sorry for posting this

   I can’t draw all my Shiro and Keith adopted brothers au out so I’m just putting some of my super self-indulgent headcanons/ ideas here. Also a reminder in case I do draw some of these out

  • When they were kids Keith got into space because Shiro read him his textbooks about piloting stuff™ like bedtime stories. Soon he starts collecting a hoard of any text related to space (like NASA newspaper clippings) under his bed
  • Shiro bullied Keith a lot growing up but was forgiven everytime by making Keith laugh. (He’d usually do thing where you pull the back of your shirt over your head to make yourself look like jay jay the jet plane)
  • They used to pretend to have gunbattles but stopped when they got too into it and Keith mcfreaking hit his head on a table trying to dodge
  • Shiro always buys Keith those freaky looking spongebob popsicles to cheer him up, even when Keith is a teenager
  • They both had the asain melon bowlcut ™ but only Shiro has photographic evidence
  • The first time Keith beat Shiro at mario kart he was 10 and Shiro cried
  • At the Garrison Keith didn’t like talking about how they lost their parents and if you tried asking Shiro the story changed everytime
  • Shiro’s “dad vibe” and skills come from practically raising Keith on his own and both of them secretly hate the fact that he’s more of a dad than a big brother now
  • Shiro keeps a huge photo album by his bed back at the Garrison that’s just full of pictures of Keith as a kid that he hopes to show off to to Keith’s husband one day (if not, then it’s just good blackmail material)
  • Shiro got the red jacket and fingerless gloves for Keith’s birthday because they “made him look like a pokemon ranger” and Keith shoves it into the back of his closet but starts wearing them daily when his brother goes missing
  • Keith got kicked out because he did what Pidge did and he punched the shit out of Iverson for lying about what happened to his bro 
  • The reason Shiro was staring blankly at the sun outside the shack in episode 1 was because in the year he was gone his little brother got kicked out of school, became a hobo, and started living in a shack in the desert and he was contemplating where he went wrong in his psuedo parenting
  • Keith tries to threaten his big bro by saying he’ll tell the other paladins what a bully he was to him as a kid and Shiro just laughs “They’ll never believe you.”
  • The other paladins just thought they were oddly close and don’t realize they’re brothers until one day Keith does something stupid again and Shiro’s yelling “Keith Kogane Shirogane, if you don’t knock that shit off-” and everyone’s like ??????? what??? and then the brothers are like “oh wait they don’t know oops”
  • The bros thrive off of teasing the other about their crushes. At the castle ship Shiro won’t stop pretending to swoon dramatically with a hand on his chest and say “I cradled you in my arms, Lance. We bonded!” when they have alone time and Keith slowly dies every time he brings it up.

Ok so Stevonnie does not use they/them pronouns because they’re two people but because they’re nonbinary, notice that:

The gem x gem fusions are not referred to as they, Garnet uses she/her pronouns and is composed of two gems

Jenny who probably has no idea Stevonnie is a fusion used they/them pronouns for them in Beach City Drift

Just let people who are nonbinary (or anyone who uses they/them pronouns for that matter) have representation and stop saying “Stevonnie uses they/them pronouns because they’re a fusion UwU” please?



loud volume warning at 2:16 btw

CREDS TO MY BUDDY @adamapplesauce

hey i’m remaking this post because i deleted the other one, but it’s the same thing… i’m in a tight spot money wise as my financial aid has been cut off, hopefully only until october, and I need to be able to pay for books/school supplies/rent/possible medical care for a pet with a leg injury. If anyone could reblog this or donate any amount that would be very appreciated 


Panzerkampfwagen V Panther. One of the most famous tanks of the Second World War, the Panther tank is known around the world and many internet communites as being one of the
best blends of protection, firepower, and maneuverability, the three things that are considered the “holy trinity” of tank design. Sadly though, there are also many people who claim that the Panther is a terrible vehicle and criticize it while lapping heaps of praise on the Sherman and the T-34, saying they were the best machines of the war.
What these individuals fail to realize, is despite this, the Panther proved to be one of the best medium tanks of the war. It had a reputation of being a tough nut to crack, as well as being a speedy tank killer.
While people are certainly entitled to their opinions, they sometimes fail to back their opinions with research.
I’m not claiming the Panther was the best. I merely want to lay out an arguemnt stating that the Panther was a vehicle, that despite its issues, was a good tank. I hope that with this post, people can look at the Panther in a more positive light, and accept that while it does have a troubled history, it managed to prove itself quite well by the end of the war.
Without much further ado, lets get started.

Tank design and development is an ongoing process. Aspects and parts of vehicles are refined and improved over time, some upgrades are added here or there to various production runs, and vehicles evolve as time goes on. The Panther is no exception to this rule.
The Panther arose from a desperate need for the Germans to field a cheaper alternative to the Tiger, but a better protected and heavier armed Panzer IV that was capable of doing heavy tank work like taking on Russian T-34s and KV tanks on in a fight.
After capturing many intact T-34’s the Germans commissioned a report to evaluate them to come up with a suitable response. Two companies immediately got started, and worked feverishly to come up with a design to satisfy Hitler and the German High Command.

Daimler Benz and MAN AG were the German design companies that were tasked with bringing the VK 30.02 to life—the prototype that would become the Panther. The parameters outlined in the report were to get as close to the holy trininty as possible, something that at the time, the T-34 did quite nicely.
Daimler Benz’s design was almost a straight copy of the T-34. Rear mounted drive sprockets, a forward mounted turret, and a diesel engine. They tried to get a 3 man turret with an L/70 75mm gun mounted, but due to the way the vehicle was designed and how cramped it was, it proved difficult.

MAN AG ( Maschinenfabrik Augsburg-Nürnberg) proposed a design that would become the Panther we all know and love today. Features include a center mounted turret, forward mounted drive sprockets and transmission, and the interleaved and overlapped roadwheels that were influenced from the Tiger.
MAN’s design was ultimately chosen because DBs too closely resembled the T-34, and the Germans didn’t want friendly fire incidents occurring if their own vehicles looked like their enemy’s.

All armored vehicles have to go through a “teething” phase, to hammer out and refine any issues with the engine and transmission, and the Panther was no exception. In steps Adolf Hitler. He wants an order of 250 units prodcued and shipped out to the Ostfront as quickly as possible, to help bolster the German units organizing for Operation Citadel.
Tests were either rushed or not completed, and only 200 tanks ended up taking to the rail head for shipment. There was an original order for around 1000 vehicles, but this proved to be too hopeful. A trial run of sorts was made, called Null-series, Ausfuehrung A, and after tests were completed, were changed to D-1, with actual prodcution run being designated Ausf. D.

Kursk, 1943. The largest armored engagement in history. The Panzerkampfwagen V, Ausf. D “Panther” makes its debut on the vast rolling steppes of Eastern Europe. This is where many people like to cite the Panther as being a terrible vehicle due to so many being lost to mechanical failure rather than combat.
I’m going to paraphrase Heinz Guderian and say, the tank’s engine is just as important, if not more than its main gun. Guderian was absolutely correct in this regard.

The first 250 Panther Ausf. D’s had a Maybach HL 210 P45 engine which was the same one used on the Tiger, but slightly modified to ease production and to meet design requirements for the Panther. It delivered 650hp at 3000rpm.
In May of 1943, Panthers were built using the Maybach HL 230 P30 V-12, which delivered 690hp at 3000rpm. Costs were reduced in construction of it, so instead of the usual aluminum alloy, cast iron was used. A low grade petroleum was also utilized, which greatly reduced the engine’s power output.
The HL 230 P30 was a rather compact design, by usual German engine standards. it kept the space between cylinder walls to an absolute minimum, and the crankshaft was shortened several times and the cylinder blocks were not offset and instead were mounted directly opposite of each other.
The overall compact design and arrangement of engine features is what gave the Panther its initial problems at Kursk.
In addition to the tight, compact and poorly ventilated design, the Panther’s engine suffered from blown head gaskets and leaking fuel as a result. This is what caused the “spontaneous engine fires” and self induced mobility kills that plagued Panther units directly after this tank was first fielded.
Even with sporadic engine fires, the crew were protected by a large firewall in the crew compartment. It would certainly get hot, but if the crew needed to bail out of the tank, they certainly had time to.

As the Panther’s evolution went on, we eventually ended up seeing the Ausf. A, and later the Ausf. G. Since tank design is an ongoing process even after the first models roll off the production line, we can see improvements made to the weapons, crew compartment, and to the engine as well.

In later production models, measures were taken to improve engine design and better ventilate the engine compartment, which reduced the likely hood of fires.
Bearing and gasket fits were better checked and improved and better fuels were used as well. Since overheating was an issue, an engine governer was added to keep RPMs lowered. This might have reduced out put, but improved reliability so the engine wouldn’t get as hot and fail as often.
In 1944 another engine crankshaft was introduced, which reduced motor failure.

This is the fact many people overlook. Most of the Panther’s engine problems were fixed by this point. Now it was down to the units and crews to take care of their vehicles to get the most out of them.

By late 1944, Panther performance was at its absolute peak. Service and availability rates jumped from around 35% in 1943 to around 55% in 1944. This was due to the success of extensive rebuild and overhaul programs that were ordered.
It was by this time that most of the faults in the engine were stamped out, and the Panther would go on to be a formidable opponent on the battlefield. Transmission was a different story however. The Panther’s transmission would continue to plague it, not due to technical problems,
but mainly due in part to wear and tear from constant use. Being a vehicle that had a front mounted transmission, it required the entire turret to be taken off, and the transmission pulled out through the hull roof. This was a long, laborious process that many units didn’t have time, resources or spare parts to do. 

Eventually as the war went on, the Allied strategic bombing campaign hit the Maybach engine factories, which were critical to the Panther and Tiger’s overall production. This severly affected tanks in the field, which were in dire need of spare parts. The new Maybach engines the Panther recieved
would go on to suffer, and as a result would garner a reputation of being unreliable again to modern historians.

Over all, the Panther was a good tank that blended firepower, protection, and in later models better manueverability than the Tiger. It wasn’t without it’s downsides though. The Panther was stuck in a spot where it needed to be the workhorse like the Panzer IV medium was, but had to do the work of the heavier Tigers.
This placed a lot of demand on the crews, and the vehicles to perform at a level where they really shouldn’t have been at. Originally designed with medium tank work in mind, the demands of someone who didn’t really know anything about tanks forced the Panther to take on work that heavy tanks like the Tiger did.
The hate for the Panther really isn’t justified for all the types of vehicles. It really is only justifiable for the Ausf D/D1. Once the problems with the engine were rectified, the Ausf. A and later Ausf. G’s made the Panther a force to be reckoned with.

The Panther was a tank with a troubled history. It suffered from many problems during its time in service, largely due to its engine’s history and has a mixed reputation among historians. Once the engine problems were fixed, the Panther performed very well as the Heer’s and Waffen SS workhorse tank nearly as well as any other mediums and sometimes heavy tanks.

Since this post is mainly about technical and engine performance, I’ll save armor and gun for a later one.

I hope that after reading this, people will look at the Panther a little more positively, at least when it comes to the engine.

If this doesn’t at least make you think twice, take it from the French. They thought it was decent!

Thanks for reading.


So Juvia is my muse. She’s my favorite character, and that’s funny because what I hated was her entire character. I wanted to make her more redeemable here; interacting with other characters, being strong on her own and not having one person determine their magic, strength, and health. I wanted to see a Juvia that didn’t have to depend on just one person, I wanted to see her love everyone and be strong for her friends, NOT deem them rivals for Gray’s love. Instead, she dies.

Juvia has had some sort of “relationship” with Gray that I really think could have used some character development. When Gray told her “no” it would have been a lot more interesting and it would have helped the story progress in a better light to see Juvia actually move on from loving Gray to the point of literally getting sick without him. 

It was unhealthy. SHE was unhealthy, and Mashima did nothing to show the audience that Juvia is hurting herself by circling her entire life around one character. Instead, Mashima wrote it as romantic. He romanticized Juvia getting sick over someone who honestly turned her down once. He romanticized Juvia keeping someone to herself and away from their actual comrades. He romanticized Juvia obsessing over one single person who, openly, saw her as annoying for hundreds of chapters. YEARS.

Fuck it: what if she learned to accept that Gray didn’t share the same feelings for her? What if she spent months back in the rain, only to have the rain disappear again when she learns that Fairy Tail was the best family she could ever have? What if Juvia could have a better, closer relationship with the person she convinced to join Fairy Tail with her in the first place because she feared for his loneliness??? What if Juvia learned to love everyone at the guild?

Nope. Juvia is a character who was specifically written as the forced love interest for Gray. And nothing else. And I’m supposed to see that as romantic.

So did I mourn the death of Juvia? Did I cry when she sacrificed herself and gave her life to Gray? Did I freak out over my favorite character dying? No. I couldn’t. I felt no emotion but anger at the fact that Mashima can’t write angst without death. I’m angry because he kills her off instead of improves her character by giving her one. I’m angry because if Juvia dies, and stays dead, her entire character would have been a complete. waste. of time.

That’s not what I want for my muse.

I have a ton more to say about Juvia, the current arc, and what Mashima’s writing style is incredibly lacking, but I’m going to end it by saying that Juvia could have been a better and more interesting character, this arc is probably the worst arc in the entirety of Fairy Tail, and if Mashima doesn’t like characters dying, he should learn how to write angst without character death because really, killing and reviving characters is a waste of fucking time.