special op rescue

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Federal Bureau of Investigation’s Hostage Rescue Team.
Law Enforcement’s Tier 1 Counter-Terrorism unit.

The FBI Hostage Rescue Team (HRT) is the counter-terrorism and hostage rescue unit of the Federal Bureau of Investigation. The HRT is trained to rescue American citizens and allies who are held hostage by hostile forces, usually terrorists and/or criminals. The Hostage Rescue Team was founded in 1982 by Danny Coulson, former Deputy Assistant Director of the FBI, and completed its final certification exercise in October 1983.

It was originally composed of 50 operators. However, this number has since increased to well over 90 full-time operators. The HRT commonly functions as a high-level national SWAT team in extremely sensitive or dangerous situations. Today, it is part of the Tactical Support Branch of the FBI’s Critical Incident Response Group (CIRG) and is based at the FBI Academy at the Quantico Marine Corps Base, in Stafford County, Virginia.

The primary roles of the HRT are hostage rescue and counter-terrorism. Secondary roles of the HRT include:

- Apprehending barricaded subjects
- Executing helicopter operations and rescue missions
- Executing mobile assaults
- Performing high-risk raids, searches, arrests, and warrants
- Coordinating manhunt and rural operations
- Providing force protection for FBI personnel overseas

To a lesser extent, the HRT may deploy teams or individual operators to act as snipers, or to provide protective service details for certain high-profile federal witnesses or dignitaries. Teams provide support for missions overseas and support Joint Terrorism Task Forces. Teams at home and abroad perform typical law enforcement activities, such as making arrests, processing scenes for evidence recovery, and testifying in court.

The HRT has provided traditional law enforcement during hurricane relief operations, tactical surveys, and special events such as the Olympic Games, presidential inaugurations, and political conventions.

Prospective HRT operators are selected based upon their background and experience, as well as their demonstrated performance during the HRT selection course. The rigorous two-week selection process includes long-distance runs, forced marches, obstacle courses, and other tests of physical and mental stamina. Throughout the entire selection process, candidates are evaluated on their ability to think under pressure and to perform while physically exhausted. After a six-month initial training period known as “New Operator Training School” (“NOTS”), they are headquartered at the FBI Academy in Quantico, Virginia. Both the selection course and NOTS are near mirror images of the 1st SFOD-D (“Delta Force”) selection and training courses, with some minor adjustments for mission differences. Experienced HRT operators assigned to observer/sniper teams are sent to the United States Marine Corps Scout Sniper Basic Course. After successfully completing the course, they receive further instruction from HRT snipers. Maritime platoon operators are sent to a variety of maritime special operations courses, including Phase II of U.S. Navy BUD/S at Naval Amphibious Base, Coronado, California. HRT operators receive other specialized interoperability training from various U.S. Special Operations Command entities. HRT operators also conduct training with Allied nation counter-terrorism units such as the British SAS and German GSG-9.

When not operationally deployed, the HRT conducts full-time training for its members at various sites across the country. Two to three hours each day are set aside for physical training, a defensive tactics session, and combative training. One day a week is devoted to maintaining either perishable skills (such as fast roping, breaching, and photography) or specialized skills (such as mobile assaults, manhunt and rural operations), maritime operations, helicopter operations, parachuting, weapons of mass destruction training (provided by the United States Department of Energy), and cold weather operations. Three days are spent honing sniping or close quarters combat skills on the various training ranges available to the team. Biweekly, one day is allotted for gear maintenance. Discretionary time to be used by team leaders is built into the schedule. During a routine week of training, it is not unusual for HRT operators to fire 1,000 rounds of ammunition to keep their shooting skills honed. Every 12 to 18 months, the HRT also participates in at least one major combined exercise that may involve a variety of governmental entities, such as the FBI and the departments of Defense, State, Energy, and Homeland Security.

Three teams rotate through three 120-day cycles: training, operations, and support. During the training cycle, the team refreshes its skills and takes part in exercises, attends other courses, or trains with foreign and domestic units. During the operations cycle, the team is available for deployment (domestic or foreign). During the support cycle, the team works on special projects, maintains the HRT’s equipment, and conducts research.

The HRT is known to conduct joint training exercises and participate in exchange programs with US military units such as the US Army’s Combat Applications Group (otherwise known as 1st SFOD-D or Delta Force) or the U.S. Navy’s DEVGRU. The HRT routinely trains with other federal tactical teams such as the DEA’s FAST Team, the United States Border Patrol’s BORTAC unit or the United States Capitol Police’s CERT. Occasionally the HRT trains with French GIGN, British SAS and Special Boat Service, Irish Garda ERU, the Australian SAS, German GSG 9, and other international units. In addition to the HRT’s own facilities, the HRT routinely uses private and 1st SFOD-D Delta Force shoot houses and ranges. The HRT has also been known to train at Camp Peary and Harvey Point.

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Brave local and Federal Law Enforcement officers secure the road to the Malheur National Wildlife Refuge center currently under siege by radical extremists in Oregon.

brat0029  asked:

I've heard people claim that Jon violated his vows to the Watch when he dealt with Ramsey's letter. But I don't think he did. The Lord Commander got a threatening letter demanding that he give up his guests or be attacked. That's not something the Watch can/should ignore. No matter what Jon did at the point, he would be seen as interfering. Either giving up Stannis family (and siding with the Boltons) or doing what he did.

And why did he receive the Pink Letter? Why was the Watch ever in danger from Ramsay? Because Jon sent Mance south to save his beloved sister from a monster…or that’s how he thinks about it, anyway. For his fellow crows, what happened was that the Lord Commander unleashed the unrepentant raider who tried to invade the North, the man their brothers died to defend the North from, on the North, in order to blatantly interfere with the realm’s politics by kidnapping the bride of the Warden’s son, because she’s family. Which is most certainly oath-breaking in both letter and spirit, and Jon’s response is not to engage in the slightest bit of self-reflection, but to double down. Not only does he intend to march against Ramsay, but he intends on sending the bulk of the crows to what would almost certainly be their deaths at Hardhome. Who, exactly, is going to be defending Castle Black should the Others arrive? Jon’s completely lost sight of his central mission. Now, it’s for relatable and sympathetic reasons, which is what makes it compelling drama (that, and that Jon’s journey to the walk away is structured perfectly in ADWD, and that the writing itself is top-shelf throughout). But it’s still a failure on his part.

I’m sure plenty of crows have sisters they care about who are endangered by the war. Do they all get to send a special ops team to the rescue? Then why is it OK for Jon to do it? Because he’s the Chosen One? Nope, says GRRM. (Don’t get me started on how thoroughly the show fucked this arc up.) Ramsay is the one with casus belli here; unlike in the show (there I go again), the Boltons never intended to mess with Ned Stark’s bastard, not until he messed with them. Of course, that doesn’t make them less monstrous as people! But while Jon’s ends are noble, his means are unacceptable for someone with his duties, and again, constitute an abandonment of said duties. It’s the human heart in conflict with itself, and this internal struggle is the primary reason Jon’s ADWD arc is my favorite of the larger storylines (say, double-digit chapters) in the series. 

Finally, when Jon decides to ride south against Ramsay, he’s not thinking about defending the Watch, nor Stannis’ family. He’s thinking about Winterfell. He’s thinking about his family. He’s even thinking about Ygritte, because Jon’s politics have become utterly consumed by the personal. It’s IMO some of the best writing in the series, perhaps Jon’s defining moment as a character to date:

Jon flexed the fingers of his sword hand. The Night’s Watch takes no part. He closed his fist and opened it again. What you propose is nothing less than treason. He thought of Robb, with snowflakes melting in his hair. Kill the boy and let the man be born. He thought of Bran, clambering up a tower wall, agile as a monkey. Of Rickon’s breathless laughter. Of Sansa, brushing out Lady’s coat and singing to herself. You know nothing, Jon Snow. He thought of Arya, her hair as tangled as a bird’s nest. I made him a warm cloak from the skins of the six whores who came with him to Winterfell … I want my bride back … I want my bride back … I want my bride back …

“I think we had best change the plan,” Jon Snow said.

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FBI Special Agents and Local Law Enforcement valiantly displayed unfathomable restraint with the emotionally disturbed ideological extremists in Oregon.

The siege at Malheur will surely go down in history as one of the most well executed Law Enforcement operations of its era.