550-year-old hand-written book is signed by Richard III and contains his personal motto. The signed book is one of only 13 of Richard III’s books that is known to still exist. It is especially valuable as he has signed it ‘R Gloucester’ as he was only the Duke of Gloucester as a young man. Above his signature in the book he wrote the words 'Tant le desieree’, which means 'So much desired’.
Tepes is not actually a surname name. Tepes is just Romanian for Impaler. Too many people think Tepes is a family name or worse yet misspell it as Tepish (carpet in German).
In the fifteenth century the rule about Surnames was somewhat loose and free. And he chose Dracula (Vladislaus Drakulya and various alternate spellings) because of his and his father’s membership to The Order of The Dragon. Dracul means Dragon and Dracula means “Son of the Dragon” or “little Dragon” long before the modern “Devil” was added to it’s meaning.
He abandoned his house name because he loathed his cousins who he held accountable for his father and older brother’s deaths. Vlad the Impaler was not known as Tepes (Impaler) until after he died. Too many people think Tepes is a Surname.
Dracula may be a patronymic but it is the name he chose.
Wladislaus Dragwlya or Drakwlya were alternate spellings he used. Wladislaus can be anglicized to Vladislaus. The ‘Wl’ made the 'Vl’ sound.
This image is in black and white but he usually used red ink.