sorry for the spam guys ; ;

anonymous asked:

I was in Italy last year and none of the people was really white. They had darker skin.

….

okay, fine.

hello, my name is Lavinia, I’m Italian as in I don’t have ancestry from any other nations that I know of at least for a good two centuries. I mean, I don’t know if before then I had any ancestors from outside Italy but at this point it doesn’t matter, two centuries should be good enough. My mom is Sicilian. My dad was born in Naples, my grandfather on his side was from somewhere near Viterbo (central Italy), my grandmother on his side was half Calabrian and half from Puglia, as in, all my ancestry is somehow from Southern Italy, the part of the land where People Are Tanned And The Sun Shines All The Time And The Sea Is Beautiful And Which The Arabs Colonized In The Middle Ages. K?

*drum rolls*

*takes picture*

woooow LOOK AT HOW NOT REALLY WHITE I AM, anon. for extra info, my cousin aka my mom’s brother’s son is three shades darker than I am (I’d post a picture but I don’t like to put people’s faces on the internet without their authorization so) and he’s still white. my mom is three shades darker than I am, she’s still white. idk let’s compare me with someone that we can definitely accept as white according to tumblr and US standards. dunno, CHRIS EVANS:

wow, I’m such a zombie I look even whiter than he does. Or, compare me with someone who definitely has the same skin tone as I do except that he tans and I don’t:

I’m such a person of color in comparison, am I not? now:

this lady over there is former minister Cecile Kyenge - she was born in Congo but she has Italian citizenship and is in the left party. She is what in this country is a person of color. As in, if I asked her direction on the street and didn’t know who she was I’d say ‘I asked direction to the nice lady of color over there’. 

this:

is Italian tv presenter Carlo Conti, born in Florence from a very Italian family, after getting a tan in summer. this is Italian presenter Carlo Conti when he doesn’t have a tan:

This woman here is Belen Rodriguez and she’s a model from Argentina who has been living and working in Italy for a decade or more and is the erotic dream of a bunch of Italian men:

In the US, she’d be a person of color since she’s from Argentina. Spoilers: when not tanned, she has a skin color closer to mine than to Carlo Conti’s. We would not call her a person of color. And we would not call Carlo a person of color. Because he’s not. He’s still white according to our standard.

Now, sorry for the shitty quality of the picture but I can’t find another with all three people with high resolution. This is naturalized Italian former athlete Fiona May (she originally was British) on the left, on the right there’s her former husband and also former athlete Gianni Iapichino, also born in Florence and 100% ethnically Italian or how you’d say it, and there’s their daughter in the middle:

Fiona and her daughter would be considered persons of color, Gianni would not, because he’s not.

Again, if it wasn’t clear enough: person of color is in Italy the way you refer to black people if you want to be polite. the neutral term is black, but saying persona di colore is just more accepted as the polite form of it. It doesn’t mean you’re institutionally oppressed, it means you have black skin. the end.

If you didn’t see *white* people it’s because people tend to have olive skin/be tanned around here and if according to you it’s not white then whatever, but here all those variations of skin tone still fall under the white umbrella. People of color the way it’s meant in the US is a concept that doesn’t fucking exist, because as I said way too many times, in the US the concept of white privilege is tied to a specific background which means that in order to access to it you have to be or pass as a white anglo saxon protestant, because even if you were a white anglosaxon catholic up until a certain point you got shit for it and if you were a white southern European catholic you definitely didn’t have access to white privilege, never mind the Irish. And you have to be wasp and live in the motherfucking US. people in Italy are white, not anglosaxon and certainly not protestant for the most part anyway, and the protestants are a minority because the majority is catholic so they don’t have privilege whatsoever.

We. Are. Not. Poc. And we are white according to the definition of white in Europe, not the definition of wasp in the US, and saying that we are poc as if it was the same as in the US is completely misunderstanding the point. And if you came on vacation in summer when everyone is tanned and visited for what, two weeks, doesn’t mean that suddenly we’re all poc. It’s as if I go on vacation to the US for two weeks and spend all of my time in a small town in idk Nebraska where according to this census here 89,6% of the population is white/wasp, which means that if I go in a small town statistically I’d have more chances of not running into a not white person than the contrary. Then I go back to Italy and tell my friends ‘guys I’ve been to the US and what’s even the whole melting pot myth, everyone there is white idek’. Would that be accurate? Not really, because I’ve been to one small city in one central state in the US where the demographics are not the same as idek Miami. Let’s not take out the ‘I’ve been to X country and saw Y thing so I know better than people who live there’ card for the love of everything, k?

8

Michael Jackson + his babies

“They (my children) mean… It’s hard to put in words, because they mean everything. The way you would explain how your children make you feel… They’re the world for me. I wake up and I’m ready for the day because of them.” - MJ

6

all for the game: the girls 

Neil thought about Renee’s bruised knuckles, Dan’s fierce spirit, and Allison holding her ground on the court a week after Seth’s death. He thought about his mother standing unflinching in the face of his father’s violent anger and her ruthlessly leaving bodies in their wake. He felt compelled to say, “Some of the strongest people I’ve known are women.” 

  • Cassian: When I was born, the gods said, "Too pure, much perfection."
  • Nesta: Wrong.
  • Nesta: When you were born the devil said, "OoOooHh cOmpETiTioN."
youtube

AAAAAAAH!
Another take on my fan comic comes from @mrpanda28 and I freaking love it!

Thanks! <3

Human DNA: A history

DNA is an important part of modern crime evidence, but it is important to know when DNA is actually used in history, and the experiments it took to actually get DNA to be the robust science it is today. Hopefully this is helpful for your writing needs!


DNA Timeline

1866 – Gregor Mendel determines the principles of genetic inheritance

1902 – Sir Archibald Edward Garrod associated Mendel’s theories with human disease alkaptonuria (black urine or black bone disease, genetic disorder where the body cannot process the amino acids phenylalanine and tyrosine)

1944 – Oswald Avery, working with MacLeod and McCarty determines DNA as the “transforming principle”, while working with Streptococcus pneumoniae (bacteria causing pneumonia), it was determined that dead/heat-killed S-strain (which is lethal) can “transform” living R-strain (which is non-lethal) into lethal bacteria

1950 - Chargaff’s rules was developed by Edwin Chargaff, it basically states that there is a 1:1 ratio of pyrimidine and purine bases, that adenine = thymine, and guanine = cytosine, an important rule for base pairings and the DNA double helix structure

1952 – Alfred Hershey and Martha Chase experimented with T2 phage and elemental isotopes; phosphorus-32 labelled DNA while sulfur-35 labelled the proteins; the progeny infected unlabelled bacteria, and since phosphorus-32 showed up, it confirmed that DNA is the genetic material

1952 – Rosalind Franklin uses X-ray crystallography to photograph DNA fibres

1953 – James Watson and Francis Crick uses Franklin’s crystallography and previous research material to determine the double helix structure of DNA

1959 – an extra chromosome 21 is linked to Down’s syndrome

1965 – Marshall Nirenberg worked with E.coli bacteria cells to determine how DNA is involved with RNA and protein expressions, he helped decipher the codons of the genetic code

1977 – Frederick Sanger develops a technique for rapid DNA sequencing, the Sanger sequencing is also known as chain termination method based on selectively incorporating chain-terminating dideoxynucleotides (ddNTPs)

1984 – Sir Alec Jeffreys developed the multi-locus RFLP probes, a method to compare the variations in DNA of different individuals, leading way to genetic fingerprinting

1986 – The first use of DNA testing in a forensic case, using Jeffreys’ multi-locus RFLP probes for DNA typing to catch Colin Pitchfork, who sexually assaulted and murdered Lunda Mann in 1983 and Dawn Ashworth in 1986

1990 – the Human Genome Project begins, with the goal of mapping all of the 3.3 billion bases of the human genome, and the genome of other organisms, this project costed about $2.7 billion (this amount wasn’t calculated for inflation) and took almost 15 years to complete, compare that to now where it will take about $1000 to sequence the human genome and it will take about a day to do so

2013 – it was discovered that identical (monozygotic) twins actually have differences in their genetic make-up, with differences/mutations called Single Nucleotide Polymorphism (SNPs)