simu

anonymous asked:

Do you have any pets? Personally I do I have two 6 months old kittens Bridget and Simus (if you read Harry Potter you know there is a character named Simus I'm a huge fan of Harry Potter) And do you love cats or dogs more? Or maybe both or another animal. ☕️❤️

That’s adorable!!! I actually love all animals, I’m a huge animal lover, but as far as house pets I love cats but I love dogs just a little bit more!! :^) I have one pup, she’s the sweetest doggo in the world. She’s such a cutie and always being an adorable little bean!! ❤️ Thanks for this ask nonny it was really cute :^)

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Sperm whales - Physeteroidea

Picking up this series again, this time a short one - as there are only three extant species of sperm whales.

First off, the sperm whale itself, Physeter macrocephalus (genus name means blowhole, and species name fittingly means “big-headed”). They are also known as cachalot (in Swedish, their only name is “kaskelot”), thought to be derived from “big teeth” in old French.

It is the largest toothed animal alive today, and arguably the largest toothed predator to ever live, surpassing the largest marine reptiles, Basilosaurus, and even Megalodon.

With a mass of up to 57 tons, it is four times the size of the second largest toothed whale alive today. Males can reach just over twenty meters (67 feet), while unverified claims of bulls reaching around 25 meters, exist. Females are significantly smaller, topping out at about 12 meters.

They have the largest brain of any living animal, possibly the largest ever, at nearly 8 kg. As newborns, the whale is four meters long and weighs a ton, roughly the size of an adult beluga.

They are one of the deepest diving mammals, being able to dive to a depth of over 2 kilometers (over 7300 feet), and hold their breath for over an hour.

To fully understand the badassery of this whale, you have to know about their prey - giant and colossal squid. Sperm whales are often seen with white, linear scars along their face. One theory is that this is from battles between males, but they are centered around the mouth and don’t resemble rakes in other toothed whales. The other idea is that these are scars from battling their prey.

Giant squids reach 13 meters in length and 275 kg in weight, their suckers are lined with tiny, sharp teeth, which have left scars on the skin of sperm whales. They are cute however compared to the colossal squid, 14 meters (only slightly longer because of their relatively short tentacles) and up to 750 kg in weight. Their suckers are equipped with three-pointed and swivelling hooks.

That’s what the sperm whale eats for dinner.

Despite all this however, they are not at the top of the food chain. Killer whales will attack and eat their calves, that they nurture for sometimes over a decade.

The other two sperm whales are members of the genus Kogia - Kogia breviceps or Pygmy sperm whale, and Kogia simus or Dwarf sperm whale.

They are extremely rare, and like beaked whales and their larger cousin, they are deep divers and thus are almost never photographed alive.

The pygmy is the slightly larger of the two, at 3.5 meters and 400 kg, equivalent of a bottlenose dolphin.
The dwarf meanwhile is one of the smallest cetaceans in the world, at only 2.7 meters and 250 kg at most, it is only 0.4% the size of the largest sperm whale.

The pictures above show two adult male sperm whales with divers, a sperm whale calf (let’s face it - those chubby cheeks are really cute), a pygmy calf, two pygmy adults, and a dwarf that had been rescued.

What constantly fascinates me about the dwarf and the pygmy are their tiny mouths. Picture this - your body is the rough shape of a sausage, no arms, no legs. On the underside of your head, you have a tiny little hole with sharp teeth. That is your only means of catching your prey, wriggly little squid, in the pitch black waters of the deep ocean.

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Kim’s Convenience is a Canadian television sitcom, based on Ins Choi’s play of the same name, which premiered on CBC Television in October 2016. The series centres on the Korean Canadian Kim family who run a convenience store in the Regent Park neighbourhood of Toronto.

Cryptid Profile: The Irkuiem

While hunting in the Kamchatka Peninsula in 1987, Russian hunter Rodion Sivolobov was given something quite unusual and rarely seen, the giant white skin of an unknown bear. It was after receiving this unknown skin that Sivolobov spent the next decade researching  what the locals called, the Irkuiem.

First, some quick background information on the location where the skin was found. The Kamchatka Peninsula is a 780mi long, three sided island in the Russian far east with a surface area of around 100,000sq mi. The peninsula is home to around 322,000+ residents, contains 160 volcanoes, and generally has a subarctic climate. In 1945 after WWII, the Soviet army declared the entire area a war zone and closed it off completely to all citizens until 1989. The peninsula provides home to tundra wolves, arctic foxes, the Siberian lynx, wolverines, reindeer, moose, and snow sheep. It is also where the gigantic and elusive Irkuiem makes it home, right alongside the native Kamchatka Brown Bear.

The skin that Sivolobov received in 1987 (and later sent to a museum in St. Petersburg) was described as resembling that of an extremely oversized polar bear (even though polar bears are not native to the region), but the reindeer farmers who provided the pelt were very adamant the skin was not from a normal bear in the region but rather from a bear that was much larger and much more aggressive than the regularly seen Kamchatka Brown Bear. The Irkueim is believed to weigh around 1.5 tons (3,000lbs), is nearly 6ft tall at the shoulders while on all fours, and almost 12ft tall while on just its hind legs. It is covered in very short white fur and has a small head in proportion to the rest of its body. Its back legs are said to be smaller than its front legs and because of this, the Irkueim walks and runs in a very distinct way. Witnesses state that it looks somewhat similar to how a caterpillar moves.  

Reindeer herders report that the Irkueim can decimate an entire heard of reindeer in a short amount of time and that it is in ones best interest to flee the area immediately if the mysterious bear shows up. It is extremely territorial, a strict carnivore, and shows no fear of humans. There have been reports though of humans taking a stand against the Irkueim and fighting back. Reports of mysteriously large white bears killed by locals in the region have shown up in 1976, 1980, 1982, and 1987.

So what is the Irkueim? Is it a new species of bear that has not yet been scientifically recognized, or could it perhaps be a known species of bear that has not been seen for a while? And by a while, we mean since the Pleistocene epoch nearly 11,000 years ago. You see, there are some researchers who believe that the Irkueim is actually a surviving species of Short-Face Bear, more specifically Arctodus Simus, the largest carnivorous land mammal that has ever lived on earth.

Arctodus Simus made its home in North America 800,000yrs ago and could be found from Alaska all the way down to Mississippi. This bear (also known as the Bulldog Bear because of its stubby face) could stand to heights of almost 12ft tall, had a 14ft vertical arm reach, and weighed around 1 ton. Researchers believe that it was a strict carnivore as no evidence of vegetation of any kind has been found in the analysis of its bones. This means that this apex predator would have had to consume nearly 40lbs of flesh a day to continue living (something that entire herds of reindeer could easily provide). Its front legs were alos longer than its hind legs and researchers believe it could reach speeds of up to 40mph.

So if this bear lived in North America during its existence, how is it showing up in Russia? Simple, it walked over via the Bering land bridge. During the late Pleistocene epoch, Alaska was connected to Siberia by the Bering land bridge. As the earths water became frozen during the last glacial period, global sea levels rose and fell. As the seas fell, once submerged land masses between continents became exposed and provided passage between once inaccessible lands. Once the glaciers began to melt, the sea levels started to rise again and the land bridge once again became submerged. Everything that had journeyed over the bridge was now calling a new continent home, such as Arctodus Simus.

Some researchers believe that over time, Arctodus Simus evolved to become a more suitable competitor of the native  Kamchatka Brown Bear as well as adapting to the more harsh environment of the Kamchatka Peninsula. As the bears started to die out in North America, they started to thrive in Russia (and develop a new white coat). As time progressed, they began to encounter native humans and eventually became known as the Irkueim.

So, could the Irkueim be a surviving member of the largest bear species that has ever lived,  a new species of bear that has never been documented before, or just an overly aggressive Kamchatka Brown Bear with a color mutation? Nobody will ever know for sure until a body is available for scientific research and testing, but until that day comes, the reindeer herders in the Kamchatka Peninsula will continue to be on guard while out in the elements so as not to meet a grisly fate brought on by the gigantic claws of the Irkueim.

-The Pine Barrens Institute

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offscreenvulture  asked:

what's the coolest prehistoric bear that you know of this is an emergency

Oh shit um off the top of my head the only one I can think of is the giant short-faced bear (Arctodus simus) which could get to a respectable 12 feet tall and 2,000 pounds or so back in the Pliestocene…

Survived by its much less impressive living relative, the spectacled bear (maxing out around 400 pounds).

But aww, look at that little snub face.

Granted, 2,000 pounds sounds super impressive but it actually isn’t all that much bigger than the modern polar bear, which gets up to about 1,500 pounds, and average specimens of the giant short-faced bear were probably closer to that size anyhow.

But the cool thing about the giant short-faced bear was that it had relatively long limbs for a bear, meaning that it stood as tall or taller than an average man at the shoulder, and may have been alarmingly speedy. More hyena-like than bear-like in that sense.

Here’s art of a giant short-faced bear just enjoying life.

I dunno a whole lot about prehistoric bears or bears in general though, so if anyone else has a better suggestion now’s the time to give it.

Greater Bamboo Lemur (Prolemur simus)

Also known as the broad-nosed bamboo lemur or the broad-nosed gentle lemur, the greater bamboo lemur is a critically endangered species of lemur that is endemic to southeastern Madagascar. As suggested by its common name P. simus feeds almost exclusively on the bamboo species Cathariostachys madagascariensis, feeding mainly on its shoots. P. simus is also known to feed on fungi, flowers and fruit as well. Greater bamboo lemurs live in groups of around 28. Interestingly these groups are male dominated, making P. simus one of the only lemur species that have male dominated groups.

Currently Prolemur simus is listed as critically endangered and is one of the most endangered primates. P. simus faces threats from habitat destruction and degradation and from having a small population (<100). 

Classification

Animalia-Chordata-Mammalia-Primates-Lemuridae-Prolemur-P. simus

Image: Cédric Girard-Buttoz

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Pour terminer la semaine en beauté, une superbe compilation tout à fait Fonblardesque.