social-customs

Writing daily-life stuff in Japan: Food

Considering how much fanfiction gets written set in Japan. I thought I might just share some daily life details that may or may not be useful. 

This comes from my own experiences of living in a bicultural household and living in the country for about a month every year of my life. Admittedly, I’ve only lived in a deep rural area and visited cities, but some of the pointers will still be relevant.

The first thing that come to mind when you’re trying to describe another place is to get to grips with the food culture.You know the saying, ‘To know a people, know the food that they’d willingly consume’? So, for this post, I’m going to talk about food details.

1. Food that you might have in the fridge: Old rice if you made rice in bulk + various rice toppings. Think of rice as the bread, and the fridge being full of the spreads you could put on it. 

Pickles: Might not be so popular with the younger generation, but if they live with their parents, there will bound to be at least one kind of pickle in the fridge, because there are speciality pickles for almost every prefecture and you cannot escape them. In the same way as spreads, they usually taste very strong and its rare to eat them as they are, unless they’re just that tasty and you like pickles that much (think of somebody eating peanut butter with a spoon straight out of the jar). You would eat pickles with white rice. Here are three examples: Umeboshi - pickled plum, and it is sour and very salty! You can suck on stone for minutes afterwards, just savouring the salt taste. Usually one plum is sufficient for one bowl of rice. Takuwan - a smelly, giant horseradish pickle, which might look a bit yellow with age. When you see giant horseradishes drying in the sun around the back of the house, this is probably what they’re going to be made into. Rakkyo - little pickled onions. 

Other toppings: Shirasu - tiny little white fish, each fish is about two centimetres long, and you sprinkle (or heap them, if you really like them) over rice. Delicious. Again, may not be popular with the younger generations who have grown up accustomed to more Western flavours.  Gohandesuyo - seaweed paste in a jar. It’s salty like Marmite and like Marmite the name of the food is the name of the brand. You put a tablespoon or so on one bowl of rice. 

Spring onions. We are never out of spring onions. Ever. Chopped up fine.

Sauces: Soy sauce, mirin, su (rice wine vinegar), yakiniku sauce (sauce specifically for yakiniku), mayonnaise, yakisoba sauce, ketchup, mustard in a tube, wasabi in a tube.

A tub of miso: of which there are red and white variants, and there is constant family clash over which tastes better!

If the household eats bread, you’re more likely to get a vegetable oil spread than butter. I think a few years ago there was a butter shortage. It was just too expensive to buy or not on the shelves, but there were so many different brands of vegetable spread made from different flower seeds! 

Egg is a fridge staple. If you’re in doubt and you need a quick breakfast or lunch, you could crack an egg raw over hot rice, spritz a dash of soy sauce on top, shovel it down and go.

Natto - fermented beans, its sticky and when you pull it apart it stretches with sticky web-like strands just like melted cheese. It’s famously an acquired taste but I love it on rice, in curry and in miso soup. Sold in wee cups, with sachets of sauce and mustard.

Also in the pantry: Katsuobushi - tuna flakes, often used to make tuna stock; Stick dashi - powdered stock, usually seaweed or tuna; wakame - seaweed; ginger; taka no tsume - dried hot chilli peppers, prettily named ‘hawk talons’; sesame seeds; sesame oil. Furikake - literally, ‘sprinkles’ for rice, when you have no other option. Maybe tofu. Panko for frying things. Golden curry roux blocks. Cream stew insta-kits.

Instant foods: Cup ramen, cup noodles, instant ramen, instant yakisoba, freeze-dried instant soups, instant corn soup.

The primary oil used for cooking is so-called ‘salad oil’: I don’t actually know what it’s made of, but it’s a vegetable oil of some kind.

2. Where I might buy food: Supermarkets for the fruit, veg, meat and fish, but for the best read-made fare, drinks and snack foods (kashi pan, onigiri, yoghurt, and depending on where you go there might be salads and bentos), you would head to a 24/7 open convenience store (e.g. Seven-Eleven, Lawsons’), where they also might do hot steamed pork buns and, lately, really good coffee to go. If you want to buy somebody a nice cake or box of tea-time sweets as an omiyage you might go to the basement floor of a department store. 

Vending machines - there is a vending machine everywhere. I am not kidding. Even in the deep countryside, I found a couple of vending machines up a mountain which smelled as if they had been scent-marked by raccoon dogs and bears. And at these vending machines, you can not only buy cold juice, but several different kinds of hot and cold Japanese teas, a very sweet milk tea, several different brands of hot and cold coffees, corn soup, potato chowder, hot shiruko (a sweet azuki drink), hot chocolate, hot and cold lemon…You’d honestly never go thirsty.

For sushi, we’d call up a sushi restaurant. The same goes for ramen. Unless you’re using an instant ramen kit, making ramen broth is hard. The tonkotsu variant is pretty much impossible at home. Likewise, you just can’t make good sushi at home. It’s not really a family meal or something that can be casually made. Typically sushi is brought out for celebrations or special occasions as it can be quite pricey but conveyor belt sushi places are more accessible.  

3. Bread: You will find white bread (fluffy, gorgeous, pillowy white bread, that’s basically like cake) but it’s really difficult to find brown bread. In the rural supermarket, it was non-existent and for bread with a crust, you’d have to go to the little street-corner artisan bakeries.

On the topic of bread and kashipan, I’ve often seen references in fanfiction of characters baking kashipan for each other, or kashipan just like their grandmother made it (e.g. anpan, melonpan, creampan). As much I like the sentiment behind these scenes, I’m not saying they’re impossible, but in most cases they are a little jarring. 

Our grandmother’s generation were not bakers. Most of the houses that our grandmothers grew up in did not have ovens, since Japan doesn’t have a tradition of domestic baking, and even now, a lot of houses still don’t have ovens aside from a nifty little oven toaster, Cakes and kashipan were seen as Western and trendy luxuries to be eaten at cafes (a Western import in itself) or bought from specialist shops which had the equipment to make them. They weren’t ‘casual home-cooking’ so to speak, even if the history of the anpan and the castella date pretty far back into the past now. 

Even now, unless you are a massive kashipan fanatic and dessert-making enthusiast, you probably wouldn’t bake a tray of kashipan at home when you could buy them perfectly made from a nearby convenience store. 

Having said that, I have tried making anpan in an oven toaster. I made six, since that was all that could fit on the little toaster tray. They were each about 6cm in diameters, and my grandmother complained that it was a waste of perfectly good azuki. 

You can, if you’re really into dessert making, make lots of things in an oven toaster, but if you’re looking to make something sentimental just like your grandmother made them, mochi might be a better option (e.g. warabimochi or ohagi), or maybe since sweet things historically tended to be more often bought from a specialist than made at home, quote a favourite wagashi that grandmother might have enjoyed from a particular shop e.g. the anko dama and imo youkan from Funawa; the chestnut manju from the shop by the station.   

4. Omiyage: If you go away on a trip and you’re inconveniencing work colleagues with your absence (which you are), this is the souvenir that you buy to take back and share at your work place, often a food item, so boxes of sweets are often packaged in such a way that the sweets inside are individually wrapped for ease of splitting distribution. 

This is also the word used for the gifts you bring back for family, either when you’re visiting relatives and you know that you will be encroaching upon their hospitality, potentially inconveniencing them, or if you’re coming back to the family and, in a way, again, it’s to make up for any inconveniences that might have been caused by absence  -although largely for family, it’s also about the joy of giving to those you care about!

Likewise, students who go away on holiday on a trip might bring back omiyage for fellow members of their club, if they’re involved in club activities. If you think of club activities as training children up for work place social structure and customs, it makes some sense. 

Not omiyage but an example of gift-giving, but if you move into a new neighbourhood, it’s usually expected that you visit your neighbours and take round gifts, as a gesture of courtesy and goodwill. There is, again, an element of asking forgiveness for inconvenience, because moving into the new home would have made a lot of noise and possibly caused a disturbance. 

With omiyage in mind, each prefecture tends to advertise certain foods/sweets that are ‘unique’ to it that would make suitable omiyage. A famous example would be ‘Tokyo Banana’ and anything matcha from the Uji area in Kyoto. 

5. Food is seasonal: Japan is hyperconscious of its seasons, so the fridge will likely contain seasonal fruits and veg. In a lot of Japanese poems, it was traditional to include a ‘kigo’, a word that encodes a season to set the poem in without explicitly saying ‘It is winter’, and some fruits are kigo. The persimmon is a kigo for autumn, peaches and cherries and plums for spring, and more recently the watermelon is a definite kigo for summer! Seasonal fruits also make good gifts for visiting friends’ houses, especially if you’re bringing them back from the countryside after visiting relatives. 

Autumn’s a great time for food. Now is the time when all of the mushrooms are coming out - shiitake, matsutake, enoki, shimeji - and they’re dried and preserved for the year. People who cook might have dried shiitake in the pantry for rehydrating and eating or using in stock. 

Foreign brands, aware of the seasonal sensitivity of their Japanese, often produce Japan only seasonal limited products. My favourite example of this is the Haagen-Daaz flavours. One autumn there was a pumpkin and cinnamon, and I’m pretty sure I saw a cherry blossom latte at Starbucks.

6. Food you might see at festival stalls: Taiyaki - fish-shaped pastries made with a pancake-like batter and filled with custard or azuki. Yakisoba - fried noodles. Yakitori - chicken skewers. Takoyaki - octopus batter balls. Hot dogs…With a shout-out to very rare diversity my local festival had a Turkish kebab stall last year. Kakikoori for the summer festivals - sweet ice, with typical syrups being red, green and yellow (strawberry, melon and lemon flavours respectively).

 …..and that’s enough for now I think. (21/9/2016)

anonymous asked:

A common Sci-fi trope are small pills that are a complete substitute for food. Is this actually possible?

Hey there nonny. I fully acknowledge that this is off-topic for this blog, but it’s an interesting enough ask that I’m going to answer it anyway. I’m personally going to go with “not as shown and probably not as pills,” and then we’ll break it down a bit, mmkay? mmkay. 

Humans need a lot of things to correctly function. There are the basic energy sources we need: fats, carbohydrates, and protiens; then there are essential vitamins and minerals, as well as a certain amount of hydration. Your body also needs water to help digest and process all of that intake. 

What that means is that the “ideal” space-meal is actually something closer to a smoothie than it is to a pill. 

The cool thing is that we’re actually getting fairly close to this. The product I’m thinking of is called Soylent (yes, after Soylent Green, why do you ask?), and is designed to be complete human nutrition in three shakes in a day. Their original concept was actually pretty cool: they wanted to basically have food be as accessible as water – and, yes, water accessibility is a huge problem. They basically designed full-nutrition shakes that originally came in a powder, and the user added water and fat (I think fish oil? But other oils were useful too). 

They’re still out there – in fact, they’ve made their products into ready-to-drink shakes. 

Maybe I’m just not “sci-fi” enough, but I’m more envisioning a future where there are three taps at the sink: hot water, cold water, and nutrition, and you can just fill a cup with nutrition, drink it down, and go about your day. 

That said, while we can get all of our nutrition from a tap (in the not-too-distant future), culturally, food is tremendously important to us. It’s part of our heritage, part of our social custom. It’s central to our identity as people. 

Of course, writing a sci-fi story, I would expect nothing less than challenges to assumptions along those lines, and it would be an interesting facet of worldbuilding to see a human culture that cooks and eats together meet a human culture who just sees nutrition as no more social or culturally significant than going to the bathroom – having ingesting being something you do, not something you meet people for or enjoy. 

And, of course, even in food-positive cultures, some form of backup food or travel nutrition would  be an important survival tool! 

There are lots of things to think about with all of this, most of which are people. Good luck with your story!! 

xoxo, Aunt Scripty

(Samantha Keel)

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anonymous asked:

So if my understanding is correct, multiculturalism is the process where each european country loses their own particular culture and people

If you are having such a hard time with the definition let’s break it down: 

  • Multi-: a prefix meaning more than one or many
  • Cultural: relating to the ideas, customs, and social  behavior of a society.
  • -ism: a suffix meaning distinctive practice, system, or philosophy

So, Multiculturalism is the philosophy that many ideas customs and social behaviors can exist in a society. 

It seems that you are confusing multicultralism with supremacy. Supremacy states that there is one dominate cultural group that is catered to exclusively. 

What is interesting about your statement is that European Countries have forced their culture on the world for thousands of years, but now you want to complain that your culture will no longer be dominate. 

This plea falls on deaf ears. After the enslavement, forced conversion and dehumanization that my ancestors endured in the name of upholding your culture, I feel little pity that you must have to accept that other cultures exist outside your own. 

When to this day I live on land that was stolen from my ancestors and their counterparts so that Europeans that were discriminated against could have somewhere to get away from the religious supremacy present in Europe, I shed no tears that Europe has to deal with the fact that those that are discriminated against are no longer running away but want inclusion. 

What makes this all the harder for me is the fact that my mother is European American, therefore so am I. For me this battle is internal in addition to external. My ancestors committed crimes against humanity with my other ancestors as the victims. 

But also because of this I literally embody multiculturalism. I have seen two cultures meld together and work side by side, while maintaining the distinction of separate cultures. No culture died because the other one existed, both became a stronger presence in my life because I had several ideals to chose from. I almost never felt completely painted into a corner because I had evidence that life could be lived differently and still be successful. 

This also meant that I grew up seeing first hand White Supremacy at work. At the age of 7 I watched my father get pulled out of the car and questioned for over an hour for going a few MPH over the speed limit. At 16 I watched my mother literally charge at a police officer. The officer apologized, gave her a warning and left within 5 minutes. At 26 I had the opportunity to have the same experience as my father. 

My point is that the world is a better place when one group is not entitled and when all other groups are not discriminated against. The acceptance of the supremacy of a culture, even your own, is to say that most of the population can be discriminated against. When you set the precedent that most of the population can be discriminated against, do not be surprised if one day you find yourself in the exploited class. 

4

People of the World: Māori - Photographs by  Jimmy Nelson

The Māori are the indigenous Polynesian people of New Zealand. The Māori originated with settlers from eastern Polynesia, who arrived in New Zealand in several waves of canoe voyages at some time between 1250 and 1300 CE. Over several centuries in isolation, the Polynesian settlers developed a unique culture that became known as the “Māori”, with their own language, a rich mythology, distinctive crafts and performing arts. Early Māori formed tribal groups, based on eastern Polynesian social customs and organization. Horticulture flourished using plants they introduced, and later a prominent warrior culture emerged.

10

“So long as there shall exist, by reason of law and custom, a social condemnation which, in the midst of civilization, artificially creates a hell on earth, and complicates with human fatality a destiny that is divine; so long as the three problems of the century - the degradation of man by the exploitation of his labour, the ruin of women by starvation and the atrophy of childhood by physical and spiritual night are not solved; so long as, in certain regions, social asphyxia shall be possible; in other words and from a still broader point of view, so long as ignorance and misery remain on earth, there should be a need for books such as this”

anonymous asked:

hey I'm interested in going into art as a career but a bit lost, just wondering if you would share how you got into the industry/what kind of work you do? :3 keep up the amazing work

Hi nonnie! Good for you, there’s always room for more artists <3

Up until a few years ago I was a lost sheep too. After graduating from graphic communication design (same thing as graphic design except with more reading and seeing classes with journalists and publicists), I worked in article writing and content creation for an international company that sold professional hair products for about 5 years, which was my safety net while I searched for art jobs. Then I went on to social media assistant and customer service with them.

It paid bills but I really wanted to work in art. The problem was…what kind of art. 

Illustration? Animation? Video games? Storyboarding? Concept art? I kind of wanted to do it all and graphic design besides, given the years I put in uni for it.

I already knew I didn’t want to work in advertising because I’d interned at an agency and saw a dark future where I didn’t belong to myself and thought HELL NO. So I applied for a job as illustrator at a local video game/multimedia studio and I got it. My colleagues were amazing, I learned a lot, made tons of contacts, worked heaps…but I also had a mental breakdown due to the stress and it put me in hospital.

2014…never forget o__o

At this studio I was doing pretty much all I said I wanted to do and more. And a few months in I realised I wasn’t cut out for it and that I wanted to specialise in one or two things instead of running around pleasing people. So after experiencing the objectivity forced on me by a mental crisis and subsequent treatment and therapy, I quit.

Thanks to my wonderful friends at my old job, I got a job in layouts for an animation studio and it helped me realise that it wasn’t that I was bad at working under pressure, it was a matter of the quantity of things I was pressuring myself to do and excel at. I did well at this job and it ended naturally. 

During all of these years I took on commissions in my free time and did small fan art projects to help with my depression and anxiety…soul work. I would also work on Under the Aegis in tiny bits. Now that I was jobless I had more time to dedicate to that so I thought “to heck with it” and started publishing comic pages regardless of whether I felt ready or not.

And it worked.

It’s embarrassing for me to admit that I ignored all the signs that were telling me to work in comics, because it used to just be a hobby and childhood interest. It only took a crisis for me to realise it’s where I’m meant to be!

TL;DR figure out what you want to do without trying to do it all and it’s okay to fail, just pace yourself, make friends and do things that make you happy whenever the circumstances allow.

Things to Consider When Worldbuilding

Also known as ‘Things to Consider in General with Slugterra’; while they hit with some points, they fail to note other crucial things.
Like.
A LOOOOOOT of crucial things.

While this is not the most complete list in the world and it’s kind of dumbed down in terminologies for the sake of folk of all ages being able to understand it, it’s still something to get you started! 

Consider it a writing tool in general, if you like, and don’t be afraid to add to it! The more, the merrier!


Under ReadMore for length:

Keep reading

tenshichan1013  asked:

just thought of something. eugene should have asked for king frederic's blessing before proposing to raps. i understand wanting it to be a surprise and all but it would have been the right thing to do.

This is actually a moral question that I don’t agree with.

Rapunzel does not belong to Frederic. I don’t think it’s right for a man to ask a woman’s father for permission to marry her. She is not a possession that is being taken away. It’s not up to the father, it’s up to the woman. 

In my opinion, the biggest flaw in Eugene’s plan was asking her in a public setting with all those spectators. Unless a couple knows they want to get married (like, they’ve actually discussed the idea of it and have agreed they want to) and the one being proposed to has said that they think public spectacles like that are romantic, and that’s what they want, then proposals should be kept private. I’m glad Rapunzel didn’t feel obligated to say yes, just because there were so many onlookers. (Of course, she doesn’t have a grip on social standards and customs yet. For example, she clearly knows that a diamond ring is for a proposal, but she doesn’t know that getting down on one knee is.)

But something that I do like…

When Eugene tells Frederic that the proposal didn’t go the way he’d planned, Frederic replies, “We’ll discuss that later, son. Much later.” The “son” is so subtle and nonchalant, but it does my heart good. It’s like… Frederic is having difficulty adjusting to the idea that his daughter, who he only just got back, has a life that may lead her away from him, which includes this man (who was a thief, and we know how he feels about thieves), but somewhere inside, Frederic accepts him. He knows he’s not going to be rid of Eugene, and he’s not trying to be rid of him, he just… he needs more time to adjust.

I just adore all the complicated emotions that are running through this series. It’s just going to get better and better, I know.

In America They Call Us Dykes: Notes On The Etymology And Usage Of "Dyke"

From Sinister Wisdom # 9 1979

By JR Roberts

The women-loving women
in America were called dykes
and some liked it
and some did not . ..
Judy Grahn, from “A History of Lesbianism”

In Sinister Wisdom 6, five Lesbians spoke intensely and articulately concerning the silences in our lives and how patriarchal language has been used
against us, how the fears of vulnerability and censure check our tongues,
rendering us powerless, isolated, and invisible . How the power to name is the
power to be. Lesbians have long been the object of vicious “name-calling”
designed to shut us up, make us shrivel and slink away. Dyke is one of the
words that has been negatively and violently flung at us for more than a
half century . In the Lesbian/Feminist 1970s, we broke the silence on this
tabooed word, reclaiming it for ourselves, assigning to it positive, political
values. The reclamation of dyke has also necessarily involved an historical/
etymological search for its origins. Our generation of Lesbians has been stymied, mystified, and intensely curious as to how and why we have come to
call ourselves dykes.

The term appears to have originated in the United States. Although dyke
is used in England, the terms lesbian, Sapphist, and butch have been traditional there (Partridge 1968). In the United States, dyke is a cross-cultural term found in both Anglo-American and African-American slang. In African-American slang, dyke, as it stands alone, does not seem to have been in widespread use as of 1970, but more commonly appeared in combination with bull to form bull-dyke, signifying an “aggressive female homosexual,” bull-dagger, boon-dagger, and bull-diker being variations. Bull was/is used in Black culture to indicate Lesbian (Major 1970; Berry ‘1972).(1)

The earliest known references using dyke or dike (an earlier? spelling no
longer in wide usage today) to describe “masculine” Lesbians, or Lesbians
generally, date to circa 1920s·1930s, indicating at least a half century of
usage.(2) Partridge indicates that dike denotes a “female homosexual” and that the term comes from the combination bull-dike (Partridge 1968), which
was used among Black people as early as circa 1920s-1930s (AC/DC Blues
1977). Godfrey Irwin, a compiler of tramp and underworld slang, likewise
supports this definition of bull-dike in a letter to Partridge dated September
18, 1937. During the thirties, bull-dike was also being used among prison
inmates at Sing Sing to indicate a woman who practiced oral sex on men
(Haragan 1935, as quoted by Partridge 1968). It is interesting that the homosexual bull-dike and the heterosexual bull-dike were both associated with
so-called “unnatural” and socially unapproved sexual behaviors . This is one
of many connections existing between homosexual slang, heterosexual slang,
and woman-hating slang.(3) By the 1940s we find dike or dyke listed in slang
dictionaries to indicate “masculine woman,” being synonymous with other
words signifying “Lesbian” (Berrey & Van Den Bark 1942 , 1947).

In the pre-Liberation forties, fifties , and sixties, “Lesbian slang” was often
role-related. Dyke/dike and butch were used to signify “masculine” Lesbians
who wore “men’s clothing” (Stanley , June 24 , 1977; Aldrich 1955 :54) .
“Feminine” Lesbians were femmes or fluffs (Vice Versa 1:6, November 1947).
Among Midwest Black Lesbians the words stud and fish were used respectively (Sawyer 1965). Special terms indicating varying degrees of “mannishness” were formed by adding prefixes, for example : bull-dyke, diesel dyke,
stompin ’ diesel dyke. As Lesbian linguist Julia Stanley indicates, dyke in our
own time, the Lesbian/Feminist seventies, has undergone a change in meaning from a once pejorative term to a politically charged definition. This has occurred within the liberation movements of Lesbians and gays. “To be a
dyke or a faggot,” writes Julia , “refers to one ’s political identity as a gay
activist . .. but redefining old terms that have been pejoratives for so long
is not an easy process, nor is it something that takes place overnight. Among
women, new definitions are being made among usages of old terms. As we
redefine the old pejorative labels making them our own, what we choose to
call ourselves also takes on political meaning, defining one’s political position”
(Stanley 1974:390-391).

The personal is political. The personal is also historical. On many levels
we Lesbians today have experienced historical/political transformations.
Sometimes it is possible to recall an exact time and place where transformations occurred. Although I don’t ever recall having used the word dyke in the old pejorative sense, I do remember when I first began using dyke in a liberated sense. It was late 1973; I had just “come out” via the Lesbian/
Feminist Movement. During a conversation with an older Lesbian friend who
had come out years earlier without the aid of a movement, I referred to the
two of us as dykes . Her reaction was equivalent to “Hey, wait a minute!
Watch yer mouth!”, as if I had uttered some terrible obscenity . She then
proceeded to enlighten me as to the older, negative meaning . But, I said, I
don’t see it that way at all. To me dyke is positive; it means a strong, independent Lesbian who can take care of herself. As I continued with the movement, dyke took on even stronger political implications than “activist.” It
signified woman-identified culture, identity, pride and strength - women, alone and together, who live consciously and deliberately autonomous lives ,
no longer seeking definitions or approvals according to male values. Soon
my older friend also began identifying positively with the word dyke.

Exercising this new power of self-definition, we now have a variety of
names and definitions with which to describe our many political selves. Our
Lesbian lifestyle is very diverse, and our use of language and choice of names
and definitions reflect our many cultural, racial, ethnic, class, regional, and
political backgrounds, as well as our generational perspectives. Today the
straight world continues to use dyke in the old pejorative sense. There are a
number of Lesbians who do also, and are repulsed by it. These Lesbians may
not have been exposed to the current movement, or, being concerned with
their status and survival in the straight world, they may reject the term as
harmful. There is also a segment of the Lesbian population which grew up ,
came out , and participated in the earlier Lesbian culture before 1970 who
retain the negative definition they have always known . So the definition of
dyke has changed only for some Lesbians, not for all.

There are some questions to be wondered about. If dyke has different
definitions today, is it possible that there were different definitions in earlier
times? Did all Lesbians before the 1970s generally define dyke negatively?
Was it such a distasteful term, or were there those Lesbians who felt a sense
of pride at being labeled dyke? What did it mean to them? Where did the
American tradition of the “mannish” Lesbian as dike/dyke come from?
The term dike or dyke had probably been around to some extent before
the 1930s-1940s when it first began to be documented in slang dictionaries.
Slang terms often originate among special groups, some of which are “outcasts” of mainstream society whose members feel alienated from the values of the dominant culture. Such groupings may be based on age, race, ethnic, or class background. Among such groups have been the younger generation, Blacks, hoboes, criminals, street people, artists and writers, gays and Lesbians.

The creation of new words and new definitions for old words serves a social
and political purpose: it may constitute an act of power and rebellion for
those who feel and are powerless; or it may provide a sense of validation
and identity denied by the dominant culture, thus becoming a source of
social/cultural cohesion and pride - a language of one’s own. A new language
helps to articulate a new society. Some slang terms may even be adopted
by the dominant culture, eventually becoming “Standard English,” or they
may fall into disuse or remain the linguistic property of the special group.
Slang terms may be collected and listed in published lexicons, dictionaries ,
and thesauri. Definitions may change with time. These are slow, complicated
evolutions influenced by social, economic, political, and intellectual ideas
and events in the dominant culture and among those outcast groups.

Currently, there are several theories concerning the etymology of dyke or
dike, which are threaded together by the androgynous concept of the “manly-
woman.” Several have to do with ancient Greek legends. Poet Elsa Gidlow
raises the possibility that the word dyke may have had its origins in the
Greek word dike, that is Athene , the “manly-woman ” who is the principle
of total order (Stanley , June 24, 1977). There is also the related Flexner and
Wentworth (1975) hypothesis that dike probably came from hermaphrodite,the -dite being “clipped” off and later evolving into dike, due to a regional
(Coney Island??) mispronunciation. Cordova adds support to this hypothesis
when she reports conversations with older Lesbians who indicate the folk belief that the root word of dyke was once hermaphrodite, with its origins in
the Greek myth of Hermes and Aphrodite who join to create the androgynous
creature (Cordova 1974:22). Of the -dite to dike theory, Julia Stanley comments: “For reasons of my own, I’ve never bought the -dite to dike explanation, primarily because /t/ hardly ever becomes /k/ in natural languages. I’m not saying it’s impossible, especially in an unstressed syllable, where an alveolar might be heard as a velar, just that it’s unlikely” (Stanley, June 24, 1977).

My own recent research has turned up an interesting, but never before
cited, usage of dike dating from late nineteenth and early twentieth century
America, representing another possible, and perhaps more viable, origin, based in the social customs of the people rather than in classical allusion. Both
Schele de Vere (1871) and Clapin (1902) in their compilations of Americanisms indicate dike as denoting a man in full dress, or merely the set of male
clothing itself. Schele de Vere says this is a “peculiar American cant term,
as yet unexplained.” Clapin, however, indicates that dike likely resulted from
the corruption of the Old English dight (Anglo-Saxon origin). Dight meant
to dress, clothe; to adorn, deck oneself (Johnson, 2nd ed., 1827). In listing
dike, Mathews (1951) indicates a possible connection between dight and the
English dialect dick, both of which meant “to deck or adorn.” By 1856
dight was cited by Hall as being nearly obsolete in the United States, while
diked and diked out were in use. The word dike probably came to America
with the English at the time of colonization, but once in America other
usages may have developed . Both Clapin and Schele de Vere indicate that
dike was not only used as a verb, but also as a noun to describe a person of
either sex who was all dressed up. However, dike as a person or as a set of
clothing most often referred to the male sex.

There is growing evidence that during this same time period a number of
women in both the United States and Europe were adopting male attire, both
permanently and on occasion. Katz has called some of these women “Passing
Women” (Katz 1976: Ch. 3). These women dressed, lived, voted, worked -
literally “passed”-as men in the mainstream culture. Some were of the middle
and upper classes, or were artists. Others were independent, working class
women who took on the guise of men in order to survive in a world where
women had few options. As “men,” these women, some of whom were Lesbians, married other women and raised families. They could live and enjoy
their lives with women and still participate in the greater opportunities and privileges awarded to men. This choice was often based in explicit or covert
feminism. When discovered, however, these women were often punished by
society- arrested, fined, imprisoned, exposed, and forbidden to wear male
clothing. Sometimes the contemporary media picked up on the appearances
of these “she-men,” and a number of rather sensational articles appeared.
accompanied by photographs and drawings. Some of these graphics which
are reproduced in Katz indicate women dressed in a “full set of male clothing” - from hat to suit, to cane or umbrella, watch fobs and chains, to vests
and shoes. Lesbians and other radical women - such as the feminist Mary C. Walker, Harriet Hosmer, and Edmonia Lewis, the Black/Native American sculptor-were also dressing in much the same manner in the United States and Europe, not especially for the purpose of “passing” as men, but for the real and implied emotional, political, and social freedoms inherent in the male costume.
This radical expression of emancipation (which has centuries of tradition behind it) continued well into the twentieth century and included both women of color and white women.

It seems possible that in the American culture where the term dike denoted “the full set of male clothing” or “a man in full dress,” this term could also have been applied to women who dressed in such clothing. Possibly these early radical women, dressing and passing in male clothing, both permanently and on occasion, were in fact our first dike sisters in America.

Again, Julia Stanley, who feels that the above etymology for dyke is the
most viable she has heard, comments: “Your proposed etymology doesn’t
exclude the possibility that Wentworth and Flexner were correct in their
hypothesis. That is, you may have come up with the 'missing link’ in the
semantic development of the word dyke, since it is stretching it a bit to re-
late it to the Germanic ditch” (Stanley, June 24,1977).

If my hypothesis is correct, it could further be proposed that the meaning
of dike was changing during the time period from the late nineteenth century
to circa 1930s-1940s, that dike had begun passing from a predominantly
positive male and/or neutral meaning to a derogatory female slang term.
Linguistically, it may have gone through a process called “degeneration of
meaning.” By the 1930s dike, preceded by the equally tabooed bull, had
been assigned sexual and derogatory meanings which could be applied both
to Lesbians and to heterosexual women practicing tabooed sexual behaviors.
By the 1940s-1950s-1960s the pejorative term dike/dyke was almost exclusively applied to “masculine” Lesbians, with other meanings becoming more obscure, though not yet obsolete. Linguists have found that this “process of degeneration” is a pattern often occurring to words which make such a male
to female transition.

For this same period of possible linguistic change, there is growing evidence
indicating a general altering of attitudes toward women’s relationships with each other.(4) Increasingly more negative aspects were being assigned to such relationships in the twentieth century than had been assigned them in the
nineteenth century. Medical and psychiatric science was labeling such relationships “unnatural,” “degenerate,” and “sick.” All manner of “masculine”
characteristics of both a biological and psychological nature were attached
to Lesbian women, as well as to other women who “deviated” from traditional , “god-given,” (male-defined) “ female roles.” Speculating once again -
since words and their meanings are used to reinforce the values of a given
society, it may be that the linguistic change described above was related to
the social/political change concerning definitions of Lesbianism and female
sex roles. If a concept is assigned negative values, then the language used to
describe that concept will also assume negative meaning. The language becomes a vehicle by which the value is perpetuated. Thus dike, once used to
describe a well-dressed male, becomes a vulgar and hateful epithet to be
hurled at women who rebel against confining roles and dress styles.

It is interesting to note how our “new” radical definitions echo the “old” radical traditions as signified by the term dike/dyke. Betty Birdfish, a friend
in Chicago , wrote to me about a Lesbian dance to be held there, and how
"wimmin are talking about 'dyking themselves up’ for it.” In my next letter,
I asked Betty exactly what that meant-“dyking ourselves up.” She responded :

About 'dyking ourselves up’: I think it can mean a whole lot of things.
In general, dressing up so one feels most beautiful, most proud of herself. I’ve seen that take many forms in the dyke community, at events.
For example, Allison with her hair in corn rows and beads, wearing African garb. Or Jogie with a tuxedo and panama hat. Or Beverly looking like
a gypsy with loose-flowing clothes, jewelry, scarves and wearing scented
oil. Or wimmin with tailored blazers and slacks and vests. Or even wimmin
with long-flowing ankle length skirts or dresses. Many interpretations.
Many expressions. For me 'dyking myself up’ has been getting more definite in its expression lately . For the dance I wore a pair of high-waisted
black slacks, a white shirt with tie and pin, and a black satin, double-breasted, padded-shouldered, very tailored, old jacket. I felt very strong
and beautiful in it. Before the dance, I had 'practiced’ dyking myself up
in a more radical way: I put on a different long sleeve shirt with collar
and a silk tie that has wimmin together painted on it. I put my hair up in
a bun, very close to my head so that it looked short, and put on a 'mannish’ (I wish I had another word) straw hat. I looked like old-timey photos
of Lesbians who you know had longer hair, who put it up, dyked up in
suits, waistcoats, or tuxedos . I liked the way I looked, but wasn’t ready
to go 'out’ yet in full dyke array. So I modified it for the dance . For me,
'dyking up’ means the tailored suit: elegant, comfortable and strong. I
guess I don’t see this wear as just a 'masculine ’ privilege - but clothing that
wimmin/dykes can wear to feel good in. I think I’m no longer as afraid
of feeling 'butchy’: to work on my body , to develop muscles and strength,
to be more active physically (sports , karate, etc.), to move with more
force, strength, confidence. I’m realizing how stifled I’ve been by society
which condemns this development in wimmin . And I realize how our own dyke community continues to condemn it by labelling it 'butchy’ and
therefore 'male-identified’ and therefore wrong. I don’t care anymore
(in my head-but not yet in my gut) about all those condemnations-I want to grow in ways I know I’ve always wanted to.
(Betty Birdfish, August 4, 1977)

For the Lesbian of yesteryear, getting “diked up” may have had the same
exhilarating, liberating, and fearful effects it has for contemporary Lesbians,
but even more so since few women at that time wore pants. To wear “male
clothing” before the advent of trousers for women and the so-called “unisex”
fashions of today, was indeed radical and revolutionary. It signified a rebellion against male-defined roles for women, which “women’s clothing” symbolized and perpetuated by rendering women passive, dependent, confined, and vulnerable. Yet this autonomous act of rebellion also made women vulnerable to punishment, ridicule, and ostracism.(5)

Dike/dyke need not remain a vulgar epithet of self-hate, shame, and
negativism, a term signifying “masculine.” This is the definition which a
heterosexist, dyke-hating society has formulated and which many Lesbians
past and present have unquestioningly accepted. By defining some of us as
“men” and some of us as “women,” society has sought to divide us, to create
inequality based on heterosexual roles, thereby defusing the political power
of women loving women, reducing it to a pseudo-heterosexuality which,
according to their thinking, is both artificial and inferior to the “real thing.”
Dike/dyke still remains a word hidden in history. But this new etymology
suggests the possibility of some quite radical origins. Rather than wincing
at the word dyke, we might better remember and commemorate those early
Lesbians and feminists who refused “women’s clothing” and “women’s roles.”
They may have been our first dyke sisters.


Notes

(1)Bull was a tabooed word circa early twentieth century, not to be used in mixed company, signifying “the male of the species,” Less offensive terms like “top cow” were often substituted. Bull bitch was a rural term applied to “masculine” women (Wentworth 1944; Wentworth and Flexner 1975).

(2) Earlier, at the turn of the century, dyke was one of many slang terms denoting the vulva (Farmer and Henley 1890-1904 : 338).

(3)See “Sexist Slang and the Gay Community: Are You One, Too?” by Julia Stanley and Susan W. Robbin s. Available from 1. Stanley , Department of English, University of Nebraska-Lincoln, Lincoln , Nebraska 68588.

(4) See Carroll Smith Rosenberg , “Th e Female World of Love and Ritual : Relations between Women in Nineteenth Century America,” Signs I : I (Autumn 1975) : 1-19 ; AIice Echols, “The Demise of Female Intimacy in the Nineteenth Century or There wasn’t a Dyke in the Land,’” unpublished paper, n .d .. 34 pp.

(5) It should be noted that these vulnerabilities were not experienced by women only in nineteenth and early twentieth centuries. As late as 1968, Lesbians were being arrested in Dallas and Houston, Texas for wearing “men’s clothing.” See: “Special Release to the Ladder.” The Ladder 13: ½ (October/November 1968):4041; “Who Can Tell Boys from Girls.” The Ladder 13: ½ (October/November 1968) :41-42

SOURCES
AC/DC Blues: Gay Jazz Reissues, Vol. l. St-l06, Stash Records, Mattituck, New York,1977.

Aldrich, Ann. We Walk Alone. New York: Fawcett, 1955.

Berrey, Lester V. and Van den Bark, Melvin. American Thesaurus of Slang. New York: Thomas Y. Crowell, 1942, 1947.

Berry, Leonard J.Prison. N.p.: Subsistence Press, 1972.

Betty Birdfish (Alwin). Letter to JR Roberts. Chicago, Illinois (August 4,1977). Collection of JR Roberts.

Clapin, Sylva. A New Dictionary of Americanisms. New York: Louis Weiss, 1902.

Cordova, Jeanne. “What’s in a Name?” Lesbian Tide (June 1974):21-22 .

Farmer, 1.S. and Henley , W.E. Slang and Its Analogues (J890-1904) . Reprinted ed. , New York: Arno Press, 1970.

Hall, Benjamin H. A Collection of College Words and Customs. 2nd ed. Cambridge: John Bartlett, 1856 (1851). Reprinted ed ., Detroit: Gale Research, 1968.

Hargan, James. “The Psychology of Prison Language.” Journal of Abnormal and Social Psychology 30 (1935):359-365. (Note: the “more unprintable expressions” such as bull-dike were omitted from the published list, but were available upon request to those who were “especially interested in the subject.”)

Johnson , Samuel. A Dictionary of the English Language. 3 vols. 2nd ed. London: Longman , Rees, Orne, Brown, and Green et al., 1827.

Katz, Jonathan. Gay American History: Lesbians and Gay Men in the U.S.A . New York:Thomas Y. Crowell, 1976. Pb., Avon, 1978.

Major, Clarence. Dictionary of Afro·American Slang. New York : International Publishers,1970.

Mathews, Mitford. A Dictionary of Americanisms on Historical Principles. 2 vols. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1951.

Partridge, Eric. A Dictionary of Slang and Unconventional English. 7th ed. 1967; Supplement 1970. New York: MacMillan, 1970.

Partridge, Eric. A Dictionary of the Underworld. 3rd ed. London : Routledge and Kegan Paul Ltd., 1968.

Schele de Vere, Maximillian. Americanisms: The English of the New World. New York: Charles Scribner and Co., 1872.

Stanley, Julia P. Letter to JR Roberts. Lincoln, Nebraska (June 24, 1977). Collection of JR Roberts.

Stanley, Julia P. “When We Say 'Out of the Closets!’” College English (November 1974): 385-39l.

Sawyer, Ethel. “Study of a Public Lesbian Community.” Masters Thesis, Washington University. St. Louis, Missouri. 1965 .

Vice Versa 1:6 (November 1947) . (Includes discussion of role-related slang; examined by Elizabeth Bouvier at the Homosexual Information Center Library, Hollywood, Calif.)

Wentworth, Harold. American Dialect Dictionary. New York: Thomas Y. Crowell, 1944.

Wentworth, Harold and Flexner, Stuart B. Dictionary of American Slang. New York: Thomas Y. Crowell, 1975.

More Autistic Michael Stuff

Okay so holy heck my post on Michael being on the autism spectrum got way more attention than I anticipated- and all positive so far like what?? Anyway I have a ton of ideas on this and since a bunch of you have liked the whole concept I thought I’d share some more-

~As mentioned before, Michael isn’t good with change which is completely natural and expected for someone on the spectrum. So his boyf riend Jeremy has come to recognize this and is always there for Michael when something happens that he isn’t prepared for. For example, in ‘More than Survive’ Michael sings about the girl as 7Eleven as if she is common knowledge, like she has been there for a while, long enough for Jeremy to know who he is talking about. So what if one day the girl at Sev Elev moves or gets a new job or something, and Michael finds out by walking in to get his sushi and slushy only to find an unfamiliar face at the register. So his entire day, possibly week, are thrown into turmoil by this unforeseen turn of events. He comes to school disoriented and overly sensitive and jumpy and Jeremy can see this immediately and drags him to the bathroom where he tries to help calm Michael down by hugging him (I think he wears the hoodie to feel embraced so hugs are really nice for Michael) and playing some Bob Marley
~When Michael gets over stimulated on a day to day basis, he will self stimulate to try and make one of his senses clearer and easy to focus on. Many people on the spectrum do this and it typically is a form of self harm- for example, when I can’t focus on an individual sense, I hold my ears and scratch at the shell of them to create a small sting that is easy to identify. Michael self stimulates by pulling at his hair. In several scenes, he can be seen running his hand through his hair and scratching at his scalp or pulling his hair- this stood out to me because the scalp is a particularly sensitive area of your body, and even pulling a single strand of hair can be felt in the scalp- so it makes total sense that Michael would use his scalp as a way to stimulate himself as it is one of the easier ways to do so.
~in more lowkey situations, Michael also digs his fingernails into his palms. This is one of the more common examples of self stimulation in autistic people, and a lot of people on the spectrum do it subconsciously as a way to keep themselves present in reality instead of drifting off focus on outside senses. A lot of people with high functioning autism have to carry stress balls, fidget toys, or have their palms wrapped so that they don’t harm themselves because over time, the pressure can lead to issues in the nerves of the palms or scarring of the tissue internally and externally. Jeremy notices Michael doing this so whenever he can, he holds michael’s hand to prevent him from hurting himself. When Jeremy can’t be with Michael, for example when they have to go to separate classes or go home alone, Jeremy will either wrap Michael’s hands for him, give him something to fidget with, or ask him to play video games or something as soon as he gets home so he has something to do with his hands that doesn’t involve hurting himself
~Jeremy has gotten used to Michael’s sensory issues and has started to recognize signals of when it starts to be too much. He can’t always predict it but he is usually prepared when Michael starts to get overwhelmed and he helps come up with an excuse to get michael out of the triggering situation. When he can’t get him out in time though, he brings him somewhere private to ride out his sensory overload and he sits by Michael the whole time reassuring him that he’s not going anywhere
~Michael, like most people who experience sensory overload, gets extremely drained and exhausted and starts to shut down a bit afterwards, and it can make him more susceptible to darker thoughts so Jeremy always is super gentle with Michael after he has an overload and always lets him pick the video games and brings him blankets and builds him pillow forts and stuff to hide in
~Sometimes Michael makes a fool of himself in public since he is socially absent and doesn’t understand social norms or customs. For example he will laugh too loud or not get a joke and show his confusion or he will interrupt someone while they are speaking if he thinks of something or change the topic entirely or just start making noises in the middle of a conversation or rocking back and forth on his heels. When he does this, not just Jeremy, but all the drama kids (Rich, Jake, Jenna, Christiiiiiiiine, Chloe, and Brooke) all will do something similar to make it less awkward so that whoever they are conversing with doesn’t point out Michael’s quirks
~Jeremy finds out about it first and Brooke notices something’s off because she has severe social anxiety and she has been tested for autism before. Chloe finds out through Brooke and Jenna finds out because she’s Jenna fucking Rolan, and then Christiiiiiiiine, Rich and Jake find out through her but other than that it doesn’t spread any further than them (the squad collectively reiterates to Jenna that she has got to keep her fucking mouth shut on this) Rich and Jake have no clue what autism means other than the fact that it’s a meme that they use as a joke. But as soon as they find out one of their friends is on the spectrum, they immediately back track and never use autism as a joke again because they don’t want to offend or embarrass Michael (they also are total dweebs and get together to spend hours researching it so they don’t screw up and say something wrong) and christiiiiiine is literally just like “yeah a'ite”

Autistic Draco Malfoy Headcanons, Part 1

Autistic Draco Malfoy painstakingly learning all the specific social rules and customs relating to the high-class, pureblood wizarding society he was born into by mimicking his dad and then becoming angry, distressed and confused when he goes to Hogwarts and discover that they aren’t universally applicable.

Autistic Draco Malfoy exclusively befriending other high-class, pureblood, Slytherin wizards during his years at Hogwarts because they were raised to follow the same social rules, customs and speaking patterns as himself and he therefor has less trouble socializing with them.

Autistic Draco Malfoy carefully gelling his hair every day because the feeling of loose hairs against his skin is sensory hell.

Autistic Draco Malfoy being chronically manipulative because the many social rules and pureblood customs he was raised to memorize never gave him an understanding of how healthy, honest communication and interaction is supposed to work.

Autistic Draco Malfoy enjoying the pressure of the wind while flying.

Young Autistic Draco Malfoy trying to reach out to Harry by carefully following the manners, customs, social rules and speaking patterns that are considered socially acceptable and expected in the environment where he grew up. Young Autistic Draco Malfoy not understanding what he did wrong when Harry reacts negatively and rejects his friendship.

Autistic Draco Malfoy having trouble filtering and censoring his speech and coming across as overly rude and provocative because he says exactly what he thinks without evaluating how it might come across and whether it’s an appropriate thing to say in a specific situation.

Autistic Draco Malfoy having trouble with adjusting the tone of his voice, his body language and facial expressions and therefor often sounding and looking bored/unaffected when he isn’t.

Autistic Draco Malfoy loving Potions because it lets him follow precise recipes without unknown variables and confusing interactions.

Autistic Draco Malfoy being overly eloquent to cover up and compensate for the lack of nuance in his tone of voice, body language and facial expressions.

Autistic Draco Malfoy pressure stimming by wearing heavy capes and robes.

Autistic Draco Malfoy mimicking Lucius Malfoys body language and speaking patterns without understanding that they make him come across as rude and patronizing.

Autistic Draco Malfoy often touching/fiddling with things because he’s seeking tactile sensory input (- and therefor having trouble refraining from touching the different items in Borgin and Burkes when he visits the store with his father in Harry Potter and The Chamber of Secrets.)

Autistic Draco Malfoy having a very black and white world view in his attempts at making sense of and categorizing the world around him.

8

  The Garden of Words FC & Bookshop is Recruiting!

Looking for Friends, Staff, & More!

Hello everyone! Pardon me while I blow up your dash a little but I really wanted to take the time to do something like this for a while now :)

I’m Illyirana Usagi. With my hubby Yuri Usagi we run a small RP FC Called The Garden of Words located on Balmung. ICly we are a small Library & Bookshop that hosts a Bi-weekly Open RP Bookshop Night! With that being said we have been actively looking for fun loving members, staff,RPer’s or people who just want to chill since we launched our FC a while back.

Our FC is an OOC FC with focuses on socialization and having fun as a group of friends over anything else. While we do have a mix of RPer’s with us we also have a mix of people who are new or not fully interested in RP but want to join in on the fun (which is 100% ok with us!)

Since the content lull has hit our FC as well as a few others have been hit with a spike in inactivity and we’d really love to find more active players to socialize with, RP with, run content with and all those other FCly things! So if you’d like some more info about us click that little fancy “Keep Reading” at the bottom :) I’ve taken up enough dash space as is xD!

(Reblogs are 500% appreciated. If you like what you see here please feel free to share this post. I have a very small tumblr and its hard to reach out on my own. Thank you so much in advance!)

Keep reading

Are You a 12th House Person? What does it Mean?

Having a strong 12th house means the person has a crucial need for alone time and reflection.

There are several ways that someone can be a “12th house Person”, which includes: Having a 12th house stellium,

If the ruler of your 12th house has many aspects (Say your 12th house cusp is Gemini and you have a Cancer Ascendant, then Mercury would be your ruler of the 12th house)

If the ruler of your Sun is in the 12th house, for example, you’re a sun in Pisces, and you have Neptune in the 12th.

If the ruler of your Ascendant is in the 12th, for example, Scorpio rising, Pluto in the 12th. Also if the ruler of your moon is in the 12th.

Having the sun, moon, Mercury, Venus, or Mars in the 12th.

12th house people are often misunderstood because the way they live their life is not ordinary and they look more deeply into their life experiences. While “normal” people go out in the world, seeking validation from others, working for a team, and go along with social norms, people with a strong 12th house will go deep into their inner world, to contemplate the way the world works and come out with insights that others do not accept. 12th house people aren’t as interested in validation from others because they find more fulfillment in solitude. They ask why social norms and cultural customs exist because they are thoughtful enough to come to their own conclusion (of course several other astrological placements could indicate this as well).

Other people say to 12th house people, “Why are you so quiet, you need to speak your mind” but they don’t realize that if a 12th house person spoke their mind, it can be too much for others to handle, they’d rather observe people talk than join into a conversation they find meaningless. Their thoughts can be so abstract that they cannot be put into words. 12th house people only like being social around other people who have depth, people who are capable of keeping up with meaningful conversation, they tire easily around people who talk about pop culture or other frivolity.

12th house people can flow thru the collective, picking up messages from higher realms and the spirit world. They often astral travel during sleep and have very vivid dreams. Loads of sleep is necessary for 12th house people in order to maintain their intuitive abilities. A sleep deprived person with a 12th house stellium will become severely depressed, feeling like they can’t fit into the “real world” while also not being able to tap into other worlds. I honestly think that everyone would be happier if they valued sleep more (regardless of which houses are prominent for them), because thru rest, our brains have this way of resolving emotional issues. When people are well rested, they allow frustrations to roll off their shoulder more easily.

Disclaimer: I own none of these pictures, except for the picture of me at the very bottom. They belong to their respective owners and I would willingly take down any picture if the creator of any picture wishes me to do so.

By looking at what specific planets are in the 12th house, we can literally see what energies are within a person’s subconscious.

Mars in the 12th house can be a person who lets out their anger when they’re alone because they had to suppress their assertiveness throughout life. They internalize the violence of the world, and thus will attract injuries, accidents, and arguments until they purge the frustration in their psyche.

Saturn in the 12th house you can choose to either be very cynical and harsh to other people, or very sensitive to others’ plights. You carry much guilt in your psyche that prevents you from living as jubilantly as you possibly could, this may be so deep in your subconscious that you need to meditate to bring it to surface and work thru it, as it has likely built up from previous lives. Life feels overly serious and problems are perceived as more severe than they are, this person must learn to be more light and breezy, allowing conflicts to roll of their shoulder instead of internalizing them. By viewing situations objectively, this person will be happier, as they may get stuck in a certain way of thinking. If you embrace new ways of life, you’ll rejuvenate your soul. Fear and inhibitions are prominent in someone with 12th house Saturn.

Ask yourself, are there any life dilemmas that get under my skin more than they need to? Am I subconsciously or consciously holding a grudge on anyone? Do I criticize the mistakes of myself or others more severely than necessary? Do I internalize the harshness of people and the world? How can I work thru it? What are thought patterns that keep me stuck?

From an Esoteric perspective, Saturn in the 12th is like the wise old occultist, who asks apprentices to show their worthiness. He is alone most of the time because he discerns that many people cannot fathom the worlds he has experienced. He despises superficiality and living a life of shallow joys, he yearns for that which is full of complexity, and shares his wisdom with those who are genuine. Old man winter holds a lantern of secrets, revealing them with caution. Cabin fever sets in and his brilliance turns into mania, dying alone but with contentment, his spirit lives on inside a Smokey Quartz, will you unlock it’s power? Still your mind to receive messages from stones.

Uranus in the 12th house can be someone with brilliance laying in their subconscious that is waiting to be tapped into as the person grows to understand their learning style, it can also mean that they wish to rebel against the structure and regulations of the world but feel that they are unable to. The 12th house can represent institutions, so I imagine many people in jail have Uranus in the 12th, as they lived life as they chose and got locked up for it. We must find constructive ways to deal with our 12th house planets or else they become a crutch.

Many people with Uranus in the 12th house had parents who wouldn’t let them ask why, they told their children, “this is the way the world is” or, “you should just believe me because I’m the parent”. The youngster grows up feeling oppressed because they find they have to go along with what they’re told because thinking for themselves leads to punishment. Hopefully they will continue to question what they are told in secrecy and they will grow up to realize the times their parents were wrong and not repeat their mistakes, as well as the times their parents were right. They also discover how certain societal norms are not the way humans are meant to be living, and they’ll find a way to live that is true to themselves and their values. Point is, a 12th house stellium can indicate taking a step back from society to find your own truth.

If a 12th house person is forced to go out in the world too much and not honor their solitary nature, their emotions will come out in unhealthy ways. Donald Trump has Mars in the 12th house, and we see the outrageous ways that he expresses his masculinity. Our 12th house planets could come out in extreme ways if a person is not emotionally intelligent enough to reflect on their feelings and experiences, and process them, instead of take out their unresolved issues in their psyche onto other people.

If a 12th house person has to give up their inner world of being a bridge between the worlds, dream interpretation, clairvoyant and other psychic abilities, and communing with spirits, they will feel like something is missing in their life but they don’t know what. Often this happens as we get tossed into the daily grind of work or school, we no longer have time to reflect on what truly matters. The more sleep we miss out on, life becomes more of a drag, less inspired, and everything feels more mundane.

Picture Source:

http://kidmograph.tumblr.com/post/140183221409/step-builder

If you want to learn more about what your 12th house says about your subconscious mind and how to work thru the potential difficulties you have that are rooted in your 12th house, contact me for a reading. I take the effort to be thoughtful and open minded when I give readings, with the hope that I can show you how astrology can help you live a more inspired life!

Sellieve Neptune, professional astrologer. AcaiPsycheLife.tumblr.com/readings

Stiles courts Peter by leaving him the heads/corpses of his enemies - Gerard, Kate, those in the Alpha Pack that dared lay even a claw on Peter, even Meredith for violating Peter’s mind and then dumping all the blame on him for the deadpool business.

Of course, Stiles is always careful, always makes sure Peter has a solid alibi before he goes and deals with whoever has harmed Peter enough to deserve Stiles going after them.

And Peter is confused at first, and understandably suspicious (is someone trying to frame him and get him locked up or killed?), but it doesn’t take long for him to realize what all the bodies mean, that they’re courting gifts meant for him of all people, an archaic tradition even amongst werewolves (most go with flowers and other more socially acceptable customs these days, which is ever so boring in Peter’s opinion), to show that the one doing the courting is both willing and able to protect the one being courted, and Peter soon finds himself flattered and pleased by the attention.  Nobody’s ever courted him before.  It’s an exhilarating novelty.

And when other gifts begin appearing on his doorstep - a delicious cajun chicken pasta one time, a drool-worthy coffee and peanut butter chocolate cake another, and - most memorable - the bloody heart of an Alpha, still warm when Peter lifts it out of its rune-covered container with reverent hands - all to show that Peter’s secret admirer can provide for him as well, Peter decides that it’s high time to figure out who is courting him so that he can start returning the favour.

Inevitably, he realizes that it’s Stiles, which is even better.  He’s always been drawn to Stiles, attracted to his loyalty and cunning and sharp biting wit, and Peter is pleasantly surprised and utterly thrilled to find that Stiles is apparently equally drawn to Peter and also has no qualms about courting him the good old-fashioned way.

It’s impossible for Peter not to reciprocate, to show that he too can and will protect and provide for Stiles, that they can be magnificent and terrifying together, and that the fascination and growing affection and the increasingly powerful pull of mineminemine between them are entirely mutual.

Stiles has his own fair share of enemies now, and it’s infuriating how self-absorbed and neglectful people tend to be when it comes to Stiles, so Peter will rip out the throats of Stiles’ enemies and lay their carcasses at his feet, and he’ll care for Stiles so that the boy will never feel lonely or think himself forgotten again.

Peter can’t wait until they can hunt together.  His mate will look beautiful under the moon, drenched in blood and triumph with Peter at his side.

MBTI Last Things They'd Ever Say

INFP: I love accepting the harshest of criticisms because I find strength in realizing my weaknesses!

ISFP: Art is nothing more than a futile attempt for humans to waste their time pandering to each other for acceptance over the subjective quality of the mundane.

ISTP: Hard work is the key to success. That’s why I never smoke pot. Really.

INTP: I think I make friends so easily due to my accute awareness of social customs and natural empathy for others. I don’t really see the point in arguing all the time, and I wish we could all just get along. Also, aliens could never possibly exist.

ENTP: I am sorry I hurt your feelings with my joke, that was not my intention and I would like to make it up to you. I’m really not very funny.

ENTJ: Socialism is the best form of government. A meritocracy like capitalism is inherently ableist, and because I am largely unsuccessful and unmotivated, redistribution of wealth will benefit my stifling disability of laziness and aimlessness.

INTJ: Because I deeply care about you as a human being, I will entertain your dramatically different point of view and try to apply it to mine.

ISFJ: Fuck your feelings and I hate you. Mental illnesses are just a crutch used by the lazy, entitled youth of today! Also, what is anxiety?

ISTJ: Woah, dude. Last night was so crazy. I can’t believe we snorted all that coke off of the strippers we hired from the bank job money!

INFJ: Today I decided I wouldn’t be hopelessly and pathetically crippled by my own self doubt and anxiety. I will go out and enjoy myself in the moment amongst a large group of acquaintances in a crowded public space.

ENFJ: I have a motivational poster of Adolf Hitler in my room. I really admire his ideas about humanitarian relief.

ESFJ: I just cleared all the scheduled plans in my calender for the next six months and decided to take life one step at a time.

ESFP: For my new year’s resolution, I will not drink alcohol all year. I will also learn meditation and practice stillness and peace for at least four hours a day. Sit happens!

ENFP: My goals are to get into a prestigious school, eventually become a tireless lawyer who also works weekends,
and permanently settle down into suburbia with a thirty year mortgage and a perfect family.

ESTP: I feel like taking it easy today. Maybe I’ll sit by myself and enjoy a nice cup of tea and this book on quantum mechanics and post my thoughts about it later on my book club blog.

ESTJ: I honestly just don’t understand the point of all this bureaucracy. In my opinion, rules are meant more as guidelines and are maliable to the situation at hand. Flexibility is more important than rigidity, and compassion is more important than justice, wouldn’t you say?

title: words in glass
characters: elizabeth swann with mentions of henry and will turner
pairing: will turner/elizabeth swann
word count: 1199

           The first bottle had come a few weeks (a few, long weeks) after he had disappeared at the edge of the horizon and into the ocean’s depths. She had been almost unable to see it, the dark green of the glass blended into the waves of the same color, but it glinted in the morning sunlight in such a way as to catch her attention by almost blinding her. She had pulled the rolled paper out with her index finger and pressed it flat on the beach to read it through.

           The second bottle appeared against the hull of her small fishing vessel (she had a fleet of ships to choose from and yet, she had picked this one to watch the sunset in each day as she pressed a hand to her belly and wished Will was there with her). It had bumped and bobbed along the side, making noise until she noticed it. Elizabeth hadn’t been surprised when it had appeared but her heart fluttered, nonetheless. She knew Will wasn’t the type to hide his affection anymore. Not now that they could see one another in fleeting, passing moments in their lives.

           And, although she was an adult, a woman with a husband and a child – a woman who had lived through a harrowing war and seen the face of death more times than she could count – she still felt giddy thinking of Will penning these letters to her. He couldn’t know that she had romanticized the idea of finding messages kept safe in glass bottles as a child. He couldn’t know that she and her mother had passed a glass bottle back and forth, that her mother had indulged in her wild childhood fantasies by pretending she was a man trapped on an island with Elizabeth as his only hope of escape.

           The power her memories lent to the letters made them more romantic than they already were.

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anonymous asked:

I love thinking about tony and his relationship with his bots. Like I always imagine they know he is their creator (dad) and see him as their #1 person. And they do learn and habe at least a basic understanding of human relationships and feelings. And they see rhodey and pepper as I dunno aunt/uncle? Do you think they would consider Peter to be more in line with them or rhodey/pepper? How do they feel about vision? Bruce? The others? Did their opinions change after CW? Is the change obvious?

Somewhere, deep within Dum-E’s and U’s programming, a small file has been created by the program itself. It is regularly updated and regarded of highest importance to their general functionality, their ability to asses situations and subsequent behaviour. It has been re-written, as to be more easily understandable to people like me who can’t code to save their lives, by the ever so helpful JARVIS, and essentially amounts to this:

// Tony Stark
{ subject identification = first;
  added subject identification = creator + commander + father}
{ subject priority = first }
{ objective in relation to first = obey orders;
  added objective in relation to first = protect first’s life + improve quality of        first’s life + ensure first’s health + encourage positive emotional reactions by  first }

// Rhodey Rhodes 
{ subject identification = second;
  added subject identification = second in command + friend + uncle}
{ subject priority = second } 
{ objective in relation to second = obey orders if orders are not in conflict with    objective in relation to first; 
 added objective in relation to second = determine degree of threat towards first  + help second improve quality of first’s  life + help second ensure first’s health  + help second encourage positive  emotional reactions by first } 

// Pepper Potts 
{ subject identification = second_02;
  added subject identification =  business associate + friend + aunt}
{ subject priority = second } 
{ objective in relation to second_02 = obey orders if orders are not in conflict      with objective in relation to first and if orders are not in conflict with objective in  relation to second; 
 added objective in relation to second_02 = determine degree of threat towards  first + help second_02 improve quality of  first’s life + help second_02 ensure  first’s health + help second_02 encourage    positive emotional reactions by  first }

// Peter Parker
{ subject identification = second_03;
 added subject identification =  business associate + employee + intern + inconclusive}
{ subject priority = undetermined }
{ objective in relation to second_03 = obey orders if orders are not in conflict      with objective in relation to first and if orders are not in conflict with objective in  relation to second and if orders are not in conflict with objective in relation to  second_02;
 added objective in relation to second_03 = determine degree of threat towards  first }
{ observation = second_03 engages with self; 
  added observation = more information on activity “catch” needed + more      information on social custom “greeting” needed + more information on social custom “small talk” needed }

In short Dum-E and U are very confused by the way Peter interacts with them (he treats them like Tony treats them, which is a first). They haven’t yet made up their minds. I also suspect Pepper is about to be demoted to fourth_03 (behind Bruce and Vision, but before Natasha, Steve, Clint and Wanda) because causing Tony to show expressions of negative emotions is a sure way to get on their shit list. Which is better than Team Cap because they have been put straight onto the Black List.

Let’s just say it’s a good thing none of them have run into the bots yet…