age Iceland (Penguin Books, 2013), 292-307, 324-40.
  3. Dag Strömbäck, The Conversion of Iceland, translated by Peter Foote (Viking Society for Northern Research, University College London, 1975).


Primary Sources:

  1. Snorri Sturluson, Ólafs saga Tryggvassonar, in Heimskringla, Vol. 1: The Beginnings to Ólafr Tryggvasson, second edition, translated by Alison Finlay and Anthony Faulkes (Viking Society for Northern Research, University College London, 2016), 137-233.
  2. Snorri Sturluson, Ólafs saga Helga, in Heimskringla, Vol. II: Ólafr Haraldsson (the Saint), translated by Alison Finlay and Anthony Faulkes (Viking Society for Northern Research, University College London, 2014).
  3. Snorri Sturluson, Magnússona saga, in Heimskringla, Vol. III: Magnús Ólafsson to Magnús Erlingsson, translated by Alison Finlay and Anthony Faulkes (Viking Society for Northern Research, University College London, 2015), 145-169. See chapters 3 through 13 for the travels of King Sigurd (Jerusalem-Farer) to Jerusalem. For this section, see also The Viking Age: A Reader, second edition, pages 408-16.
  4. The Saga of Hallfred the Troublesome Poet; written in Iceland, but largely concerning events in Norway — keep the bias and perspective in mind, though! See Diana Whaley, Sagas of Warrior-Poets (Penguin Books, 2002), for an easily accessible copy.
  5. Devra Kunin trans., A History of Norway and The Passion and Miracles of the Blessed Óláfr, edited with an introduction and notes by Carl Phelpstead (Viking Society for Northern Research, University College London, 2001).


Primary Sources:

  1. Adam of Bremen, History of the Archbishops of Hamburg-Bremen, translated by F.J. Tschan and with new introduction by T. Reuter (New York: Columbia University Press, 2002), 208-10, see also The Viking Age: A Reader, second edition, pages 406-7.


Primary Sources:

  1. Adam of Bremen, History of the Archbishops of Hamburg-Bremen, translated by F.J. Tschan and with new introduction by T. Reuter (New York: Columbia University Press, 2002), 49-51, 55-57. This source concerns the conversion of the Danes under Harald Bluetooth, see also The Viking Age: A Reader, second edition, pages 383-86. For more about the Church of Norway, see pages 214-15 of Bremen.


Primary Sources:

  1. C.H. Robinson trans., Anskar: The Apostle of the North, 801-865, translated from the Vita Anskarii by Bishop Rimbert his fellow missionary and successor (London 1921); revised by P.E. Dutton, Carolingian Civilization, 2nd ed. (Peterborough, ON: Broadview Press, 2004), 407-40. The sections most relevant to the North can also be found in The Viking Age: A Reader, second edition, pages 372-83.

Secondary Sources:

  1. John Haywood, “The Early Scandinavian Church” in The Penguin Historical Atlas of the Viking Age (London: Penguin Books, 1995), 132-33.
  2. Margaret Cormack, “Christian Biography,” in A Companion to Old Norse-Icelandic Literature and Culture, edited by Rory McTurk (Malden, MA: Blackwell Publishing, 2007), 27-42.
  3. Katrina Attwood, “Christian Poetry,” in A Companion to Old Norse-Icelandic Literature and Culture, edited by Rory McTurk (Malden, MA: Blackwell Publishing, 2007), 43-63.
  4. Svanhildur Óskarsson, “Prose of Christian Instruction,” in A Companion to Old Norse-Icelandic Literature and Culture, edited by Rory McTurk (Malden, MA: Blackwell Publishing, 2007), 338-52.
  5. James C. Russel, The Germanization of Early Medieval Christianity: A Sociohistorical Approach to Religious Transformation (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1996).
  6. Sverre Bagge, Cross and Scepter: The Rise of the Scandinavian Kingdoms from the Vikings to the Reformation (Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 2014).
  7. Anders Winroth, The Conversion of Scandinavia: Vikings, Merchants, and Missionaries in the Remaking of Northern Europe (New Haven: Yale University Press, 2011). See him and a few of his other works on this page.
  8. Tracy Marie Legel, “The introduction of Christianity into Scandinavia, Iceland, and Finland” (2006). Electronic theses and Dissertations. Paper 810.

Unfortunately my academic bias does show a bit in this list, for I am primarily a historian of Iceland (and thus also of Norway), which is why most of the resources that I know about are for those regions specifically (but also where much of our native literature survives from). I also have not included other potential areas for research that you may find useful, such as several sections of sagas that concern religion and conversion. I omitted these potential resources because it would be far too expensive for you to acquire those sagas just to read a small portion of the overall tale. One such example would be The Tale of Thorvald the Far-Travelled, which I have personally used in a paper regarding Christian attitudes about feud and similar violent behavior in Iceland. It is not easy, however, to obtain an English translation of that work, and so it would not be fruitful for me to include it.

I have also not included several articles that have been written by scholars, for I cannot assume that you have proper access to such academic journals. I could, however, provide you with a few of their names if you believe that would be useful for you — but do feel free to investigate any of the scholars above for even more resources!

I also must admit, for the sake of friendly conversation, that this is a subject that has grown more prevalent in my mind recently. It cannot be helped, for I too find the introduction of Christianity to the medieval North to be a fascinating subject. That said, I do hope for the best in your studies; I’d be open to discussion if you ever felt the need or desire to do so.

I hope for the best in your research, and may you be enlightened by whatever wisdom that may befall you in such a quest.

Bonā fidē,
(In good faith,)
— Fjörn

You love him, right? *Kian Lawley*

For the holidays, you went in St. Clemente with Kian to spend Christmas with his family since yours doesn’t live in the same country. After the little road trip with Hazel in the backseats of the car, you finally arrive at Kian’s childhood house for the first time.

“I’m so nervous.” You admit to Kian.

“No, you don’t have to be. You already my mom and my dad.” He says as you both get out of the car. You get Hazel out and he takes your bags.

“Yes but there’s going to be your entire family.”

“My mom talked about you and my siblings are as weird as me you really don’t have to worry about them.” He says as he kisses your temple.

Since his mom heard your car coming, she already opened the door and smiling at you.

“Hello guys.”

“Hi mom.” Smiles Kian as he takes her in his arms.

“Hi darling, it’s nice to see you!” She smiles even bigger.

“Hello Mrs.Lawley. I’m happy to see you too.” You relax a bit when she hugs you.

“Come in!”

Once you are inside, you take Hazey out of her leash and Kian goes in his room to put the bags away. His mom takes you to the living room where you get to meet his brother Reo and his sister Tab. His other brother and sister aren’t here yet. Even if it’s the first time you meet them, they are all really nice to you. You were already laughing about something Tab said when you felt hands on your waist. Of course, it had to be Kian. You smile at him and he takes your hand.

“Come with me.” He whispers softly in your ear. You smile bigger and follow him. He takes you to his room and he just lay you down on his bed and goes behind you to spoon you.

“Woaw and I was hoping you’ll show me something special.” You laugh. “No I just want to cuddle. Izzy and Cole aren’t coming until tonight so I want to spend as much time with you as possible before I have to share you with my family.” He says as he kisses your shoulder.

“Well that’s nice.” You say and turn a little to lightly peck his lips before you take your original position. Since you left the door open, Hazel found you and she lays down in front of you. So, you kind of use her as a teddy bear. With Kian’s kisses in your neck and Hazel, you quickly fell asleep.

~Time skip~

You woke up by the sound of Kian’s voice whispering.

“Cole, what the hell are you doing?”

“Just taking a picture mate. You looked cute. It’s not every day that you bring home a beautiful girl.” Cole laughs.

“You sound like mom.” Says Kian as he puts his head back in your neck.

“What’s going on?” You asks, your eyes still close.

“Nothing, just Cole being annoying like he always is. Want to go downstairs?”

You nod and you get up, Hazel following you.

“I was just going to call you. Diner’s ready.” Says Kian’s mom with a sweet smile on her face.

You all sit down on the table as you begin to eat. Kian and you did the dishes since you’re the youngest and after you finish, you played board games which were really fun. At the end of the night, Kian’s siblings went in their room but you both stayed with his mom and dad. Kian put his head on your lap and all watch TV. Your hand went in his hair and you gently smile when you notice his eyes being heavy. 15 minutes after, he was fast asleep and I notice his mom looking at me.

“You love him, right?” She asks sweetly. “A lot.” Is all I can find to say.

“He loves you too. I’ve never see him this happy before and the way he looks at you is just so cute.” She laughs. “I’m glad he found you. You are a nice person.”

“Thank you Mrs.Lawley. It means a lot to me.” I smile as I still play with Kian’s hair.

“Thank YOU. You make my son happy, that’s all I ever wanted. And please, call me Karen.”


Requests are open

We are commanded to worship, not on special days, but continuously - all our life through and in all possible ways.

  • St. Clement of Alexandria

Kate as the Honorary Air Commandant of the RAF Air Cadets

16 December 2015: Become the royal patron of the RAF Air Cadets upon the retirement of Prince Philip at Buckingham Palace, London.

7 February 2016: Mark the 75th anniversary year of the RAF Air Cadets with a church service at St. Clement Danes and a reception at the Royal Courts of Justice in London.

8 July 2016: Visit with Prince William and Prince George the Royal International Air Tattoo, marking the RAF Air Cadets 75th anniversary, in Fairford, Gloucestershire.

14 February 2017: Visit RAF Wittering base, meet cadets who are taking part in a half-term skills development camp and take the controls of a flight simulator in Wittering, Cambridgeshire.


Canandaigua New York ~ Clement House ~ Second Empire ~ 1885 by Onasill ~ Bill Badzo
Via Flickr:
The Structure was home to three prominent Lawyers. The unique Second Empire style is created by the mansard roof eleven dormers, arched porches and Victorian double door. 176 - 178 North Main Steet