Diffuse idiopathic skeletal hyperostosis (DISH) in a medieval Hungarian specimen
Easily recognizable by the “dripping candle wax” appearance of the new bone formation, which is the result of the ossification of vertebral ligaments. The exact cause is unknown, but it is more common among older males. It has a high rate of co-morbidity with some other conditions. Clinical symptoms can range from mild pain and stiffness in the back to complete lack of mobility and respiratory problems.