soyuz capsule

jeremy2191  asked:

Does all capsules drops in Kazakhstan on return after every mission?

Since the US Space Shuttle retired in 2011, we launch to and return from the Space Station with the Russian Space Agency.  So yes, these capsules (the Soyuz) land in Kazakhstan (or surrounding regions).  However, different spacecrafts have different reentry trajectories, depending on where they aim to land.  As you might recall, the Apollo mission capsules landed in the ocean.  Since Space-X and Boeing are currently building new vehicles so that we will also launch from the US again to get to the International Space Station, these spacecraft will return to the US. For example, you may have seen footage of Space-X cargo vehicles splashing down into the Pacific over the last few years. The Boeing Starliner plans to land on land instead of water. NASA is also currently building the Orion spacecraft, which will take us to destinations beyond low earth orbit (where the Space Station is), whether that be the Moon or Mars or another target.  Orion will also splash down in the ocean.  

Покойся с миром, Vladimir Komarov.  One of the original cosmonauts in the Soviet space program, Komarov was killed on this date in 1967 when the parachute on his Soyuz 1 capsule failed to open on his reentry to Earth’s atmosphere.  He was the first Soviet to travel to outer space multiple times (our Gus Grissom was the first human to do so) and was the first human to be killed on a space mission.  He and Yuri Gagarin (and many others) had grave concerns about the Soyuz mission before he lifted off (Yuri was the backup crew), but for fear of sacrificing Gagarin’s life instead of his own, Komarov refused to back out of the flight.  He did, however, plan his own funeral before flying, insisting on an open casket so that Soviet leadership could see what they’d done.  And so it was.  There are two memorials to Komarov (and the other fallen astro/cosmonauts) on the Moon–and today we pay homage again to your courage, Comrade Komarov.  We and the Moon remember you.

Stamp details:
Issued on: October 19, 1964
From: Moscow, USSR
MC #2965

Russia’s Soyuz MS-02 space capsule carrying the International Space Station (ISS) crew of Andrei Borisenko and Sergey Ryzhykov of Russia and NASA astronaut Robert Shane Kimbrough lands in a remote area in Kazakhstan, Monday, April 10, 2017. The landing took place near Dzhezkazgan on the treeless Central Asian steppes. (Kirill Kudryavtsev/Pool photo via AP)


Vladimir Komarov;
The man who fell from space.

Mankind’s road to the stars had its unsung heroes. One of them was the Soviet cosmonaut Vladimir Komarov. His spaceflight on Soyuz 1 made him the first Soviet cosmonaut to fly into outer space more than once, and he became the first human to die on a space mission—he was killed when the Soyuz 1 space capsule crashed after re-entry on April 24, 1967 due to a parachute failure. However, because he died when the capsule crashed into ground, he is not considered the first human fatality in outer space.

Komarov was selected to command the Soyuz 1, in 1967, with Yuri Gagarin as his backup cosmonaut. Both knew the space capsule was not safe to fly, but everyone in space program was terrified of Brezhnev’s reaction to the mission being delayed or scrubbed. Komarov told friends he knew he would probably die. But he wouldn’t back out because he didn’t want Gagarin to die. Vladimir Komarov was among Gagarin’s best friends. Their families often got together, and on rare times when both men were free, they would go hunting together. They were best friends who were also part of a very small fraternity of men who had stared down death itself in order to travel to space.

The above photos from top to bottom:
Vladimir Komarov
Vladimir Komarov and Gagarin out hunting
The charred remains of Komarov.

The Mir base module was launched on 20 February 1986. Large expansion modules, launched on Proton rockets, were periodically added to the station. These modules used automated docking techniques developed during the missions of Salyut 6 and 7.

Crews were launched using Soyuz rockets and capsules. Progress spacecraft, also launched on Soyuz rockets, carried food, fuel, water, and other supplies to the station.

Starting in July 1995, several American space shuttles docked with the Mir station. Seven American astronauts lived onboard the station for extended periods of time. Shannon Lucid’s six month tour was the longest American stay on the station.

Cosmonauts performed many long duration stays aboard the station. Several spent over one year on the station. Dr. Valeri Polyakov lived aboard the station for a record 438 consecutive days.

With the International Space Station under construction in the late 1990’s, Mir was abandoned. Using progress tugs, Russian controllers were able to re-enter the station over a remote area of the Pacific ocean.

Operated in orbit for over a decade, the Mir space station proved human outposts could be maintained for extended periods of time.


Astronaut Art

Each time an astronaut flies to the International Space Station, they get the opportunity to express themselves through the photos they take of the remarkable blue sphere passing below them. It really is fascinating to observe their different styles – some seem partial to urban scenes, some wilderness. Some focus on weather, some aim their lenses at the oceans. Some aim for videos, some aim for vines, some aim for still frames.

Keep reading

SpaceX's Dragon arrives at ISS with inflatable space habitat

SpaceX’s Dragon cargo ship arrived at the International Space Station (ISS) today, carrying an experimental inflatable space habitat that might be crucial for future deep space explorations.

The spacecraft was successfully captured at 7:23 a.m. Eastern Daylight Time (1123 GMT) by European astronaut Tim Peake, using the orbiting lab’s robotic arm, with help from US astronaut Jeff Williams.

Keep reading