**Math and Science Week!**

aseantoo submitted to medievalpoc:

BhāskarāchāryaBhāskarāchārya / Bhāskara II (1114–1185) was an Indian mathematician and astronomer.

Among his many achievements are the following:

1. He was the first person to explain that

when you divide by zero, the result is infinity.2. He was also the first person to note that

a positive number has two square roots- a positive and a negative one.3. He described the principles of

differential calculus 500 years before Leibniz and Newton.(He definitively came up with Rolle’s theorem half a millennium before Rolle himself.)4. He calculated the length of the rotation of the earth around the sun to

365.2588 days - he was just off by 3 minutes.Intriguingly, his treatise on arithmetic and geometry,

Līlāvatī,is named after his daughter. He addresses her as an eager student:Oh Līlāvatī, intelligent girl, if you understand addition and subtraction, tell me the sum of the amounts 2, 5, 32, 193, 18, 10, and 100, as well as [the remainder of] those when subtracted from 10000.” and “Fawn-eyed child Līlāvatī, tell me, how much is the number [resulting from] 135 multiplied by 12, if you understand multiplication by separate parts and by separate digits. And tell [me], beautiful one, how much is that product divided by the same multiplier?

These invocations have led some to surmise that Līlāvatī, too, was a mathematician.

Image from here: http://mathdept.ucr.edu/pdf/iwm1.pdf

Story of her introduction to math here: http://4go10tales.blogspot.co.uk/2012/06/lilavati.html