Marie Sklodowska Curie
The first woman to become a Professor of General Physics at Sorbonne. With her husband, she was awarded half of the Nobel Prize for Physics in 1903, for their study of radiation. She was the first woman to ever win a Nobel Prize. She then received a second Nobel Prize in Chemistry for her work in radioactivity. With multiple degrees in physics and mathematics, her work pioneered the way for future research and discoveries.