south caucasus,

The 11th century Bagrati Cathedral in Kutaisi, Georgia. The cathedral was nearly destroyed during the Ottoman invasion in 1692 but was recently fully restored by the Georgian government over the objections of UNESCO, who claimed the restoration had damaged the integrity of the original building.

Armenians and Azerbaijanis have not always been enemies. They lived intermingled in the South Caucasus for centuries, and serious political tensions between them are relatively recent in historical terms, going back, as two scholars put it, “into the mists of the twentieth century.” In many ways, the two nations are the “twins” of the South Caucasus. For centuries, they coexisted under Persian rule and shared more elements of a common culture than either did with Georgians.
—  The Caucasus: An Introduction, Thomas de Waal.