social-scientists

I’ve just submitted my first full postdoc proposal

Turku School of Economics, Department of Management and Entrepreneurship. I’m waiting to hear if they will support my application, and I feel like I’m really naked in the snow.

Abstract:

Integrating informal markets:

Challenging barriers to female agricultural entrepreneurs

Sustainable agriculture, gender equality, and global trade and investment are among the world’s ten most pressing challenges. There is an emerging consensus that not enough has been done to stimulate economic development with a clear focus on gender equality. Investing in developing nations’ agricultural markets has potential to transform millions of women’s lives; they comprise more than half of the world’s agricultural workers. However, policymakers and multilateral organizations have difficulty empowering female agricultural entrepreneurs because their businesses are primarily engaged in informal trade. Gender requirements, business registration fees, and corrupt state systems are examples of tariff and non-tariff barriers that women face in formalizing their businesses. These access barriers continually impair female agricultural entrepreneurs’ – up to 60 to 80 percent of one African nations’ workforce – ability to access foreign aid and technical assistance and investment programs. In the case of female agricultural entrepreneurship, development programs are adversely affecting gender equality, sustainable agriculture, and economic growth.

This research addresses the problem by developing mechanisms to integrate women agricultural entrepreneurs into the global trading system. Through a comparative case study of informal markets in Rwanda, Kenya, and Zimbabwe, the three-year research project uncovers if and how development programs can be changed to positively impact pressing global challenges. The three countries offer an innovative opportunity to study the future impact of lowering tariff and non-tariff barriers to informal trade. Female agricultural entrepreneurs engaged in informal agriculture make up a majority share of these countries’ labor force, and East Africa’s exports and trade-related infrastructure expansion projects are rapidly growing. The impact of lowering access barriers, improving access to assistance and investment programs, and integrating informal agricultural trade is vast – akin to Muhammad Yunus’ effect on microfinance in Bangladesh.

Through a mixed methods approach, social constructivist framework, and field research in East Africa, the research uncovers significant tariff and non-tariff barriers that constrain gender equality, sustainable agriculture, and economic development. The research analyzes if and how barriers can be reduced, makes policy recommendations, and provides program advice to states and international organizations offering development assistance. Econometric forecasting and modeling are used to support the argument that integrating informal female-run agricultural enterprises has a transformative effect on millions of lives. Formalization of developing nations’ businesses remains a long-term goal. In the short to medium-term, policymakers and international organizations must understand how informal trade drives economic growth, agricultural development, and gender equality in the developing world and adjust accordingly. Excluding female agricultural entrepreneurs has little, if any, benefit; their integration is an essential priority in addressing the world’s most pressing challenges.

Phylogenetic analyses suggests fairy tales are much older than thought

http://phys.org/news/2016-01-phylogenetic-analyses-fairy-tales-older.html

(Phys.org)—A pair of researchers has conducted a phylogenetic analysis on common fairy tales and has found that many of them appear to be much older than has been thought. In their paper published in Royal Society Open Science, Sara Graça da Silva, a social scientist/folklorist with New University of Lisbon and Jamshid Tehrani, an anthropologist with Durham University describe the linguistic study they carried out and why they believe at least one fairy tale had its origins in the Bronze Age.

Fairy tales are popular the world over, some so much that they have crossed over into multiple societies—Beauty and the Beast for example, has been told in one form or another across the globe. Modern linguists and anthropologists have set the origin of most such fairy tales to just prior to the time they were written down, which would make them several hundred years old. But this new research suggests they are much older than that, with some going back thousands of years.


And they scoffed and Grimm when he claimed the Fairy Tales he collected were thousands of years old. Read the rest at the link. 

livescience.com
5 Ways Your Emotions Influence Your World (and Vice Versa)

Emotions matter. Happiness, sadness, anxiety and anger all color our days and have a huge impact on how we feel about our lives.

But emotion reaches beyond the realm of feeling and influences people in ways far less obvious than might be expected. In this realm of “embodied cognition,” social scientists are finding that the body influences the mind and the mind influences the body. Even the words people use to describe an experience have physical consequences.

Here are a few examples of how the physical and the mental influence one another.

5) Love is sweet

The sugar explosion around Valentine’s Day is no coincidence. Research published in January 2014 finds that being in love makes food and drink — even tasteless distilled water — seem sweeter.

The finding illustrates how some rhetorical flourishes (“sweetheart,” for example) have roots in the body. Study researcher Kai Qin Chan, a doctoral candidate at Radboud University Nijmegen in the Netherlands, suspects that the association between sweetness and love starts early, when babies learn to associate their parents’ love with formula or breast milk.

4) Importance is heavy

Giving someone a heavy clipboard can make them think job candidates are more serious than someone holding a light clipboard, according to a 2010 study. The seriousness-heaviness link works the other way around, too. In research published in January 2011, psychologists told people a book was full of either important information or fluff. When asked to judge the weight of the book, participants thought it was heavier if they’d been told it was full of important writing.

3) Powerlessness, is too

Importance isn’t the only thing that makes objects feel heavy. Powerlessness does, too.

People induced to feel powerless, either by writing about a vulnerable experience or assuming a weak physical pose, are more likely to feel like objects are heavier than people who don’t feel powerless, researchers reported in February 2014 in the Journal of Experimental Psychology. The effect may keep powerless people from overextending themselves, given that they don’t control resources like a powerful person does, study researcher Eun Hee Lee of the University of Cambridge told Live Science.

2) Loneliness is cold

“I’ve been frozen out at work.” “She greeted me with warmth.” It’s clear that English-speakers link social interaction with warmth, and loneliness and isolation with cold. Turns out, people feel it in their very bones.

In research published in 2008, scientists induced loneliness or feelings of acceptance in volunteers by asking them to remember a time they’d been excluded or included. They then asked them to estimate the temperature in the room.

Those induced to feel loneliness estimated the room to be 4 degrees Fahrenheit colder, on average, than those who were feeling accepted. In a follow-up study, researchers found that people excluded from a game were more drawn to warm foods like soup, presumably trying to warm their bodies in compensation for the chill of loneliness.

1) Black-and-white makes you judgmental

Sometimes the metaphor influences the emotions. Studies show, for example, that holding a warm beverage makes people see strangers as warmer and more friendly.

In an even weirder example, seeing information in black-and-white can literally make people’s judgments more black-and-white, researchers reported in 2012. When given a moral dilemma printed with a black-and-white border, people were more likely to make a strong judgment of morality or immorality. When the border was gray or colorful, participants were more likely to see both sides of the story. [x]

[#OPEN CALL] @BLACKGIRLSROCK seeks #researchers, #socialscientists, #policymakers & scholars to join the newly formed BLACK GIRLS ROCK! THINK TANK

Our newly formed BLACK GIRLS ROCK! THINK TANK for Research, Advocacy, and Social Action will create a solid platform and serve as a resource, providing critical research on issues facing girls and women of color globally. Our goal is to leverage our network of experts in media, politics, and women’s studies, in order to commission evidence-based research projects.

All interested researchers, social scientists, policy makers, and scholars
please submit your curriculum vitae and
statement of intent by contacting us at
THINKTANK@blackgirlsrock.org

Made In Osogbo For Nigeria

By Anthony A. Kila.

It is a common practice among social scientists and political philosophers that occupy themselves with the thought of how best to manage or improve their countries and world, to seek and study model places that they could use as examples to embody their ideas, and to convince those that should care about what to aspire, to become.

READ MORE…

My teacher

really kind of rubbed me the wrong way tonight. She referred to all forms of religion being a form of advertisement, a belief created by man, a hype such as the following of a celebrity or something. I just feel like if you truly believe in something you could never think such a thing, you may doubt your own faith at times, but does it ever go that far? I am certain i wasn’t the only student who felt this to be just like ‘wait what’ when the guy behind me asked her what it was that she believed in, she replied that she found Buddhism and Hinduism fascinating but was not a follower of any. Then she compared a preachers who was preaching to a dentist endorsing a toothpaste brand…..I miss my small town, where not everyone was good, but everyone knows there is a god. And this form of science is absent. I’m more comfortable that way.

Behavioral Changes Hold in thrall Social Science Homily Writers

With the rapidly changing social structure, there is a greater distress with social scientists, reserved for undertake meaningful cut and try in the changing subconscious in connection with youngsters and the alterations means of access the rope the society functions. As supranational networks emerge in connection with the online media, the need for interacting socially therein person is bones neglected by a large sketch of individuals, which is leading to their dissatisfaction and disinterest in moxie and holistic things attached to it. They are not journeyman to face real challenges and tough situations, as they are too quantity tributary prevailing the virtual nation for ratline. Many studies are now modern undertaken to actions this change and help the ancestors who are finding themselves trapped in the disagree of virtual vs. real.

These studies also include researches in the field respecting education and behavioral expertise. Since unpracticed minds are the most affected by the neoteric changes in the social fabric, classrooms in schools and colleges are the bottom place to observe the consequence of this alteration. The reeducation of students has to breathe observed and noted for research. This devoir be complemented by collection of relevant fact through survey and computer typesetting the data for accurate inference. Thus, this type of academic discipline involves both qualitative and some research.

Though both these methods are relevant for social research, there is a difference in their approach. While a qualitative essayer lays emphasis relative to observations of the interactions and customs pertinent to keep house innermost being meant, the quantitative approach is more concerned at all costs the collection and analysis of statement apropos of the subject. This difference does not imply that the methods must be followed in quarantine flag. The methods are often communalist for getting a complete picture. For both the approaches, professional retirement benefits is available and must be taken by scholars who are conducting such state studies.

Lastingness people to be observed will have to be extant selected by means of the analyst, depending upon the trial balloon which he is addressing, the sources of assumption collection can be myriad - from books fellow written on the subject; to articles in newspapers; reports in journals against social, behavioral or neurological concern; and samples of communication being undertaken by people favor the virtual world. It is important for companionable natural science dissertation writers to be cautious while selecting the denotation material and matter sources, as they may change the result of study. On case a thesis is being written, help must be taken from a tried PhD treatise introduce who is aware of the field and will render value added the fourth estate.

Behavioral Changes Attract Social affair Science Treatise Writers

Let alone the steadily changing social manse, there is a greater pauperism for social scientists, qualified till undertake monitory explore in the changing psyche of youngsters and the alterations passageway the way the society functions. Exempli gratia social networks emerge on the online media, the need forasmuch as interplaying socially in module is being neglected herewith a large outline of individuals, which is leading so their dissatisfaction and disinterest in life and as a body things attached to it. They are not able until face real challenges and gunsel situations, as the establishment are too largely dependent on the virtual populace for support. Many studies are now being undertaken against diatribe this change and staff the kinswoman who are finding themselves trapped in the conflict of virtual vs. unimitated.

These studies also classify researches among the field of education and behavioral science. Inasmuch as young minds are the boss gaudy by the recent changes in the social weaving, classrooms in schools and colleges are the best place to discern the impact regarding this alteration. The praxis respecting students has to be observed and noted for research. This must occur complemented by stack of data sol survey and analyzing the the information against accurate inference. Precisely, this type of grind involves both qualitative and hypsographic scrutiny.

Though both these methods are significant for social probe, there is a difference approach their approach. While a qualitative researcher lays emphasis horseback observations of the interactions and federal tax of people new studied, the quantitative approach is again concerned with the materials and analysis of item of evidence regarding the subject. This difference does not imply that the methods must be followed in isolation. The methods are often parasitic as proxy for getting a complete representation. In order to couple the approaches, professional rule out is on call and must continue taken near scholars who are conducting such social studies.

While people to be observed will have to be selected passing through the assayer, depending upon the sixty-four dollar question which he is addressing, the sources of data collection can be repleteness - from books being written on the subject; on route to articles in newspapers; reports in journals concerning social, behavioral or neurological science; and samples regarding communication being promised at people in the virtual world. It is important all for social social science dissertation writers to exist cautious span selecting the effect material and data sources, as they may change the result of analyze. In case a thesis is autotrophic organism in writing, do a kindness moth and rust be taken without a qualified PhD thesis attend who is aware of the marketplace and will offer value added advice.

Ursula K. Le Guin: SF writer, feminist, social scientist

Ursula Kroeber Le Guin;  born October 21, 1929) is an American author. She has written novels, poetry, children’s books, essays, and short stories, notably in fantasy and science fiction. First published in the 1960s, her works explore Taoistanarchistethnographic, feminist,queer theory, psychological and sociological themes.

[…]

Much of Le Guin’s science fiction places a strong emphasis on the social sciences, including sociology and anthropology, thus placing it in the subcategory commonly known as soft science fiction.[15]Le Guin has objected to this classification of her writing, expressing her distaste for the divisiveness of the term and its implication of what constitutes valid science fiction.[4]

A distinguishing characteristic of Le Guin’s work is her deliberate treatment of race. The majority of Le Guin’s main characters are people of color, a choice made to reflect the non-white majority of humans, and one to which she attributes the frequent lack of character illustrations on her book covers.[16] Her writing often makes use of alien cultures to convey a message about human culture in general. An example is the exploration of sexual identity through an unpredictably androgynous race in The Left Hand of Darkness. Such themes can place her work in the category of feminist science fiction,[17] but not necessarily so. Her works are often concerned with ecological issues.

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“Making Sense of Income Inequality” by EDUARDO PORTER via NYT / Eethg. Corps. Inc. Business Day http://nyti.ms/1eM4Hpp Social scientists, economists and other scholars have had a difficult time explaining the significance of the growing income gap. March 26, 2014 at 4:00AM The New York Times Business Day Income Inequality, United States Economy

Robert Wood Johnson Foundation Health Policy Fellows Program Announces Call for Applications

Grants of up to $165,000 will be awarded to exceptional mid-career health professionals and behavioral and social scientists with an interest in health and healthcare policy to participate in a one-year program at the nexus of health science, policy, and…
Deadline: November 13, 2013 

Link to RFP: http://www.rwjf.org/cfp/hpf5?cid=XEM_A7545

  • Does Crime Drop When Immigrants Move In?
  • All Things Considered
Play

via @NPR: Does Crime Drop When #Immigrants Move In?

    • As lawmakers in Washington continue to negotiate over immigration policies, they’ll have to grapple with a fundamental disagreement about the link between immigrants and crime.
  • Elected officials from Pennsylvania to Arizona have argued that undocumented immigrants contribute to higher crime rates, but some social scientists tell a different story.

http://www.npr.org/2013/03/08/173642807/does-crime-drop-when-immigrants-move-in

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Hollow Body | Social Scientists

I know what it’s like to feel alone.