southern france


“Are you there God? It’s us at the Schoenberg Institute!” A bearded man, possibly God the Father, is poking his head out of the first initial to this bifolium. Ms Coll. 591, folder 36, fols. 12v and 13r. 

This opening is a fragment of a pontifical, illuminated in Southern France between  1075 and 1099. Pontificals were books of liturgical services that were performed solely by bishops. 

Manuscript description and digital images:


The Chauvet-Pont-d’Arc Cave, discovered near the Gorges de l’Ardèche (Southern France) in 1994, is now considered by archaeologists to be one of the most significant prehistoric art sites in the world. The figures pictured here are estimated to have been made as many as 32,000 years ago.