sociological theory

"The institutionalized practices of excluding women from the ideological work of society are the reason we have a history constructed largely from the perspective of men, and largely about men. ..."

“The institutionalized practices of excluding women from the ideological work of society are the reason we have a history constructed largely from the perspective of men, and largely about men. This is why we have so few women poets and why the records of those who survived the hazards of attempting poetry are so imperfect. This is why we know so little of women visionaries, thinkers, and political organizers. This is why we have an anthropology that tells us about other societies from the perspective of men and hence has so distorted the cross-cultural record that it may now be impossible to learn what we might have known about how women lived in other forms of society. This is why we have a sociology that is written from the perspective of positions in a male-dominated ruling class and is set up in terms of the relevances of the institutional power structures that constitute those positions. This is why in English literature there is a corner called “women in literature” or “women novelists” and an overall critical approach to literature that assumes it is written by men and perhaps even largely for men. This is why the assumptions of psychological research and of educational research and philosophy take for granted male experience, orientation, and concerns and treat as normative masculine modes of being.”
― Dorothy E. Smith, The Everyday World As Problematic

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Social construction of technology (also referred to as SCOT) is a theory within the field of Science and Technology Studies. Advocates of SCOT—that is, social constructivists—argue that technology does not determine human action, but that rather, human action shapes technology. They also argue that the ways a technology is used cannot be understood without understanding how that technology is embedded in its social context. SCOT is a response to technological determinism and is sometimes known as technological constructivism.
—  Wikipedia
The [socialist] response [to culturalism] was always this: yes there are cultural differences, but underneath those cultural differences are universal aspirations that all human beings have for certain material necessities, for self-determination, for self-realization, and this is why one opposes capitalism wherever it is. Otherwise, why oppose capitalism when it’s imposed on Hindus? Maybe Hindus dig being dominated; maybe it’s in them. Maybe that’s why they have a caste system–the caste system is an internal urge on the part of Hindus to just grin and bear it, to be dominated. Maybe that’s what they like. Maybe Muslim women like being dominated, maybe that’s what they’re into. Why do you impose your notions of feminism on them? And indeed the response to the rise of feminism in post-war India from the right was always to call them ‘Western’. 'These are Western ideas, Western feminists.’ What’s Western about them? 'Indian women don’t think this way. They like their place in society, they accept the Hindu mores.’ The left had a response to this, which is: nonsense! The reason why: wherever there’s oppression there’s resistance. The reason why is that history is the history of class struggle…Why is there resistance? It’s because regardless of whether you’re brown or white, Hindu or Muslim, Christian or not, you have certain aspirations and certain needs. Postcolonial Theory is the first self-proclaimed radical theory to deny it, this universality of needs. Once you deny that, you cannot have a response to Samuel Huntington.  You can concoct one, you can pretend it’s one, but you can’t have it. … What’s the basis for labor solidarity across cultures? What’s the basis for internationalism if it’s not this substratum of common needs and aspirations that people have? It is the bedrock of all progressive politics. And if you, under the banner of rejecting universalism, also reject this universality that binds us, our 'common humanity’, as the left used to say, you won’t have much to stand on when the ultra-nationalists show up at your door…you won’t have much to resist them, not intellectually anyway.
—  Vivek Chibber, “Postcolonial Theory and ‘Really Existing Capitalism'” (around 1:00:00)
The essence of the blase attitude is an indifference toward the distinctions between things. Not in the sense that they are not perceived, as is the case of mental dullness, but rather that the meaning and value of the distinctions between things, and therewith of the things themselves, are experienced as meaningless. They appear to the blase person in a homogeneous, flat and gray color with no one of them worthy of being preferred to another.
—  Georg Simmel, The Metropolis and Mental Life
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Social Class Theory of Serial Murder

Caputi (1989) examined power and serial murder and suggested that females are usually selected as victims by male serial killers because of female powerlessness. She argues that we glorify serial killers in American Society and that, as hierarchy dictates, such murders carry sexually political importance. These are murders rooted in a system of male dominance in a manner similar to the way the lynching of black people was based on white supremacy. Caputi states that serial murder is ’the ultimate expression of sexuality that defines sex as a form of dominant power; it, like rape, is a form of terror that constructs and maintains male supremacy’

Other research has found that serial killers tend to show a preference for victims of a lower class, such as prostitutes, the homeless, runaways, minorities, the poor or older people, and would rarely target a victim who was of a higher social standing than themselves. It has also been found that there is a relationship between homicide patterns and class, with homicide being more prevalent in lower classes.

2/100 days of productivity☺️ 6/1/17, 8:30pm
Studying sociology today 😅 learning theory and doing tests after that 😁 good evening everyone 🌟

Most people I meet are secretly convinced that they’re a little crazier than the average person. People understand the energy necessary to maintain their own shields, but not the energy expended by other people. They understand that their own sanity is a performance, but when confronted by other people they confuse the person with the role.
—  Keith Johnstone - Impro
Spring 2017 Courses

As a college witch, I figured I’d share my course list and goals for the upcoming semester. My classes start next Tuesday, and I move back into my dorm on Monday!


Major: Sociology

  • Year: Sophomore, Spring Semester

Contemporary Social Theory

Sociology of the Media

Black Metropolis: MLK-Obama

Introduction to Creative Writing