Nevermind That Noise You Heard- When Agron and Duro inherit a run-down Victorian mansion in a picture-perfect small town, they know keeping the house and fixing it up is going to be a handful. What neither of them was counting on is the ghost of a former inhabitant still hanging around.
The Gods Favor Me-Agron returns to Nasir after the burning of the arena, and they both provide comfort and love to each other, while trying to keep the rebellion alive
Stay With Me - Nasir is the one to jump in front of the axe instead of Mira.
You support one another. That’s why I come [to conventions] - because of you guys… People kind of want to make jokes about fans of television shows, and I’m not going to help them. I’m not going to let them do that.
Latin: decimus, “tenth”; from decem, “ten”; decimatio - meaning "removal of a tenth”; decimātus; past participle of decimāre “to punish every tenth man chosen by lot”.
From the Roman Republic’s wars against the Volscians, Spartacus’ Third Servile War, Julius Caesar, Mark Antony, Augustus and even modern history, decimation or the threat of it has been used.
During a Roman war against the Volscians, there was a battle in which the Romans cowardly fled from the field. The Roman Consul, Appius Claudius Sabinus Inregillensis, instituted the earliest example of decimation in 417 AD.
[RED] Volscian settlements.
“Nobody thought of anything but flight, and so demoralized was the rout, as the men escaped over fallen bodies and discarded weapons, that the enemy sooner ceased to pursue than the Romans to flee. When at last the soldiers had been collected from their scattered flight, the consul, who had followed his men in a vain attempt to call them back, pitched his camp on friendly soil. Then he summoned an assembly and soundly rated them, not without reason, as an army which had been false to military discipline and had deserted its standards.
Asking them all in turn where their arms and where their standards were, he caused the unarmed soldiers and the standard-bearers who had lost their standards, and in addition to these the centurions and the recipients of a double ration who had quit their ranks, to be scourged with rods and beheaded; of the remaining number every tenth man was selected by lot for punishment.” -Livy, The Histories 2:59
Polybius makes mention of this form of punishment in the 3rd cent. BC;
“If the same thing ever happens to large bodies, and if entire maniples desert their posts when exceedingly hard pressed, the officers refrain from inflicting the bastinado or the death penalty on all, but find a solution of
the difficulty which is both salutary and terror-striking.
The tribune assembles the legion, and brings up those guilty of leaving the ranks, reproaches them sharply, and finally chooses by lots sometimes five, sometimes eight, sometimes twenty of the offenders, so adjusting the number thus chosen that they form as near as possible the tenth part of those guilty
Those on whom the lot falls are bastinadoed mercilessly in the manner above described; the rest receive rations of barley instead of wheat and are ordered to encamp outside the camp on an unprotected spot. As therefore the danger and dread of drawing the fatal lot affects all equally, as it is uncertain on whom it will fall; and as the public disgrace of
receiving barley rations falls on all alike, this practice is that best calculated both the inspire fear and to correct the mischief.” - Polybius 6, Ch. 38: 1-4
During the Third Servile War, Marcus Licinius Crassus ordered his legate Mummius to follow Spartacus but to not meet him In battle. Mummius ignored his orders and engaged Spartacus’s army, a battle in which many Romans were slain while over 500 of them fled the field of battle. In response to this act of cowardice, he revived the ancient military punishment of decimation. According to Polybius:
Crassus, portrayed by
in the Showtime series ‘Spartacus’
“ Crassus himself, accordingly, took position on the borders of Picenum, expecting to receive the attack of Spartacus, who was hastening thither; and he sent Mummius, his legate, with two legions, by a circuitous route, with orders to follow the enemy, but not to join battle nor even to skirmish with them.Mummius, however, at the first promising opportunity, gave battle and was defeated; many of his men were slain, and many of them threw away their arms and fled for their lives.
Crassus gave Mummius himself a rough reception, and when he armed his soldiers anew, made them give pledges that they would keep their arms. Five hundred of them, moreover, who had shown the greatest cowardice and been first to fly, he divided into fifty decades, and put to death one from each decade, on whom the lot fell, thus reviving, after the lapse of many years, an ancient mode of punishing the soldiers. For disgrace also attaches to this manner of death, and many horrible and repulsive features attend the punishment, which the whole army witnesses.” - Life of Crassus10:1-3
The act of decimation greatly improved the morale of his men now that they believed that Crassus was to be feared more than the enemy.
“ When he arrived at his destination he received also the two legions of the consuls, whom he decimated by lot for their bad conduct in several battles. Some say that Crassus, too, having engaged in battle with his whole army, and having been defeated, decimated the whole army and was not deterred by their numbers, but destroyed about 4000 of them.
Whichever way it was, when he had once demonstrated to them that he was more dangerous to them than the enemy, he overcame immediately 10,000 of the Spartacans, who were encamped somewhere in a detached position, and killed two-thirds of them. He then marched boldly against Spartacus himself, vanquished him in a brilliant engagement, and pursued his fleeing forces to the sea, where they tried to pass over to Sicily. He overtook them and enclosed them with a line of circumvallation consisting of ditch, wall, and paling.”
“Spartacus tried to break
through and make an incursion into the Samnite country, but Crassus slew about 6000 of his men in the morning and as many more towards evening. Only three of the Roman army were killed and seven wounded, so great was the improvement in their moral inspired by the recent punishment.”
“ He also crucified a Roman prisoner in the space between the two armies to show his own men what fate awaited them if they did not conquer.”
During Julius Caesar’s civil war against Gnaeus Pompeius Magnus (Pompey the Great), he threatened to decimate the 9th Legion after they had mutinied at Placentia (modern Piacenza).
Pompey, portrayed by Kenneth Cranham in the HBO series ‘Rome’.
“- another army of Caesar mutinied at Placentia, crying out against their officers for prolonging the war and not paying them the five minae that Caesar had promised them as a donative while they were still at Brundusium. When Caesar heard of this he flew from Massilia to Placentia and coming before the soldiers, who were still in a state of mutiny, addressed them as follows:
“You know what kind of speed I use in everything I undertake. This war is not prolonged by us, but by the enemy, who keep retiring from us. You reaped great advantages from my command in Gaul, and you took an oath to me for the whole of this war and not for a part only; and now you abandon us in the midst of our labors, you revolt against your officers, you propose to give orders to those from whom you are bound to receive orders. Being myself the witness of my liberality to you heretofore I shall now execute the law of our country by decimating the ninth legion, where this mutiny began.”
“Straightway a cry went up from the whole legion, and the officers threw themselves at Caesar’s feet in supplication. Caesar yielded little by little
and so far remitted the punishment as to designate only (who seemed to have been the leaders of the revolt), and chose twelve of these by lot to be put
to death. One of the twelve proved that he was absent when the conspiracy was formed, and Caesar put to death in his stead the centurion who had accused him. After thus quelling the mutiny at Placentia Caesar proceeded to Rome - ” -Appian, Civil Wars: 2, 47-48
Julius Caesar, portrayed by Ciarán Hinds
in the HBO series ‘Rome’
“At Placentia some soldiers mutinied and refused to accompany Caesar longer, on the pretext that they were exhausted, but really because he did not allow them to plunder the country nor to do all the other things on which their minds were set; for their hope was to obtain from him anything and everything, inasmuch as he stood in so great need of them. Yet he did not yield, but, with a view to being safe from them and in order that after listening to his words and seeing the guilty punished they should feel no desire to transgress the established rules, he called together both the mutinous men and the others, and spoke as follows: [long ass speech]” - 41: 26
“After this speech he distributed lots among them for the infliction of the death penalty, and executed the most audacious; for these, as he had arranged should be the case, drew the lots. The rest he dismissed, saying he had no further need of them. So they repented of what they had done and were ready to renew the campaign” - 41: 35
In 36 BC Marcus Antonius (Mark Antony) met the Parthians under Phraatas IV, this battle ended horribly for the Romans lost most of their men and the rest fled.
Mark Antony, portrayed by James Purefoy in HBO’s series ‘Rome’
“Then the Medes made a sally against their mound and put its defenders to flight. At this Antony was enraged, and visited those who had played the coward with what is called decimation. That is, he divided the whole number of them into tens, and put to death that one from each ten upon whom the lot fell. For the rest he ordered rations of barley instead of wheat.” - Plutarch, Life of Antony: 39
Possible Future Posts (if you’re interested, let me know):
Decimation - Part 2: “Roman Empire”. Decimation - Part 3: “Modern History”.