On December 28th, 1890, Maj. Samuel M. Whitside's battalion of the 7th Calvary intercepted the Lakota. Ill with pneumonia, Unpan Glešká (“Spotted Elk”) and his band surrendered peacefully before being taken into custody by the 7th Calvary and escorted to a campsite near Wounded Knee Creek, in Pine Ridge, South Dakota.
The night before the massacre, Col. James W. Forsyth arrived at Wounded Knee Creek and ordered his men to position four Hotchkiss cannons around the area in which the Lakota had been forced to camp.
On the morning of 29 December 1890, Forsyth’s soldiers entered the camp and demanded that the Lakota give up their weapons. In the ensuing confrontation, a firearm was discharged. It was later believed to have been by a deaf man, Black Coyote, who presumably did not hear the command to put down his rifle. A large gun fight quickly ensued. The US forces killed over 153 Lakota, mostly non-combatants (women and children); Spotted Elk was among those slain.
This is the treatment Indigenous peoples of this continent faced through atrocities committed by the United States army, politicians, settlers, pioneers, and with approval by the president of the U.S. These are the effects of colonization and genocide that predate any history book and committed in the name of Manifest Destiny, religious freedom, democracy, and independence.
NEVER FORGET WOUNDED KNEE.
NEVER FORGET THE TRAIL OF TEARS.
NEVER FORGET THE LONG WALK OF THE NAVAJO.
NEVER FORGET THAT WE ARE SURVIVORS AND WE ARE MANY.
NEVER FORGET WE ARE STILL PASSIONATE, INTELLIGENT, RESILIENT, AND READY TO TAKE CARE OF THE LAND, WATER, SKY & EARTH WHEN WESTERN CIVILIZATION AND CAPITALISM HAS BEEN RIPPED ASUNDER.