species interaction

It occurs to me that as much as “humans are the scary ones” fits sometimes, if you look at it another way, humans might seem like the absurdly friendly or curious ones.

I mean, who looked at an elephant, gigantic creature thoroughly capable of killing someone if it has to, and thought “I’m gonna ride on that thing!”?

And put a human near any canine predator and there’s a strong chance of said human yelling “PUPPY!” and initiating playful interaction with it.

And what about the people who look at whales, bigger than basically everything else, and decide “I’m gonna swim with our splashy danger friends!”

Heck, for all we know, humans might run into the scariest, toughest aliens out there and say “Heck with it. I’m gonna hug ‘em.”


“I dunno. I gotta hug 'em.”

And it’s like the first friendly interaction the species has had in forever so suddenly humanity has a bunch of big scary friends.

Humans are weird...

I love all these humans are weird posts so I’m trying my hand at one. I’ve been thinking, humans are like, ridiculous specialists. Our brains is so big we’re born prematurely so as not to tear our mothers apart. And we’re born crazy weak and we have super long childhoods to compensate. We pack bond and bond with bigger creatures to deal with this (this is why we think babies of all species are cute, it’s basically a drive to take care of this weak little thing because our own children are so weak). So what if alien species evolved so there was one, super weak but really brilliant species, has fine motor skills, huge language skills etc, and one that evolved as a symbiote that was basically huge protective dog/ox type to do the heavy lifting. And it’s really bizarre that we don’t have this symbiosis. Like the fact that humans are a stand alone species is weird. We seem huge and bulky to the tiny intelligent species (in my head it’s basically an otter/raven hybrid) and small and delicate to the other. And they don’t get how we function alone, until they see us spilling our pack bonding instincts all over everything, hostile predators, teddy bears, roombas, even cups with little chips in them. And then it’s like, oh I see, you don’t bond really strongly to one thing you bond just a little bit to everything and wait to see what sticks.

Can you all please just be critical of any videos of exotic animals you see, even if they are cute? Some red flags to look out for are:

- exotic animals in a home environment

-exotic animals being kept in an inappropriate environment (indoors, a small enclosure, etc.)

-multiple species interacting that should have no business together, especially prey species being exposed to predator species

-the animal being exposed to unnecessary stress

If you do not know if a video is actually cute or not, have a look through the notes. Maybe another person has pointed out something or has found a source for the video.  

Sometimes it’s hard to know if an animal is exhibiting stress signs.  What may look cute to you may be an animal expressing fear or distress. If you are unsure, it’s just better to not share it.

Galactic Anthroplogy

“They mass-slaughter this organism called "flowers” and give the bound mass of corpses to their desired mate as a courting ritual, possibly as proof of ability. Truly fascinating.“

An excerpt from the widely acclaimed ‘A Comprehensive Study of the Complex Social Dynamics of Humans’, Section 347-D3, ‘Ritual Wooing

“- Amongst the many diverse cultures of the human hive, a fairly prominent behavior becomes apparent to the observer, unique for the fact that it seems instinctual despite geographic location. This contrasts with much of the operant conditioning observed through their constructed hives and cultural rituals.

As previously indicated, nearly all human colonies display dominion over the surrounding inorganic and organic structure, perhaps as an exercise to constantly re-establish themselves as the apex species on their planet (Though their subservience to particular grain bearing flora and vegetative growths is well documented, see section 235-A6 ‘Human Propagation of Flora and Fauna, the Mass Human Effort known as ‘Agriculture’)

This behavior is displayed further during social rituals to establish further emotional and cognitive bond amongst colony members. The individual human gathers certain flower bearing growths from their surroundings -either from gathering them from the soil themselves, or obtaining them from the local distributor in exchange for currency- and gifts the slowly dying biomass to other individuals for ritualistic purposes.

As practice, the act has much significance socially, ranging from welcoming colony mates who have established familial dens in the dwelling space next to them (though apartment plants seem to be mostly living growths in containers, a behavior that may be linked to their need to display dominion of their environ. See Section 654-H7 ‘Non Species Specific Social Interactions’) yet is diverse enough to extend to gifts toward the individual humans birther on the celebration day of birthers, and to attract both reproductive and nonreproductive mates.

Such an activity is distinctive to humans, and can be attributed to their constant need for external stimulus. The growths serve a multifaceted purpose by providing olfactory, visual, and textural stimuli in a non harmful way, creating a sort of positive reinforcement that is associated with the individual who gave them. This, of course, leads to an enhanced emotional and mental cognitive state between individuals in further social interaction.

(The absence of gustatory stimuli by such growths is often noted, and as such, humans have taken to presenting gifts of carbohydrate rich foodstuff to accommodate the lack of presence in the flora.)

Many actions are taken to ensure the longest amount of positive stimulus is received from the cut growths. Many humans receiving will create a solution of hydro-nutrient feed to extend the life of the growth, and place the container and the flora somewhere in their dwelling or productivity space. Despite humans understanding that the growths would have a longer effect if they were not cut from their subterranean feed systems, it is still most common to give the dying stalks of flora instead of a live organism. Here in lies yet another idiosyncrasy of the species, a instinctual effort dominating an intellectual knowledge, once again exposing their relatively new evolution into sentient beings.-’


Celebrate #DolphinDay with one of our favorite videos! Many species interact in the wild, most often as predator and prey. But recent encounters between humpback whales and bottlenose dolphins reveal a playful side to interspecies interaction. In two different locations in Hawaii, scientists watched as dolphins “rode” the heads of whales: the whales lifted the dolphins up and out of the water, and then the dolphins slid back down. The two species seemed to cooperate in the activity, and neither displayed signs of aggression or distress. Whales and dolphins in Hawaiian waters often interact, but playful social activity such as this is extremely rare between species. 


Researchers at the National Autonomous University of Mexico found something big! Seagrass reproduction was believed to rely exclusively on currents and tides, but now new evidence show that seagrass in the mexican waters -and surely in other parts- is pollinated by marine invertebrates such tiny crustaceans and bristle-worms.

Based in experimental evidence researchers demonstrated that marine invertebrates are pollinators of Turtlegrass (Thalassia testudinum). Since this kind of animal-seagrass interaction was practically unknown, cientists had to invented a new term: zoobenthophilous pollination.

- Different microfauna - crustacean larvae (a,b and c) and polychaeta (d) - with pollen grains. The bars represent mm.

Seagrass are one of the most productive ecosystems in the world. These environments are found in shallow salty waters in many parts of the world. Despite they are often confused with algaes, actually are related to the flowering terrestrial plants.

Humans are strange little beings

Ok so I’ve seen a lot of humans are weird posts and I haven’t seen one over humans interest in music.

Ok so, imagine there’s a species that begins to interact with us. Let’s call them Cerebas. They’re a highly logical species that views some of our traditions as quite odd. Like for example drinking. So imagine what they would be thinking the first time they heard music. They can grasp our concept of poetry decently well and the first music they hear is rap. So they begin to think that music is a style of poems the humans have created. It’s extraordinary to them, because while poetry has been observed in other species no other species they have found uses the same system as the music they’ve observed does in delivering poetry.

So imagine the cereba who is assigned to the case of “realizing the purpose of music and what it accomplishes”, finally thinks they’re done and can move on to the next case. And then the “iPod” they have been using to keep records of the humans music starts playing something he’s never heard. It starts playing an old sad Beatles song. The alien is completely confused and thrown off by this. For one this shatters the pattern they’ve observed in music so far, and secondly it seems completely illogical to them for a being to wail in sorrow about its problems rather than taking the logical steps to fix them.

The Cerebian notes that further investigation into what humans call “music” is in order.

Imagine the cereba’s finally giving up on understanding music’s development throughout history because it’s so diverse and there’s so much of it that it would take entirely too much resources.

So what if a Cereba went to a college and sat in on a lecture full of music majors. How baffled do you think they would be by the amount resources, and time we’ve put towards this and how dedicated people are to it.

How scared do you think they would be when they heard a note come out of an instrument for the first time. I could just imagine it going like this:

A Cereba enters the room to find a young lady with a metallic object. As they approached her it only seemed natural to ask the girl “what do you have there, young human?” “it’s a trumpet” she explains as she presses down on the buttons on the top rapidly, then a broad smile of contempt spreads over her face “Ok but what does it do? What is the trumpet’s purpose?” The large Cereba inquired while leaning down to the human’s height “to play music? Like this” she explains as she proceeds to blow into the horn playing an F# The Cereba unaware of what happened begins to reach for the girl’s trumpet, only to be met with the young human screaming at them “Don’t you dare touch Johnny” The Cereba is thrown off by this and is concerned whether the metallic looking animal was shrieking out of pain or joy. They leave with more questions than they entered with.

Later they reported to their superior that today they learned that humans find the cries of the animal known as the “trumpet” beautiful, they are a much crueler species than initially anticipated.

It is also startling the commitment they put towards creating this music. They choose to deprive themselves of air to create these sounds. And in some cases the instruments are bigger than the average grovate.

Today I encountered a particularly violent variation of human. Known as percussionists, they’ve been known to brandish hard sticks and large metal plates they call “cymbals”. The purpose of these cymbals is so far unknown to us, but from our observations they are clearly tools of war.

And one last thing, imagine them finding out about death metal. “It seems that unlike most species humans have a ritual with the goal of welcoming death. Thousands of them at a time gather around a piece of elevated concrete and listen to one who appears to be their leader shout. It seems vaguely like those preachers whom we were studying a while ago. Both seem to be groups of cult members gathering to praise death.”

Hannibalwriters’ Alternative Universe #FannibalFicRecs

This is one of the most challenging thing I’ve ever done for this fandom; there are so many Alternative Universe stories, some of them are so different from the canonical Vampire AU which every fandom has to offer. I think I’d want to reward the originality, in this case. I tried to organize my reccs in a sort of “alphabetic” order.
I didn’t rec the same author twice: I choose only one work per writer, but this doesn’t mean that the one is their best work, their only Alternative Universe or their only work worth reading; on the contrary! This is supposed to encourage the diffusion of different perspective of the same Universe!

Animal Alternative Universe: The One Where Hannibal is a Cat by @coloredink

Summary: Specifically, he’s Alana’s cat. And Graham is Jack’s dog. They meet. That’s it. That’s the story.

  • General Audiences
  • No Archive Warnings Apply
  • Hannibal Lecter, Will Graham, Alana Bloom, Jack Crawford

Generally Animal AUs tend to antropomorphize the characters involved, partly keeping human traits; in this one that’s not the case. This is an interesting asexual interaction between two animals that don’t need to partake the same specie to fluently interact with one another.

Alpha/Beta/Omega Dynamics: Mise en Place by @thehoyden

Summary: Pre-heat left him short-tempered and irritable, even worse than usual, but Hannibal had lingered in his office doorway and said, “Come along, Will. No reason to grade on an empty stomach.”

  • Explicit
  • No Archive Warnings Apply
  • Hannibal Lecter, Will Graham; Hannigraham

Of all the A/B/O I could think about, this one strikes me because it permeates the biological aspect so typical of this genre; I’m not even sure I can consider A/B/O an Alternative Universe, and I’d have gladly chose at least one Omega/Omega and one Alpha/Alpha if I could, but there’s always @hannigram-a-b-o-library to thoroughtly look into the matter.

Birds Alternative Universe: Black Swan by @genufa (Warning: still ongoing!)

Summary: “Don’t say Hannibal,” said Beverly. “I’m saying Hannibal,” Will said. Beverly slumped back in the passenger seat, throwing up her hands. “Swans defend territory, Will! They don’t travel! We’re not talking Garrett Jacob Hobbs killing girls in five states, here!”

  • Teen and Up Audiences
  • No Archive Warnings Apply
  • Hannibal Lecter, Will Graham, Beverly Katz, Brian Zeller, Jimmy Price, Bedelia Du Maurier, Jack Crawford, Mason Verger, Frederick Chilton, Leonard Brauer, Chiyoh; Hannigraham, Marlana

Despite the status of this story, I deem important to include this in the Alternative Universes that this fandom has to offer: the writer takes inspiration from the story of an aggressive swan to recreate his relationship with his momentary attentive and confused keeper, but the magical component renders this work original and worth waiting for the next chapter every time.

Guardian Angels Alternative Universe: Chapter 44 of Eggs in a Basket by @granpappy-winchester

Summary: Guardian Angel AU, where Hannibal and Will are guardian angels whose paths cross on occasion and who have different approaches when it comes to their charges.

  • Teen and Up Audiences
  • No Archive Warnings Apply
  • Hannibal Lecter, Will Graham, Abigail Hobbs, Garret Jacob Hobbs; Hannigraham

It has been so difficult to decide which one of this serie of one-shots to include in this post, but I ended up choosing the one where Will and Hannibal have a philosophical discussion on the meaning of being seen and understood by your beloved; I suggest to read all of them, but this one was particularly well done in my opinion.

Horror Alternative Universe: Fais Do-Do by @moku-youbi

Summary: Will finds himself in need of staying at a comfortable and suspiciously remote bed and breakfast. He doesn’t know that its manager is reluctant to let him leave. (I took the liberty to provide one)

  • Explicit
  • Creator Chose Not To Use Archive Warnings
  • Hannibal Lecter, Will Graham, Mischa Lecter, Jack Crawford; Hannigraham

This is not a typical romantic setting; it makes the skin crawls during the reading, but stopping is impossible until the story is finished. As the reader, Will has no idea of what’s appening until it’s too late but, as the saying goes, it takes one to catch one.

Mall Alternative Universe: Make the Yule-tide Gay by @destinyawakened and an orphan account

Summary: What if Hannibal Lecter was Santa and Will Graham was a Mall Cop? Would Christmas still blow white?

  • Explicit
  • Creator Chose Not To Use Archive Warnings
  • Hannibal Lecter, Will Graham; Hannigraham

This whole serie is completely out of every possible projection of the canon Universe, but let’s start from the beginning. Will and Hannibal share the same working environment and a certain propencity for unorthodox festivity celebrations.

Multiple Personality Alternative Universe: Multiplicy (serie) by Not_You

Summary: The one where Hannibal is multiple, not (very) murderous or cannibalistic, and all five of him love Will Graham.

  • Explicit
  • No Archive Warnings Apply
  • Hannibal Lecter, but there are a lot of them, Will Graham; Hannigraham

In perfect agreement with this writer’s style, this work has a certain sweetness that permeates Will Graham and his life; Hannibal and his disparate selves show how difficult it can be to room with more than one personality and getting romantically involved at the same time, with every one of them.

Pianist Alternative Universe: Unchained melody by @mazephoenix

Summary: Will is a concert pianist who’s retired after an ordeal. His biggest fan comes to offer some comfort.

  • Mature
  • Creator Chose Not To Use Archive Warnings
  • Hannibal Lecter, Will Graham; Hannigraham

As so many of the stories this writer created, this work is synthetic but meaningful; the setting recreates a casual encounter between Will and Hannibal in a bar, which evolves in the beginning of their becoming. This is not the only one story I’d suggest of this author, even if I understand their style is peculiar; I enjoy it very much, anyway.

Pokemon Alternative Universe: Chapter 16 of Tasting Flights: Hannibal Drabbles by @unicornmagic

Summary: By request from soundingonlyatnightasyousleep, who wanted a Pokemon AU.

  • General Audiences
  • No Archive Warnings Apply
  • Hannibal Lecter, Will Graham, Jack Crawford; Hannigraham

No matter how short this story is, no matter the fact that this writer is talented and came up with works more elaborated than this one, no matter why they did it, no one made an Alterative Universe just as perfect. I fell in love with it. There’s no way I’m recc’ing something else, not for this post. But you should take a look at the rest, because there’s a whole word of words behind that AO3 account.

Pornstars Alternative Universe: Literally Speaking by @halotolerant (Warning: still ongoing!)

Summary: So someone prompted me with: ‘could you write some old-fashioned 'Will getting his prostate stimulated for the first time and going completely out of his mind’ porn? Please? And I took that and ran with it and wrote 'Will getting his prostate stimulated IN porn AS as a porn actor’…

  • Explicit
  • No Archive Warnings Apply
  • Hannibal Lecter, Will Graham; Hannigraham

This probably started as the classic story of two pornstars ending up with one another, which is what at the time I wanted to read, but then it completely derailed into this perfeclty fitting Alternative Universe where Will is not only getting the abovementioned prostate stimulation, but also some of his personal tragic events of the first serie; this fic made me realize just how sorrowful the encephalis should have been, more than the show itself did.

Post-Apocalypse Alternative Universe: some say in ice by peppermintquartz

Summary: The end of the world came suddenly.

  • General Audiences
  • Creator Chose Not To Use Archive Warnings
  • Hannibal Lecter, Will Graham, Will Graham’s dog; Hannigraham

This is beautiful in the sort of hannibalesque way that could lead the intere evolution of Will Graham in a fanfiction instead of three slow burning series: Will has to face the fact that life can suddenly change and moral could slow down his escalating evolution. It’s a cold story, made of snow and estinguishing fire in the chimney, and the writer uses a cold style, where taking a hand in your own can warm you up more than the sun.

Professional Killer Alternative Universe: Cu Sith by @slqtherin

Summary: Verger hires Will Graham, a professional killer, to murder Doctor Hannibal Lecter. Will gets a date with a serial killer instead.

  • Explicit
  • Graphic Depictions Of Violence
  • Hannibal Lecter, Will Graham, Will Graham’s dog; Hannigraham

Will is equally frustrated and exasperated by his target, and that’s probably the reason why he wants to shoot in his mouth right after their first banter; fortunately that’s not the case. He hopes to profite from the occasion, but things don’t end the way either he nor Hannibal predicted. But you need to read also the sequel to reach this part.

Role Reversal Alternative Universe: Sleeping in the Knife Drawer by @emungere

Summary: Hannibal’s an FBI agent. Will’s a serial killer. He still has a lot of dogs and dislikes being sociable. Hannibal still wants to wind him up and watch him go.

  • Teen and Up Audiences
  • No Archive Warnings Apply
  • Hannibal Lecter, Will Graham, Jack Crawford

In the remote possibility that Will finds the FBI Agent Lecter interesting, he would take much pleasure in not showing him he’s intrigued. That’s what happens in this story, or at least that’s how I see it, because Will probably wants to push away him, for their own good, playing the aggressive psychiatrist, but ends up fashinated with the darkness that Hannibal doesn’t particularly care to hide.

Single Parent Alternative Universe: Pi’s Lullaby by @t-pock (Warning: still ongoing!)

Summary: Will loses his daughter at the mall. Hannibal returns her to him.

  • Explicit
  • No Archive Warnings Apply
  • Hannibal Lecter, Will Graham, Alana Bloom, Aleksandra Graham (Original Character)

Hannibal falls in love with her, first. Then he sees his father and decides that he’s not a man that settles for less than the whole Graham package; that’s how he decides to start his slow pursue of his beloved little family, instead of Will’s darkest inclinations.

SCP Foundation Alternative Universe: Alive Humanoid Sensory Euclid by @berlynn-wohl

Summary: AU in which Will and Hannibal (and Jack) work for the SCP Foundation. This is also a fill for two prompts on the Hannibal kinkmeme.

  • Explicit
  • Creator Chose Not To Use Archive Warnings
  • Hannibal Lecter, Will Graham, Jack Crawford, Freddie Lounds; Hannigraham

To be honest, more than the story itself, the Alternative Universe fashinates me, when I think about this fic: the writer revisits with a certain fidelity what happens in the first serie, so it’s not the originality per se that I would recommend in here, so much as the way the author adapts this sci-fi Universe to our fandom. It has been incredible reading all about the eccentric objects that Will and Hannibal daily get in touch with.

Soulmates Alternative Universe: Chapter 4 of Alana Finds Out by @victorineb

Summary: In which Alana and Hannibal don’t match, but someone else does.

  • Mature
  • Creator Chose Not To Use Archive Warnings
  • Hannibal Lecter, Will Graham, Alana Bloom; Hannigraham, Hannibloom

This entire serie is probably the quintessence of what this challenge is about: every chapter has its Universe, its dynamycs, and this one beautifully represents the fact that Alana might be perfect, lovely for anyone, but Hannibal and Will are just too taken from one another to see anyone else; obviously they need incentive to admit it.

Unpleasant Theme Alternative Universe: Yourself and People Like You by @metaphoregoneawry

Summary: Meet someone like you.

  • Mature
  • Creator Chose Not To Use Archive Warnings
  • Hannibal Lecter, Will Graham, Frederick Chilton; Hannigraham

I can’t even begin to describe how this story hurts. All over. But this is not a good reason to not read it: their tragic situation can’t end well, the writer promisses suffering and desperation in a subtle, constant way; this doens’t stop Hannibal from trying to grasp what little happiness he can afford in Will.

Zombies Alternative Universe: Hierarchy of Needs by @xzombiexkittenx

Summary: It’s the end of the world and everyone’s immediate needs have changed. It’s also Hannibal’s chance to have everything he wants.

  • Explicit
  • Creator Chose Not To Use Archive Warnings
  • Hannibal Lecter, Will Graham, Bedelia Du Maurier, Margot Verger, Mason Verger, Judy; Hannigraham, MargotJudy

Instead of a confused battle for surviving, this story describes every stages that the humanity should go through in order to gain what it has lost. Will knows about Hannibal’s proclivities, but he has to adapt to a new world, where being a cannibalistic serial killer doesn’t make him the worst monster in the planet.

This has been exausting; the computer shut down twice and so I had to learn how to save drafts, but it’s finally finished. I know there could be a lot more to rec, and I hope someone takes the trouble to rec Shark Tank, since I went for the Zombie AU one.
I didn’t include Crossovers or Rarepairs, nor did I went for pairings different from Hannigram, if not secondary, but I suspect this post is already too long for anyone to read it all; if your’re here, I’m obviously wrong, and I’m happy to be!
Thank you very much @hannibalficwriters for this opportunity to remember that this fandom has so much to give, so much to discover, still after so much time.

anonymous asked:

Hello I'm a Marine Sciences B.S. student in Delaware. Many programs exist to make endangered/vulnerable species more important to people such as the opportunity to feed sharks or diving in the Great Barrier Reef. This gets people's attention but also comes with negative effects to the environment of the species. Do you believe that this human interaction with the species is beneficial or detrimental?

We have to be very careful not to make any generalisations here. Each program must be evaluated separately. I agree with you that we must strive for these programs to have minimal impacts on the species they focus on. However human interaction with species can help raise awareness and make people care and act for conservation. These programs can also boost local economies which I turn will help protect the species. There is really not one answer, you need to look at each particular situation and program.

Thank you for the insightful question. It’s one I ask myself a lot with my host/filmmaker hat on. Although my marine science experience is limited, there are parallels in the terrestrial world. For example I’ve spent a hundreds of days around bears - first for research, and later in life hosting and creating films about them (for example, Joe Pontecorvo on this panel and I co-created ‘Bears of the Last Frontier’, the PBS Nature series a few years ago). It meant spending a lot of time in bear country, filming their everyday lives. The bears can easily make a choice to avoid humans, but many of them don’t, and there is a sliding scale of habitution occuring where bears basically ignore humans. In one scene we even have a mother bear (we nicknamed ‘Nadie’) approach us with her 4 month old cubs from clear across a giant sedge meadow - an incredible experience to capture on film. She was “teaching” her cubs about us humans in a very clear and profound way. And when I guide expeditions to these locations it is pure magic to see the startled faces of my guests as they find themselves in a world from the distant past, sitting safely among giant carnivores. So, for me, these experiences are a microcosm of what we need - a greater connection for people with nature - whether in person for a lucky few, or on the screen for the masses. But these experiences HAVE to result in action - especially these days, as time is running out. That is a nut I am constantly trying to crack, tweaking, losing sleep over, and refining - how do we translate goosebumps from a wild experience into action for that wild place? It’s something we have focussed on a lot for our upcoming film BEARTREK which has been instrumental in creating a new national park in Peru, a new sun bear conservstion center in Borneo, and funding for polar bear research in Canada. I guess my short answer to your question is that if the human experience in the wild leads to more positive outcomes than negative ones, then it is a win for the planet.

There are times...

When I look at my Assistace Pigeon, snuggled as close as he can possibly fit against my hip, doing the nest push dance with his feet, nuzzling my side and softly grunting for me to love him, that I am honestly brought to tears by just HOW much I *do* love him.

I have had pets of SO many species in my life, ALL my life; dogs, cats, rodents, finches, chickens, button quail, snakes, lizards, newts, salamanders, frogs, toads, fish, crustacians, arachnids, insects, even centipedes, millipedes, leeches, and planerins.

And I have been fascinated by every single species I’ve ever interacted with.

But nothing has *ever* been like Ankhou.

Ankhou isn’t even a purebred. He didn’t come from a loving back ground of care to support his growth and wellbeing.

Some one found him in a parking lot.

Running around the base of a street light. So emaciated he couldn’t grow feathers.
Crying for parents absolutely powerless to bring him back to safety.

They could have left him.

How many people did, before that one took pity?

How much longer would he have lived if they had left him too?

Not just the stars, but the *entire* universe had to have lined up to bring Ankhou into my life after who even knows how many near misses.

Just from that parking lot to wildlife rehab to me was from knife edge to knife edge for him.

How many baby pigeons died without ever getting any of those chances?

That’s why the dislike of feral pigeons hurts me so much.

How much outcry would there have been if he’d been a puppy?
How big would the RUSH to help not just him, but his feral parents and what ever other members of his pack turned up?

Things should not have been left SO long for pigeons. They don’t deserve what happened to them.

If their people had just kept holding up their end of the bargain that is complete domestication, pigeons would never have attained pest status.
Feral populations would never have gotten SO overwhelmingly large.

All it would have taken was shelter, good food, noctournal hatch control, and breeders limiting their numbers by selecting only their 2-5 best to continue their blood lines instead of breeding by the HUNDREDS with the mentality that it would be statistically impossible not to get a few good ones!

Not every one who owns a dog or cat or any other domestic breeds their pet. But, right now, most pigeon keepers keep them ONLY for breeding.

They encourage every buyer to breed, and some even refuse to sell birds to any one that won’t be breeding them.

The prevailing mentality boils down to: “Keep as many pairs as possible and raise as many chicks as you can. Statistically, SOME of them have to grow up to be worth using. Kill the rest, so they won’t wind up some one elses problem, or sell them for hunts or dog training if you don’t have the guts to kill them yourself.”

They don’t deserve THAT either!

God, could you even IMAGINE dogs or cats being bred with THAT mentality?!

Pigeons DESERVE to be pets again.
Like Dogs and Cats are.
Companion animals for companionship’s sake.
Raised by people who love them! People who care about the life long well being of EVERY individual squeaker that hatches.

When I attended my first pigeon show and saw what even their breeders *really* thought of them…
Saw winners praised and adored and heard the birds who failed to place literally termed Garbage Birds…

I decided that changing that mentality starts with ME!

With public education programs like this ask blog.

With public exhibitions at safe venues like Augusta Animal Service’s anual Family Fun Day.

Pigeons deserve SO much better.
And change starts with loving them like pets again; with bringing their care up to the standards that society already has for “acceptable” pets like dogs and cats.

Be kind to pidge. They deserve to be loved again.


Chauvet Cave, located in southern France, is a cave that contatin the earliest—and best preserved cave paintings in the world. The images are from the Upper Paleolithic period and are at least 37 000 years old, but aside from the intricate paintings, the cave was also discovered to contain the fossilized remains of various extinct animals and plants.

One of the larger cave painting sites, Chauvet Cave is embedded into limestone cliffs and the sheer quantity of paintings and artwork is in itself spectacular, nevermind the size and quality of the pictures (which are themselves remarkable). What the images depict is also unique compared to other finds of this nature. As opposed to specifically painting typical herbivores (likely the quarry of prehistoric human hunters), the cave also depicts predatory animals as well, such as cave lions, panthers, bears, and hyenas. All told, there are at least 13 different species depicted in the paintins, including rhinoceroses. These images do not exist outside of context, however, and many of them depict complex scenes or interaction between species and other artistic and more abstract depictions (such as red ochre reliefs of hands, and other lines and dashes).

Chauvet Cave recently re-entered the public eye just this past March when a researchers recently claimed that the cave depicts various volcanic eruptions and that such paintings are the first time humans recorded and depicted those eruptions in history. Splashes of red ochre and what appears to be an impromptu dive into deeply abstract imagery (a notable departure from some fairly realistic animals) would seem to support this hypothesis.

The cave is a UNESCO World Heritage Site, but unfortunately has been off limits to the public since 1994. As with the caves in Lascaux, frequent human activity inside the cave slowly cultivated a species of mould which could have damaged the paintings. A replica was opened to the public in April, 2015.

I honestly think it’s ridiculous that DC has yet to declare so much as 1 human Green Lantern pansexual. Like, are you honestly trying to tell me that these men who spend a majority of their time on foreign planets, interacting with species who most likely do not fall within the gender binary, NEVER EVER experience attraction towards ANY of these people?


It has:
•An entire species that are polyamorous and its like treated really well not made out to be “wrong” at all
•Different sexualities and its just normal and accepted 100%
•Cool space adventures
•It’s honestly so good and actually realistic? About how different species might interact
•space lesbians what else do you need to know

Twenty Things That Animal Crossing Needs

  1. The option to be an animal. The ability to be the mayor was one of the biggest changes in the Animal Crossing series, but if the creators want to sell more games, they might want to give this option as well.
  2. More interaction with villagers. It would be nice if you could decide what to talk about with villagers and participate in the conversation more to create more interaction instead of a one-sided conversation. After you finish the tutorial in New Leaf, villagers rarely invite you over or play hide and seek with you. This should also be changed, and there should be more things you can do with your villagers.
  3. More species, such as chinchillas, red pandas, foxes, sea otters, Fennec foxes, leopards, and such. You can probably think of many species that you wish were included. It would also be nice to have the special character types as villagers, such as raccoon, skunk, hedgehog, and giraffes.
  4. Cuter villagers. There are a lot of cute villagers, but the majority of them that you can get are hideous. There are also many species that have little to no cute villagers, such as the tiger, which is very sad because tigers are very cute in real life.
  5. The option to allow others to edit QR code patterns. Wouldn’t it be nice if you could allow other players to edit your QR code patterns and still get some credit for it, such as saying “Created by Garrett, Edited by Elena.” I got my sewing machine yesterday and I’ve already wanted to edit QR patterns many times, usually just minor things.
  6. More villagers in each town. The maximum amount of villagers in New Leaf is ten, but wouldn’t it be nice to at least have fifteen? There are so many villagers that I would like to have in my town, but ten is not enough slots, and my town still feels empty with only ten villagers.
  7. Cuter lions. Self explanatory.
  8. More villagers in general. There are quite a bit of species, but there are not very many in each species, and back to number four, there are sometimes hardly any cute villagers of one species.
  9. Kill the sea bass. Once again, self explanatory.
  10. Get rid of grass erosion. If not, at least make it extremely hard to erode grass and easier for grass to grow back. Although it isn’t as devastating in New Leaf as it was in City Folk, it can still destroy your town. In City Folk, my entire town was dirt and I never ran.
  11. The ability to tax villagers. Although I don’t think you should be able to spend the money on personal items, it would be nice to at least have a little money to spend on the town itself.
  12. Villagers should pitch in more to Public Works Projects. Seriously, you have to make 95% of the bells if you want the project to be finished within a month. It really seems like the villagers don’t care at all about the town.
  13. More Ordinances, and the ability to set more than one at a time. There are only four ordinances, and you could easily have your town instate multiple at a time. If this option was available, it would make sense to make ordinances cost more money, but at least you could be able to have a beautiful town at the same time as a town where the shops stay open later. It would also be nice to have more than four ordinances.
  14. Villagers that can hate you as much as you hate them. Once you’re rude to another villager, such as hitting them with a net or pushing them, they should be able to do similar things to the player to make the game more interesting. Even if they couldn’t hit the player or push them, it would still be nice to make them at least act rude towards the player unless you act nicely towards them.
  15. A notebook that keeps track of other villagers and upcoming events. Sometimes it’s hard to remember what other villagers want or what big events will be coming up, so it would be nice to have a notebook that automatically keeps track of information about the upcoming events and your villagers, such as their relationship with you and items they have requested. It would also be nice to set reminders in the notebook or just write things down.
  16. Create your own events. As mayor, you should be able to organize villagers on specific dates and times and host parties at your own house, or simply invite a specific villager over when you want to.
  17. Make normal villagers a little less boring. Please. I like them, but they bore me to death sometimes.
  18. A bigger, more customizable town and more Public Works Projects. The option to choose one of four towns is amazing, but it seems that villages are so small that you can’t add very many Public Works Projects. On that note, there should also be more of them, such as a sculpture of the mayor or a villager of choice, a swing set that you can swing in with another villager and the option to push another villager or be pushed by them, a seesaw that you can also go on with other villagers, a slide that you can go down with other villagers, tables that can have benches around them which could also open up the ability to have lunch with other villagers, more waterworks, and such.
  19. Make customizable pants, shoes, and socks. Really, it’s not that hard to grasp.
  20. More exterior decorations and designs. There isn’t a very wide selection of exterior house decor. There could be cute little brick houses, ranches, palaces, modern houses that aren’t hideous, etc.

That’s all I have right now, but there’s a lot more that I could think of. Reblog or like this if you agree with at least some of these ideas, and tell me more of yours because I want to make another post. I’ll include your name next to the idea in that post as well.

Thank you for reading! :)

anonymous asked:

Explain Viva Pinata to me. It looks fun.

OK, so. Everyone who sees Viva Pinata automatically thinks it’s some sort of easy, childish game. The general goal is to have every pinata reside in your garden which is an absolutely monumental task. Check out this food web:

The species interactions are ridiculous. Lots of pinatas need to eat various others to reside in your garden, on top of plants, food, sometimes even certain items that only unlock at higher level. Keeping track of things is a really difficult task, on top of pests who come into your garden and destroy things, make pinatas ill, destroy plants, etc. It’s a very complex juggling task. I’ve talked to a lot of people who had to give up because it was honestly too hard.

Usually the first few hours are just frantically putting things in place, but once you get up to higher levels you have ways to sort out pests and focus on the pinatas in your garden. This was one of the first games where you could do everything completely on your own time. If you want to have an entirely water based garden with only ducks in it. Go nuts. Keep in mind the first game is almost 10 years old so there’s lots of issues with garden space, it fills up really fast. But thankfully you have the option of creating countless gardens. It really comes in handy for pinata who need to eat weeds for resident/romancing requirements. Weeds are nasty plants who can quite easily take over a whole garden if you’re not paying attention, so it’s good to have a sterile garden for them.

I really recommend and enjoy the game. You can tell a lot of love was poured into it, there’s so many charming (and disturbing details) that I didn’t catch on my first runthrough back in…….. 08 was it? Forever ago.

But it’s a game with no clear ending. It holds your hand a little at the beginning, but then you’re able to do anything you want. I love it.

Dark Matter Particle Could be Size of Human Cell

Dark matter could be made of particles that each weigh almost as much as a human cell and are nearly dense enough to become miniature black holes, new research suggests.

While dark matter is thought to make up five-sixths of all matter in the universe, scientists don’t know what this strange stuff is made of. True to its name, dark matter is invisible — it does not emit, reflect or even block light. As a result, dark matter can currently be studied only through its gravitational effects on normal matter. The nature of dark matter is currently one of the greatest mysteries in science.

If dark matter is made of such superheavy particles, astronomers could detect evidence of them in the afterglow of the Big Bang, the authors of a new research study said.

Previous dark matter research has mostly ruled out all known ordinary materials as candidates for what makes up this mysterious stuff. Gravitational effects attributed to dark matter include the orbital motions of galaxies: The combined mass of the visible matter in a galaxy, such as stars and gas clouds, cannot account for a galaxy’s motion, so an additional, invisible mass must be present. The consensus so far among scientists is that this missing mass is made up of a new species of particles that interact only very weakly with ordinary matter. These new particles would exist outside the Standard Model of particle physics, which is the best current description of the subatomic world.

Some dark matter models suggest that this cosmic substance is made of weakly interacting massive particles, or WIMPs, that are thought to be about 100 times the mass of a proton, said study co-author McCullen Sandora, a cosmologist at the University of Southern Denmark. However, despite many searches, researchers have not conclusively detected any WIMPs so far, leaving open the possibility that dark matter particles could be made of something significantly different.

Now Sandora and his colleagues are exploring the upper mass limit of dark matter — that is, they’re trying to discover just how massive these individual particles could possibly be, based on what scientists know about them. In this new model, known as Planckian interacting dark matter, each of the weakly interacting particles weighs about 1019 or 10 billion billion times more than a proton, or “about as heavy as a particle can be before it becomes a miniature black hole,” Sandora said.

A particle that is 1019 the mass of a proton weighs about 1 microgram. In comparison, research suggests that a typical human cell weighs about 3.5 micrograms.

The genesis of the idea for these supermassive particles “began with a feeling of despondency that the ongoing efforts to produce or detect WIMPs don’t seem to be yielding any promising clues,” Sandora said. “We can’t rule out the WIMP scenario yet, but with each passing year, it’s getting more and more suspect that we haven’t been able to achieve this yet. In fact, so far there have been no definitive hints that there is any new physics beyond the Standard Model at any accessible energy scales, so we were driven to think of the ultimate limit to this scenario.”

At first, Sandora and his colleagues regarded their idea as little more than a curiosity, since the hypothetical particle’s massive nature meant that there was no way any particle collider on Earth could produce it and prove (or refute) its existence.

But now the researchers have suggested that if these particles exist, signs of their existence might be detectable in the cosmic microwave background radiation, the afterglow of the Big Bang that created the universe about 13.8 billion years ago.

Currently, the prevailing view in cosmology is that moments after the Big Bang, the universe grew gigantically in size. This enormous growth spurt, called inflation, would have smoothed out the cosmos, explaining why it now looks mostly similar in every direction.

After inflation ended, research suggests that the leftover energy heated the newborn universe during an epoch called “reheating.” Sandora and his colleagues suggest that extreme temperatures generated during reheating could have produced large amounts of their superheavy particles, enough to explain dark matter’s current gravitational effects on the universe.

However, for this model to work, the heat during reheating would have had to be significantly higher than what is typically assumed in universal models. A hotter reheating would in turn leave a signature in the cosmic microwave background radiation that the next generation of cosmic microwave background experiments could detect. “All this will happen within the next few years hopefully, next decade, max,” Sandora said.

If dark matter is made of these superheavy particles, such a discovery would not only shed light on the nature of most of the universe’s matter, but also yield insights into the nature of inflation and how it started and stopped — all of which remains highly uncertain, the researchers said.

For example, if dark matter is made of these superheavy particles, that reveals “that inflation happened at a very high energy, which in turn means that it was able to produce not just fluctuations in the temperature of the early universe, but also in space-time itself, in the form of gravitational waves,” Sandora said. “Second, it tells us that the energy of inflation had to decay into matter extremely rapidly, because if it had taken too long, the universe would have cooled to the point where it would not have been able to produce any Planckian interacting dark matter particles at all.”

Sandora and his colleagues detailed their findings online March 10 in the journal Physical Review Letters.

The Do's and Don'ts of Scuba Diving

Whether you are just starting out as a new diver, or have logged thousands of dives already, scuba diving still brings the same sensations and star-struck feelings every time. However, it is important to remember a few good, ocean-friendly practices while you are diving to best protect our marine environment. 

  • Do not stand up on your fins, especially on corals. Practice good finning and buoyancy to avoid accidental contact with the reef or stirring up the sediment. Many coral species and smaller animals are very sensitive, and you will be killing them instantly if you stand on the reef. 

(Do not stand on the reef. You will cause physical damage to creatures that have taken years to get to that size. Photo source: Wikipedia.)

  • Do not touch anything. First of all, you never know what you may be touching, and it can sting you or be extremely poisonous. You might even come in contact with powerfully venomous fishes such as scorpionfishes, who blend in extremely well with their surroundings. Second of all, you touching corals can harm them, transmit bacteria or diseases, or stress them. You may transmit diseases or remove protective coatings on fish, mammals, invertebrates and other species.

  • On that same note, do not chase or harass marine life.  I have witnessed people chasing poor turtles and hanging on to them while the poor animals were trying to go up to take a breath. Keep clear of free-swimming animals (such as turtles, whales and sea snakes). In particular, do not chase, ride, grab or block the path of these animals. Even if you think it’s cool, do not ride a turtle (they also might bite you!). Do not cowboy a manatee. Do not hold on to the fin of a dolphin or a shark. Look but never touch and try not to get too close. 

(Source: Aquaviews)

  • Do not leave your diving gear dragging on the reef, such as pressure gauges or regulators. Keeping gear close to your body reduces drag and the chances of entanglement. Sea life is everywhere and can be harmed by the kick of a fin, bump of a tank, or knock of the hand.
  • Do not wear gloves. Or at least when the temperature allows you not to. Gloves only bring you a false sense of security which may lead you to holding on underwater. This can cause corals to break, or allow you to get too close to marine life by holding onto rocks and can lead to you harming yourself as gloves will not actually provide reliable protection against dangerous marine life.

(Refrain from wearing dive gloves, as they may give you a false sense of security and you will be more likely to hang on to the reef. Photo source: Greenpeace)

  • Do not bring anything up to the surface, other than recent trash. Similarly, don’t buy souvenirs of corals or marine life – this encourages people to remove tons of alive or dead marine life from marine ecosystems each year for selling to tourists. If we didn’t buy it then people wouldn’t collect it. Leave it where it belongs.
  • Do not feed the fishes. Feeding fish or any other species can lead to them becoming reliant upon that food source. It makes fish more aggressive towards divers and can lead to species interacting with others which they wouldn’t naturally come into contact with. 

(Pick up any recent trash you might encounter. Photo source: Project Aware).

  • Do pick up trash, plastic bags or any other recent littered items.

  • Do respect the marine environment, only observe the sensitive and fragile species that live within it. All divers should refrain from intrusive and damaging interactions such as handling marine life or manipulating it.
  • Do learn about the local ecosystem before your dive, and what animals you may be able to spot while diving. 

  • Do practice good buoyancy and refrain from touching the bottom with your fins and body. Practice buoyancy control over sand patches before approaching a reef - test buoyancy whenever you’re using new equipment such as new wetsuits, buoyancy control devices (BCDs) and cameras. Remember to always lift your feet up!

(This is the ideal diving position you would like to maintain throughout your dive. A streamlined horizontal position, keeping your feet up, and your hands to yourself will give you low water resistance! Photo source: Ilios Dive Club)

  • Do patronize reef-friendly dive shops, hotels and tourist operators that promote eco-friendly practices. 
  • Do lead by example. Remember that other divers may look up to you. If they see you touching or manipulating sea life, they will assume it is alright to do so. Similarly, if they see you pick up trash, they may start doing it in their future dives. Be an ambassador for good, eco-friendly diving practices.

  • Do stay humble. You are in their world for a limited amount of time. Enjoy the wonder and amazement that is our marine life, and do not act like you own the place and can do whatever pleases you.
  • Have fun!  Every dive is different and a chance to discover more natural wonders.

(Source: Splash Dive)

reproductive barriers!

a mnemonic for reproductive barriers:
Happy Turtles Bring Many Good Revelations Regarding Happiness

(Prezygotic Barriers)

  • Happy: Habitat Isolation
    • two species that occupy different habitats within the same area hardly encounter each other, even if there is a lack of physical barriers (mountains, rivers)
    • example: two species of garter snake (Thamnophis) are in same geographic area but one is aquatic and one is terrestrial
  • Turtles: Temporal Isolation
    • species that breed at different times of day/season/years cannot mix gametes
    • example: Eastern spotted skunk (Spilogale putorius) mate in winter while Western spotted skunk (Spilogale gracilis) mate in summer, but same geographic location
  • Bring: Behavioral Isolation
    • courtship rituals unique to species enables mate recognition, so breeding only occurs with same species
    • example: blue footed boobies mate only after certain courtship display
  • Many: Mechanical Isolation
    • morphological differences prevent successful mating 
    • example: two species of snail (Bradybaens) have shells twisting in opposite directions, genital openings not aligned, mating impossible
  • Good: Gametic Isolation
    • sperm of one species cannot fertilize eggs of another
    • example: sea urchins release sperm into surrounding water, only certain sperm can fertilize certain eggs

(Postzygotic Barriers)

  • Revelations: Reduced Hybrid Viability
    • genes of different parent species interact and impair survival/development of hybrid
    • example: salamander species (Ensatina) occasionally hybridize, but hybrids do not complete development/are frail
  • Regarding: Reduced Hybrid Fertility
    • hybrids are vigorous but sterile
    • example: mules (hybrid of male donkey and female horse) are sterile
  • Happiness: Hybrid Breakdown
    • first generation is viable and fertile, but next generations are not
    • example: strains of cultivated rice accumulate recessive alleles, and future generations are sterile

(Campbell Biology in Focus AP Edition 11)

tailblinking replied to your post“Let’s just get this outta the way- yes, some of…

Currently tinkering with the internals of his own leg, the alien barely shrugs. “Sorry. 98 percent of the sexual organic species I’ve interacted with wind up askin’ it- after ‘bout the 100 thousandth time, ya kinda come to anticipate it.”

Matt couldn’t look Jitter in the face-plate. He probably wasn’t gonna be able to for days, now.

“Yeah, uh, well alien life ain’t exactly a novelty on this planet anymore, y’know? Only the incredibly stupid or uneducated worry about probin’.”

Matt shuddered as the mere idea made him feel ill.