O.L.V. ~ Our Lady of Victory Bascilica National Shrine in Lackawanna, New York just south of Buffalo, NY. This large white marble & bronzed roof bascilica was built during the Great Depression in the 1930s as a symbol of hope & faith by Father Baker. Father Baker was later canonized on his path to Sainthood by Pope John Paul II.


Standing Gaurd for No Reason by Timothy Wakeman
Via Flickr:
Heading south with the same Buffalo & Pittsburgh train, if one is not paying attention while zipping down US 209 these B&O position signals pointing in the wrong position could easily be missed. Limestone, NY

This lost toy at Vidler’s 5 & 10 in East Aurora is taking to the Internet in an effort to find the friend who misplaced them.  While larger stores might have seen the small cat and thrown him into the trash after a few days of remaining unclaimed, Vidler’s wasn’t about to say “die.”  After fixing the small tear in the toy’s leg, the store made sure to post this whimiscal tale of the cat trying to find his owner in an effort to reunite the two parties.  Reposts and Reblogs of this picture are welcome as they continue to search for the cat’s owner.

Eight Great Charnel Grounds: according to Tantric literature and the descriptions of wrathful deities and their environments, the eight charnel grounds surround the central palace and deity. There are several different sets of eight names and descriptions for the eight great charnel grounds depending on the Buddhist and Hindu Tantric literature consulted. These charnel grounds also have physical locations in India such as the Laughing charnel ground at Bodhgaya and the Cool Grove charnel ground close by, along with the Frightening charnel ground in the Black Hills of Bihar.

From the Hevajra Tantra literature: “In the east is the Gruesome charnel ground (chandograkatasi); south Frightful with Skulls (bhairavakapalika); west Adorned with a Blazing Garland (jvalamalalankara); north Dense Jungle (girigahvaronnati); north-east Fiercely Resounding (ugropanyasa); south-east Forest of the Lord (ishvaravana); south-west Dark and Terrible (bhairavandhakara); north-west Resounding with the Cries Kili Kili (Kilikilaghoshanadita). Furthermore, there are headless corpses, hanging corpses, lying corpses, stake-impaled corpses, heads, skeletons, jackals, crows, owls, vultures, and zombies making the sound, "phaim”. There are also siddha with clear understanding, yaksha, raksha, preta, flesh eaters, lunatics, bhairava, daka, dakini, ponds, fires, stupa, and sadhaka. All of these fill the charnel grounds.“

In the Chakrasamvara cycle of Tantra the Eight Great Charnel grounds are: east Gruesome, north Dense Wild Thicket, west Blazing with [the Sound] Ur Ur, south Terrifying, south-east Marvelous Forest, south-west Interminably Gloomy, north-west Resounding with the Sound Kili Kili, north-east Wildly Laughing. These names are extracted from a Chakrasamvara ritual text composed by Chogyal Pagpa).

A common Nyingma list: east Cool Grove, south Perfected in Body, west Lotus Heap, north Lanka Heap, southeast Spontaneously Accomplished Heap, southwest Play of the Great Secret, northwest Pervasive Great Happiness, northeast World Heap.

Sixteen Charnel Grounds: In the Kalachakra Tantra system sixteen charnel grounds are described. The 634 Deity Kalachakra Mandala, being only slightly wrathful, generally does not appear with any surrounding charnel grounds. However, the Mahasamvara Kalachakra always appears in paintings surrounded by the sixteen charnel grounds. These eight or sixteen can appear either immediately surrounding the Celestial Palace of the deity and retinue or they can appear as the outer ring of the mandala. The root Tantras are vague on this subject of charnel grounds and it is the Indian Sanskrit commentaries that explain the different ways that the cemeteries can be imagined and subsequently depicted in visual representations.

In the Tantric Buddhist classification of Anuttarayoga, according to one system, the Eight Direction Gods of the Cemeteries are: 1. east Shakra on an elephant, 2. south Yama on a buffalo, 3. west Varuna on a makara, 4. north Yaksha on a horse, 5. north-east Ishana on a bull, 6. south-east Agni on a goat, 7. south-west Rakshasa on a zombie, 8. north-west Vayu on a deer.


University at Buffalo: Then (C.1950) vs. Now (2014). I took these photos while working at University Communications during the Summer of 2014.

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Young lion impaled on the horns of a water buffalo during hunt
The unlucky lion was impaled on the horn of the cape bull buffalo as it leapt on to the animal, while it was grazing in long grass, in the Mala Mala Game Reserve in South Africa.

The Daily Mail is not the pinnacle of journalism but these photos speak for themselves - prey animals are not helpless and predators can, and are, injured by their prey.