similar landings

Spanish-Speaking Countries & the Origin of their Names


  • Argentina comes from the latin word for silver, argentum. The first use of the word appears around the time of when the Spanish conquistadors arrived at the Río de la Plata (River of Silver, Silver River) between Argentina and Uruguay. 


  • Bolivia comes from the name of a leader during the period of the Spanish American wars for independence, Simón Bolívar. 


  • The valley of the Aconcagua was called “Chili” by the Incas (according to Diego de Rosales) due to a corruption of the name Tili (a tribal chief). 
  • Another theory is that there was a town or valley called Chili in the Casma Valley in Peru, which has a resemblance to the valley of Aconcagua. 
  • Chile could come from an indigenous word meaning “ends of the earth” or “sea gulls." 
  • From Mapuche, "chilli” meaning “where the land ends." 
  • From Quechua, "chiri” meaning “cold” or “tchili” meaning “snow” or “the deepest point of the Earth." 
  • There is a bird that shouts "chile” when flying; they are in all the valleys from the center of the country to the Southern regions. These birds are called Queltehues or Treiles.


  • Colombia is derived from the name Christopher Columbus. 

Costa Rica

  • Costa Rica means “rich coast” in Spanish. Christopher Columbus was given credit for discovering this country and called it Costa Rica because he believed there to be precious metals. 


  • Cuba is Taíno for “where fertile land is abundant” (cubao) or “great place” (coabana). 

Dominican Republic 

  • The Dominican Republic shares an island with Haiti. 
  • Before the whole island was called Haiti, the Taíno word for mountainous land. Christopher Columbus comes to the island and renames it Hispaniola, meaning “little Spain” because its beauty was comparable to that of Spain’s. 
  • The French arrive on the island, naming the current-day Haiti St. Domingue and the Spanish refered to the Dominican Republic and Santo Domingo. 
  • After its independence, they renamed it to the Dominican Republic 


  • Ecuador means “equator” in Spanish, and Ecuador lies on the equator. 

El Salvador 

  • El Salvador means “The Savior” in Spanish. 


  • Guatemala comes from the Nahuatl word Cuauhtēmallān, which means “place of many trees." 
  • Another theory is that the country’s name is a alteration of the Nahoa word which means "land of the snake-eating bird.”


  • Honduras means “depths” in Spanish. It is said that Columbus said, "Gracias a Dios que hemos salido de estas Honduras"(Thank God we have left these depths). 


  • The Nahuatl word Mexica means “place of the Mexica” (the Aztecs). 
  • In Nahuatl, a combination of three words creates the meaning similar to “in the navel of the moon” because the position of lakes resembles a rabbit; therefore alluding to the navel of a rabbit. 


  • At the time of the Spanish arrival in Nicaragua, Nicarao was the current chief of the indigenous tribe. Nicarao, combined with the Spanish word for water (agua) due to it’s geography, makes Nicaragua.
  •  Another theory is that it means “surrounded by water” in an indigenous language. 


  • Panama comes from a word of the indigenous language meaning something similar to an “abundance of fish” (due to the country’s geography). 


  • Coming from Guaraní, Paraguay is believed to refer to a river despite many versions of its origin. It means something similar to “river that flows through the sea” (French-Argentine historian Paul Groussac), “river crowned” (Antonio Ruiz de Montoya), or refers either to an indigenous tribe that lived along the river or a chief named Paraguaio (Félix de Azara). 


  • The original name of Peru was Birú, Birú being the name of a ruler who lived close to the Bay of San Miguel, Panama. He was visited by Spanish explores where, at the time, was the southernmost region of the New World. 
  • When Francisco Pizarro arrived in Peru, he asked locals the name of the place. Their answer was “Viru” because of the Viru River in northern Peru (where the Spanish arrived). Instead, they heard “Peru” and since that moment, Pizarro called the land Cusco Peru. 

Puerto Rico 

  • Puerto Rico was originally called San Juan Bautista by Christopher Columbus, after the Catholic saint, Saint John the Baptist, while the capital was called the Ciudad de Puerto Rico. As time went on, gold was found in the river and the country began to be referred to as Puerto Rico. 


  • España (Spain) comes from the Roman name Hispania, though the origins of this word are unknown. 
  • Hispania could have stemmed from the Greek word Hesperia, which poetically means “western land” or “land of the setting sun” (in reference to Italy), which would then make Spain (further west) Hesperia ultima
  • Antonio de Nebrija (Renaissance) thought that Hispania is derived from the word Hispalis, which means “city of the western world.”
  • Another theory is that it comes from I-Shpania (Punic), meaning something similar to “land of rabbits” because the Roman coins were adorned with a female figure with a rabbit. 


  • Uruguay is a Guaraní word, which means “river of shellfish” or “river the uru birds come from." 


  • The indigenous people living in Venezuela during the 1500s built their living quarters on stilts over places like Lake Maracaibo; this reminded a Spanish explorer of Venice (Italy), in which the name Venezuela means "little Venice.”  
  • From the same place in the Maracaibo Lake, the indigenous community that lived there already had a name for the land, Veneçiuela, which meant agua grande (big waters). The Spanish spread that around and assumed that it was the name.

Please correct me if any of these are incorrect! Some of these have multiple histories and I have no way of knowing which one is correct. 

The origins for some of the countries are difficult to find or too fuzzy in my opinion to write it down, but I tried to provide an explanation for the meaning (e.g. El Salvador, Honduras, etc.)


ASOIAF meme: 1/5 relationships ♦ Sansa and Bran

She was a Stark of Winterfell, a noble lady, and someday she would be a queen.

Bran was going to be a knight himself someday, one of the Kingsguard.

anonymous asked:

Omg do u have any more big three kids headcanons ?

i LOVE the big three kids and like they’re honestly one of the things i miss most about the pjo days and like. i want more greek big three kids i want. i WANT.

  • the sword of hades is FAR from the last time the thalia, nico, and percy are rounded up and forced asked to do a special quest
  • they’re all punk rock hos like unironically punk rock hos. percy is mortified of how thalia and nico have no subtlety but he’s green day fuckin trash to the max just like they are.
  • people think they’re siblings, because they’re all built for agility and durability so their bone structure is like, very similar.
  • all demigods have heightened metabolism and faster healing rates than normal humans, but big three kids have an edge even over other demigods
  • they all have Something about them that even sets them apart from other demigods, like a sort of aura. it gets stronger as they get older.
  • like they’re all a little otherwordly looking, not in a blatant way but enough that regular people kinda just get vibes that there’s something different about them.
  • they train together to control their emotion-based powers so as to stop accidentally blowing things up, killing things, or electrocuting them when they lose their temper
  • they have to eat more food than the average person because their metabolism works faster (this is sort of canon, like they’re always joking about how percy’s hungry all the time which doesn’t necessarily confirm this but. still)
  • they also have an unusually high alcohol tolerance for their height/weight (metabolism again)
  • eating is a MUST after extensively using their powers
  • and then sleep
  • they literally suck the life out of themselves when they use their powers. like, they tap into their own life force. it replenishes itself with food and rest, but they have to watch themselves (again, this is sort of canon, percy describes something similar after landing on ogygia)
  • poseidon’s kids actually have an edge in that regard, because they can actually immerse themselves in their father’s elements, while as like, air and lightning doesn’t help zeus’ kids get reenergized and dirt doesn’t help hades’ kids.
  • there’s like, two types of powers, though. there’s the type where you actually summon the element yourself, and then there’s the type when you just channel your powers through a medium that’s already there.
  • like, percy controlling water is just using a medium, and thus it’s not as draining. summoning water is much harder and like actually comes out of their literal life force. like, their father’s elements are literally inside of them and they can summon them if they need to.
  • that’s like really hard to do though and they have to train for it.
  • (that’s why jason can fly and thalia can’t! he’s much better at channeling his powers through the air currents, while as thalia just summons her element from her own body)
  • channeling is much better all around because it’s less exhausting. it’s easier for poseidon’s kids to channel their powers, but it’s trickier to learn if you’re a zeus or hades kid.
  • although granted, unless you’re near water that’s actually disadvantage for poseidon kids, because they don’t have as much practice summoning their powers without killing themselves.
  • so their powers kind of negate each other
  • (although like in my TOTALLY unbiased opinion poseidon kids are the most powerful because like have you SEEN what like the raw force of water can do like it’s…mindblowing. also like you could argue that there’s no cons to being a poseidon kid, there’s just a lack of pros. bc like, if you’re near water, you’re golden, huge pro. if you’re not near the water, then you’re on equal footing with zeus and hades kids, no biggie, because their elements don’t reenergize them)
  • *a zeus kid who has mastered channeling their element is sincerely deadly though bc like, they’re never separated from air. and if they were than that means their opponent can’t breathe either so nobody can threaten them really. they’re always on their home turf.
  • ***that’s like really hard to do though so it’s not something you really have to worry about because most zeus kids never bother to learn how.
  • zeus kids have frames built for aerodynamics and can breathe with little to no trouble in very high altitudes.
  • poseidon kids obviously have frames built for gliding easily though water, and can also sustain very high pressures bc of deep water (that’s canon!)
  • and hades kids can take a lot of pressure because like, being underground doesn’t bug them at all.
  • they can all handle both extremes of temperatures much better than the average human
  • their skin is all very durable too bc like it doesn’t blister when exposed to heat and doesn’t freeze when exposed to the cold (and like um human skin can’t be underwater for much length of time so like i imagine poseidon kids have some kind of extra elastic quality to their skin. unless they do turn into prunes and just have to stay dry if they’re underwater for a long time, but that’s not as fun as them having weird dolphin-ish skin)
  • they have heat sensitive vision (THAT’S CANON!!! percy just randomly throws out this line while he’s in poseidon’s palace in tlo. like perce, dude, do you realize what you just SAID why are you being so nonchalant about it)
HTTYD 3 drabble: Berk: The Forever Home of Dragons

“This… is Berk. Once the home of the largest species of dragons, as well as the Alpha and only known living Night Fury. But that was ten years ago. Now… the dragons have left, and Berk is once again the village it was fifteen years ago. Home to only Vikings and livestock. Why? Because a chief and alpha had to make the hardest choice of their lives, for the better of their people. A chief, protects his own. And protecting… sometimes has hard consequences.”

While Hiccup narrates this, the camera travels through Berk, where only people and animals can be seen. No dragons, only traces of them. all of the dragons building are still there- the hanger and everything. Hiccup refused to get rid of them- they were the only things that reminded him of the dragons- and more specifically Toothless. Even though it caused pain to see them as a reminder, it also brought comfort.

Then the camera goes towards the landscape around Berk, towards a cliff that overhangs the ocean. There, Hiccup sits alone. Staring off into the distance where the dragons had disappeared all those years ago, and hadn’t been seen since. In his hands, he held Toothless’s saddle, the manual one that Hiccup had needed to help control. He fingers the worn leather sadly, a small sigh of longing escaping him.

Astrid steps up behind him, setting a hand on his shoulder reassuringly. Hiccup lifts a hand and places it on top of hers, his gaze still on the horizon. She steps forward and sits down beside him, her eyes also falling towards the horizon. She looks back at her thirty-year-old husband and chief, noting the bit of scruff on his chin, indicating that he’d forgotten to shave that morning.

After a while the two stand up and head back towards the village, where Hiccup is met by his two children, Stoick the second and Lili. The two children wish to go on a walk to the cove, which Hiccup visited often these days. So Hiccup and Astrid took their children to the worn path and began he trek to Raven’s Point. Stoick asks his father for a story: a story about the dragons and how they left. Hiccup sighed and nodded, picking up Stoick in his arms before beginning…

…Hiccup and his family have reached the cove by the time he finishes the story, and they’re all sitting on the ground by the small lake. Hiccup lifts his head and smiles sadly at his family, but Astrid’s eyes are wide and the kids are looking slightly afraid. Hiccup stares at them in confusion f or several seconds before he turns and looks at what they’re gaping at. He gasps in shock, feeling light-headed. There, standing on that rock where Hiccup had met Toothless for the second time, was a black Night Fury. The dragon stared at them before grinning gummily and jumping down, rushing over to Hiccup before colliding with him, pushing him to the ground. Hiccup stares at the dragon in shock, before he breaks down in a mixture of tears and laughing, hugging the dragon back tightly while burying his head into Toothless’s neck. “You came back, bud.” Hiccup whispers, but pauses when he hears another Night Fury shriek come from the rock formation. He looks up and sees yet another Night Fury step forward, followed by two minnie Nigh Fury’s. Not only that, but a Nadder that looked dizzily similar to Stormfly had landed not far from the rock, near the pond. Silence fell for a moment before Astrid shrieked and stood up, dumping Stoick on the ground in her mad haste to get to her dragon. Stormfly runs forward and the two meet in a fierce hug, Astrid crying fervently.

Hiccup stood up and hugged Toothless again, only then realizing how much bigger Toothless had grown. He was about a foot taller, and his wing span was also longer. Hiccup opened his eyes and looked down Toothless’s back, noticing the automatic tailfin still attached to Toothless’s tail. It had been surgically placed in, so that it wouldn’t come off and Toothless could wear it without fear of it falling apart.

Hiccup pulls away, his hands holding onto Toothless’s head. He smiles through the tears, while Toothless grins back at him, the dragon’s butt wagging back and forth in his joy, much like a dog would do. Hiccup hugs him again- tighter this time. He never wanted to let go, for fear that his dragon would fly off again and never return.

But finally Hiccup pulls back, as had Astrid from Stormfly. Toothless turned around and cooed towards the other Night Fury’s, who cautiously crawled down the rock and towards the humans. Hiccup steps forward and holds out a hand slowly to the dragons. The large Night Fury hesitates, but the younger ones immediately bump their heads into his palm. Toothless steps closer to Hiccup, his tail wrapping around his human. The other Night Fury looks from Toothless to Hiccup before stepping forward and also placing its head into Hiccup’s palm. The chief smiles happily, then looks at Toothless for an explanation.

“A family.” Astrid whispers from behind him. “He has a family, Hiccup!”

Hiccup stares at them in awe, before turning to look back at Toothless. Toothless is staring at Stoick and Lili wondrously, looking back at Hiccup in curiosity.

Hiccup smiled and held out a hand, motioning for Stoick and Lili to step closer. “These are my kids, Toothless. And Astrid’s my wife now.”

Toothless sniffs at Stoick, making the small boy flinch in fear. Hiccup smiled and took Stoick’s hand, showing him how to hold it out. Stoick did so slowly at first, but then he smiled happily when Toothless licked it and began to coo happily. The small Night Furies came up and began nudging at Lili and Stoick, making the children laugh and giggle before picking up the small dragons. Astrid smiles and comes to stand beside Hiccup, Stormfly close by her side. Astrid had one hand on Stormfly’s head, the other going to wrap around Hiccup’s shoulders, hugging him happily.

Squawking, roaring, and the sound of flapping wings can be heard from above. Hiccup, Astrid, and the kids stare up at the sky in wonder and shock. There were hundreds of dragons- hundreds- flying in the direction of Berk. Hiccup’s eye found Cloudjumper among them, as well as SkullCrusher, Grump, Hookfang, Barch, Meatlug, and all the other dragons that had once lived on Berk- plus others. Hiccup looked to Astrid, who looked back at him with an overjoyed smile on her face.

Toothless had returned, the other dragons had returned. It was like a wonderful dream come true, but Hiccup knew that the dragon standing before him was very much real.

Hiccup then turned back to Toothless, hugging him again.

“This… is Berk.” The camera zooms in on the island, showing the hanger where dragons were once again inhabiting. “Yes, dragons once didn’t inhabit this island- for ten years they were absent.” The camera goes through the village, showing dragons perched on top of buildings while others were looking around for their owners. It shows the original “gang” each reacquainting with their dragons, Fishleg’s with tears and laughs, while Snotlout just walks up in shock before hugging Hoofkang fiercely. The twins start shouting words of joy before attacking their dragon, and before long the two and dragon are rolling about on the ground. Valka hugs Cloudjumper without any words, only tears, while Grump just simply lands on top of an unsuspecting Gobber, effectively smushing the large man in a bone crushing hug.

“But they returned.” Camera then shows Hiccup stepping out from the forge, holding Toothless’s old saddle in his hands. Toothless jumps up and down in excitement, moving closer while Hiccup begins to strap it on.

“And with an unspoken promise to never leave.” Camera then shows Hiccup climbing onto Toothless’s back, zooming out to show Astrid on top of Stormfly. Hiccup smiles at Toothless, who grins back before he pushes his foot in the pedal, the now manual tailfin adjusting position.

Toothless jumps into the air, Hiccup whooping in joy. Stormfly and Astrid join them, and soon Valka does as well, (Stoick and Lili in her lap). The “gang” swoop up and join as they go, but before long Toothless and Hiccup began to pick up speed.

“yes. This is the Berk as we know it, and always will. The forever home… of dragons.”

Hiccup and Toothless fly up onto the large mountain stack over Berk, Toothless letting out a fierce roar while Hiccup just stared at his village, a smile of complete contentment and joy on his face.

The End.

it’s so messed up but this is the greatest success people within 10 years of me in the field are achieving: a phd in ethnic studies leading to an interdisciplinary two-year postdoc at a top public school in the field leading to a lectureship at a top top top public school and a book contract with a top top public school’s press and a shit ton of awards and then, maybe maybe?, a job job

Some Snk 90 Questions/ Complaints Answered

Why are most of the titans gone now? Doesn’t that lessen the threat they pose a lot?

It makes sense that, from what Hanji tells us, most of the titans on Paradi island were inside wall Maria when it fell, since they are all attracted to the walls and human civilization.  So once they eliminated those within Maria, the threat of titans actually outside the walls was greatly diminished.  

I can understand that people are saying that the guillotine method and how easily they can now be killed lessens their threat.  But to that I would say, I don’t think the titans are meant to be the massive threat that they once were.  Before, they were massive creatures that devoured humans for seemingly no reason.  But now we know that shifters are a thing, especially the coordinate, who can control titans, and that all titans are actually humans.  As we learn more about them and are introduced to a new enemy, the people of Marley, it is logical that one threat must be dealt with in order for our characters to deal with the larger conflict at hand.

Another timeskip? I hate those…

You are entitled to your opinion, but keep in mind that the series began with them.  First the skip of about a year when EMA were refugees, to the three when they were trainees until near graduation.   This nine month skip seemed appropriate, since the walled people have a lot of re-grouping to do, truths to digest about the nature of their existence, titans in wall Maria to kill, and funerals to attend. I’m certain Armin and Eren did some titan training during that period of time as well.  Many of these things are, to be honest, not especially crucial for us to see as an audience, especially when it is the last chapter of an arc and things need to seem to come to an “end”.  They would only serve to drag down the story, and wouldn’t be a terribly interesting way to close up the Return to Shiganshina arc.

I hate that we didn’t see Levi grieve for Erwin! It’s so OOC!

We did see him show probably the some of the most intense emotions that we’ve ever seen from Levi, only rivaled by the time when Isabel and Farlan died.  But it is and has always been Levi’s nature to compartmentalize and bury his grief deep inside.  This case is no different- it’s quite literally how Levi continues to survive.  That’s just who Levi is- he rarely betrays the extent of his inner feelings to others. 

If it has been nine months since the first part of the chapter, why hasn’t Marley attacked? Or even continued to release titans onto Paradi island?

Firstly, now that Reiner and Zeke have returned to Marley, the higher ups there must have information that a soldier within the walls has possession of the coordinate and is willing to use it (unlike the royal family).  Therefore sending more Eldians as mindless titans would probably seem like adding more ammunition to the enemy, since Eren can hypothetically control them.  

Also, as a reddit user pointed out in the chapter discussion, the D-Day operation of WWII took years to plan.  A similar, land and sea-based large scale invasion from the Marleyeans would similarly take a long time to prepare, both in terms of planning, manufacturing, and creating the means to transport weapons, war machines, and troops over a large body of water.  It’s no easy feat, and probably why they used titan shifters to attack the first time, which is now no longer an option since the SC obtained the power of the colossal titan. 

anonymous asked:

Since touhou 15.5 was announced a while ago(and by a while, I mean like 5 months), what characters do you hope appear in the game? (aside from the new one, assuming there will be one)

The wait is real c’:

This game is, from what we know, an expansion to ULiL in the same way Hisoutensoku was to SWR. 12.3 gave us five new characters - Sanae, Cirno, Meiling, Suwako, and Utsuho, and so I’m going to assume that we’ll see anywhere from 3-5 new appearances in AoCF. And this is interesting! More characters make a fighting game feel a lot more interesting and make the matches more unique - ULiL’s limited character cast means the matches often feel quite same-y.

Obviously, with the release of LoLK, they’re the prime candidates for appearing. Seiran and Ringo, no offense to them, of course, aren’t really interesting characters. They don’t have much story behind them, so I don’t think they’re likely. Doremy I’m also not sure about, since she doesn’t live in Gensokyo, but she’s a possibility!

Since Sagume was the mastermind behind the ULiL incident, I think she has a pretty good chance of appearing in AoCF as either a playable character or a mentioned character. We’ve seen her hanging out at Eientei in the new print work, so we know she must not mind visiting the Earth. Although I’m not quite sure what her fighting mechanics could be like.

Clownpiece seems like a likely candidate. She’s one of the most popular characters to appear in LoLK, and it seems like she could have fire-based (because of the torch) or comedic/circus-themed attacks, and spellcards that play on her insanity power. Also, she could have tons of adorable animations, I’d love to see her.

Hecatia would be interesting too. Her three bodies could serve as some kind of fighting game mechanic - maybe by performing certain actions, she switches between them, and there are unique bonuses to playing as each color? Also, imagine her swinging those orbs around to hit people. I can totally see her appearing. Also, she’s a really funny character, it’d be great to have some more dialogue from her. It’d be cool to learn more about Hell and her relationship to it, and possibly the outside world! And Greece? She’s based on Hecate so it could be cool. (My personal headcanon is that Greece either has its own land similar to Gensokyo, or has youkai (monsters??) in hiding, because given the rich and popular history and mythology, there’s definitely enough human faith/fear to have spawned gods and youkai.)

Besides LoLK, there’s also the DDC cast - only Shinmyoumaru made it into ULiL. Seija would be very interesting in a fighter with a reversing mechanic - it’d be hilarious to reverse the foe’s controls, or switch their HP at a crucial moment, or do location-swapping like Komachi in Soku. There’s so much potential for a wild and unique character, I’d love to see her.

Anyway, I don’t know enough about the game’s plot to guess what kind of non-new characters could be returning, but there are a few I think would work well in a fighting game! Yuugi, for example, is very strong, and would make a fantastic big buff melee-centric playstyle. Not to mention her power to manipulate unexplainable phenomena would be relevant in a game about a sudden unexplainable phenomenon.

Sanae, as a protagonist, is easy to shoehorn into a fighting game, and I really like her, so it’d be fun to see her again too. She was interesting, even if tricky, to play in 12.3, so she could be fun in ULiL’s less complex playstyle. LET THE MORIYA SHRINE BE RELEVANT

Similarly, Kanako could possibly have some relevance too, if only because the Moriya Shrine wants to get involved in incidents, and there’s nothing more fun that knocking people out with hurricanes and giant wooden pillars. I need Kanako in a fighting game, seriously.

Sakuya and Youmu, again, could possibly become relevant due to being protagonists.

Kaguya, perhaps, now that Reisen and Mokou are both in the game? The Lunarians seem to play a decent part in this game, and, given the last game, it is a possibility! Not sure how she’d play though. Perhaps a character with big, beautiful danmaku patterns like Yuyuko in Soku. (Side note: I really, really hope Reisen is ported into the PC version of AoCF. Come on, ZUN, console exclusives aren’t fun.)

Lastly, it’d be cool if the ‘perfect possession’ could be the work of a new character. I’m not 100% expecting a new girl since we didn’t get anything in Hisoutensoku, but I can always dream.

Inspiration for Game of Thrones - Former Yugoslavia!

George RR Martin wrote the first book from 1991-1996, when the Croatian and Bosnian wars were a big deal for American foreign policy and got a lot of popular news coverage. It started out with six republics (seven if you count Kosovo) of Yugoslavia, each with differing cultures, started fighting for autonomy.

What was Yugoslavia?

Yugoslavia was a country in Southeast Europe during most of the 20th century. It came into existence after World War I in 1918. under the name of Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes by the merger of the provisional State of Slovenes, Croats and Serbs (itself formed from territories of the former Austro-Hungarian Empire) with the formerly independent Kingdom of Serbia.

The Serbian royal House of Karađorđević became the Yugoslav royal dynasty. That dynasty, or better said prince Aleksandar united the country (it was his idea). So, Yugoslavia gained international recognition on 13 July 1922 at the Conference of Ambassadors in Paris. The country was named after the South Slavic peoples (Serbs, Croats etc.) and constituted their first union, following centuries in which the territories had been part of the Ottoman Empire and Austria-Hungary.

Renamed Kingdom of Yugoslavia on 3 October 1929, it was invaded by the Axis powers on 6 April 1941. In 1943, a Democratic Federal Yugoslavia was proclaimed by the Partisan resistance. In 1944, the king recognised it as the legitimate government, but in November 1945 the monarchy was abolished. Instead of Aleksandar’s son Petar II, Tito, the Partisan’s leader, came to power. Yugoslavia was renamed the Federal People’s Republic of Yugoslavia in 1946, when a communist government was established.

After Tito’s death in Slovenia, an economic and political crisis in the 1980s and the rise of nationalism, Yugoslavia broke up along its republics’ borders, at first into five countries, leading to the Yugoslav Wars.

“..they (Yugoslavs) attempted to do the American model taking these five countries to construct Yugoslavia. So long as Josip Broz Tito was alive it seemed to be working, I mean, that people would say: “I am Yugoslav”. But nobody says that anymore; there are all are Serbs, or Croats, or Bosnians, and the ethnic identity is clearly more important than jumping out of the melting pot. They don’t wanna melt into Yugoslavs like we melted to Americans, so I don’t know… It’s interesting.” - George RR Martin

One Croatian comedy site  first wrote about this and, really there are many similarities between people of Former Yugoslavia and people of Westeros:

Lannister - Slovenians blond, rich, people, who think that they are better than others.

The Reach- Slavonia and the Coast (North Croatia), a rich and fertile soil, never in charge, but always the crucial factor.

Greyjoys - Dalmatians (Croats from Dalmatia), only people who they respect are themselves, they believe that others are weak. They are the people of the sea, pirates.

The Vale - Montenegro, a separate mountainous land, unconquerable. Strange family relations, sons on the first place. They have hawk as a coat of arms.

Dorne - FYR Macedonia Land in the south. They have the sun as coat of arms. They have always been segregated from the rest. Dark handsome men, somewhat different than the others from ex YU.

Baratheons - people from Bosnia and Herzegovina, a large, happy people ready to drink and eat, brave and burly. Neum is Storm’s End, since it has access to the sea. Robert is like Tito, who died when collapse of unity begins.

The North - Serbia the country of wolves and ancient heroes. Proud people, freedom fighters. Some see them as wild, cruel. White Harbor is Belgrade, Kosovo is The Wall. behind The Wall wildlings (Albanians? lol) live.

Targaryen - Karadjordjevic, the royal family in exile, young Danny as throne princess.

Riverlands - Vojvodina (Northern Serbia), a neutral land, similar to Slavonia. Somehow always affected by wars.

A Land of Common Mother

In this land, we learn
our mother’s name as
sweet Namibia, for
that is all that we know,
all that we know.

We offer our names
to one another,
becoming cousins;
we already are,
we already are.

We know our differences
but know no malice;
our hearts are open,
our minds are empty.

We keep not ourselves
to ourselves, see not
what we used to see;
we are renewed with
similarities, loving
with similarities.

We become a land
of understanding, for
we know we all
shall live and die,
returning to our mother.

Underbright: Shine of Hope

I really love your Underbright AU, its so beautiful and well done that I wanted to make a fiction of it as well. You could say that it’s a brightly idea and lighten ups our mood because it really shines and sparkle our inspirations. Heh, heh…anyways, I hope you like!


Author: CrystalGemSmashMario


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As Imbolc starts to be celebrated all over the world, we look forward to the coming of spring as the ice begins to thaw. We honor the rebirth of the sun and celebrate the goddess Brigid, the goddess of healing, midwifery, and poetry. Candles are lit in every room and dairy related dishes are prepared. 

Imbolc Ritual

Supplies: Symbol of the season, such as a white flower, snow in a crystal container, also needed, an orange or pink candle (can be anointed with cinnamon, frankincense or rosemary oil), red/white candle to represent the elements, and your ritual supplies.

Arrange the altar, light the candles and censer, and cast the Circle.

Invoke the Goddess and God. Say such words as the following:

“This is the time of the feast of torches,
When every lamp blazes and shines
To welcome the rebirth of the God.
I/we celebrate the Goddess,
I/we celebrate the God;
All the Earth celebrates
Beneath its mantle of sleep.”

Light the orange taper from the red candle on the altar. Slowly walk the circle clockwise, bearing the candle before you. Say these or similar words:

“All the land is wrapped in winter.
The air is chilled and
Frost envelopes the Earth.
But Lord of the Sun,
Horned One of animals and wild places,
Unseen you have been reborn
Of the gracious Mother Goddess,
Lady of all fertility.
Hail Great God!
Hail and welcome!”

Stop before the altar, holding aloft the candle. Gaze at its flame. Visualize your life blossoming with creativity, with renewed energy and strength.


Another Kingdom Hearts Week

Day 2: Favorite original world

Twilight Town

“Despite its subtle atmosphere, Twilight Town is one of the largest worlds known. It is located in between light and darkness, similar to the Land of Departure, Castle Oblivion, Traverse Town and The World That Never Was. As its name implies, this world’s sun is always in the same position in the sky, never rising nor setting.”

Ryouma Sakamoto Walkthrough [Hakuouki Kyoto Winds]

I quite literally stumbled onto Sakamoto’s route by accident, however I got interested and noticed there were no walkthroughs to be found on Google in English (huge thanks to @masayume85​ for her JPN Shinkai guides though. This is not a translation of those guides, but still wanted to say thanks for going to the trouble of posting those for Shinkai players). So figured I would type out real quick what I did to get on his route.

Keep in mind you don’t have to follow this guide word for word. The key it seems to getting Sakamoto is similar to how to land Kazama’s route in earlier games: keep the rest of the cast’s affections low so that you don’t trigger their bonus scenes (and thus potentially skyrocket their affections above Sakamoto, triggering scenes that will override his own during chapters 1-4). This is vital in chapters 1 and 2, because even if you go to Fushimi with Saito and meet Sakamoto, you do not automatically unlock his warrior record. You have to keep everyone else’s affection low to trigger meeting Sakamoto again in chapter 2-4.

With that said, here’s the answers I used to get Sakamoto. This will get you all of his CGs on the first go as well. Have fun!

Chapter 1:

  • Attempt to explain my situation
  • Decided to tell them why I’d come to Kyoto
  • Stay put.
  • Wow, I had no idea.
  • Quietly return to my room.
  • Go to Fushimi (this answer is NOT negotiable. You HAVE to pick this to even be introduced to Sakamoto).
  • Oh, no thank you (+affection with Sakamoto)

Chapter 2:

  • Leave and search for my father.
  • Look for Okita
  • Pick either choice (”…looked around the room” + affection for Okita + CG if you’re CG hunting)
  • …will stay behind.
  • Go to the common room.

At this point you should get a new chapter scenario in 2-4 called “November 1864″ which begins with Heisuke and Shinpachi discussing a dispute between the Aizu and Tosa. If you got this then congratulations, you’ll unlock Ryouma Sakamoto’s warrior record this chapter!

  • Don’t Ask him. (+affection with Sakamoto)

Chapter 3:

  • Investigate
  • Investigate Yagi House
  • Persuade him.
  • At this point in the game you normally don’t get the choice whether you go to Nijo castle to face the oni trio or not. You just go. However, if you managed your affection levels properly you should see a choice now. Choose “Stay behind.”
  • I’m sorry. (+affection for Sakamoto)
  • Yes, please.
  • It’s not any of my business
  • The Demons
  • Go call for help (+affection with Sakamoto)
  • Do you think so? (+affection with Sakamoto)

Chapter 4:

  • The soldiers
  • Someone highranking
  • I think he’s a good person deep down. (+affection with Sakamoto)
  • No
  • Go find the others.
  • Either answer I think is fine. “I will take responsibility in my father’s place.” results in +affection for Kazama
  • Trust the Shinsengumi
  • I’ll do it. (+affection with Sakamoto)
  • Went with them (+affection with Sakamoto.)
  • I’ll stay here.

Chapter 5:

  • Don’t Go
  • Stay and Talk to Sakamoto (+affection with Sakamoto)

  • I trust you. (+affection with Sakamoto)

And that’s it! I didn’t include choices to get to his bad ends, but you should be able to experiment a bit easier now. Good luck and have fun!