silver certificates


The Origin of the Dollar and Pocket Change

Among the most popular currencies in the world, the dollar is not only used by the United States, but by 20 other countries including Canada, Australia, Taiwan, Hong Kong, Singapore, New Zealand, Liberia, Jamaica and Namibia. In addition the US dollar is the official currency of East Timor, Ecuador, El Salvador, Federated States of Micronesia, Marshall Islands, Palau, the Caribbean Netherlands. 

The origins of the dollar can be found in the Bohemian town of Jachymov in the Kingdom of Bohemia, now the Czech Republic.  There in the early 16th century of Bohemian noble named Count Hieronymus Schlick operated a very successful silver mine. In 1518 he began minting his own silver coins at a specific weight which he felt would be easier for merchants to use for trade.  Called the “Joachimsthaler” (named after St. Joachim) it was a coin with the  silver weight of 27.2 grams. The new “thaler” quickly became popular in Europe, being used in the Holy Roman Empire, Spain, Holland, and Scandinavia. Each country minted their own thalers with different weights, but all kept pretty close to around 26 or 27 grams of silver.  Remember that back then money was valued by pressure metals, not fiat (government decree), thus money was just as much of a unit of weight as it was a unit of value.  This explains the origin of common lesser coins based on the dollar.  A half dollar weighs one half of a dollar. A quarter weighs ¼th of a dollar. The word “dime” comes from the French word “ dîme “, meaning a tithe, or tenth. Thus a dime weighs one tenth of a dollar.

The thaler continued to be commonly used in the 18th century. In colonial America, Spanish Thaler’s became a popular currency among colonists, being used beside British Pounds.  After the United States became independent from Britain, the pound was dropped and the thaler became the new currency of the US, although being called by it’s Anglican name, the “dollar” .  By the 19th century the use of paper money became common, although the dollar was still a measurement of weight and silver dollars, quarters, and dimes were minted. However paper dollars were not cash in and of themselves, but were certificates which represented silver money, used because carrying paper money was easier than carrying silver coins.  Each bill had printed on it “one silver dollar payable to the bearer on demand”. 

  This meant that a person who had a dollar bill could exchange their paper for silver at any bank on demand. Today, silver certificates are highly collectible items.

By the 20th century most nations ended the use of gold and silver currency.  The US ended the gold/silver standard in 1933 under Franklin D. Roosevelt.  Thus, the dollar was severed from it’s link to silver weights, and dollar bills became simple pieces of paper that were worth something simply because the US Government says it is worth something. Half dollars, dimes, and quarters continued to be minted in until 1965, when silver became more valuable then the coins its was used to mint. Thus the US mint began producing pocket change out of copper-nickle alloys and made it legal to melt earlier silver coinage.  Australia did the same in 1965, Canada in 1969.  The silver half dollars, dimes, and quarters are called “junk silver”, so named because they are not rare enough to have collectors value, but are still valuable because they are made of silver.  A pre-1965 silver quarter can be worth around $5 in today’s silver market.  Thus many collect junk silver as a means of investment.  I myself invest some of my money in precious metals, and I buy a little bit of junk silver now and then.  Plus, I also like to have a bag of silver coins for when I dress up and pretend to be a pirate in my free time, so that I can jingle it while shouting AARRRGGHHH!!!!

anonymous asked:

A coworker called me over the other day, held up a $100 bill, and said "I think I've got a fake." I took it from her, and began chuckling before handing it back. She asked why I was laughing, and I pointed out the year on the bill. It wasn't a fake, it was one of the old ones from before they began putting the strip down the middle. I was glad she still had me check it, but I did have a good laugh over it.

I had a cashier call a fake on a $2 bill. Yes people we do have a two dollar bill in the US. It’s rare but it’s real. As are silver certificates (red and blue serial numbers instead of green.) then you get into the “funny back” one dollar bills. But they are super rare and worth a lot more than face value. So your only likely to see them when someone is desperate for booze or cigs.


koineaisthesis-deactivated20171  asked:

Hey there Archy! Can you tell me about the LEED system? I stumbled upon a certificate in our office, thought you might give me (and for the others) some insight :)

LEED, which stands for Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design, is a certification program focused primarily on new, commercial-building projects and based upon a points system. To receive LEED certification, building projects satisfy prerequisites and earn points to achieve different levels of certification: Certified, Silver, Gold and Platinum. You can read more about it here.

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Dril Tweets by Myers-Briggs
  • INFP: Why is there anger on this world. In year 2014. You savage , hateful, ugly thing's
  • ENFP: ((sends yoyu an unsolicited 20 image sequence of me morphing into a neopet) i can take u... closer
  • INTP: sorry boys.. im goin A.W.O.L.. !!! Another Weekend On-Line
  • ISFP: going to be doing some extremely powerful introspective poses on the railroad track for the next couple hours, so please cancel all trains
  • ESFP: custom long john silvers gift certificate that says "Partyboy" on it plealse
  • ISTP: i attached a middle finger to each blade of my ceiling fan and i make it spin even when it's cold inside because it looks very much bad ass
  • ESTP: if a sniper shot me i owuld run over to where he is and kick the gun out of his hand and kill him because hes not specialized in melee fight
  • INFJ: "my posts are more..i think.. self aware than most other peoples posts. Im also nice to everybody" -dril, visionary Disruptor; while smoking
  • ENFJ: i challenge us all to experience one another in a greater over all sense of adult maturity, in the year two thousand of fifteen, next year.
  • INTJ: sometimes it seems like i'm the only person who cares about, intelligence-related things, on the entire online.
  • ENTJ: herees what I say to those who think im having a goof on here (presses button on wristwatch & tiny pair of shades launches onto face) im Not
  • ISFJ: all girls on this website... im here to protect u from online swearing... pleae... please understand..
  • ESFJ: just give me one hour and no swear filter and i can literally completely destroy anyone psychologically with aim instant messenge
  • ISTJ: in the latest effort to distance myself from "Whacky" ;, "Random" bull shit, i will be changing my name from VolleyballCraig to NormalCraig,
  • ESTJ: there is a time and place for clowns and it is called "CIRCUS". not the computer

anonymous asked:

Lmaooo pls y'all funny zayn left for his "health" then dropped a single within the week and the only thing that stopped him from completely flopping this yr was a Taylor feature he don't do nothing but look confused and follow his girlfriend to fashion shows

“dropped a single within the week?” bitch where the fuck is that single i wanna hear it. if you’re actually that uneducated and you’re talking about i won’t mind, naughty boy was the one dropping it for his own fight with louis. the song was recorded in 2014 for pure fun, if you have any idea how to use the internet properly you will find that information within minutes (but i doubt you know how to use it since every reason of zayn NOT being a flop is out there, a couple of clicks away, but i guess your thick skull does not allow that information in)

and YES, zayn left for HIS HEALTH, after struggling with anxiety for god knows how long and having an eating disorder, keep being ignorant about the real struggles he went through, but god forbid your fave breaks one of his nails, that would be the end of the world. 

completely flopping? okay here we go

  • #1 album on the billboard 200, making him the FIRST EVER british male to debut at no 1 with his first album (which sold 623K units in pure sales with 0 promo)
  • #1 album on UK’s official chart, becoming the first UK male artist to debut at number one in both the UK and US with his debut album
  • #1 single on the billboard hot 100 (something 1d have yet to achieve)
  • #1 single in the uk
  • #1 with his FIRST solo single (released january 29, 2016, 9 months after leaving the band, get your facts straight) in 87 countries (second biggest first week debut of the year with 267k units)
  • 3 gold certifications for mind of mine (one in the US), silver certification in UK
  • 19 platinum certifications and 4 gold ones for pillowtalk (double platinum in the US)
  • has collaborations with iconic artists like usher, chris brown, lil wayne, m.i.a, snakehips, kehlani 
  • has songs on franchises like ghosbusters and 50 shades 
  • has a song on the get down soundtrack 
  • his book is a NY Times bestseller
  • has a shoe line with giuseppe zanotti
  • has a clothing collection with versace 
  • has a song on the most anticipated movie of the year, song that went #1 in 76 countries and debuted at #6 on the billboard hot 100, despite not being available on spotify or youtube.

what are your faves doing? oh yeah, they can’t even crack the top 20 with all the streaming platforms available. how does zayn’s ass taste bitch? 


1983. Bark at the Moon

is the third album by vocalist Ozzy Osbourne, originally released on 15 November. The album features former Ratt, Rough Cutt and Dio guitarist Jake E. Lee, who replaced guitarist Randy Rhoads who had been killed a year earlier in a plane crash.

The album peaked at number 19 on the Billboard album chart and within several weeks of release was certified Gold for over 500,000 sales in the United States. To date, it has sold over 3,000,000 copies in the US In the UK, it was the third of four Osbourne albums to attain Silver certification (60,000 units sold) by the British Phonographic Industry, achieving this in January 1984.

Bark at the Moon is the only Ozzy Osbourne album on which the songwriting is credited entirely to Osbourne. However, guitarist Jake E. Lee maintains that he composed a significant amount of the album’s music but was cheated out of his writing and publishing claims by Osbourne’s wife and manager Sharon. Lee claims that after he had composed the songs and completed recording his parts in the studio, he was presented with a contract which stated that he would have no claim to any writing or publishing relating to the album. The contract also stated that Lee could not mention this publicly. Lee claims he signed the contract because he had no legal representation and because Sharon threatened to fire him and have another guitarist re-record his parts if he refused.

Osbourne’s bassist at the time, Bob Daisley, has mirrored Lee’s account of the album’s production, stating that he co-wrote most of the music with Lee and wrote the vast majority of the lyrics. Daisley has stated that he accepted a buyout from Osbourne in exchange for writing credit. Osbourne’s former drummer Lee Kerslake, who also played with Daisley in Uriah Heep after leaving Osbourne’s band, stated that Daisley had been hired by Sharon Osbourne to write the Bark at the Moon album for “$50–60,000 or whatever it is. He was offered the chance to write with Ozzy. Words, music – write the album.”

Composed by Daisley, the lyrics to the song “Now You See It (Now You Don’t)” were a pointed rebuke aimed at Osbourne’s wife and manager Sharon, who had fired him from the band in 1981. Daisley stated many years later that he was surprised the Osbourne camp allowed the lyrics on the album.

According to Bob Daisley: Bark at the Moon: Ozzy’s title, which came from a saying he had, ‘eat shit and bark at the moon’ but I wrote all the lyrics. Based on a fictitious ‘Hammer Horror’ type character.

When Randy Rhoads passed away tragically in 1982, every metal guitarist on the planet wanted the position as Ozzy’s right hand man, but knew they were huge shoes to fill. Brad Gillis was brought in temporarily only to leave to return to a little band called Night Ranger. Enter former Ratt and Dio guitarist Jake E. Lee. While not as “legendary” in status as Randy Rhoads, he had the shredder skills that would fit Ozzy’s band perfectly.  

“Bark at the Moon” is an interesting record that burns bright at some moments and just simmers at others. Overall, this is a purchase for anyone who loves best of 80’s metal in general.

     Ozzy Osbourne   Jake E Lee    Bob Daisley   Tommy Aldridge   Don Airey