so many wonderful articles

About why Max had to leave the Citadel

It’s probably because I am not a shipper in any fandom, but I was ok ever since with Max continuing his journey after Fury Road and not staying at the Citadel. Brendan McCarthy would disagree, and you are free to disagree, too. (Much love to you shippers <3 This is not about critiquing you!)

This is a post about why “Max didn’t deserve yet to stay”, paraphrasing George Miller from the amazing stage interview he gave along with McCarthy and Nico Lathouris.

Keep reading

Recs for Fan/Girl/Queer/ Women’s History Scholarship

Disclaimer: I should begin by saying I am *not* a fan studies scholar, but a feminist film historian and so this list of suggestions is not only completely *subjective* but also coming from a women’s history/cultural studies perspective. Although I have respect for pioneering works on fan studies scholarship, the truth is they are mostly written by white males studying white male fandoms; thus my interest in them is limited. That means you won’t find Henry Jenkins, Matt Hills, etc in this list although I recognize their importance. I also tend towards readings that explore lived experiences and historical audience members instead of general analyses of “fan groups.” Alright, that is it. Proceed with queer caution ;)

Fan Studies:

My favorite anthology on fan studies is an oldie but golden: The Adoring Audience. You’ll get your review of major literature and lots of interesting pieces on girls and women’s engagement with mass media (the article about Beatlemania and girls is particularly great).

If you want shorter pieces on contemporary feminism fan topics (online fan communities, fan labor, 50 Shades of Grey, etc) read “In Focus: Fandom and Feminism,” in Cinema Journal (Spring 2015). You can download it for free online. The Summer 2009 “In Focus” section “Fandom and Feminism: Gender and the Politics of Fan Production” is also amazing.

Google what Kristina Busse and Francesca Coppa have published on female fans, LiveJournal, and feminism (and BBCSherlock!). They are really informative and opinionated scholars. I don’t a have a favorite piece by either of them, but appreciate their pioneering work on the field (even if I disagree with Coppa’s reading of Sherlock as ace in the BBC show, she is so very knowledgeable of ethnographic fan research). Busse’s  anthology Fan Fiction and Fan Communities in the Age of the Internet: New Essays is also worth a look. 

Actually my favorite scholarly work on BBC Sherlock are: Fathallah, Judith. 2015. “Moriarty’s Ghost: Or the Queer Disruption of the BBC’s Sherlock.” Television and New Media vol.16, no.5: 490-500, and Greer, Stephen. 2015. “Queer (Mis)recognition in the ‘BBC’s Sherlock.’”Adaptation vol.8 no.1: 50-67. Extra radical, angry points for: Basu, Balaka. 2012. “Sherlock and the (Re) Invention of Modernity,” Sherlock and Transmedia Fandom. Eds. Louisa Stein and Kristina Busse. Jefferson NC: McFarland Press, 196-209.

Still in the feminist “fan” studies grouping but written from an anthropological perspective, here’s the two classics:

Jackey Stacey’s Stargazing, pooling British women about their engagement with Hollywood movie actresses after WWII; and Reading the Romance by Janice Radway, analyzing a group of Long Island women’s relationship with romance novels (can be a bit condescending and elitist at times, but welcome to first wave of fan studies)

Girl Studies and Media:

The classic is Mary Celeste Kearney’s Girls Make Media and her articles are pretty thought-provoking as well (and she’s a lovely lady to boot). 

Look into Angela McRobbie for a cultural studies approaches to bedroom culture and urban girl culture (from 1970s-80s perspective). Also Valerie Walkerdine (film analysis and girl studies from a psychoanalytical perspective), Carol Gillian and Jacqueline Rose (psychoanalytical-feminist theory)

My favorite historical reading on girl’s culture is: Kelly Schrum’s Some Wore Bobbysox: The Emergence of Teenage Girls’ Culture, 1920–1945 but Rachel Devlin‘s Relative Intimacy. Fathers, Adolescent Daughters, and Postwar American Culture is also a wonderful book.

Siân Lincoln is doing some interesting work on these topics too.

Also see: Sarah Projansky’s Spectacular Girls.

and Marnina Gonick’s “Between ‘Girl Power’ and ‘Reviving Ophelia:’ Constituting the Neoliberal Girl Subject.”2009. NWSA Journal vol.18 no .2: 1-23.

Really this list could go forever if it’s not very media-specific.

Women’s History and Early Film:

This is my jam. It is also, historically, a male-dominated field so not many books really entice me.

My near and dear book is Movie-Struck Girls by my friend Shelley Stamp (okay I call her that even though I guess I should say “colleague” and keep some veneer of professional distance but fuck it, it’s Tumblr and we hang out so and I’m not going to John-Watson this anymore–so there, *friend*). It’s so well-written and well researched that–if you ever make it to Tumblr Shelley, here’s my Valentine to you!

Seminal as well are Nan Enstad’s Ladies of Labor and Kathy Peiss’s Cheap Amusements. They both focus on working women’s relationship with the movies in the 1900s-1910s (my decades of predilection) and engage with everyday people, which I love. 

Kathy Fuller-Seeley’s At the Picture Show: Small Town Audiences and the Creation of Movie Fan Culture is also very well-researched.

Richard Abel might be worth a look too. Do it at the library if you can because you’ll be cherry-picking chapters.

(Please remember these people were writing and researching early cinema BEFORE THE INTERNET EXISTED!) There’s a lot of labor and love going into these books.

Specifically on young female fans and early cinema there’s virtually nothing. I am working on it as *we speak* (well, kinda speak). If I tell you any more about this, I will have to kill you.

Queer/Lesbian Studies:

This is my faaaaavorite. Really. Heather Love’s Feeling Backwards: Loss and the Politics of Queer History. Yep, it focus mostly on literature and queer (female and male) authors that were closeted or derided, but it’s written BEAUTIFULLY and it’ll open your eyes to the ways we erase queer voices from history.

Patricia White’s Uninvited: Classical Hollywood Cinema and Lesbian Representability and Terry Castle’s The Apparitional Lesbian: Female Homosexuality and Modern Culture are classics and wonderfully look at how lesbians viewers/readers have tried to find representation in mainstream film and literature for decades.

Laura Horack’s Girls Will be Boys: Cross-Dressed Women, Lesbians, and American Cinema, 1908-1934 if you are interested in cross-dressing and lesbian desire in classical Hollywood. 


Alright, hope this helps and it’ll be enjoyable to peruse. There’s so many more wonderful monographs and articles out there. These are just some highlights and personal favorites. I’m tagging people that might be interested in seeing this on their dash, or asked me for these recs. If I forgot anyone, sorry! Feel free to message me for more recs. I can be a human dispensing machine.

#Help Lee Jung Hee / 허목사 가족 사건

Hello tumblr,

as many of you guys have probably heard about the terrifying #HelpLeeJungHee case (or if you haven’t, click here) I know a lot of people are frustrated since it is very hard to trend this story. Rumor has it, many powerful people are involved in this case and of course and unfortunately, justice is not siding with Lee JungHee. From a person who lived in Korea and aware of Korean Political structure, I know that the only way to trend this story is by we Americans getting it reported by American News outlet; although they may be not be the best credible sources, I know for a fact that it will ignite actions in Korean government and law enforcement. If the world is watching, these powerful men will eventually have to give in and bring in the justice. 

As of right now, I have already witnessed so many LeeJungHee articles being removed and few Korean Netizens are wondering why it has not been trending yet. 

Historically, Korea has dealt with many tragedies such as 광주 인화학교 사건 (many of you may be familiar with this case from the movie, Silenced AKA The Crucible) which originally been buried and shushed by authorities until that one article sparked up and protests began. I know we can repeat this routine; I know it’s tougher but we have been there, done that before.

I do not have any personal relationship with Lee Jung Hee or her family except that I myself is also a fellow American Korean who loves Korea dearly and one day hope to return my American privilege to reform the Korean patriarchal society. I know and have experienced the toxicity of extreme stubborn patriarchy in Korea, along with political corruptions.

Please help this powerless family; report now at American news outlet or even global news outlet. I know Korean government is very sensitive to its global reputation.


Zileh liked the picture on the left on April 21st, which we know from the postdates on this post and this post, assuming the posts were made shortly after she liked that picture. Zileh posted the comment on the right on April 22nd, based on the postdate of this post and also this instagram screencap.

I don’t think this is a coincidence. Zileh Malik has been liking a lot of Ziam posts and a lot of posts tagged with Zerrie is Fake on instagram for quite awhile now, but the “gay is okay” post is probably the most blatant thing she’s ever liked. After all, the rest of the Ziam pics could be considered more of a ~bromance~ or whatever.

Therefore, my theory is that after Modest saw that she liked that pic and that fans were flipping out about it, they told her to write something defending Perrie to you know, counteract the other photo. I also wonder if Modest was responsible for so many articles being written about Zileh defending Perrie, as another way of damage control.