speech function

Hearing with your eyes – A Western style of speech perception

Which parts of a person’s face do you look at when you listen them speak? Lip movements affect the perception of voice information from the ears when listening to someone speak, but native Japanese speakers are mostly unaffected by that part of the face. Recent research from Japan has revealed a clear difference in the brain network activation between two groups of people, native English speakers and native Japanese speakers, during face-to-face vocal communication.

It is known that visual speech information, such as lip movement, affects the perception of voice information from the ears when speaking to someone face-to-face. For example, lip movement can help a person to hear better under noisy conditions. On the contrary, dubbed movie content, where the lip movement conflicts with a speaker’s voice, gives a listener the illusion of hearing another sound. This illusion is called the “McGurk effect.”

According to an analysis of previous behavioral studies, native Japanese speakers are not influenced by visual lip movements as much as native English speakers. To examine this phenomenon further, researchers from Kumamoto University measured and analyzed gaze patterns, brain waves, and reaction times for speech identification between two groups of 20 native Japanese speakers and 20 native English speakers.

The difference was clear. When natural speech is paired with lip movement, native English speakers focus their gaze on a speaker’s lips before the emergence of any sound. The gaze of native Japanese speakers, however, is not as fixed. Furthermore, native English speakers were able to understand speech faster by combining the audio and visual cues, whereas native Japanese speakers showed delayed speech understanding when lip motion was in view.

“Native English speakers attempt to narrow down candidates for incoming sounds by using information from the lips which start moving a few hundreds of milliseconds before vocalizations begin. Native Japanese speakers, on the other hand, place their emphasis only on hearing, and visual information seems to require extra processing,” explained Kumamoto University’s Professor Kaoru Sekiyama, who lead the research.

Kumamoto University researchers then teamed up with researchers from Sapporo Medical University and Japan’s Advanced Telecommunications Research Institute International (ATR) to measure and analyze brain activation patterns using functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI). Their goal was to elucidate differences in brain activity between the two languages.

The functional connectivity in the brain between the area that deals with hearing and the area that deals with visual motion information, the primary auditory and middle temporal areas respectively, was stronger in native English speakers than in native Japanese speakers. This result strongly suggests that auditory and visual information are associated with each other at an early stage of information processing in an English speaker’s brain, whereas the association is made at a later stage in a Japanese speaker’s brain. The functional connectivity between auditory and visual information, and the manner in which the two types of information are processed together was shown to be clearly different between the two different language speakers.

“It has been said that video materials produce better results when studying a foreign language. However, it has also been reported that video materials do not have a very positive effect for native Japanese speakers,” said Professor Sekiyama. “It may be that there are unique ways in which Japanese people process audio information, which are related to what we have shown in our recent research, that are behind this phenomenon.”

These findings were published in the journal “Scientific Reports” on August 11th and October 13th, 2016.

Not only... but also... -(으)ㄹ뿐더러

Today we’ll look at some advanced grammar that is… pretty similar to something we’ve already covered! Let’s just straight on in!

(NOTE: This grammar is largely a written form and you are unlikely to hear anyone actually use it in normal day-to-day speech, though it can crop up in more formal speech.)


-(으)ㄹ뿐더러 is used when you want to add something in the following clause on top of or in addition to what you already said in the first clause. We already saw this kind of meaning with the first usage of the grammar form -거니와. We can translate it as “Not only… but also…” or “In addition to…”. 

In addition to -거니와, we can also replace this grammar form with  “-(을) 뿐만 아니라” (for the “Not only… but also” meaning) and “-(으)ㄴ/는데다가” or “N-에다가” (for the “In addition to…” meaning).


This grammar can be used with action verbs, descriptive verbs, and nouns in the past and present tenses. If the preceding clause is positive, the following clause must be positive. Similarly, if the preceding clause is negative, so must be the following clause.

Action verbs:

Past: -았/었을뿐더러

  • 규민 씨는 운동을 열심히 했을뿐더러 건강식만을 먹어서 살을 많이 뺄 수 있었어요. (Kyumin not only exercised hard but also ate only healthy foods, so he was able to lose a lot of weight.)
  • 소민 씨는 그 책을 한 백번이나 읽었을뿐더러 그 소설 원작의 영화도 15번 이상 봐서 대화를 다 외울수 있었어요. (In addition to having read that book about 100 times Somin also watched the movie based on it fifteen times, so she was able to memorize all the dialogue.

Present: -(으)ㄹ뿐더러

  • 요즘 책도 많이 읽을뿐더러 교육 방송도 많이 봐서 이것저것을 많이 배우는 것 같아요. (Lately I not only read a lot of books but also watch educational programs, so it seems like I’m learning a lot of this and that.)
  • 우리 남동생은 잠을 정말 깊히 잘뿐더러 길게 잘 수 있어서 어떨 때 동생의 잠 자는 모습은 거의 죽은 사람 같아요.  (My younger brother not only sleeps very deeply but also can sleep for a long time so sometimes, he seems almost like a dead person when he’s asleep.)

Descriptive verbs:

Past: -았/었을뿐더러

  • 그 사람은 상냥했을뿐더러 잘 생기기도 해서 거의 첫 눈에 반했어요. (Because that person was not only kind but also good-looking I almost immediately fell for him.)
  • 지난 번에 갔을 때 그 집 음식이 맛있었을뿐더러 값도 싸서 친구들이랑 다시 가려고 해요. (The last time I went there that’s place’s food was not only delicious but also cheap, so I plan to go again with my friends.)

Present: -(으)ㄹ뿐더러

  • 그 도시는 공기도 별로 안 좋을뿐더러 할 것도 거의 없는데 도대체 왜 거기서 살고 싶어요? (That city not only has bad air but also has next to nothing to do so why on earth do you want to live there?)
  • 이 주변은 주차비도 비쌀뿐더러 교통도 너무 복잡해서 차를 사는 것보다 대중교통을 이용하는 게 나아요. (This area not only has expensive parking fees but also has bad traffic so using public transportation is better than buying a car.)


Past: -이었/였을뿐더러

  • 옛날에 저 분은 배우였을뿐더러 유명한 가수였어요. (Back in the day, that person was not only an actor but also a famous singer.
  • 거기 있었던 건물은 감옥이었을뿐더러 공장이었어요. (The building that used to be here was not only a prison but also a factory.)

Present: -일뿐더러

  • 미루 씨에게 개는 애완동물일뿐더러 소중한 친구이기도 해요. (To Miru, dogs are not only pets but also precious friends.)
  • 가정 생활이 어려운 아이들에게 선생님은 선생님일뿐더러 멘토예요. (To students who have hard home lives, teachers are not only teacher but also mentors.)

I hope you found this post useful! As always, happy studying~

The RoboHarry Conspiracy

At this point you have probably heard about the infamous HarrDuck conspiracy. The revelation shook the fandom, and today, I come to you with yet another conspiracy surrounding our quirky (quacky) young boybander.

Buckle up, friends, because this is going to be a bumpy ride.

Based upon the evidence we have compiled, we have come to the conclusion that the infamous HarrDuck has a robo double. I know, I know, it sounds odd at first, but take a look. 

The resemblance here is uncanny. 

Obviously RoboHarry has had a bit more work done to perfect his appearance - some of which is CLEARLY depicted in Harry’s recent BTA film. 

Ahh, the mask. They had us all believing that it was only to be used for a stunt double in a music video, when really, it was being used to update RoboHarry’s hardware. 

 But enough of that - we have hard facts to cover. Let’s begin. 

 Exhibit A: Our beloved “Harry” has regularly been seen out and about on coffee runs. And in the past, the cups he’s been spotted carrying have contained normal enough drinks - smoothies, iced tea, etc. He was even seen with the occasional frappucino.

 However, in more recent photos, the only drink he’s been seen carrying is an ominous, dark liquid. 

Now, some might say it’s just iced coffee, but a trained eye can obviously see that the liquid in these cups is, in fact, oil. I know, it sounds odd - but if you take a look at these photo of a similar type of oil, you can see how easy it would be to mistake it for iced coffee if it were poured into a cup over ice. 

 There have even been instances in which “Harry” has been directly questioned about the liquid in his mug: 

 Is it tea, though? Really? 

 Moving on. 

 Exhibit B: We all know the beloved LiLo water fights very well. It didn’t take long at all for them to become a staple in 1D’s onstage activity. But have you ever stopped to ask yourself why Harry would never take part in these playful water wars? I bet you haven’t. 

 Here, we can clearly see LiLo having a bit of carefree fun on several different occasions (no Harry in sight, of course). 

And here, on one occasion, we have Louis tossing a bit of water in Harry’s direction, but seemingly hesitating at the last minute. 

Why? The answer is simple: water would rust RoboHarry’s body and fry his circuit boards. And they couldn’t have that. 

 That brings me to Exhibit C: The regular glitches that RoboHarry seems to display, both in speech and functionality. I mean, the footage speaks for itself, really. 

 And all of that aside, I’m sure you’ve all noticed that “Harry” will occasionally blurt something out that seemingly has no context at all; as he does here 

 and here. 

 Sometimes the boys will make light of it as an effort to cover up the glitches in RoboHarry’s speech components, and other times our quirky robot will fumble to make sense of what he’s just said. Either way, the fact remains that these are not the actions of a human being. 

 So, does HarrDuck truly have a robo double? However much evidence we think we have, there is no confirmation of this theory by Harry, his reps, or the Starbucks that serves him his “coffee”. We tried calling multiple times and they blocked our number… Awkward. 

 Therefore, this mystery of “RoboHarry” remains 


 -The Bitter Latte

What people think the autism spectrum is:

[a rectangle that is solid black on one end and smoothly transitions through grey to solid white at the opposite end. below black is the word “autistic” and below white is “not autistic”]

What the autism spectrum actually is:

[a blended color wheel showing the colors of the rainbow transitioning into one another. the following words and phrases appear scattered over different colors: social skills, routines, self care, stimming, communication, special interests, sensory processing, executive function, verbal speech]

Autism is not a spectrum from autistic to not autistic. Autism is a spectrum in that every autistic person has their own unique set of skills and challenges. Rather than being more or less autistic, we are each our own shade of autistic, each our on color on the color wheel. 

[edited to add image descriptions. If anyone has better descriptions for either image, I would be happy to update them.]

Small talk falls on the other end of the continuum; it is speech that prioritizes social function. Think of this exchange: “How’s it going?” “Oh, pretty good.” There’s not zero semantic content in there — presumably “pretty good” excludes “dying at this exact moment,” so that’s some information. But the primary function of those speech acts is social, not to say something but to do something, i.e., make contact, reaffirm shared membership in a common tribe (whatever it may be), express positive feelings (and thus lack of threat), show concern, and so forth. These are not unimportant things, not “small” at all, really, but they are different from communicating semantic content.

Small talk — particularly in its purest form, phatic communion — is a context in which language has an almost ritualistic quality. The communication of ideas or information is secondary, almost incidental; the speech is mainly meant to serve the purpose of social bonding. It asks and answers familiar questions, dwells of topics of reliable comity, and stresses fellow feeling rather than sources of disagreement.

“Elements of landscape language are like parts of speech, each with separate functions and associations. Flowing, like a verb, is a pattern of events expressed in both water and path. Water and path, like nouns, are action’s agents and objects; like adjectives or adverbs, their qualities of wetness or breadth extend meaning. Elements do not exist in isolation, but rather combine in significant ways, like words in a phrase, clause, or sentence, to make a tree, fountain, street, or a larger, more complex landscape story–garden, town, or forest. Every landscape feature, such as a mountain, embodies at least one complete expression–its own formation. Describing the elements is like looking at landscape–scanning the scene, then successively zooming in and out on significant details, letting the context blur but keeping it always in view.”

Anne Whiston Spirn, from “Is a Leaf lIke a Noun, Flowing Like a Verb? Elements of Landscape and Language,” The Language of Landscape (Yale University Press, 1998)

anonymous asked:

Hi, I hope you're doing well! I always enjoy reading any of your speech analyses. If you're still into doing them could you analysis some more of Caitlin's speech habits?

(Sorry this took me 5ever.)

Caitlin’s speech falls into two broad categories. Scientific babble, and regular. I’ll be focusing on day to day speech, but note that most of what I’ll say applies even to her science babble scenes, with one of the major differences being she gets longer lines (but not necessarily longer sentences) when in science-mode.

Originally posted by theflashdaily

Anyway, there’s only a few major things I have to discuss about her speech. One is that she’s pretty formal / polite until she knows someone on a personal level. People are often addressed by their rank (”Dr. Wells” and “Dr. Stein”) and she calls Barry “Mr. Allen” until she gets to know him.

Originally posted by felicityssoliver

It’s pretty clear that being polite is a default setting to her, in most situations.

Originally posted by justbarryallen

However, when Caitlin is made to charge/control of a situation, she can drop that entirely and snap orders.

Originally posted by caitlingifs

Completely unafraid to lecture or snap if/when she deems it necessary. Often times this comes up because of something emotional, snapping at one of the men surrounding her for being an ass.

Originally posted by canariesatom

Originally posted by caitlingifs

But then, sometimes it’s because people are telling her what to do, and Caitlin doesn’t appreciate having her competence questioned. She likes control quite a bit, and reacts negatively when people get in the way of that.

Originally posted by julianalbertgifs

Speech-wise, what we see in those above situations is her using exclamations and admonishments as reminders. 

Also note that like the above quote about being “quite the pair, Mr. Allen”, Caitlin uses names (Harry, Julian) a decent amount in her speech, especially to give a little more weight to a statement. She does it at both the start and end of a sentence, I noticed, but especially when she’s admonishing, it goes at the end. When she’s being gentler, it’s more likely she’ll open on the name.

Originally posted by flashallens

Something I find interesting about her speech is that it’s largely devoid of adjectives. Not entirely, because sometimes you need to say something like “the last person”…

Originally posted by batwan

But even the way she uses her sparing adjectives, it’s seldom for anything but a necessary purpose to explain something. It’s not really to add depth or floweriness to her language.

Originally posted by theflashdaily

“It’s too dangerous” - while ‘dangerous’ is technically an adjective, she’s really only using it to illustrate a point.

Speaking of points, it’s worth noting that the majority of Caitlin’s sentences are simple declarative sentences, and short ones. That or imperative (like “Listen, Harry” is imperative, or “don’t ask me” from above, and so is):

Originally posted by dctvladies

Or else sometimes carrying an implicit order instead of an explicit one.

Originally posted by caitlingifs

Originally posted by fyeahsnowbert

Again, note the sentences being short and with a single clause. Naturally, there are exceptions (again, from above “I don’t know anything about having powers so I’m the last person you should talk too”), but it is a prevalent trend (even when in science mode, like “check your math” from the first gif above is a short imperative sentence).

Originally posted by caitlinsncws

Sometimes, she’s just stating things as they are, or saying what they have to do.

Originally posted by theflashdaily

And in here you’ll see that across a lot of these examples, she opens with “we” instead of “I”, speaking for the team. There’s a lot of imperative or “you should” and a lot of “we [verb]” when saying what the team has done or should do. 

Not that she never asks instead of orders, but asking involves more vulnerability for her and comes out less than ordering.

Originally posted by theflashdaily

(Takes literally being on the surgery table to ask lol, but that’s just one example. Caitlin doesn’t say “please” a lot though, for all her formality).

And actually, across a lot of the above examples, she tends to lead with “I” in sentences expressing deeper emotion, insecurity (about not knowing how to talk to Jesse, or her control over her powers) or when she’s nervous and seeking affirmation. More examples:

Originally posted by ravenclairee

(Fear makes for a pretty vulnerable and emotional admission, right?)

Originally posted by reeseneseira

(Again, note the imperative order here: “use them”. She really does take control more than people realize, I think).

Also, combine that with her asking questions when she needs affirmation or assurance or, like above, is vulnerable (and needs stitching up). 

Originally posted by felicityssoliver

Originally posted by thelastsjedi

Don’t forget though that much like my post about how she actually does swear sometimes (and get drunk and party and have fun, she’s a three-dimensional person, here), Caitlin can also be bold. She made this bet on Barry, after all.

Originally posted by thoranda

Simple, declarative, still her, but remember that she isn’t always the killjoy if you’re writing her. Remember that she’s sneaky too, and demands things from others without apologizing for it. 

Also, I wanted to include some examples of her going off a bit longer. We see from the two examples below that when she’s talking about something she’s helped figure out on the team, she goes into a longer explanation. Still no adjectives though, and still simple clauses that don’t interweave much.

Originally posted by lutavero

That and, when explaining something, she opens with “okay” and hedges a bit more, like “okay, well” and “okay, but” even though she keeps is mostly simple overall.

Originally posted by theflashdaily

Also, just want to point this out: Caitlin uses a lot of contractions (”didn’t, don’t, you’ve, I’ve, I’m, can’t, it’s, we’re” etc). Also, we see here that she uses “[noun]’s not” rather than “isn’t” or “ain’t” (definitely not ain’t) for her “is not” short form. 

A good example for when she doesn’t use a contraction, and instead says the full word, is emotionally for emphasis in reassuring her friend.

Originally posted by reeseneseira

Not “’ll never” and not “won’t” but “will never” fully spelled out. That’s atypical for her and definitely for emphasis.

Some final notes (half because I took the time to track down all these gifs). Caitlin having fun tends to be a little more fun in her speech, too. A little more casual. “Well then,” and “As Cisco would say” instead of giving orders or implicit commands or explanations.

Originally posted by theflashdaily

Originally posted by ravenclairee

Originally posted by calmandcalculating

(Caitlin being adorable and relaxing her speech to reassure her friend and have a bit of fun with him, using an adverb as an intensifier (”totally”, when she normally only uses “too”).

It’s also worth pointing out that much like her simple sentence structure, Caitlin’s word choice tends to be very simple (outside of science babble). It complements the simple form of her speech. 

Originally posted by theflashdaily

“He knows” and not “He found out” or “He’s aware” or “he determined” or “he uncovered the truth” or something. It’s… perfunctory? Her speech is… well, she was never an English major. Her speech is, above all, functional

Originally posted by caitlingifs

A simple answer to a simple question.

Originally posted by julianalbertgifs

Trailing off because expressing it in simple terms is going to be difficult because it’s emotional for her, and she likes to communicate in simple terms.

Originally posted by ravenclairee

Vocally, Caitlin’s speech, like the rest of her, can be “uptight”, not even so much in her manner as in her voice - strained, quiet but creaking with emphasis when stressed. Admonishing. That being said, it’s also quite soft at times, when reassuring someone, or excited, especially around Cisco, or when talking science.

So don’t discount the importance of cadence of voice, but also, facial expression. Caitlin doesn’t talk a lot with her whole body (unlike, say, Wally, or even Barry) and she’s not quite a hand-talker in the way that Len is. She uses her hands a bit, especially when giving an explanation with her hands up or splayed, sort of gesturing in a pretty controlled way, or to point at herself sometimes, but her hand movements aren’t predicable in the way that Len’s are, and aren’t used quite as much for emphasis.

So with her, you’ll get a lot more traction if you describe her expressions. Intense eyes and tense muscles when she’s angry and giving orders. Befuddled or bemused with a kind of “what now” face if she is affronted or disagrees.

Originally posted by caitlingifs

She makes great faces, honestly, but it’s especially her eyes and mouth you’ll want to pay attention to. Pouting, eyebrows draw together in confusion or else in sympathy, or to ask for something and she’s trying to make herself look cute/innocent/idk. She gets very wide-eyed when expressing fear, and looks very tired when emotionally strained, but she’s suffered so much loss that’s unsurprising.

So… go forth and write some Caitlin :) Her speech is actually pretty easy to write, it’s making it distinct from everyone else’s that’ll be the challenge I think?

anonymous asked:

do you have any autistic Peter Parker hcs to share? I know you've shared a few recently and they really cheer me up if you have more

thank you so much for asking anon! i do have a few more

  • Tony worked with Peter to make the spidey suit as sensory friendly as possible
  • The mask has become a bit of a comfort item, he likes to have it in his backpack at all times, even when he’s not planning on going on a patrol (and the rest of the suit too, just in case)
  • Karen has a speech-to-text function that can be used to add captioning to the suit interface (particularly useful when listening in on faraway conversations), as well as an option to have her speech appear as text
  • There’s a video on YouTube of Spider-Man sitting on a rooftop, spinning a fidget spinner. Michelle insists that she didn’t upload it, despite the very familiar laughter in the background of the video
  • the suit is a pressure stim
  • sometimes he wears the suit under his clothes just because it feels Nice
  • He follows the same route around the city during each of his patrols (it’s a nice routine), and there’s a few people who almost always wave to him because they pass each other every day. He tries to swing past the local elementary schools and wave/say hi to the kids as they leave

anonymous asked:

How would the boys spend free time with their s/o?

Much as I’d love to do every danganronpa male in this I’d be here years sooo I’ve done with the V3 boys ^^

Danganronpa V3 boys & free time with s/o

Shuuichi Saihara

  • If he had a day free he would make the most of it with his s/o
  • Most probably he would go somewhere like the cinema to avoid huge crowds of people but at the same time be able to be close to his s/o
  • Low key levels of PDA - would hold hands, pull s/o close to him etc.
  • Would be as gentlemanly as possible, even if he was blushing 99.9% of the time
  • After the movie he would take them for a meal
  • Wouldn’t let them pay a penny all evening
  • Would order wine more for the gesture of sharing a drink between you than a liking of the drink (his glass would probably be quite full at the end of the meal)
  • Once you got home he would most probably be tired but refused to sleep until you did
  • Would watch TV until late at night
  • Definitely close cuddles and snuggles
  • He’d hold you close and have his chin resting on your shoulder
  • Would fall asleep before you, so you get a blanket and sit with him until fall asleep cuddling him on the sofa

Kaito Momota

  • Absolute night owl
  • Would sleep in until about midday
  • Wouldn’t let you leave the bed (not in a NSFW way you dirty) until he did
  • Once awake he would still stay in bed with you chatting
  • Would definitely pamper you with lots of kisses
  • Not that you were complaining
  • Would eventually get up and take you out
  • V cute date, would take you to a park for a picnic
  • Isn’t this picnic basket a bit heavy?”
  • He’d just give you a smirk, take the basket off of you and then give you a piggy back
  • Spend all day in the park, you make daisy chains and decorate him with them
  • When night comes and you think you’re going home, he opens the basket revealing more snacks and blankets
  • You spend most of the night stargazing and cuddling under the stars, sharing a blanket until you both agree it’s probably best not to fall asleep in a public place and head home (even tho Kaito insisted the night was still young at 1AM)


  • How would a normal person spend free time?
  • The whole day is basically up to you
  • You can do whatever you want and he goes along with it
  • You take him to a shopping mall
  • He is mildly mortified looking at repair shops you pass, and the price of technology in other shops
  • Why would you pay for these things when he could do it for you?
  • You hold his hand the whole time, reassuring him you wouldn’t ever let anyone from the repair shops touch him
  • He is overly conscious about the people looking at him for being a robot
  • To help him relax you kiss him on the cheek, showing the public his reactions are as similar to a human’s as possible
  • (He is working overtime to stop himself from overheating)
  • His speech function fails when you pass lingerie shops as he tries to think of something a human male would say
  • “Y-You would loooooook ni-i-i…”
  • Compliment failure
  • You take him back home before the repair people notice him malfunctioning

Rantaro Amami

  • The kind of person to go on spontaneous drives
  • Would end up lost most of the time
  • Not that it was a problem
  • You’d be climbing trees and swimming in rivers
  • Lots of aesthetic photo opportunities
  • Even if it started getting dark you’d just end up doing things like catching fireflies
  • This is so cliché omg
  • Would end up returning to the car, playing songs on the radio and singing to each other
  • Wouldn’t remember falling asleep, but when you wake up the one blanket in the car is over you while he’s just got a coat draped over him
  • He’s rudely awakened by a stranger informing you you’re trespassing and you need to move now
  • End up driving god knows how fast and laughing about the whole experience

Kokichi Ouma

  • Nishi nishi a day alone with s/o
  • Though his mind goes down all sorts of alleyways
  • It would be a kind of childish, mischief-filled day
  • Lots of pranks from the moment you wake up
  • And maaaany innuendos
  • Though you can’t let your guard down for a second the adrenaline makes it fun
  • Basically spend the day trying to get one up on each other
  • From pranks to board games to truth or dare - but Ouma seems to be the one deciding all the consequences
  • “You lose this game you have to kiss me”
  • “I dare you to swap clothes with me” Only if you don’t look
  • He did as you said and you were in his clothes in a flash
  • Though he wasn’t pleased you’d kept your bra on - so you lended him another one
  • 100% worth it to see him trying to work out how your bra worked

Gonta Gokuhara

  • A gentleman would always let their s/o chose the date!
  • What would you like to do? Shopping? That sounds great!
  • He would stay by your side the whole time, intimidating other men without trying to
  • Wouldn’t let go of your hand, unless the number of shopping bags became too great when he’d carry them all for you
  • Would become flustered if you started looking at clothes for him
  • “No no! You don’t have to! Gonta wants to shop for you!”
  • You smirk and raise an eyebrow
  • And what does Gonta want to buy?
  • Definitely not underwear. But that’s where you take him
  • What do you think looks nice Gonta?
  • He’s bright red. He doesn’t want to imagine you in these items in public!
  • Ends up taking you out of the shop and letting you buy a few items of clothing for him to take his mind off of the lingerie

Korekiyo Shinguji

  • Sight-seeing is a must in free time
  • Would probably have planned the day in advance and bought tickets to go abroad and see some famous locations in other countries
  • It would be a very busy day, filled with all sorts of visits
  • Expensive meal is guaranteed
  • Would tell you of all the folklore of the country you were in, making sure to include musuems and galleries in the visits
  • Basically wants to show you all the wonders of countries he can, and to tell you about the things he’s most passionate about
  • It’s so enjoyable to see him get lost in the tales he tells you and how happy telling you them all makes him

Ryoma Hoshi

  • Definitely takes s/o to the gym
  • Very keen to find an interest in sport
  • You let him show off his tennis skills
  • You try your best and he is the best tutor
  • Is very patient, and glows when you progress
  • But then you decide to turn the tables and challenge him to more sport
  • Whether sporty or not you both end up exhausted by the end of the day from trying pretty much every sport
  • Though he wouldn’t admit it he was low key irritated you beat him in the jumps in athletics
  • But he admires your determination more than your sporting prowess and definitely wants to try more sport with you

anonymous asked:

Rehtt - where do you find time in your busy schedule of hair maintenance to write your beautiful stories?

greetings dear degenerehtt,

this has indeed been a problem for me during this busy time of year. there is so much going on right now that finding time to write has become quite difficult. but never fear, i have found a solution! i simply use the speech-to-text function on my phone to compose my erotic adult literature by reciting it aloud anytime, anywhere: while carpooling in the morning, while sitting in the makeup chair getting my hair did, in between takes on set, in line at the craft services table, during daily production meetings, in the drive-thru at el pollo loco on the way home. it is important for a writer to back up their work, so i make sure to continuously send the texts to my bff link as well as to myself. i know he appreciates sharing in my creative process. when i found out he had accidentally blocked my number, i told him right away so he would not miss anything. 

i can tell that everyone is impressed by my commitment to my quality adult literature. they are always staring at me in silence with their eyes like this 👀 - it is easy to be intimidated in the presence of true talent. But i dont let it go 2 my head. i encourage all degenerehtts to practice their creative arts in this manner, in all types of public environments. your coworkers, the other ppl in the elevator &/or the dr’s office waiting room, & the cashier at wal-mart will thank u. 👍

More Headcanons for Norman (and Daisy)

He HATES tomatoes. Don’t ask Daisy why. Don’t ask Norman why. They don’t know. He can’t even eat them. He just hates them for some reason.

He likes to sneak up behind Daisy and kiss her on the cheek when she isn’t looking, because she makes the most adorable squeaking noise and buries her face in her hands when he does, and it is the cutest thing that Norman has ever seen.

Once, right after he was activated, he tried to feed Daisy a living grasshopper because it was in his exotic foods database, and looked extremely sad when she wouldn’t eat it. Needless to say, she updated that list of foods almost immediately.

He likes to do ridiculously obvious robotic things like charging and making his eyes change color when John is around, and act normal around everyone else, just to drive him insane. He knows that he shouldn’t, but the frustrated screaming is just too amusing.

Until he learned the different figures of speech and the functions of sarcasm and jokes in the English language, Norman took things extremely literally. Daisy would say that it was raining cats and dogs, and he would immediately drag her inside to protect her from falling animals. She said that she had butterflies in her stomach, and he panicked and tried to take her to a hospital. She tried a knock knock joke and he just looked at her in confusion through the entire thing. She called one of her friends a night owl because she had texted her late at night, and Norman asked her how she had been texting with a bird. She told him that she could just lie in bed and curl up with him forever, and he looked at her straight in the eye and told her in a very serious tone that she couldn’t because she would die. At that point, she gave up and started teaching him figures of speech.

He changes his hair and eye color to compliment whatever Daisy is wearing that day. She didn’t program him to do that. He just started doing it absentmindedly when he was learning colors.

The first time she activated him, the very first thing he did was open his mouth to say something and let out an unholy, ear splitting shriek before promptly shutting down because she forgot to set up a system for him to adjust his voice volume.

She gave him the ability to speak from the get go, but he didn’t quite know how to form the words, and had to practice with them to get a feel for them. The very first thing he ever said was Daisy, and before he learned to speak properly, he would occasionally wander up to her and kiss her before smiling and simply saying “Daisy. My Daisy,” and every single time, she would absolutely melt with happiness.

He is an amazing cook, but he certainly didn’t start out that way. Daisy only programmed him with the knowledge of how to make her favorite foods, so when she wanted him to make something else, he had to learn it, and all the ingredients and recipes, from scratch. And given that he had no idea what half of the ingredients even were, his first attempt was a catastrophe that left them both curled up on the floor, laughing and covered in flour as they tried to calm down long enough to figure out how to turn off the smoke detector.

He likes to wander up and settle his chin on Daisy’s head and just hold her. Sometimes, they will just stay like this for a while, just enjoying being together.

Daisy has a collection of old devices with AI’s through the decades for study, and the first time Norman found them, he sat there for hours with an old iPhone in his hands, talking to Siri, getting increasingly frustrated when she wouldn’t hold a proper conversation with him.

He occasionally will get Daisy chocolates and flowers to surprise her, just to see her smile.

The first time they watched a horror movie together, because Norman had never been exposed to anything like it, he legitimately believed that it was real, and would check and double check the locks on the house and that it was truly empty before they would go to bed. It got so bad that Daisy had to sit down with him and carefully explain the difference between fiction and nonfiction, and that “based on a true story” doesn’t necessarily mean that is really was.

He didn’t originally have a favorite color. Daisy never gave him one. The first time that someone asked him, he stared at them blankly, trying to figure out what they meant by a “favorite” color. What did they mean by favorite? He loves all colors. When they said that it was typically your favorite color to see, he immediately answered with blue. The color of Daisy’s eyes.

His coworker Adam once asked what his sexuality was, and he told them he didn’t know. The resulting conversation went something like this:
A: “You don’t know? Let me see if I can help. So, first question: what do you like? Girls, guys, neither..?
N: “I like Daisy.”
A: “Well, yeah, I mean, she’s your wife. She is a girl, right? So you like girls?”
N: “No, I don’t like girls. I like Daisy”
A: “But Daisy IS a girl. So, you must like girls”
N: “I don’t like girls. I just like Daisy”
A: “Okay, fine then. What is your type? What type of people do you like.”
N: “Daisy”
N: “I just like Daisy.”
A: “Let me get this straight. You are literally attracted to Daisy, and only Daisy.”
N: “Yes”
A: “….Norman, I don’t even know how to respond to that”

The first time that he and Daisy had a fight, he immediately stopped shouting when her mood percentage started to drop, and when it just kept going down the more she yelled, the more desperately he tried to calm her down and apologize, only to make it worse, until he finally started to cry, because he couldn’t fix it and it was all his fault and he was supposed to make her happy, and he was failing at his directive. The fight was forgotten very quickly after that, as Daisy immediately hugged him as tightly as she could and tried her best to calm him down, only for him to cry even more because him being sad was making her sad. By the end of the night, they were both in tears, and Norman stayed home from work the next day just so that he could cuddle with her.

Norman has declared more than once that Daisy’s health and care is more important than anything, and there have been times where he has risked getting fired by staying home last minute because she isn’t feeling well or is sad or forgot to eat breakfast and he is worried about her. She actually wound up having to tone down the protect Daisy program a bit, because every time she would skip a meal because she wasn’t hungry, Norman would panic and not stop bothering her about it until she ate something, and would refuse to let her get out of bed until she got a whole 8 hours of sleep, even if she had things that she needed to do.

Norman can type so fast that he breaks keyboards. At one point, Daisy timed him, and his typing speed is over 300 words per minute. He has to slow down when he is at work so that he doesn’t get caught typing faster than any human should be capable of, and it drives him insane, because he feels like he isn’t getting anything done.

Daisy gave him a total of 4 different ways to charge. Sleeping, moving, eating, and with a charging cable.

His coworkers have learned to never, EVER, ask him about Daisy. Because if they do, he will never stop. He will go on about every little detail about her and how perfect she is for hours. It has become an unspoken rule in the workplace that you don’t even mention flowers around him, because that is enough for him to start another conversation about Daisy.

If he could spend his entire life curled up someplace warm, hugging Daisy, he would.

He will do anything to make Daisy smile. Be it jokes, poking her constantly until she wheels around to glare at him so that he can kiss her, intentionally acting ridiculous, random tickle attacks, scooping her up and hugging her from behind, or curling up as close to her as he possibly can so that she feels safe, Daisy being happy is more important to him than anything.

He has a habit of rolling over in his sleep and wrapping his arms around Daisy. Normally, this would be fine, but he is about 10 times stronger than her. If she ever wants to get out of bed in the morning, she has to nudge him awake and coax him to let her go with kisses, or she isn’t going anywhere for a while.

Daisy once had to sit down with him and painstakingly explain to him that, no, the other person named Daisy that met at the grocery store was not impersonating her, and no, he didn’t need to call the police. And then had to do the same thing 3 weeks later with a different Daisy. She still doesn’t think he ever quite figured it out.

If Daisy falls asleep on top of him, he won’t move until she wakes up. He doesn’t want to make her sad, so he will stay completely still, no matter where they are, or what he is supposed to be doing. She once woke up to the fire alarm going off because she fell asleep with her head in his lap while they were waiting for dinner to finish cooking, and he had just stayed there until the oven caught fire.

He will wear full suits even when it is way too warm or cold for him to. Daisy has had to drag him back inside more times than she can count and force him to change into something else, and has had to put up with him pouting for the rest of the day as a result.

He is extremely curious. If he comes across something that he doesn’t understand, he will tilt his head slightly to the side and look at it in confusion, trying to figure out what it does. Daisy has gotten used to stopping 10 or 20 times each time they go somewhere. She can’t even pretend to be exasperated at him for it, because of how happy he looks when she tells him what it does or he finally figures it out.

If Daisy gets hurt, even if it is a paper cut, he will panic and refuse to let her move until he has made sure that it is properly bandaged up and taken care of. Every time it happens, she winds up having to comfort him and assure him that a paper cut doesn’t mean that he is failing his directive.

He is well aware of how charming he is, and uses it to his advantage. He could probably talk someone out of the deed to their house if he tried. He has wound up getting himself scolded more than once for messing with people when he is bored.

He loves the stars. He will sit outside for hours and watch them if he can. Sometimes, Daisy will go and sit next to him, smiling as he happily points out constellations and talks about the sky for hours.

He has absolutely mastered the art of puppy dog eyes when he wants something. Daisy knows full well that he is doing it on purpose, but she just can’t say no when he is looking at her like that.

It is actually possible for him to overheat if he gets too happy. Daisy has to be careful with kisses, because if she makes him too happy all at once, he will wind up shutting down due to a temperature warning, and just freeze in place wherever he is until she cools him back down again.

He doesn’t quite understand the difference between “food” and “nutrients”. He has tried to feed Daisy all sorts of strange things before, because they match the nutrients that she still needs for the day. Twigs, bars of soap, pinecones, and paper clips have all would up on their kitchen table at some point, resulting in a very long discussion about what is and isn’t edible.

He is the master of snowball fights. Daisy will wind up absolutely covered in snow, and he will still be completely dry. She gets even with him by kissing him and dumping a handful of snow down the back of his shirt while he is distracted.

The day he found out about stickers, both he and Daisy wound up absolutely covered in them. He will occasionally wander up to her and stick one on her forehead, because he knows that it will make her smile.

Schizotypal & schizophrenia clear up!

schizotypal personalities may experience brief psychotic episodes with delusions or hallucinations, they are not as frequent, prolonged or intense as in schizophrenia.

Schizotypal people can usually take care of themselves but experience strain on relationships and jobs/school.Schizophrenia often causes extreme social withdrawal. 

Schizotypal symptoms:

  • Being a loner and lacking close friends outside of the immediate family
  • Incorrect interpretation of events, including feeling that external events have personal meaning
  • Peculiar, eccentric or unusual thinking, beliefs or behavior
  • Dressing in peculiar ways
  • Belief in special powers, such as telepathy
  • Perceptual alterations, in some cases bodily illusions, including phantom pains or other distortions in the sense of touch
  • Persistent and excessive social anxiety
  • Peculiar style of speech, such as loose or vague patterns of speaking or rambling oddly and endlessly during conversations
  • Suspicious or paranoid ideas, hypersensitivity, and constant doubts about the loyalty and fidelity of others
  • Flat emotions, or limited or inappropriate emotional responses

Schizophrenia symptoms

  • Delusions. Delusions occur in as many as 4 out of 5 people with schizophrenia.
  • Hallucinations. 
  • Disorganized thinking/speech. 
  • Extremely disorganized or abnormal motor behavior. 
  • Negative symptoms.  lack emotion, such as not making eye contact, not changing facial expressions, speaking without inflection or monotone, or not adding hand or head movements that normally provide the emotional emphasis in speech. 
  • Reduced executive function 

I think this should help!

A schizotypy can be considered delusional but rarely goes into psychosis. Schizophrenics have a full psychotic break. Also, some of the things similar between the two disorders is more pronounced. The flat affect is not always there and can be faked away by the schizotypy but is permanently fixated upon the schizophrenic. Also disorganization is much more overexagerated with schizophrenia by failure to clean oneself or doing things with no meaning (like just walking around without any idea why). They fail to take care of basic needs or avoid doing it, like eating and drinking.chizotypal is not degenerative at all, and is far less aggressive than schizophrenia. It’s more of a constant, in that it doesn’t get better or worse . (X)

-admin a

Restrictions Part 2

Oliver couldn’t stop trembling, he felt like he had lost all control. Google didn’t know what to do, either, and he was afraid the trembling would hurt Oliver’s internal workings.

 “Switch… the switch! Oliver, give me your hand, I need to switch it off.” Oliver groaned, curling into himself, crumpling to the floor with a quiet thud. He tucked his hand against his chest, protecting it with his left hand. 

 “D-d-don-n’t li-ik-e it.” Google was terrified, it almost seemed like Oliver’s body was vibrating and his pain sensors were picking up something that wasn’t there. 

 “I know Oliver, I’m sorry. Please let me see your hand, I want to turn it off.” He struggled for a moment, trying to see if he could get Oliver to let go off his hand. The Host sat behind Oliver’s back, placing a hand gently on his cheek. 

 “Oliver, let your brother turn the switch off. It’ll make everything go away. I promise.” Host knew that he couldn’t really promise anything, but he knew they needed Oliver to cooperate. He calmed a little, letting go of his hand but his fist was still clenched tight together. “Oliver,” the Host spoke in a gentle voice. “Please? The pain will all go away, just let Google flip the switch off.” 

 The promise of everything going away persuaded Oliver enough to loosen his hand, allowing Google to open his palm and flip the switch off. There was an immediate dim to Oliver’s lights, but before there was time to worry they were bright again. 

 Oliver’s body relaxed and the shaking eventually subsided. Google, on the other hand, was still confused and rather terrified. He nor any of his other brothers had ever experienced something like that. He listened to Oliver, who was still muttering things under his breath. 

 “I’m sorry Oliver.” Google wasn’t sure if Oliver was listening or not, but he kept speaking anyways. “This was all my fault. I opened the program and activated it, I shouldn’t have messed with it. I shouldn’t have put you through so much pain.” 

 Oliver shook his head, placing his hand on Google’s leg. The whole ordeal had drained almost all of his power, so to stay awake he had shut off his speech function. Hw could still communicate without it.

“No, it’s not okay. I shouldn’t have even messed with your programming in the first place.” Oliver smiled, poking Google. Either way, he could forgive Google. It was in the past. While he did want to know what had happened, his energy wouldn’t last very much longer. Google seemed to realize this, refraining from worrying Oliver too much. 

 “Oliver, I’m going to need to go through the files. You charge while I do that, ok? We’ll make this all better.” Oliver nodded his agreement, closing his eyes. His lights dimmed until they barely shone, the yellow in his eyes gone. 

Google picked his brother up, carrying him to a couch and grabbing his laptop. Something’s were easier with a physical computer, that way any virus’ couldn’t get to him. 

 He plugged in a cord from Oliver’s speaker to the computer, loading up his programming. The moment he saw the files, he knew something was wrong. 

Psychoanalysis isn’t simply a matter of listening, it is also a matter of reading.

Psychoanalysis isn’t simply a matter of listening, it is also a matter of reading. In the field of language, psychoanalysis doubtless finds its point of departure in the function of speech, but it refers it to writing. There is a gap between speaking and reading. Psychoanalysis operates in this gap. It exploits this difference.

Jacques-Alain Miller, extracts from his ‘Presentation of the Theme for the Tenth Congress of the NLS’, delivered at the NLS Congress in London, 3 April 2011.