solution h

Basic Chemistry of Anatomy and Physiology
  1. “Stuff” of the universe
  2. Anything that has mass and takes up space
  3. States of matter:
    1. Solid: definite shape and volume
    2. Liquid: definite volume, changeable shape
    3. Gas: changeable shape and volume


  1. Capacity to do work; put energy into motion
  2. Types of energy:
    1. Kinetic: energy in action
    2. Potential: energy of position, stored (inactive)
  3. Forms of energy:
    1. Chemical: stored in bonds of chemical substances
    2. Electrical: results from movement of charged particles
    3. Mechanical: directly involved in movement of matter
    4. Radiant/Electromagnetic energy travelling in waves (light, X rays, etc.)

Composition of Matter

  1. Elements: cannot be broken down by ordinary chemical means
  2. Atoms: more or less identical blocks for each element
  3. Atomic symbol: one or 2 letter chemical shorthand for each element

Properties of Elements

  1. Physical properties: those detected with our senses
  2. Chemical properties: pertain to the way atoms interact with one another

Elements of the Human Body

  1. Major, 95% of body:
    1. Oxygen (O)
    2. Carbon ©
    3. Hydrogen (H)
    4. Nitrogen (N)
  2. Lesser elements: 3.9% of body
    1. Calcium (Ca)
    2. Phosphorus (P)
    3. Potassium (K)
    4. Sulfur (S)
    5. Sodium (Na)
    6. Chlorine (Cl)
    7. Magnesium (Mg)
    8. Iodine (I)
    9. Iron (Fe)
  3. Trace elements: less than 0.01% of body
    1. Required in minute amounts
    2. Found as part of enzymes
  4. Chemical value of body on black market: $4.50

Concentration of Solutions

  1. % or parts per 100
  2. Parts per 1000, parts per 1000000, etc.
  3. Molarity: moles per liter
  4. Mole of an element or compound=atomic or molecular weight (sum of atomic weights) in grams
  5. Solution: solute/solvent

Acids and Bases

  1. Both are electrolytes
    1. Acids: proton (H+) donors
    2. Bases: proton acceptors
  2. OH- accepts available proton
  3. Bicarbonate ion and ammonia are important bases in the body
    1. Not all bases have to donate OH-
  4. Concentration:
    1. Acid solutions contain [H+]
      1. More [H+}=higher acidity
      2. pH: 0-6.999
    2. Alkaline solutions contain bases [OH-]
      1. Less [H+} or more [OH-]=higher alkalinity
      2. pH: 7.1-14
  5. pH: negative log of [H+] in moles per liter
    1. Neutral solutions: pH of 7
      1. Pure water
  6. Homeostasis:
    1. pH change interferes with cell function and may damage living tissue
    2. Regulated by kidneys, lungs, and buffers

anonymous asked:

How are you holding up, Souda? Getting rest at all?


Souda…You should take some rest. I will come and wake you up if he wakes up.

N-No, I can’t leave him…

Then at least lie down with him. I’m getting really worried about you man, you haven’t slept at all since it happened and you barely ate anything.

Of course I can’t do that…What if something happens to him while I’m sleeping? And I’m not hungry anyway.

*enters the room, dragging a big bag behind her* That is enough!


Souda, you are going to lie down and sleep. You can chose if you do it here or in your own room but you have to rest. You will not help anyone by fainting due to exhaustion. Then you will eat. I asked Hanamura-san to make something easy for your stomach so you will be able to eat it and keep it down.

Then you will help me find a solution.

A solution? H-How?!

*opens the bag she had with her and takes out a lot of books* I’ve been doing my own research ever since it happened. What happened was because of a spell, we only have to use another one to undo it.

T-Then let’s do it n-now, I will help you search..! *tries to take a book*

*takes it away from him* You will only help me once you have slept and eaten. In the state you are in you won’t be able to do anything.

She is right Souda. I promise that you will be the first to know if anything were to happen, okay?

…Fine…*stands up and starts to leave*

Huh? You are not going to sleep here with him?

I-I want to but…We never slept in the same bed before…And he is asleep now. I can’t do it like this. S-So I’m going back to my room. *starts to leave again*

Wait! I have a solution! Wait for a second. *quickly leaves and comes back dragging a folding bed behind him* Here, I took it from the infirmary. That way you can still sleep in the same room as him without crossing any boundaries.


Souda? You don’t have to sleep here if you don’t want to, I just thought that maybe you-

*hugs him* Thank you…Thank you Hinata…

Of course. *pats his back* Now go to sleep. *helps him lie down and looks as Souda falls asleep nearly right away*


With such a nature, the self is a prism reflecting the attributes of God. For the Exalted One is comprehended through His attributes. We describe Him as the One “known through His names and comprehended with His attributes, though His essence is unknown.” If He is described in this manner, then it is necessary for us to evaluate everything within this framework. René Descartes connects the finite to the infinite in the following words:

Although I do not comprehend the infinite, and although there may be in God an infinity of things that I cannot comprehend, nor perhaps even compass by thought in any way; for it is of the nature of the infinite that it should not be comprehended by the finite; and it is enough that I rightly understand this, and judge that all which I clearly perceive, and in which I know there is some perfection, and perhaps also an infinity of properties of which I am ignorant, are formally or eminently in God, in order that the idea I have of him may become the most true, clear, and distinct of all the ideas in my mind…

All the creation is alive only with His power of Creation. It remains alive only with His Self-Existence, and when He destroys it, it perishes away.

Yes, with His putting an end to it, everything and everyone meets their end, for He is the only one who is eternal. The verse, 

“All that is on earth is perishable. But there remains forever the “Face” of your Lord, the One of Majesty and Munificence” (Ar-Rahman, 95: 26−27) 

expresses this truth.

Yes, with the annihilation and disappearance of these attributes in us, we can connect with the perfect attributes belonging to God. Our own attributes being flawed and deficient shows us that the attributes of the real Owner are perfect and complete.

Our human existence, to say the least, is dependent on necessities, like food, air, etc. However, we are not in control of even one percent of the entire process of, for instance, eating – from the growth of the wheat in the soil to its dependence on the sun light and heat, to all the digestive steps in our body. God Almighty is the One who makes the saliva glands work. God Almighty is the One who sends the food to our stomach, and it is He who sets and adjusts the mechanism. When occasionally something gets into our windpipe, we all know well how complicated the matter becomes.

Consequently, if a person could think of all these things, instead of saying “I ate,” he would know it is more appropriate to say “I was fed.” A believer who says, “I ate,” actually is saying this figuratively and means to say, “I was fed.”

As can be seen, when just one of a person’s voluntary acts is taken up, it becomes evident that he possesses a number of faults and deficiencies. This is the human nature and we exist within this framework. This being the case, the nature of man shows that there is the Most Exalted One who is perfect, without fault and free of weakness, who makes these things in man with wisdom. In this way, by means of every deficiency, a person will get to know the One without deficiency. Consequently, the nature of man is in the form of a mirror that reflects upon him the radiance of the Exalted One’s attributes. Man can always see the radiant attributes of God by looking at this mirror. The reality is that being able to see the attribute of God Almighty is the station of wonder; I do not know if it is destined for everyone, but this is the road to know the Exalted One.

We can increase our knowledge of our Lord by thinking of our helplessness in every action and behavior by contemplating on the aspects that belong to God; by becoming aware of our impotence and understanding that we are nourished by the blessings of our Lord; and by deepening our knowledge of Him more and in the guidance of four principles, i.e., awareness of our helplessness and impotence, offering our thanks and contemplation. Essentially, rising to such an exalted level (the highest of the high), and attaining the station of the “perfected man” should be every person’s goal. Following the path of the Prophets, and in a sense representing this reality, is the best direction a person can take.

To conclude, on one branch of the self are the Prophets and their loyal followers. They did what they did for the sake and pleasure of their Lord only. In another branch of the self are Nimrods and Pharaohs who boasted of their wealth, promoted themselves, and did things for their own interest.

When it comes to speaking of God Almighty, we voice the Divine Oneness in the words of Erzurumlu Ibrahim Hakki:

He does not eat or drink; not bound with time, God is free from all of them,
Free from alteration, deterioration, colors, or forms,
He is all transcendent, these are His negative attributes.

The year was 1993 and The time was 90:125 at night. Chris and Trevor were on your bed with you. Chris was reading you and Trevor a bedtime story.

“And so,” Chris read. “The Geddling was silenced. He was never allowed to play another synth ever again.”

You felt a warm mass against your shoulder. It was Trevor, crying into your sleeve. “I don’t want to imagine a world without synthesizers,” he wept.

Suddenly you heard a noise from the next room. “What’s that?” you said.

Chris jumped up from the bed. “I will go investigate.” He picked up his Rickenbacker bass.

“I will go with you,” Trevor said.

“No,” Chris said, putting his arm in front of Trevor. “It may be too dangerous for you.”

Trevors eyes leaked with tears once again. “Chris,” he said. “I-I’m worried.”

Chris put his free hand on Trevor. “I want you to be safe. Please, stay back and watch over your friend. And don’t forget: I protec, but I also attac.”

“I trust you,” cried Trevor.

And thus, Chris walked into the next room.


Trevor turned towards you and put one hand on your shoulder. “Do you think that’s Waluigi?” he asked.

Loud and agressive bass noises came from the other room. “Look,” Trevor said. “I know Chris said not to follow, but I think we have to help him,” he said.

He strapped on his guitar and passed you a wand made of a Jacaranda branch. You walked into the next room, with Trevor in front of you.

Standing in front of you was Chris….. and The Geddling himself. Geddy played his bass faster and faster, and Chris kept trying to outpace him.

Soon, this great battle of the basses became a bass jam as Geddy and Chris’s basses harmonized with eachother. Jam jars materialized from the sound of the basses, and Trevor went to pick one up.

“Stop it,” said Chris. “It’s a trap!”

“Oh come on buddy it’s just a jam jar!” said Trevor. He opened up the jar of Smuckers™ brand blueberry jam, and the sound of a minimoog screeched out.

Chris was afraid. “I told you about those jam jars!”

Trevor opened up a strawberry jam jar. This time, the sound of a hammond organ roared out. “It keeps happening,” Trevor shouted.

“I warned you!” cried Chris.

Suddenly, Geddy ceased playing his bass and threw himself on the floor in front of Trevor.

“I heard your voice from afar. You expressed that you really DO care about synth,” he said. “I came for you. Please accept these jam jars. They contain all my feelings.”

He cried in front of Trevor. Trevor fell over and cried beside him. More jam jars started appearing and stacking all around the room. You realized that you were on the floor. All you could taste was jam, even though you didn’t even eat any. You were crying. Chris was on the floor crying too.

You realized quick that tears aren’t the solution. “H-hey,” you whimper out. “Can we have another bedtime story?” you said.

“That’s a good idea,” said Chris.

Trevor perked up. “May I read this time?”

“Sure,” Chris said.

“I’ll bring some bread products so we can eat the jam with it,” said Geddy.

The four of you went back to your bedroom and sat on your bed. Geddy picked up Chris’s bass and played a few notes. Hundreds of warm, toasted bread products of all sorts piled up in your hands.

“Thank you,” says Chris.

Trevor pulled a book out of the pile of books. “This one is about two guys called Tony. They play the synth, they make the noise, and they go to space,” he says. “I’m sure this will make you feel better, Ged.”

“Sounds like a great story,” Geddy said.

And thus, you ate jam and hundreds of warm bread products while Trevor read the tale to you all. All was well.

im laughing alone in my room like a Fucking idiot this is beautiful thank u ,,,,,,,,, my favorite part is that trevor is worried about waluigi 

anonymous asked:

Adding on to that nightmare Anon, Dedede gets very, VERY worried about Meta when he has the nightmares. When he checks if Meta is alright, Meta just shakes his head no and curls up against Dedede, silently crying. Dedede's solution? Hug and Hold!


kimiyo--hoshi  asked:

How do you think the amnesia arc could have been handled better?

Well this turned into an essay, so buckle down, y’all.

Every event has fallout, right? That’s how stories work; they’re cause to effect. The biggest problem I have with the amnesia storyline is that Bruce dropping off the board should have had a massive effect… but it didn’t. For a story that dragged on for a considerable amount of time, very little happened.

According to Batman #49, Bruce was amnesiac for months within his own universe. During that time, he worked quietly at the Fox Center, lived with Julie, and got engaged. That’s about it. Thing is, all of that feels very fake when you think about Bruce’s various roles, both as Batman and as Bruce Wayne. 

I think the Batman bit was handled alright. There was a scene with Superman that pretty clearly explained why Bruce would never be Batman again. (Obviously that’s no longer the case, but it was reasonable at the time.) Commissioner Gordon took over as Batman in public, so the city was still protected.

BUT (wait for it)… Bruce Wayne is more than Batman. It’s incredibly unrealistic to pitch the sudden social disappearance of a man who is both a local celebrity and a father. Especially the father bit. More later.

The amnesia storyline just didn’t explain much, and the lack of detail detracted from the story as a whole. We’re given the impression that Bruce knew nothing about his life past the age of twenty-something– whenever he became Batman– because that’s where Alfred stopped telling the story. And he managed to keep that ignorance for the entire arc. 

Unless I’m supposed to believe that Bruce magically avoided any form of casual conversation for months, that doesn’t work for me. Even if we completely remove the superhero dimension, Bruce has social responsibilities that he can’t escape. Yes, I am talking about his family. 

I refuse to believe that Bruce could live for months without learning about his children, especially when 1) one of them was recently outed as a superhero on national television 2) the Wayne family is canonically prominent in Gotham, and 3) two of them are minors. Anyone that knows Bruce knows about his kids, including the woman that he was literally going to marry. You can’t tell me that didn’t come up.

You also can’t tell me that Bruce, after learning he had children, would decline to reach out– yet not once in the entire storyline did he so much as mention them. So did he know? Did he not know? Either way, it’s unrealistic, but without even an attempt to explain, it just seems ridiculous. That’s what I think of the amnesia arc: ridiculous. 

I understand that the writers had very limited space for Bruce’s narrative, but had they put a little more detail into it, the story would have been much stronger. The reality of the situation is that you can’t write about Batman while ignoring his family. It’s not possible. At every cause you have to ask yourself– how will this affect the others? And the amnesia arc never addressed that. 

It’s not just an explanation that’s missing. It’s also the emotional impact. In the what, five? months that I’ve been dealing with the amnesia arc, I have never for one second had to take it seriously. There was never any pack to the punch. Sure, I can (and did) make myself sad about it, but that emotion had to come from me because the comics barely tried. One scene in Grayson. Two seconds in Red Hood/Arsenal. The only good moment came from RSOB #9, which wasn’t published until after Bruce had already been cured.

Laying aside my own preference for family story lines, had the amnesia arc crossed quickly into more bat titles, the story would have benefitted from it. Even a mediocre plot can become compelling if it makes you feel. I love to suffer. Humans love to suffer. By limiting the supporting cast to Alfred, a civilian (Julie), and two very new characters (Julia Pennyworth, Duke Thomas), the writers removed what might have redeemed the story– the emotion.

Without that emotion, the story is at best a quick “hey that’s cool” and at worst a plot-hole ridden mess.