sidereal calendar

Bengali Vocab: Calendar

Basics

দিন din: day
সপ্তাহ shôptaho: week
মাস mash: month
বছর bôchor: year (unit of time, as “five years”)
সাল shal: year (reference to a specific year, as in “the year 1971”)
ঋতু ritu: season

Days of the Week

The names of the days of the week come from the Sanskrit words for different celestial bodies.

সোমবার shombar: Monday (Moon-day)
মঙ্গলবার monggolbar: Tuesday (Mars-day)
বুধবার budhbar: Wednesday (Mercury-day)
বৃহস্পতিবার brihoshpotibar: Thursday (Jupiter-day)
শুক্রবার shukrobar: Friday (Venus-day)
শনিবার shonibar: Saturday (Saturn-day)
রবিবার robibar: Sunday (Sun-day)

Seasons

Most of Bengal falls within a humid subtropical or tropical monsoon climate, and the region is traditionally considered to have six seasons. Each season lasts for two months of the Bengali calendar, starting in Boishakh, the first month.

গ্রীষ্ম grissho: summer
বর্ষা bôrsha: monsoon
শরৎ shôrot: autumn
হেমন্ত hemonto: dry season
শীত shit: winter
বসন্ত bôshonto: spring

Months of the Year

Bengalis use two calendars: বঙ্গাব্দ Bônggabdo (the traditional Bengali calendar; used mostly for cultural and religious events) and খ্রিস্টাব্দ Khrisṭabdo (the Gregorian calendar; used in daily life). The Bengali calendar followed in Bangladesh is a revised tropical calendar that is consistent with the six seasons, while the calendar in West Bengal is the traditional (unrevised) sidereal calendar that doesn’t follow the seasons. 

Months of the Bengali Calendar

বৈশাখ boishakh: April–May
জ্যৈষ্ঠ joishṭho: May–June
আষাঢ় ashaṛh: June–July
শ্রাবণ srabon: July–August
ভাদ্র bhadro: August–September
আশ্বিন asshin: September–October
কার্তিক kartik: October–November
অগ্রহায়ণ ôgrohayon: November–December
পৌষ poush: December–January
মাঘ magh: January–February
ফাল্গুন phalgun: February–March
চৈত্র coitro: March-April

Months of the Gregorian Calendar

জানুয়ারি januari: January
ফেব্রুয়ারি phebruari: February
মার্চ marc: March
এপ্রিল epril: April
মে me: May
জুন jun: June
জুলাই julai: July
আগস্ট agost: August
সেপ্টেম্বর sepṭembôr: September
অক্টোবর ôkṭobôr: October
নভেম্বর nôbhembôr: November
ডিসেম্বর ḍisembôr: December

Tamil Vocab: Days and Months

days:

  • கிழமை [kizhamai] - day, when referring to days of the week
  • நாள் [naal] - day, when referring to the amount of time 
  • ஞாயிறு [nyaairu] - sunday
  • திங்கள் [thingal] - monday 
  • செவ்வாய் [sevvaai] - tuesday
  • புதன் [puthan] - wednesday
  • வியாழன் [vyaazhan] - thursday
  • வெள்ளி [velli] - friday
  • சனி [sani] - saturday

months: [by the sidereal calendar. western calendar months have the same names as in english]

  • மாதம் [maatham] - month 
  • சித்திரை [sitthirai] - april-may
  • வைகாசி [vaigaasi] - may-june
  • ஆணி [aani] - june-july
  • ஆடி [aadi] - july-august
  • ஆவணி [aavani] - august-september
  • புரட்டாசி [purattaasi] - september-october
  • ஐப்பசி [aippasi] - october-november
  • கார்த்திகை [kaarthikai] - november-december
  • மார்கழி [maarkazhi] - december-january
  • தை [thai] - january-february 
  • மாசி [maasi] - february-march
  • பங்குனி [panguni] - march-april