slavery-in-the-north

JULY 23: Ruth Ellis (1899-2000)

Ruth Ellis, the LGBT rights activist and oldest lesbian to ever live, was born on this day in 1899 and would have turned 188-years-old today!

Ruth Ellis poses for the camera as she leans against a car in 1951 (x). 

Ruth was born on July 23, 1899 in Springfield, Illinois as her parents fourth child and first daughter. Her mother and father, Charles and Carrie Ellis, were former slaves from Tennessee but the abolition of slavery allowed them to move north and build a prosperous life for themselves and their family. Ruth’s mother died when she was young, but her father became the first black mail carrier in the state of Illinois and managed to put three of his children, Ruth included, through high school. Ruth would graduate from Springfield High School in 1919.

Ruth came out to her family as a lesbian when she was just 16-years-old, which was an unheard-of admittance in 1915! She would also recall meeting her partner, Babe, just five years later in 1920. For the next 30 years, Ruth and Babe would live together in Detroit, Michigan, where their home eventually became a major hub for the city’s black gay and lesbian community. Ruth also became the first black woman to ever operate her own printing company in the whole city of Detroit; the business specialized in printing stationary, fliers, and posters, and was operated out of her and Babe’s home.

Ruth is photographed hard at work operating the printing press that fueled her successful small business (x). 

Ruth and Babe eventually separated because, as Ruth said, “We were just two opposite people.” Although the refuge of Ruth and Babe’s home ceased to exist, Ruth remained incredibly involved in the LGBT community and reached somewhat of a celebrity status in the 1970s. She became noticed as a frequent attendee of the Michigan Womyn’s Music Festival and eventually began being asked to speak at different universities around the country about her experience as an out lesbian in the pre-Stonewall days. Her 100th birthday was celebrated with the release of the documentary Living with Pride: Ruth C. Ellis @ 100 and that same year Ruth was the honorary leader of the San Francisco Dyke March.

A special photo shoot to celebrate Ruth’s 100th birthday shows her smiling sweetly and holding a bouquet of flowers (x). 

Ruth passed away peacefully in her sleep on October 6, 2000 when she was 101-years-old. The Ruth Ellis Center in Detroit continues to be operated in her memory and is one of only four American organizations specifically dedicated to housing LGBT youth.

-LC

confessionsofasongbird  asked:

so i've heard a very compelling (and for me view changing) theory- the civil war was based entirely on economics and was only declared a war on slavery as a means to prevent other countries who had recently declared slavery illegal from aiding the south- however whenever i bring this up people state that slavery was the one reason but let's be honest people where super into being racist assholes...

YEAH THIS THEORY IS ONE THING AND ONE THING EXACTLY:

BUNK.

FIRST OF ALL, THE UNION’S MOTIVES FOR WAGING “A WAR ON SLAVERY” ARE IRRELEVANT BECAUSE THE UNION WAS NOT THE AGGRESSOR IN THE WAR. NO MATTER WHAT THE MOTIVE OF THE NORTH WAS, THE FACT IS THAT THE SOUTH WAS AIMING TO WAGE A WAR AGAINST ABOLITION. 

THAT WAS THE CONFEDERATE MOTIVE, AS DIRECTLY STATED BY THEIR OWN OFFICIALS. THE SECESSION OF THE SOUTHERN STATES CAME FROM A REACTIONARY PANIC IN THE SOUTH ABOUT THE ELECTION OF ABRAHAM LINCOLN (WHO BY TODAY’S STANDARDS IS WISHY-WASHY ON SLAVERY BUT AT THE TIME HE WOULD’VE BEEN CONSIDERED SOMETHING OF A RADICAL BY THE PRO-SLAVERY CAMP) AND THE BELIEF THAT THE NEW ADMINISTRATION WOULD BE MAKING ACTIVE MOVES TO ABOLISH THE INSTITUTION OF SLAVERY, OR EVEN JUST FAIL TO GUARANTEE ITS EXPANSION, GROWTH, AND SURVIVAL. 

“IT WAS ABOUT ECONOMICS” IS A MORE MODERN SMOKESCREEN USED TO WHITEWASH THE MOTIVES OF THE CONFEDERACY (YOU KNOW, THE RIGHT-WING EXTREMIST TRAITORS WHO STARTED THE WAR) SO THAT PEOPLE WOULDN’T CONDEMN THE ENTIRE CONFEDERACY AS PRO-SLAVERY.

IT WAS TECHNICALLY ABOUT ECONOMICS, BECAUSE THE ENTIRE SOUTHERN ECONOMY WAS BUILT ON SLAVERY. THE TRUTH BEHIND “THE CIVIL WAR WAS ABOUT ECONOMICS” IS THAT THE TRAITOR STATES’ VIEW OF ABOLITION WAS “IT’S GOING TO COST US MONEY IF WE CAN’T USE SLAVES!!”

BASICALLY THE RULE OF THUMB IS THAT ANYTIME YOU HEAR SOMEONE SAY “THE CIVIL WAR WAS ACTUALLY ABOUT–” YOU JUST GO AHEAD AND ASSUME THAT PERSON IS TRYING TO VEIL THE CONFEDERACY’S REAL, DOCUMENTED, STATED MOTIVE OF “PRESERVING THE INSTITUTION OF AFRICAN SLAVERY.”

“IT WAS ABOUT ECONOMICS!” TECHNICALLY YES, BECAUSE THE SOUTHERN ECONOMY WAS ENTIRELY RELIANT ON SLAVERY

“IT WAS ABOUT STATES’ RIGHTS!” TECHNICALLY YES, THE CONFEDERACY WAS ARGUING THAT STATES HAD THE RIGHT TO KEEP SLAVERY LEGAL IF THEY WANTED

“IT WAS ABOUT FEDERAL OVERREACH!” TECHNICALLY YES, THE CONFEDERACY WAS WORRIED ABOUT “FEDERAL OVERREACH,” SPECIFICALLY, THEY WERE WORRIED THAT THE FEDERAL GOVERNMENT WOULD ABOLISH SLAVERY, WHICH THEY VIEWED AS TYRANNY

ALL, AND I MEAN ONE-HUNDRED-PERCENT, OF THE REASONS FOR THE CIVIL WAR HAD ENTIRELY AND EXCLUSIVELY TO DO WITH SLAVERY AND ANYONE WHO TELLS YOU DIFFERENTLY IS EITHER WOEFULLY MISINFORMED OR OR ACTIVELY TRYING TO MAKE THE TREASON OF THE SOUTHERN STATES SEEM MORE NOBLE.

AS FOR WHY IT WAS “DECLARED A WAR ON SLAVERY” BY THE NORTH– LINCOLN DID THIS BY ISSUING THE EMANCIPATION PROCLAMATION WHICH DECLARED ALL SLAVES IN THE REBEL STATES FREE. OF COURSE, THEY WERE REBEL STATES AND WOULD NOT OBEY AN ORDER FROM THEIR ENEMY, BUT THE EMANCIPATION PROCLAMATION WAS NEVER MEANT TO ACTUALLY FREE ANYONE, IT WAS MEANT TO SEND THE MESSAGE THAT LINCOLN’S ATTITUDE HAD CHANGED FROM “I DON’T CARE IF SLAVERY IS ABOLISHED AS LONG AS THE WAR ENDS” TO “SINCE THE WAR HAS ALWAYS BEEN ABOUT SLAVERY AND NOTHING ELSE, WE HAVE TO ABOLISH SLAVERY TO END THE WAR, EITHER SLAVERY IS ABOLISHED OR THE WAR DOESN’T END.”

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March 20th 1852: Uncle Tom’s Cabin published

On this day in 1852, American author Harriet Beecher Stowe’s novel Uncle Tom’s Cabin was published. Previously published as a serial in the anti-slavery periodical the National Era, Uncle Tom’s Cabin tells the story of a black slave and recounts the harsh reality of his enslavement. Stowe was an ardent advocate of the abolition of slavery, and wrote the novel in response to the passage of the controversial 1850 Fugitive Slave Act which was part of the Compromise of 1850. The Act ordered Northern citizens to assist in the return of runaway slaves from the South, thus forcing the generally anti-slavery North to become complicit in the continuance of the ‘peculiar institution’. The popular discontent over the slavery issue helped make Uncle Tom’s Cabin the best-selling novel of the nineteenth century and saw its translation into sixty languages. The novel helped keep the flames of anti-slavery sentiment alive, and is therefore sometimes attributed with helping start the American Civil War. While still hailed as a great anti-slavery work of its day, the novel falls short of modern expectations with its stereotypical portrayal of African-Americans.

“So you’re the little woman who wrote the book that started this great war”
- what, according to legend, Abraham Lincoln said upon meeting Stowe in 1862

The Arabs
— 

Who were the early Arabs?

Gates of the Harem. Lecomte du Nouy. (1878)

Early portrayal of Arabs in European paintings look like these men. Today these men will not be considered Arabs but were once portrayed as such. So who is an Arab and who are the real Arabs? These people inhabited much of North Africa from Tangiers to Cairo.

Arab in Turban. Constantine Makovsky (1882)

Today the word Arab will not bring this man to mind yet were once portrayed as such. So why has the meaning of the word changed over the centuries? Once inhabitants of north Africa and the middle east. 

Today we are being taught people of African decent in the middle East were nothing but descendants of slaves. We populated every land on this planet so why are people being taught they are descendants of slaves?

Portrait of an Oriental Man. Jules .V. Biesbroeck.(Unknown date)

An oriental man. This man will certainly not be considered Oriental in today’s world. Why do they keep changing the meanings of these words?

Today, everything is highlighted in schools around the world, descendants of slaves. Descendants of slavesDescendants of slaves. We populated every land on the planet.

Cairo to Sinai. Carl Haag (date unknown)

They want us to believe north Africa like the middle east have always been what they are.

They keep making slave movies. They keep making slave movies. They keep making slave movies. They keep making slave movies to remind us of our place in history. They wish we were their slaves.  North Africa like the middle east all have African origins.

American slavery V.S. African slavery

Ya know it’s frustrating when you’re trying to bring awareness to what’s happening to black people in america today. Especially when the touchy subject of slavery comes up. The first thing “society” yells is that “There was slavery in Africa too, why not talk about that?”  You know what? You’re right  LET’S TALK ABOUT  again. American slavery and African slavery are in two different ball games. If you don’t comprehend after this you possibly need a functional brain. I’m going to start with African slavery. In most African societies where there was slavery. The enslaved people were NOT treated as “chattel slaves”  (as Africans were in America). They had certain rights in a system similar to indentured servitude like elsewhere .  Most African slavery was due to wars ,crime ,kingdom take overs, wealth, and the gain of freedom . NOT due to greedy money hungry war mongers who destroyed humiliated and slaughtered  entire races of peoples. You know kinda how “society”did Turtle Island (America). Chattel slavery had only became legal and widespread throughout North Africa when the region was controlled by the Roman Empire (47 BC - ca and the Arabian  invasion.  Slavery later inhabited North American colony of Jamestown, Virginia, in 1619, to aid in the production of crops like tobacco. Slavery was practiced throughout the American colonies in the 17th and 18th centuries, and African slaves helped build the economic foundations of the new nation.  

Key Differences

*Children of enslaved people did not automatically become slaves.

*Most enslaved people were captured in battle.

*In some kingdoms, temporary slavery was a punishment for some crimes.

*In some cases, enslaved people could work to buy their freedom.

cicada3303 replied to your photo “@balddudesrock ALL SLAVERY SUPPORTERS ARE WORTHLESS PIECES OF HUMAN…”

“all confederate soldiers”? You need to pick up a history book. A very small percentage of those in the south actually owned slaves, and the war was about the north trying to enslave the south! The confederate flag is a symbol AGAINST slavery and racism, not for!

YEAH I HAVE A DEGREE IN AMERICAN HISTORY, I’VE READ DOZENS AND DOZENS OF PRIMARY SOURCES WRITTEN DIRECTLY BY BOTH CONFEDERATE SOLDIERS AND CONFEDERATE OFFICIALS, AND THE CONFEDERATE MOTIVE WAS PRETTY OPENLY AND UNABASHEDLY THE PRESERVATION OF SLAVERY. THAT WAS, LIKE, THEIR MAIN CONCERN. IT WAS SORTA THEIR WHOLE DEAL. SOUTHERN ARISTOCRATS PERCEIVED THAT NORTHERN REPUBLICANS WERE GOING TO ABOLISH SLAVERY AND COMMITTED AN ACT OF MASS TREASON IN ORDER TO PRESERVE THEIR “RIGHT” TO HOLD SLAVES. 

AT NO POINT WAS THE NORTH TRYING TO “ENSLAVE THE SOUTH,” IN FACT THE NORTH WASN’T EVEN ALL THAT INTERESTED IN GETTING RID OF SLAVERY UNTIL THE SOUTHERN STATES PITCHED AN ABSOLUTE HISSY-FIT AND TRIED TO TEAR THE COUNTRY IN HALF JUST BECAUSE THEY THOUGHT THE NORTH MIGHT TAKE SLAVERY AWAY FROM THEM. THIS IS NOT AN INTERPRETATION – THIS IS LITERALLY THEIR STATED MOTIVE FOR SECESSION. THE CONFEDERATE CAUSE WAS INHERENTLY AND TO ITS CORE PRO-SLAVERY, AND ANYONE WHO FOUGHT FOR THAT CAUSE WAS FIGHTING FOR THE CONTINUED SUBJUGATION AND ENSLAVEMENT OF THE BLACK POPULATION REGARDLESS OF WHETHER OR NOT THEY ACTUALLY PERSONALLY OWNED SLAVES. 

THE CONFEDERATE FLAG IS A SYMBOL OF TREASON FLOWN BY SOUTHERN COWARDS WHO WERE SO IN LOVE WITH THE IDEA OF STRIPPING OTHERS OF THEIR FREEDOM THAT THEY WERE WILLING TO INITIATE A WAR AND DIE FOR THEIR RIGHT TO DO SO, AND FRANKLY I DON’T SEE WHY WE SHOULD DISRESPECT THEIR MEMORY BY PRETENDING THEY DIED FOR SOMETHING OTHER THAN WHAT THEY OPENLY CLAIMED TO BE FIGHTING FOR! THE CORE OF EVERYTHING THE CONFEDERACY STOOD FOR WAS SLAVERY BECAUSE THE CORE OF EVERYTHING THE SOUTH STOOD FOR AT THE TIME WAS SLAVERY. 

THEY WERE ANGRY AT THE NORTH FOR “TRYING TO ENSLAVE THEM (INTO FREEING THEIR SLAVES)” AND “STRIPPING THEM OF THEIR RIGHTS (TO OWN SLAVES)” AND “TRYING TO IMPOSE FEDERAL POWER OVER THE STATES (BY ABOLISHING SLAVERY)” AND “RUINING THE SOUTHERN ECONOMY (WHICH WAS 100% DEPENDENT ON THE CONTINUED EXISTENCE OF SLAVERY)”

AND THAT’S WHY, IF THERE IS A HELL, EVERY LAST WILLING CONFEDERATE SOLDIER WITHOUT EXCEPTION IS CURRENTLY ROTTING THERE WHERE THEY BELONG, AND YES THIS INCLUDES ANY CONFEDERATE ANCESTORS ANY OF US MIGHT HAVE

The debates were childish and American politics has never been this fucked up!

The Caning of Sumner

In 1856 Senator Charles Sumner made a speech entitled “The Crime Against Kansas” where he criticized the pro-slavery movement and claimed that the South’s goal was to spread slavery throughout the North and into the Western frontier.  Throughout the speech he made several personal attacks against Southern politicians.  Among the insults, he mocked South Carolina Senator Andrew P. Butler, mocking his slurred speech and calling him a drunkard.  It was a pretty low blow, since Sen. Butler was not a drunkard but had suffered a stroke the previous year.

Butler’s nephew, Rep. Preston Brooks decided to take revenge on Sumner.  At first he wanted to challenge Sumner to a duel, but a duel is only reserved for gentleman of equal stature, and Rep. Laurence Keitt advised him that Sumner was no better than a drunkard and should be beat down.  He always carried a gold headed cane, and he knew what to do.

Two days later Brooks confronted Sumner in the Senate Chamber, exclaiming, ”Mr. Sumner, I have read your speech twice over carefully. It is a libel on South Carolina, and Mr. Butler, who is a relative of mine.”  Before Sumner could respond Brooks smashed the head of his cane across Sumners skull.  Sumner fell to the ground and was pinned underneath a desk as Brooks repeatedly beat him with his cane.  Several Senators tried to intervene, but Rep. Keitt pulled out a pistol and shouted, “let them be!”

The incident would become sensational across the country.  Senator Sumner was cast as a martyr by Northerners while Rep. Brooks was hailed as a hero throughout the South.  The incident further widened the gulf between North and South signaling the future bloodshed of the American Civil War.

Sumner survived the beating, but just barely.  It would take three years for him to recuperate from his injuries.  During and after the Civil War he would become a leader of the “Radical Republicans” and fought hard for civil rights and equality for newly freed slaves.  Preston Brooks resigned his seat in the House of Representatives.  Though he was convicted of assault, he only had to pay a $300 fine.  Representative Laurence Keitt also got in trouble when in 1858 he attacked and chocked Pennsylvania Rep. Gulasha A. Grow on the floor of Congress.  He would serve as a colonel in the Confederate Army, and was killed at the Battle of Cold Harbor.

The Election of 1800 — John Adams v. Thomas Jefferson

“(John Adams) has a hideous hermaphroditical character, which has neither the force and firmness of a man, nor the gentleness and sensibility of a woman.”

Thomas Jefferson

“(Thomas Jefferson) is a mean-spirited, low-lived fellow, the son of a half-breed Indian squaw, sired by a Virginia mulatto father.”

—John Adams

“The other [party] consists of the ill-tempered & rude men in society who have taken up a passion for politics. From both of these classes of disputants, keep aloof, as you would from the infected subjects of yellow fever or pestilence. Consider yourself, when with them, as among the patients of Bedlam needing medical more than moral counsel.”

Thomas Jefferson

“We would see our wives and daughters the victims of legal prostitution.”

—President of Yale University Timothy Dwight IV, on if Thomas Jefferson became president.

“Murder, robbery, rape, adultery, and incest will be openly taught and practiced, the air will be rent with the cries of the distressed, the soil will be soaked with blood, and the nation black with crimes. Look at your houses, your parents, your wives, and your children. Are you prepared to see your dwellings in flames, hoary hairs bathed in blood, female chastity violated, or children writhing on the pike and the halbert? … Look at every leading Jacobin as at a ravening wolf, preparing to enter your peaceful fold, and glut his deadly appetite on the vitals of your country… . GREAT GOD OF COMPASSION AND JUSTICE, SHIELD MY COUNTRY FROM DESTRUCTION.”

Connecticut Courant, September 29, 1800, Anti-Jefferson Editorial

“One of the most detestable of mankind”

—Martha Washington on John Adams

The Lyon - Griswold Brawl of 1798

The rivalry between Vermont Representative Matthew Lyon and Connecticut Representative Roger Griswold ran deep.  At first the rivalry was mere political, as Lyon was a Democrat-Republican and Griswold was a Federalist.  However the rivalry became personal when Griswold spread false rumors that Lyon had been convicted of cowardice during the Revolutionary War, and was forced to carry a wooden sword as punishment.  Later Griswold called Lyon a scoundrel, a very offensive term at the time, which provoked Lyon to spit in Griswold’s face.  

On February 15th, 1798 Griswold confronted Lyon in the Chambers of the US House of Representatives, and proceeded to beat Lyons across the head with a wooden cane. Lyon retreated to a nearby fireplace and armed himself with a pair of metal tongs, counterattacking with ferocity.  Griswold, however, sidestepped Lyon’s attack and tripped him, causing Lyon to topple to the ground.  Griswold then tried to beat Lyon while he was down, but in turn was pulled to the ground by Lyon.  The two grappledand wrestled with cane and tongs in hand until eventually other representatives separated the two men.

Griswold had to be pulled by his legs to be separated from Lyon.  Lyon acted coolly and calming, until unexpectedly he took up his tongs and attempted to bash Griswold over the head.  Griswold in turn countered with his cane, thus reigniting the brawl.  Once against the two had to be separated, this time placed in opposite sides of the room with guards posted to watch over both men.

The Jenifer - Bynam Duel of 1836

In June of 1836 congressman Daniel Jenifer made a public insult of Andrew Jackson’s party.  Congressman Jesse Bynum felt so offended by the insult that he demanded on the floor of Congress that Jenifer retract his statement.  When Jenifer refused Bynum demanded satisfaction by blood.

On that same day both men met at Bladensburg, Maryland, the traditional dueling grounds of American gentlemen.  The weapon of choice was pistols, and both men paced off ten feet from each other.  In succession both men fired at each other, missing with each shot.  After the two opponents had fired six times each without hitting each other the duel was declared a draw.

“That bastard brat of a Scottish peddler! His ambition, his restlessness and all his grandiose schemes come, I’m convinced, from a superabundance of secretions, which he couldn’t find enough whores to absorb.” 

—John Adams on Alexander Hamilton

“He is a pot bellied mutton headed cucumber.”

— Zachary Taylor on his opponent Lewis Cass

“the blood thirsty Jackson began again to show his cannibal propensities, by ordering his Bowman to dress a dozen of these Indian bodies for his breakfast, which he devoured without leaving even a fragment.”

An account of Andrew Jackson’s supposed acts of cannibalism, from the “Coffin Handbills”, election of 1828

“He is laced up in corsets such as a woman in town would wear !”

—Rep. Davy Crockett accusing Martin Van Buren of being a cross-dresser

“A horrid-looking wretch, sooty and scoundrelly in aspect, a cross between the nutmeg dealer, the horse-swapper, and the nightman.”

—Stephen Douglas on Abraham Lincoln

“His ideas of popular sovereignty are as thin as the homeopathic soup that was made by boiling the shadow of a pigeon that had starved to death.”

—Abraham Lincoln on Stephen Douglas

“Garfield has shown that he is not possessed of the backbone of an angle-worm.”

Ulysses S. Grant on James A. Garfield

“a Byzantine logothete backed by flubdubs and mollycoddles.”

—Theodore Roosevelt on Woodrow Wilson

“He writes the worst English that I have ever encountered. It reminds me of a string of wet sponges; it reminds me of tattered washing on the line; it reminds me of stale bean soup, of college yells, of dogs barking idiotically through endless nights. It is so bad that a sort of grandeur creeps into it. It drags itself out of the dark abysm of pish and crawls insanely up the topmost pinnacle of posh. It is rumble and bumble. It is flap and doodle. It is balder and dash. 

—H. L. Mencken on Warren G. Harding

“He’s thin, boys. He’s thin as piss on a hot rock.”

—Senator William E. Jenner on W. Averell Harriman, governor of New York

“Why this fellow doesn’t know any more about politics than a pig knows about Sunday.”

—Harry Truman on Dwight D. Eisenhower

“He’s a nice guy but he’s played to much football with his helmet off.”

“Ford’s economics are the worst thing that’s happened to this country since pantyhose ruined finger-fucking.”

“Jerry Ford is so dumb he can’t fart and chew gum at the same time.”

—Lyndon Johnson on Gerald Ford

anonymous asked:

I can't believe people are defending Tara Lipinski's wedding at a plantation that was owned by someone who signed the ordinance of succession, seeing how a skater like Surya Bonaly was treated, is the FS fandom always this unfriendly to black skaters?

Thanks for asking?

Pro tip, before we start: not everyone is American. The world does not revolve around American history. Not every country learns American history by rote. tl;dr: I had to Google a lot to figure out what you were even talking about and why it was potentially a problem.

(I had to assume you meant secession, not succession.)

So, what I’ve figured out, is that the person who once owned this plantation signed a document that was part of the southern states of the US leaving the union because they wanted slavery and the north didn’t - cue Civil War. Okay, I can understand how this is a problem. What I can’t figure out is if the same family still owns it? Because that would be a really big problem.

I don’t like Lipinski all that much, and I can’t stand her and Weir in commentary, but honestly, while not defending it, I’m reckoning she’s just ignorant of the history. Wouldn’t be the first one. But perhaps I don’t understand properly, since I am not American and am not intimately familiar with their history.

As for Surya Bonaly, while she did get a lot of racism directed her way, she was hardly screwed out of tons of medals/victories like a lot of the tumblr memes make out; she was a three time World Junior medallist (including Champion), five time European champion, a three time World medallist, went to three Olympic Games, and ended her career with 30 medals as an international Senior, a superb feat and one definitely worth celebrating!

I don’t find that the “FS fandom is “always this unfriendly to black skaters”. There are several at the international level, and I don’t think they’re scored any more or less differently than other skaters.

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North African Pirates in 17th Century Iceland

The Barbary Corsairs were a large band of infamous pirates from the Barbary States, now comprised of Tunisia, Algeria, and Morocco.  Between the 17th and 19th century the Barbary Pirates were the terror of the high seas, raiding throughout the Mediterranean, but also raiding as far north of Ireland, England, Scotland, and Scandinavia.  Craving wealth, they often struct Spanish treasure fleets contained gold, silver, and jewels from the New World.  In fact they took whatever was of value with which they could make some money with.  One of their most lucrative items were slaves, and between the 17th and 19th centuries it is estimated that the Barbary Pirates abducted between 800.000 and 1.25 million people.

One of the Barbary Pirate’s most remote targets was Iceland.  At the time Iceland was an easy pick, they had few weapons, no organized military, and little violence had occurred on the island since the days of the Vikings.  In 1627, a Barbary fleet under the command of Dutch pirate  Jan Janszoon sailed north toward Iceland on a raiding mission.  They arrived at Iceland on June 20th and over the next month raided villages along the eastern and southern coasts.  While Iceland was a soft target, it also didn’t sport many riches.  At best all the pirates found was salted fish and furs.  So the Barbary Pirates decided to take the one thing in Iceland that was of value; slaves.  During the raids 400 Icelanders were abducted to be sold into slavery. Scores of others were killed. Other sources estimate as high as 900 or 1,000, although primary Icelandic sources stick to 400.  The Barbary Pirates were also lucky to have caught some incoming ships from the Netherlands, England, and Denmark, which made the expedition worthwhile.  The 400 Icelanders were sold into slavery at Barbary markets in North Africa.  Among the slaves were Olafur Egilsson, a Lutheran Minister who later wrote an account of his life in captivity, and Guðríður Símonardóttir, who became a concubine until she was personally brought back by King Christian IV of Denmark.  Of the 400 Icelanders abducted, 27 returned home.  In Iceland, the raids were known as the “Turkish Raids” or “Turkish Abductions” since the Barbary States were a part of the Turkish Ottoman Empire at the time.

The Barbary Pirates continued their raiding and plundering for the next two centuries.  In the early 19th century a combined fleet of British, French, Spanish, Dutch, and American warships made war on the Barbary States, which greatly reduced their power.  The end of the Barbary Pirates came in 1830 when France conquered and occupied Algeria.

time.com
Slavery on America's College Campuses Went Beyond Buying and Selling
The relationship between early academia in the U.S. and the institution of slavery was extensive

Slavery was critical to the economy, north and south, of much of the early republic. It’s challenging to appreciate just how many things – including institutions like schools and churches, which today we would like to view as benevolent – were involved with this exploitative economic system.

Rebellious slaves and abolitionists were not just speaking up for individual liberty, they were advocating taking apart a large part of the economy.

Confession: I really hate how Americanized Columbus Day is. He didn’t land on Plymouth Rock. He landed in the Caribbean and South America and enslaved the Taino and Kalinago and killed off the Ciboney. He kicked of slavery in the south, way before North America was colonised. People erase caribbean and latino people from Columbus Day history because we’re now mostly black and indigenous. We were affected directly yet no one prioritizes our voices.

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Nine Important African American Texts

Ilvermorny

Because I’m sick to death of people missing certain features and forgetting history.

1. Ilvermorny is not the only American Wizarding school. The lore says that it “became the most popular school”. You can’t become the most popular school unless others exist.

2. Isolt is not a “white savior”. She did not start actually start a school on purpose. She also did not try and force anything on others. People came to her to learn. She did not seek them out herself. The school actually started as a home for her family and evolved into a school when more and more people showed up to learn from her.

3. Isolt came over on the Mayflower. This means that the period we know about for the school right now was BEFORE the Salem Witch Trials, racist slavery and the mass genocide of North American Natives. In fact, some tribes around the Massachusetts Bay Colony where very closed allied with the Europeans at that time. King Phillips War (1675-1676) was the first time it really began to fall apart. What this means is people need to stop acting like it’s horrible that JK Rowling hasn’t talked about those things yet. It should come in time. Well hopefully. I’ll be bitching about it if she doesn’t explain what happened during major points in US history eventually too.

4. If you’re not Native American you don’t have the right to call something appropriation of Native American cultures. Currently the ONLY people I see saying the naming of the houses is appropriation are white. The Native American posters I’ve seen actually do not think it’s appropriation. In fact, they seem quite happy that their culture is in the spotlight somewhat. So stop talking over Native Americans if you’re not Native American.

Besides the obvious cultural implications that come with it, Confederate is ridiculous bc the idea of the South–an agrarian economy supported by slavery–beating the North–an industrial economy that made actual goods from the shit the South grew–not once but THREE TIMES and maintaining a country based solely on fuckin cotton and Indigo is beyond laughable.

Having been enslaved for 250 years, black people were not left to their own devices. They were terrorized. In the Deep South, a second slavery ruled. In the North, legislatures, mayors, civic associations, banks, and citizens all colluded to pin black people into ghettos, where they were overcrowded, overcharged, and undereducated. Businesses discriminated against them, awarding them the worst jobs and the worst wages. Police brutalized them in the streets. And the notion that black lives, black bodies, and black wealth were rightful targets remained deeply rooted in the broader society. Now we have half-stepped away from our long centuries of despoilment, promising, “Never again.” But still we are haunted. It is as though we have run up a credit-card bill and, having pledged to charge no more, remain befuddled that the balance does not disappear. The effects of that balance, interest accruing daily, are all around us.
— 

The Case for Reparations by Ta-Nehisi Coates

If you are not reading this, what are you doing.

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Statue in Old Town Alexandria, Va.

Emily & Mary Edmonson were two of the 77 that tried to escape from Md slavery to the North on the ship ‘The Pearl.’ The ship was seized and they we’re put in jail. Their free father tried to raise funds to free them as they were taken to New Orleans to become ‘fancy girls.’ The yellow fever epidemic broke out in NOLA and they were sent to Va.

Funds were raised as their account spread and they were freed. Their story made them celebrities of the abolitionist movement and featured in Harriet Beecher Stowe’s ‘A Key to Uncle Tom’s Cabin.’

Info via msa.maryland.gov xxx visitalexandriava.com xxx wiki

I wouldn’t have learned none of this if I wasn’t just walking around looking for some breakfast lol 😀

Shot by Chris-smith.net
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April 12th 1861: Firing on Fort Sumter

On this day in 1861, the American Civil War began when the first shots were fired upon Fort Sumter. Several Southern states had already seceded from the United States when this conflict occurred. The Southern slaveholding states had long been at odds with the anti-slavery agenda of the North, but secession was immediately preciptated by the election of anti-slavery Republican Abraham Lincoln as President in 1860. Fort Sumter was a Union base in South Carolina, which was the first state to secede and thus its government demanded Union forces leave their state. The moment the siege became a battle and the fort was fired upon by Confederate forces, it seemed clear to all that civil war had begun. No one was killed in the conflict, perhaps a false omen that the civil war which became the bloodiest in American history would not be a costly one. The Union forces at the fort eventually surrendered, thus making it a victory for the Confederates. In the aftermath of the struggle each side called for troops and war soon broke out in full force. The American Civil War saw the defeat of the Southern secessionists and the end of slavery - the ‘peculiar institution’ - in the United States.

anonymous asked:

This whole "reverse real" thing is incredibly ignorant of you, and disrespectful to European people who are/have been opressed. The Serbs valiantly fought the Ottoman Empire for centuries, the Russians were conquered by Ghingis Khaan's army, Scandinavians were sold into slavery in North Africa. And Afrikaners are the #1 victims of ethnic hate crimes in South Africa. I used to respect you. But I now see that you're just like all the other social justice warrior scum out there. -Vlad K.

I realize I didn’t explicitly state it in that post, but I was referring to racism and privilege as it applies to the present day United States. Perhaps I should have made that more clear. 

However, if you encounter any 13th century Russians I might have offended, please send them my way so I can apologize.