six wheel drive

Good Things in Mass Effect: Andromeda

• how many shits Liam Kosta gives
• krogan no longer dividing themselves by gender
• Vetra letting the crew in on her stash of Blast-o’s because Lexi is forcing everyone to eat healthy
• krogan men learning to co-parent
• krogan watching movies made by the other milky way aliens in order to learn how to court each other
• Liam’s dirty old couch
• that rose garden Cora wants
• climbing a mountainside and shifting from six to four wheel drive just as you get over the top and boosting all the way down

add your own!


Bovington Tank Museum Part 15

Photo 4 by Bernard Zee

1 & 2) Sdkfz 234/3 “Stummel”. Unlike virtually every other German combat vehicle the 234 series were diesel powered, using an air-cooled Tatra engine. In terms of suspension and steering they were very advanced for their day and included a position for a rear facing driver. Originally designed for use in hot climates, this vehicle is notable for its air cooled diesel engine. The model 234/3 was fitted with a short 75mm gun and was used in the close support role with conventional armoured cars. That is to say it fired high explosive ammunition against defenses that a normal armoured car could not deal with. This exhibit is finished in the markings of 116th Panzer Division.

3) Sdkfz 2/2 “Kettenkrad”. The German commitment to military mechanization is well illustrated in this highly specialized vehicle. It was designed by NSU in 1939 and was intended to operate with paratroops as a light, air-portable tractor for supply trailers or small guns. They were first noted by the Allies during the invasion of Crete in 1941. Turning the handlebars activates steering brakes on the tracks. It is also a very sophisticated machine, with roller bearing, rubber padded tracks; expensive to manufacture and difficult to maintain. It is altogether too complicated for military use.

4 & 5) Morris Mark I Scout Car. When the BEF returned from France in June, 1940, it abandoned virtually all of its vehicles. A massive rearmament programme got under way but in the meantime various manufacturers were encouraged to produce small armoured vehicles for defense against invasion. Morris Motors came up with this design, based on standard commercial components. Despite the primitive design and rather flimsy construction these little vehicles were soon in service all over the world.

6) Humber Mark I Armored Car. Not to be confused with the Humber Scout Car, the Mark I had actual armor and a big gun. When Guy Motors stopped building armoured cars in 1940, production was taken over by Karrier Motors. The new Humbers looked similar to the Guys although they were equipped with 15mm Besa MGs. In practice the larger machine-gun, the 15mm weapon, could only fire single shots accurately. In automatic mode the gun barrel whipped so much that it was impossible to hit anything. This exhibit saw service with the 11th Armored Division.

7 & 8) M8 Greyhound. Powered by the Hercules 6 cylinder engine the M8 had an excellent performance but was very lightly armoured and somewhat vulnerable with its open topped turret. On the other hand it had a remarkably low silhouette, particularly for a vehicle with six-wheel drive, which was an asset in the reconnaissance role. It served with United States forces in all theaters and with many Allied armies, notably France. It was not popular due to its poor performance against land mines.

9 ) Sdkfz 251/8 Ausf C. German theories on tank warfare, developed before the war, required infantry to travel in protected vehicles in close cooperation with tanks and motorized artillery. The idea was not new, but the Germans were the first to put it into practice. Their standard troop carrier was the SdKfz 251, an armoured three-quarter track vehicle. This carrier was the 44th produced by B.M.M. in Czechoslovakia in 1941. It has riveted construction and room inside for eight seated casualties or 2 stretcher cases and 4 seated casualties.

10) Universal Carrier No. 1 Mark II. One of the most famous vehicles of the Second World War it became as familiar to the British Army as the Jeep was to the Americans. The design goes back to the pre-war years, beginning with the tiny Carden-Loyd machine of 1927. As originally conceived it was a light weapons carrier for infantry units but it was found to have so many other uses that it ultimately served with virtually every branch of the British and Commonwealth armies in every theatre of war. This exhibit is in the markings of the Dorsetshire Regiment in 43rd (Wessex) Division.

Submitted by the still always based cavalier-renegade
Every Killer Car in Mad Max: Fury Road Explained
Enter the post-Apocalyptic chop shop of quite possibly the most explosive, adrenaline-fueled chase movie ever

 “No one taught me about cars,” Gibson tells me via phone. “But I knew I wanted to find things that were beautiful. No matter how horrific the circumstance that doesn’t mean you aren’t trying to create something beautiful. We just wanted to find something iconic, something worth salvaging.”

For the main story line, Gibson created 88 final cars, each with its own story and team of mechanics. But all told, he made 150 Frankenbeast vehicles…

Furiosa’s War Rig

This massive rig is as much of a character in the film as any—so it makes sense that it’s driven by the movie’s real hero, bionic-armed Imperator Furiosa (Charlize Theron). It’s a Czechoslovakian Tatra and Chevy Fleetmaster fused together into a six-wheel-drive 18-wheeler powered with twin V8 engines. It also has a long, bulky fuel tank and a fuel pod trailer hanging off the end. Welded to the hull are Volkswagen Beetle and Track cabin shells that are like mobile forts for the War Boys to hang onto during supply runs and battle missions. The rig also has racks of tools and concealed weapons along its entire body, along with such details as a wirework steering wheel affixed with a skull.

“I don’t think there’s anything Charlize couldn’t do,” Gibson says. “She didn’t always have to be responsible for driving it, particularly when it was going over 80 km per hour, but she most certainly did drive it.”

Immortan Joe’s Gigahorse

Joe’s car is made of two 1959 Cadillac Devilles split, widened, and mounted with jacked-up fins along the side and rears. It’s a car made for a despot, because well, he is one. (Actor Hugh Keays-Byrne also appeared in the first film). His beast has a custom gearbox, with two V16 engines and two-meter-high double-wide wheels. It has a whaler’s harpoon and a flamethrower along the rear, too.  

Gibson says the tail of the 1959 Cadillac stood out to him as something exceptionally beautiful and worth salvaging.  “In a world where nobody had one of anything, it seemed a fait accompli that he would have a pair of 1959 coupe DeVilles,” Gibson says. “We spent two months making them operational.”

Doof Warrior’s Doof WagonThis is possibly the most feverishly insane contraption of them all. Warner Brothers calls it a “sonic carmageddon,” an apt description. This speaker-stacked, guitar-thrashed monstrosity was meant to rally the troops in the way drummers marched with soldiers in ancient battles. It has a supercharged V8 engine with a mobile stage, a wall of speakers and sub-woofers, and air conditioning ducts meant to drive home the beat of the accompanying Taiko drummers. The Doof Warrior swings from a bungee cord mounted to the front as he shreds metal while flames are thrown from a double-necked electric guitar. Somebody will definitely recreate it at Burning Man this year.

Nux’s Chevrolet Coupe

The hot young War Boy (Nicholas Hoult) drives a hot car: a Chevy five-window coupe with a super-turbocharged, nitrous-boosted, steel coil, V8 engine. The whole thing has canted wheels and swooping exhaust pipes. It even has details of things Nux picked up in his short life, such as a doll-face steering wheel.

“Because he was a young man, he was screaming out for a young man’s hot rod,” Gibson says. “The ‘32 Deuce coupe is the perfect little hot rod to drive to Valhalla—everything we did to that car was to fetishize it.”

This is not all of the cars. THERE ARE MANY MORE, GUYS.


Bovington Tank Museum Part 18

1 to 3) T-55 Enigma. Unofficial name for an upgrade standard applied to a few Iraqi T-55s. According to some Iraqis, the official name was “Al Faw.” As the western name suggests, very little is known about the T-55 Enigma tanks, aside from what can be ascertained from models captured during the Gulf War by Coalition forces. In short, the upgrade standard concerned giving the vehicle a huge amount of crude, but effective, composite armor. The vehicles could, sometimes, resist AT missile strikes. It is estimated that no more than eight (but no fewer than five) Enigma tanks ever existed, with at least four on display in museums today.

4) FV4017 Centurion Mk. 3. The Centurion tank had been built to take a 76.2mm gun, the famous seventeen pounder, but the design allowed for improvements. By 1947 the Royal Ordnance Factory had designed a new 83.4mm weapon, known as the twenty pounder, with a much better performance and this was adopted for a new model Centurion, the Mark 3, which also featured an improved version of the Rolls-Royce Meteor engine. Some 2,800 Mark 3 tanks were completed by 1956. It was the largest production run of any Mark of Centurion tank although many were later rebuilt into other Marks.

5 to 7) A39 Tortoise. British heavy assault tank design developed in WWII but never put into mass production. It was developed for the task of clearing heavily fortified areas and as a result favored armour protection over mobility. Although heavy, at 78 tons, and not readily transported, it was considered reliable and a good gun platform, possessing up to 228mm of armor and a 32-pounder main gun. Only a few prototypes of the Tortoise had been produced by the end of the war.

8) BRDM-2-RKhb. Soviet radiological/chemical reconnaissance vehicle. A scout car designed to detect polluted ground and mark it with flags. The ideal reconnaissance vehicle should be quiet, fast, and above all inconspicuous. However the Russians require many of their combat vehicles to be amphibious and this means that they have to be large. It’s great bulk allows it to float readily. Four belly wheels are stored underneath for additional traction. This specimen was captured from Iraq in 1991.

9 & 10) FV601b Saladin Armored Car. Well armed, highly mobile reconnaissance vehicle. Based on considerable experience in WWII, British designers concluded that a six-wheel drive armored car would be ideal. All six wheels are driven and the front four steer. Similar chassis were created for the Saracen APC. Saladin entered service with the British Army, both Regular and Territorial, from 1958. Its cross-country performance was impressive and the gun proved to be extremely effective, even against tanks in some cases

Submitted by cavalier-renegade.