sino relations

Reasons to Ship RoChu

Because I think the RoChu part of the Hetalia fandom needs a little pick-me-up. And potentially some new friends to ship RoChu with. 

Here goes.

1. Sino-Soviet Treaty of ~Friendship, Alliance and Mutual Assistance~. On Valentine’s Day. ‘Nuff said.

2. China and Russia being communist buddies during the peak of Sino-Soviet relations during the Cold War. (Rom-coms!? How great does that sound?)

3. China and Russia being the angsty break-up-make-up couple during the tougher parts of Sino-Soviet relations during the Cold War.

4. China and Russia canonly stuffing their faces with donuts whilst watching the other Allies bicker during a meeting.

5. China canonly feeling up Russia’s bicep and worrying about him.

6. Russia canonly dressing up as a panda to spy on China and get some noice cuddles in the process.

7. China being an absolute sucker for giving hugs and affection. Russia being desperate for affection/company.

8. Russia and China being able to share their difficult history and scars together.

9. Tol/Smol cuddles and kisses. (Like, seriously, just imagine Russia bundling China up in his arms?????)

10. ALL THE PET NAME POTENTIAL (that’s a list for another day….)

This has only just scratched the surface, to be honest. But alas, lists must come to an end. Nonetheless, feel free to add more reasons via reply/reblog!


you know what I see when I look at you and America? nothing but two stupid boys drunk on the power of their new toys, playing at being men.

well tbh this relationship was full of antagonism and calculation- so i prefer portraying it as such. as much as Sino-Soviet relations were seen as essential to presenting the communist bloc as a united front, the USSR and China were very much competing for leadership of global communism and had deep ideological disputes in addition to that. 

Also, I think Yao often can’t help seeing the rest of them as but children- even if dangerous and violent ones- because he’s lived for so much longer and his history is pretty bloody. When he’s pissed, he will be extremely condescending about it- chinese culture does place quite a bit of emphasis on seniority and deferring to one’s elders. 

China–Germany Relations
Sino–German relations were formally established in 1861, when Prussia and the Qing Empire concluded the 1st treaty during the Eulenburg Expedition.  Ten years later, the German Empire was founded so the new state inherited the old treaty. Relations on the whole were frosty at the time with Germany joining imperialist powers like Great Britain and France in carving out spheres of influence in the Chinese Empire. Germany also participated in the crushing of the Boxer Rebellion, a violent anti-foreign, anti-Christian uprising in China between 1899 and 1901. After WW1, relations gradually improved, though this changed again in the 1930s as Hitler allied himself with Japan. During the aftermath of WW2, Germany was split in 2: liberal democratic West Germany and communist East Germany. Cold War tensions led to West Germany’s alliance with the USA against Communism and thus, against China. East Germany was allied through the Soviet Union with China. After the German Reunification, relations gradually improved. 

According to a 2014 BBC World Service Poll, 42% of Chinese people view Germany’s influence positively, compared with 22% who do not. Unlike Portugal or the Netherlands, German states were not involved in the early (16-17th centuries) contacts between Europe and China. Nonetheless, a number of individual Germans reached China then, often as Jesuit missionaries. Some of them played a significant role in China’s history - Johann Adam Schall von Bell (in China 1619-1666) was in Beijing when it was taken by the Manchus in 1644; he soon became a trusted counselor of the early Qing leaders. The earliest trades occurred overland through Siberia; they were subject to transit taxes by the Russians. In order to make it more profitable, German traders took the sea route. The first merchant ships arrived in China’s Qing Dynasty as part of the Royal Prussian Asian Trading Company of Emden in the 1750s.

In the late 1800s, Sino-foreign trade was dominated by the British Empire, so Otto von Bismarck was eager to establish German footholds in China to balance British dominance. In 1885, he had the Reichstag pass a steamship subsidy bill, offering direct service to China and sent the first German banking and industrial survey group to evaluate investment possibilities. This led to the establishment of the Deutsch-Asiatische Bank in 1890. Through these efforts, Germany was 2nd to Britain in trading and shipping in China by 1896. Today, Germany is China’s biggest EU trading partner and technology exporter. German investment in China ranks 2nd among European countries after the UK. China is Germany’s 2nd-largest trading partner outside of the EU, after the USA. In 2008, the trade volume between the 2 countries surpassed 100 billion USD. By 2014, German Chancellor Angela Merkel had visited China on trade missions 7 times since assuming office in 2005, underlining the importance of China to the German economy and vice versa.

anonymous asked:

one thing that bugs me is the term POC, or WOC or any other contrived acronym that denotes all non-white ethnicities as a cohesive unit, while totally disregarding the complex relationships between these ethnic groups. but i suppose you can't expect the preteen white american tumblr blogger who barely can wipe their own asses to be able to suss out the intricacies of say, sino-japanese ethnic relations or the fact that everyone in the middle east and turkey hates the kurds.

anyways abt victoria n yixing n lu han etc weiboing imperialistic nationalistic hashtags: me and @2yuehong were just talking about how chinese celebs arent afforded the same ‘voice’ and social influence that e.g. US celebrities have. singers and actors and famous ppl in america can tweet their support for black lives matter, can openly back up marginalized groups and rights movements w/o such intense backlash that it would destroy their entire career. as disenfranchised marginalized ppl are in america, at least theres some sense of openness and collective support that is publicly accepted. 

its different in china – remember when tzuyu was literally only waving the taiwan flag around on a korean tv show (not even a chinese one!) and china exploded on her… and then she had to record an apology affirming that she was indeed ‘chinese’ like going against chinese public opinion as a celebrity who is chinese or taiwanese is essentially actively ruining your own career. iirc twice is banned from pursuing activities in mainland china now? bc tzuyu was waving a goddam flag.

 for any major mainland chinese celebrity to not go along w/ the hashtag would invite severe backlash not just from weibo but from media and the chinese government as well. neutrality isnt an option for them, unless they want 2 end their own careers, and as much as we want to see them take a revolutionary stance against chinese imperialism and speak up for vietnamese, or philippinx, or south korean ppl, its difficult to admit that they rly cant. staying silent is not an option for them, much less speaking up for anyone who isnt “chinese”. 

basically wut im trying to say is – yes the hashtag is every kind of disgusting and the comments that r going w/ it r even worse, but it doesnt necessarily reflect victoria etc’s own views, esp as overseas artists who understand sino-korean relations on a deeper level. and even if does, we need to remember the core issue is that chinese imperialism and nationalism have been and continue 2 be incredibly insidious and damaging to numerous countries, including vietnam, the philippines, south korea, taiwan, brunei, and malaysia, and we need 2 start talking about that instead of freaking out ur favs are getting attacked by korean netizens or worrying about a singular celebrities’ povs. 

anonymous asked:

I'm reading Journey to the West right now - can you tell me about Chinese history during the time it was written, and about Indian history and the countries in between as well?

This is one of those questions whose answer could be the subject of multiple books – and probably is(!), as the turn of the Tang/Song Dynasties and the Silk Road’s history from India, Central Asia, and China. Here’s a few of my suggestions (that I have not read, and cannot vouch for in terms of quality):

  • Journeys on the Silk Road: A Desert Explorer, Buddha’s Secret Library, and the Unearthing of the World’s Oldest Printed Book - Joyce Morgan 
  • Silk Road - Valerie Hansen 
  • Empires of the Silk Road: A History of Central Eurasia from the Bronze Age to the Present - Christopher Beckwith
  • In the Footsteps of the Buddha: An Iconic Journey from India to China - Catalogue 
  • Buddhism, Diplomacy, and Trade: The Realignment of Sino-Indian Relations, 600-1400 - Tensen Sen 
  • Xuanzang: A Buddhist Pilgrim On The Silk Road - Sally Wriggins 

CHINA, BEIJING : A French-made “Long Ma”, a mechanical dragon horse, spews fire during a performance between the Bird’s Nest National Stadium and Water Cube (at rear) in Beijing on October 19, 2014. The performance, which was attended by French Foreign Minister Laurent Fabius, was held as part of celebrations of 50 years of Sino-French diplomatic relations. AFP PHOTO / GREG BAKER


Sino-Vietnamese War | Early 1979

Even after the U.S. exited stage right from its infamous war in Southeast Asia, the region continued to experience dramatic political unrest. The divorce of Soviet and Sino relations had begun to affect the way that the People's Republic of China viewed its southern neighbours- particularly the Vietnamese, who had chosen to pursue an alliance with the USSR over China. The Vietnamese invasion into Cambodia in 1978, and toppling of the Sino aligned Khmer Rouge within, fanned the flames of China’s concerns about Soviet-backed expansionism. China launched an invasion in response, breaching the Vietnamese border on 17th of February in 1979.

The conflict continued over the course of nearly four weeks, after which both China and Vietnam declared the whole affair a victory, despite several factors that would make the opposite point. Gerald Segal, in his 1985 book Defending China, concluded that China’s 1979 war against Vietnam was a complete failure: “China failed to force a Vietnamese withdrawal from Cambodia, failed to end border clashes, failed to cast doubt on the strength of the Soviet power, failed to dispel the image of China as a paper tiger, and failed to draw the United States into an anti-Soviet coalition.” 

Despite this, it could be argued that the Chinese enjoyed their own (albeit small) share of victories. The Soviet Union never offered Vietnam military assistance beyond sharing some intelligence, and that in and of itself proved that the Kremlin would choose not to wage war against the PRC, even to protect a close ally. 

Even to this day, Sino-Vietnamese relations are uneasy. Their borders remain highly contested, and Vietnam maintains incredibly close diplomatic ties with the Russian federation.