Sharing my reading tonight. Middle Passage Monday…sigh.
This is by far one of the heaviest nights of the week for me. Doing research on the specifics of the slave trade and the gruesome middle passage our ancestors endured before even making it to the “New World”.
So many emotions. This is going to be difficult. Share this information far and wide.
It needs saying that the rising death toll in Haiti is the result of an unnatural disaster. When the French colonized the place, it was the pearl of the Antilles. They imported slaves rapidly to build plantations, at some points amounting to more than a third of the New World slave trade. When they left, they demanded reparations for losing the property in bodies and land that amounted by 1900 to 80% of the national budget, paid by selling off the timber that kept hurricanes from devastating the island. By the time the debt was paid in 1947, the island was deep in a cycle of debt, deforestation, and military interventions by foreign powers that continues to this day. -Laura Briggs
The Rothschilds control the global financial system and have accumulated their power by theft and exploitation. Their whole system is based on a gigantic fraud because there is no money, as we perceive it. The paper money and coins in your pocket are backed by nothing. Their value is only the value that we can be persuaded they have. They are just worthless pieces of paper (a promise-to-pay or promissory note) and pieces of metal that we are tricked into taking seriously. Most ‘money’ is not even something you can hold today. It is only figures on a computer screen - current-cy in every sense. 'Money’ is brought into circulation through what is called 'credit’, but what is this 'credit’? It is a belief-system, that’s all, a belief that it exists. The banks are not lending us anything and we are paying them fortunes to do so. The bloodline families, particularly the Rothschilds, have controlled governments and banking for centuries and they have been able to dictate the laws of the financial system and introduce what is called 'fractional reserve lending’. This allows banks to lend at least ten times what they have on deposit. In other words, they are lending 'money’ they don’t have and that doesn’t exist - called 'credit’ - and are charging interest on it. When you go to a bank to borrow, say £50,000, you have to provide 'collateral’ by signing over your house, land, car or business, and this will go to the bank if you don’t meet the repayments. What is the bank giving you in return for this? Nothing. It types into your account £50,000 and that’s it. The £50,000 doesn’t really exist - it is a line of non-existent 'credit’.
“She was a queen captured in her homeland, and forcibly transported across the Atlantic Ocean in the belly of a slave ship. In the New World, she would eventually rise up to become the leader of a new nation – of free Africans. However, not many people outside of Jamaica know of the legendary ‘Nanny’, warrior chieftainess of the Jamaican Maroons, one of the most celebrated, but least recognized heroines in the resistance history of the New World.
Queen Nanny is the only female among Jamaica’s seven national heroes. Her likeness appears on the country’s $500 bill. Yet, not much is known about this mystical person, who led a band of former enslaved Africans in the rugged and remote interiors of Jamaica in their victory over the mighty British army during the early to mid-eighteenth century.
Most of what we know about Queen Nanny comes through Maroon oral history and folklore, and very little is written about her in historical texts. So, who was this herbal healer, prophetess, and African warrior queen? Conceived by award-winning Jamaican-born, American filmmaker, Roy T. Anderson, and history professor, Harcourt T. Fuller, this landmark one-hour documentary film, Queen Nanny: Legendary Maroon Chieftainess unearths and examines this mysterious figure that is Queen Nanny of the Maroons.
About the middle of the 18th century, runaway enslaved Africans in the Americas and the Caribbean were generally referred to as Cimarronesor Maroons. In Jamaica, this group waged an 80-year military campaign that resulted in the defeat of the formidable British army. As a result, two peace treaties were signed in 1738/39 granting the Maroons territorial sovereignty in their remote mountainous strongholds, including what is now the Blue and John Crow Mountains National Park.
Queen Nanny: Legendary Maroon Chieftainess documents the struggle for freedom by the Jamaican Maroons, led by the indomitable military genius, ‘Grandy’ Nanny. A spiritual leader, skilled in the use of herbs and ‘guerilla warfare’ tactics, from her mountain stronghold at the source of the Stony River in the Blue Mountains, she directed the warfare that effectively neutralized the vaunted British firepower.
Nanny symbolizes the pride of today’s Caribbean women. In fact, Jamaica’s first female and former Prime Minister Portia Simpson Miller, paid homage to Queen Nanny in her January 2012 inauguration speech, and continues to do so at every opportunity. And although Maroons, who all proudly proclaim to be Grandy Nanny’s ‘pickibo’ (children), are appreciative that she was named National Hero in 1976, to them her historical importance is such that she is seen as a powerful, living, breathing presence for almost three centuries.
Shot in Jamaica, Ghana, Canada, and the United States over the course of two years, the film features interviews and conversations with world-renowned scholars and present-day Maroons. We also engage a select group of women, to explore Queen Nanny’s impact on their lives, and how she has influenced them in their own pioneering work.
One of the highlights of the film is a historic 35-person expedition to the rugged hills of Old Nanny Town in the Blue Mountains of Jamaica. Legend has it that only the bravest Maroons or those “free of bad deeds” can safely venture up to this sacred spot where Nanny’s powerful spirit still inhabits. As we seek to uncover the history and legacy of Queen Nanny, her intriguing story is also told through songs, performances, poetry, narration, and a series of re-enactments.
Following on the heels of Akwantu: the Journey (2012), Anderson’s award-winning film on the history of the Jamaican Maroons, Queen Nanny:Legendary Maroon Chieftainess expands on the story of the New World’s first successful freedom-fighters by shedding light on to one of the leading figures in that struggle. This documentary also serves as a prelude to the dramatic telling of the epic story of this larger-than-life iconic persona.”
As a person who fully feels the world is all about labeling everyone (either by the extreme of bar codes or simply using naturally labels like our fingerprints) this song hits the sweet spot of paranoia for myself.
Slave New World was released off their Chaos A.D. album back in September of ‘93. The fighting passion of freedom can easily be lifted from the lyrics & pumped through anyone’s the heart & soul. Sepultura may not be the same as they were in 1993, but with Soulfly & Cavalera Conspiracy still thrashing out harder than ever, Max Cavalera always creates the grooves that bend my necks in ways that should probably break it in two!
The people of Yoruba (originally from Nigeria) brought their mythology and traditions to New World during the slave trade. As slaves, they were forced to believe in Christianity, however rather than dismissing their own beliefs, they merged the two. With this combination, Santería was born.
This video is a very fascinating look into the religion of Santería. The religion is often met with shock due to its animal sacrifices. As a result, Santeras choose to stay quiet about their beliefs and practices. From what I’ve gathered, it seems that the secretive lifestyle has led to stronger relationships with the Orishas. Rather than telling everyone else about their religion, more time is spent on the actual spiritual growth, making it very personal journey.
After women’s rights were abolished and every young female became the property of a man, a great demand for work-out opportunities arose. After all, most men wanted their new toys to be fit and attractive. Group work-out classes such as these offered an opportunity for cunts to be socialized with other females. Forced to strip naked and perform degrading exercises, cunts spent 60 minutes 3x a week being reminded of their proper place in life.
Enslaved peoples were brought to the Americas from many places in Africa, but a large majority came from relatively few ethnic groups. Drawing on a wide range of materials in four languages as well as on her lifetime study of slave groups in the New World, Gwendolyn Midlo Hall explores the persistence of African ethnic identities among the enslaved over four hundred years of the Atlantic slave trade. Hall traces the linguistic, economic, and cultural ties shared by large numbers of enslaved Africans, showing that despite the fragmentation of the diaspora many ethnic groups retained enough cohesion to communicate and to transmit elements of their shared culture. Hall concludes that recognition of the survival and persistence of African ethnic identities can fundamentally reshape how people think about the emergence of identities among enslaved Africans and their descendants in the Americas, about the ways shared identity gave rise to resistance movements, and about the elements of common African ethnic traditions that influenced regional creole cultures throughout the Americas.Drawing on a wide range of primary and secondary materials in four languages, Hall explores the persistence of African ethnic identity among slaves in the Americas and the Caribbean.