Welcome back to FRIDAY FASHION FACT! Today we’re talking about what is very likely the most useful piece of fashion ever created- glasses! Of course, when they were first created, glasses were strictly created for practical purposes, but when something is worn so prominently, it doesn’t take long for style to be added.
It is unclear exactly when glasses were invented, and by whom. In ancient days, multiple cultures used polished crystals like a magnifying glass. By the Middle Ages, glass was formed with a curve, creating magnifying glasses as we know today. The earliest glasses were simply two magnifying glasses connected at the
handles by a rivet, so that the lenses could be adjusted to pinch the
nose. They had no handle or earpieces, and thus were held in place by hand. This
lasted for centuries. The first record of glasses in the western world were mentioned by Friar Giordano da Pisa in 1306 that eyeglasses had been invented less than twenty years prior.
In Asia, glasses were introduced by
Westerners in the early 15th Century, but developed from there. They
added loops of cord to the lenses which hooked around the ears to hold
them in place, a trend possibly introduced by the Spanish. In the 17th Century, the arched piece connecting lenses
over the bridge of the nose became popular across the globe, making the
adjustable rivet obsolete. Glasses continued to be held, though, until
the early 18th Century. London optician Edward Scarlett was the first to
add arms to glasses which rested on top of the ears. Around the same
time, it became common to add handles to the side of glasses. These handled glasses,
known as lorgnettes, were often very decorative and fashionable. The
handle would also commonly double as a case, so they could flip open and
closed. Handled glasses remained popular until World War I, when
lifestyles changed and they became impractical.
At the start,
glasses were only used by artisans and religious scholars. As the years
progressed, wearing glasses became something of a status symbol. It
showed that a person had both the time and wealth to dedicate to
studies. Also, manual labor jobs were not believed to need perfect
vision, while arts and writing did require it. This is why so much of
the upper class carried lenses, even if they were not necessary. Lenses
would even be hidden in the handles of ladies’ fans, or the knob of
gentlemen’s walking sticks. The status of glasses is also what gave rise
to the monocle in the Victorian Age, which were popular among wealthy men.
When handled eyeglasses
fell from style, so did the status associated with them. The
association with scholarly pursuits remained, though, and still lingers
to this day. Of course, technology has had a huge impact on how the
style of glasses has developed, and likely always will. While today glasses are often thought of as “nerdy,” it is that association with higher education which led to their popularity. Just like most trends, glasses have gone
in and out of fashion over the last century, and this fluctuating trend is sure to
Want to learn more about glasses? Check out these books:
Fashions In Eyeglasses: From the Fourteenth Century to the Present Day, by Richard Corson
Eyewear: Gli Occhiali, by Franca Acerenza
a question about fashion history that you want answered in the next
FRIDAY FASHION FACT? Just click the ASK button at the top of the page!