sincerely madison

Madison, by contrast, was just “little.” Variously described as between five feet four and five feet six inches, he was slight of build, never weighing more than one hundred pounds. He was often sickly and worried greatly about his health throughout his life.
—  Michael Meyerson, Liberty’s Blueprint: How Madison and Hamilton Wrote The Federalist, Defined the Constitution, and Made Democracy Safe for the World
Nostrum - Troy Otto/OC #7

Chapter 7

Once agian, beta-d by the lovely Sarah

“Troy protects us,” Gretchen nodded, her tone reflecting the assuredness of this belief.

“We can’t rely on the Troys of this world,” Alicia argued, deadpan. 

“She’s right,” Arya agreed, “You can’t. There are a lot of people out there that are worse than Troy. You need to know how to defend yourself against them.”

Worse than Troy?” Alicia scoffed and Arya found her features twisting into a stern frown.

When Arya had entered the bunker, all her expectations of what bible study had to offer flew right out the proverbial window. Music, punch that was 80% vodka and 20% juice, as well as a bong, wasn’t exactly what she had in mind. Then Arya had taken one look at the decapitated Walker head, still groaning, on the coffee table and burst into hysterical laughter. The group had cheered her on as she played catch up and Arya was happy for this distraction. It was exactly what she needed…until Gretchen had brought up Troy.

As Alicia’s contempt for Troy became blatantly apparent, Arya felt something stir in her that compelled her to voice her own opinion of the man. “He has a code – he puts his people first. Men without codes are worse.” Arya’s tone left no room for argument.

Alicia though, too curious to let Arya finish there, probed, “You’ve met worse men?”

A short, humourless laugh left Arya’s lips, “Yes.”

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(REQUESTED) So I myself have been a fan and supporter of jack and jack since minute one, since before they were even j&j, just when they were two kids making fun videos. I even made fanfics back in the day. So… when all the videos of gilinksy verbally insulting madison came out, my heart broke a little. I will still support them cause I love their music (and by no means im supporting jack’s behavious whatsoever) but yes the image I had of him will never be the same. Everyone makes mistakes, we have all said bad things we regret (again, im not justifying what he did) and he definitely screwed up, no one should ever get attacked like that. NOW with that being said, THIS IS WHERE IT ALL GETS MESSY.

Jack J has posted a video talking about all this drama, and finally the truth has come out (I adore Johnson, he’s genuinely a nice kid and I believe him 100%). SOOOO apparently, it was Madison the one who sent the videos to a fan account so that they could leak them, even made fake text captions from the fans to post as if it had been written by them). Im not gonna lie, I was a fan of G long before she dated Madison, and I didn’t like her, at all. Her “discovery” and all that jb crap was FAKE!! But you know what, they seemed happy, so I accepted it.

Now, her true self has come out. She is a kid, who got famous at 15 and liked this cute guy. Okay. All fine. Did G had to say those bad things to her? Absolutely not. That’s not the problem. the problem is that she then freaking went to Twitter and posted this fake long ass caption saying how “it was hard for her to go back and hear those videos” LIKE WTF?! the fact that she just tried to make him look like a horrible person (which he might be, we cant know from a 2 minute audio) and then tried to become the victim when SHE was the one who started all of it. “i wanted to help him” LIKE ARE U SURE? then why would you post that????? Im honestly hoping people stop giving this people all this attention when they are the ones creating the drama.

Jack G was so wrong and he should have never said any of that to her, but he was in a bad place, he accepted it, and asked for forgiveness, now let’s move on. Like I said, Im never gonna see him with the same eyes, but I do think he regrets it and he’s in a better path now.

But what she did I find incredibly disgusting, I get that she was hurt, but she should have just broken up with him on first place, and get him some help, don’t expose him in front of the whole world. Because you know what, she probably did that bc she was too mad he had broken up with her. She made it look like she was being abussed for the three hole years of their relationship (like J said, that was not true) and being abussed is a serious issue, and I feel like she just used it to make him look like an awful person and just gain attention.

With that being said, I just think they both did incredibly wrong and both deserve to stay away for a while. I hope G is in a much better place now and he gets to be the Jack he’s always been. As for her, I think she just needs to stop trying to be a victim and if she has any real serious issue, she should get help too. They both need help, they both did wrong. But its not fair how G was treated (even after he sincerely apologised) while Madison looked like an angel while she was lying to the whole world. They both fucked up, hope they both get their shit together.

Dear Mr. Thompson,

I am writing to you as a concerned reader. I have subscribed to your magazine for a number of years now, and have often been impressed by its keen insight into the world as experienced by a professional woman. As a female executive, I value having a resource that is created by women like me, for women like me.

I was concerned when I read you were taking over - a man running a magazine that caters to high-level women in corporate America, after all, seems a bit backwards. I’m sorry to see that I was correct. I’ve noticed the beginnings of creeping misogyny in some of your columns. “Corporate life, after all, is not for everyone - more women should be open to the idea of a life at home, if it makes them happier.” Really now? I know it’s only one line buried in another article, but it’s insulting and has no place in this venue.

Please correct this sort of statement in the future.

Ms. Andrea Madison.


Dear Mr. Thompson,

I admit, I was pleasantly surprised to hear back from you personally. Especially so quickly. So thank you for that.

You claim to harbor no misogynistic tendencies, but your writing, again, paints a different picture. “For all executives, appearance is important. Be sure yours is immaculate. Women in particular get more respect when they are pleasing to the eye.” Pleasing to the eye? I worry most for the women reading this and taking it at face value. Truly irresponsible stuff.

Andrea Madison.


Hi Mr. Thompson,

You raise a lot of good points, I have to admit. But still! Even though I agree now, a woman has to look her best both in and out of the office, that doesn’t mean she needs to change herself or her style dramatically. Women can look good without having to be some sexy stereotype. I mean, I’m a brunette - that doesn’t mean I should dye my hair just because men like blondes best, you know?

But what you said about acting too serious is really smart. “Andrea” is a kind of severe name, I guess. So, on those lines…

Andi Madison


Hi David,

You were totally right, I do look way hotter with blonde hair! Thanks for that.

So the more I follow all the suggestions you gave me for female executives, the harder work gets! It’s weird! Do you think maybe I’m one of those girls you talked about who isn’t cut out for executive work?



Hiya Sir!

I got rid of my boring work clothes, like you said, and bought some pretty, new stuff. Now I am just waiting around for the guy you said you’d send to pick me up! Just wanted to send a quick email to say thank you again soooo much, and I can’t wait to see you!


anonymous asked:

did any of the Founding Fathers wear glasses?

Benjamin Franklin

Benjamin Franklin’s vision had never been very good [x]. Franklin was wearing glasses even by the time he was in his late 20s.

He invented something called “double-spectacles” and would come to be known today as bifocals. In 1784, Franklin wrote to his optician and made a request: take both his long distance glasses and his reading glasses, slice their lenses in half and then suture the lenses together with the reading lenses on the bottom and the long distance glasses on the top. Two decades after Franklin’s death, Thomas Jefferson requested a pair. 

George Washington

After reaching middle age, George Washington had to wear glasses for reading. He used them only in the intimacy of friends and family [x].  The spectacles he wore were heavy and silver and had hinged temples. The lenses are small, circular and were level +3.5. Sometimes Washington also read with a French lorgnette which was given to him via Lafayette:

John Adams

John Adams, was farsighted. He had basically the same prescription Washington did: +3.50 in his right eye, +3.59 in his left [x]. Adams frequently complained about his eyes. By the end of his presidency “his eyes weakened so that he could barely read or write” [x]. In 1811 Adams reported that he read better since spectacles had been prescribed for him. 

Thomas Jefferson

Thomas Jefferson reported just months before his death that his eyesight was the faculty the least impaired by age but for many years he had used glasses for reading [x]. Jefferson’s November 1806 letter to John McAllister begins:

“You have heretofore furnished me with spectacles as reduced in their size as to give facility to the looking over their top without moving them. This is a great convenience; but the reduction has not been sufficient to do it completely, yet leave field enough for any purpose.“ 

The drawing which accompanied this letter diagrammed frames of a narrow, elongated shape with each lens, or “eye glass”, 7/8 inches long with a width of 3/8 inches, and gave the critical center to center measurement of each lens as 2 ½ inches.

The first note of him wearing eyeglasses is during the 1780s when he was in his forties. There is a pair of green-tinted spectacles on display at Monticello. According to Silvio Bedini, tinted glasses first appeared around 1810. They were not typically used as sunglasses as we might think of them, but “to improve the vision out of doors.”

John Jay

I do not know much about John Jay’s and eyewear, however his glasses are on display at the Museum of the City of New York. They are an oval frame with adjustable side arms [x]. 

James Madison

The first mention of spectacles or glasses from James Madison comes from 1784 in a letter to Thomas Jefferson, “One of my parents would be considerably gratified with a pair of good Spectacles which can not be got here.” He received his first pair of spectacles on March 12th, 1784 [x] on a Thursday. He began wearing eyeglasses in his 30s. 

Alexander Hamilton

I cannot find much on when Alexander Hamilton first began wearing glasses, however, he did wear his eyeglasses in his duel with Aaron Burr meaning he was probably growing farsighted. 

James Monroe

Not too much about James Monroe is known besides the amount of research I’ve previously put into this. The glasses above were his with a rectangular frame, crank bridge, loop-to-loop adjustable sides. He was wearing reading glasses by the time he was president as a primary source anecdote indicates.   b

anonymous asked:

Here's an idea. The Founding Fathers as turtles. Not any specific breed but random ones from the Internet

Benjamin Franklin:

George Washington:

John Adams:

Thomas Jefferson:

James Madison:

Alexander Hamilton:

James Monroe: 

anonymous asked:

This may be a weird question, but what was Madison's relationship/thoughts on Washington?

The strongest argument for ratifying the constitution was the approval of George Washington, signaled by his presence at the convention and his support afterward. James Madison understood that Washington was the “heavy weight champion” (Brookhiser 7) of American public life, which is why he stuck to him from the planned stages of the convention through the early days of Washington’s presidency. 

The revolutionary war thrust Madison together with George Washington who was the commander in cheif for the continental army at the time. Washington was nineteen years Madison’s senior and at first he could only serve him from afar as an admirer. In 1778, the Governor’s council, noting “the great fatigues” to which Washington was exposed, decided to send him “a stock of good rum, wine [and] sugar.” Two years later, a congressional committee Madison sat on sent Washington a dozen boxes of lemons and two casks of wine. “As for our illustrious general,” Madison wrote, “the rich Madeira should flow in copious streams.” 

The two finally met in person in the winter of 1781-1782 (Brookhiser 31), when the commander in chief came to Philadelphia to plan the war’s end with congress. In Madison, Washington found “devotion, hard work and (in time) good advice. The younger man provided a gift which he revealed man years later in a discussion of Washington, “The story so often repeated of [Washington] never laughing,” Madison told, “is wholly untrue; no man seemed to enjoy gay conversation, through he took little part in it himself. He was particularly pleased with the jokes, good humor and hilarity of his companions.”

“Madison’s filial admiration for Washington was what almost any revolutionary, especially of his generation, would feel. But Madison would have more opportunities than most to serve his idol”

In November 1784, Washington went to Richmond to lobby the assembly for improvements to the Potomac. A bill was also introduced by Joseph Jones but after Jones left the legislature to take a seat on the Governor’s council, Madison took over management of a bill supported by Washington. Washington supplied the prestige and persuasion while Madison got the legislative work done. “Your own judgment in this business will be the best guide,” Washington acknowledged in a letter to his “partner”. As a result, the Potomac River Company was chartered in the spring of 1785, with Washington as president. 

Madison’s first visit to Mount Vernon followed in the fall (Brookhiser 45). After he left, Washington extended an open-ended invitation to further collaboration: “if anything should occur that is interesting, and you leisure will permit it, I should be glad to hear from you on the subject.” He sighed his letters with “affectionately. At Madison’s urging the assembly had given Washington fifty shares in the Potomac River Comany, valued at more than $22,000. Madison drafted a letter for him, asking the assembly to give the profits of his shares to charity. This would not be the last time Madison would be the General’s “ghost-writer”.

As one of Virginia’s representatives in Annapolis, Madison had called for a convention in Philadelphia. As a member of Virginia Assembly in Richmond, he wrote a bill to approve the recommendation he had made. With Madison’s input, the assembly picked a slate for Philadelphia that included Edmund Randolph, Patrick Henry, George Mason, Madison himself and George Washington headed this list. Henry refused and Washington did not want to go either. Madison spent all that winter and spring “wooing” him. When he wrote Washington in December 1786 to tell him that he was on the list of delegates, he underplayed his own role in putting Washington on there. “It was the opinion of every judicious friend whom I consulted that you name could not be spared… In these sentiments, I own I fully concurred.” On his way back on congress in December 1787, he stopped at Mount Vernon to speak with Washington. Madison would also provide Washington with updates as to what exactly was occurring in the congress chamber. 

George Washington took the oath of office in New York City on April 30th, 1789. Madison left no description of the day but he had stopped at Mount Vernon on his way back to New York in late February to help Washington write his inaugeral address. Madison wrote a more wieldy version, in six paragraphs. After Washington got the speech in the Federal Hall, Madison wrote the House’s response and Washington’s answer to the House’s response.

Whenever Washington’s abilities were questioned in the House, Madison came to the defense of him. When Washington asked Thomas Jefferson to be Secretary of State and he refused the first time, Madison was to play “matchmaker” and floated the offer back to Jefferson who finally agreed in February 1790. Despite James Madison’s disapproval with Bank Bill in February 1791, Washington had not yet during his presidency exercised his veto power. Washington talked the Bank Bill over with Madison, “listening favorably as I thought to my views,” and asked Madison to prepared a veto message. 

1792, Madison’s new political party named itself the Democratic-Republicans, but Madison’s most urgent task went far beyond politics: it was to persuade George Washington to stay in office for a second term as President of the United States. In the Spring the Commander-in-Chief asked his advisor how to let the country know that he would retire at the end of his term. Madison offered his opinions on the proper time for such an announcement (mid-September) and the proper manner (an article in the newspapers), and drafted an eight-paragraph Farewell Address. But he included a plea, “Having thus, Sir, complied with your wishes…I must now gratify my own by hoping [that you will make] one more sacrifice, severe as it may be, to the desires and interests of your country.”

Washington seemed above this. Madison “cherished Washington and his own closeness to him, could not acknowledge how much closer Washington had become with his former staff [Alexander Hamilton],” (Brookhiser 110). Washington subsequently decided to stay on at the urging of others such as Alexander Hamilton and Thomas Jefferson. By 1793, Madison’s secret endorsement was for Philip Freneau. Freneau was a Princeton friend from their college days who published a newspaper openly attacking Washington and others of the rising Federalist party and sentiment. Jefferson and Madison distributed the papers. 

With the Whiskey Rebellion underway, Washington called up the militia of 15,000 led by Alexander Hamilton. This passed without protest from Madison but aspects of the affair worried his nevertheless: “a standing army was necessary for enforcing laws.” Madison worried less about the attack on western Pennsylvania than an attack on public opinion by George Washington. Washington believed that the crisis had been stirred up by the Democratic Societies. Edmund Randolph wrote to Washington that a Democratic Society in South Carolina had named itself “Madisonian.” This, Washington had not liked at all. He was attempting to uphold the law, while Madison was “consorting with its enemies.” (Brookhiser 120). Washington and Madison had disagreed on many things over the past four years, but now Washington began to suspect that his old friend was growing against him. 

In 1794, Aaron Burr introduced the bachelor Madison to Dolley Payne Todd whom he soon married. This courtship was encouraged by George and Martha Washington (Brookhiser 121). By April 1796, Madison began to take on Washington directly and his unhappiness showed. Despite their recent political disputes, he and Washington and still maintained somewhat of a friendship. He had supplied with his Madeira, helped with him canals and constitution-making; Washington had even blessed his marriage. Madison reminded the president that he was not a “king”, that the government had not “hereditary prerogatives and reminded him of the power of public opinion. Yet Madison admitted Washington’s “high authority” and insisted that he himself used only “decent terms” to refute it. Madison divided mind weakened his argument.  Washington found it easy to reject the younger man’s opposition. He ended the relationship. Though Madison would attend a few state dinners at the presidential mansion, he and Washington exchanged no more letters, paid no more visits. Madison’s own side was unhappy with him too. They blamed him for not fighting Washington “enough”. 

In his Farewell Address, Washington followed the advice Madison had given to him four years earlier about how to “set the stage.” George Washington died on December 14th and Madison moved that the assembly wear mourning throughout their session. “Death,” he said, “has robbed our country of its most distinguished ornament, and the world of one of its greatest benefactors.” Madison had never fully accepted the estrangement to Washington and stayed rather loyal till the end. In 1818, many years later when establishing the University of Virginia, one of the texts Madison added to library was Washington’s first inaugural and his Farewell Address. 

James Madison and James Monroe: the beginning

During the American Revolution, James Madison and James Monroe proved to be two completely divided individuals: Madison, the statesman and Monroe, the soldier. Each, equally attempting to commit a role to the revolution but working seperately. 

By 1780, each procured a life-long friendship with Thomas Jefferson and Madison, at the Continental Congress, heard first word of James Monroe from Thomas Jefferson and another congressman, Joseph Jones. Joseph Jones, another representative from Virginia was the uncle of James Monroe, a heritage which brought the youthful Monroe from poverty at sixteen and into the College of William and Mary. 

Edmund Pendleton, an elder Virginian statesman of whom Madison frequently corresponded with while in Congress, wrote to him of results from the legislative elections home. There would be many “new members, amongst others are Monroe and John Mercer, formerly officers, since fellow students in the law and said to be clever.” Twenty four year old Monroe would represent King George County in the upcoming 1782 session of the House of Delegates. 

The first mention of James Madison in any letter of Monroe’s was penned to his best-friend John Mercer. Among the phrases he briefs upon one of Mercer’s colleagues, a man seen both by Monroe and his friend as somewhat of a role-model. “Mr. Madison I think hath acquired… reputation by a constant and laborious attendance upon Congress.”

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anonymous asked:

Do have any interesting James Madison facts?

  • James Madison once got arrested with Thomas Jefferson. 
  • He was the shortest president at 5′4 and never weighed more than a hundred pounds. 
  • He was the oldest of twelve children and was very close with his mother.
  • He was sick most of his life and was prone to epileptic seizures. 
  • It was Aaron Burr would introduced him to his wife Dolley Madison. 
  • He loved ice cream almost as much as Thomas Jefferson. 
  • Madison was paranoid over someone intercepting his mail and wrote in only code with Thomas Jefferson. 
  • He was president when the white house was burned down during the War of 1812 and the British soldiers ate an entire dinner that was cooked for him. 
  • During his eight years as president both of his vice presidents died in president. 
  • Madison was that dick-joke friend to Thomas Jefferson. 
  • His face appears on a rare $5,000
  • When he was going to College of New Jersey he breezed through a four year course in two years and only slept four hours a night to study. 
  • Madison had a rivalry with Patrick Henry. 
  • He was one of the only presidents to accompany troops into battle.
  • One of Madison’s slaves wrote the first White House memoir.
  • He declined an offer to prolong his life until July 4.

Sources: (x) (x) (x)


This is my opinion, remember! If you have a question, ask, this isn’t debate. If you want to see my founding fathers as fathers ranking see here

1) James Monroe

2) James Madison

3) John Jay

4) George Washington

5) Thomas Jefferson

6) John Adams

7) Alexander Hamilton

8) Benjamin Franklin