shut up rachel

guysguysguys yknow what i just realized?? 5sos are in the studio and making new music. for us. with new concepts and lyrics and music videos, which leads to interviews and more pictures of them. and then all of us are going to get excited, waiting up late at night to hear new singles until the actual album is released. and so many cute edits are going to be made throughout the fandom, and we’re all going to get excited together and love this goddamn band and its going to feel like a family again. its going to be about the music instead of their personal lives again. AND THEN A NEW TOUR ?? all the friends you’re going to make at their shows while waiting for them to perform. all the videos that are gonna be posted, all the guitar solos and fan projects

im just so excited MY LIFE IS GOING TO COME BACK WITH MY FAMILY MY BOYS ARE COMING BACK DO YOU HEAR ME SCREAMJNG

youtube

This is an official tourism video for Kagoshima city, Japan and honestly? It’s a bop

Basic Japanese Grammar - Particles

Hey guys! Summer is here! And with that comes… summer studying? I know if you’re just beginning, grammar and particles can be a really hard thing to grasp since it’s so different from English! So here’s just a quick explanation of some of the basic particles you’ll see. Each example will have the kanji and kana and the translation underneath it.

は - “wa”

This is the one that most people learn first, because you need for just about every sentence! は is pronounced “wa” when it immediately follows the topic. This letter is a topic marker, meaning it immediately follows the noun that is being talked about. In English classes you learn about the subject of a sentence and this is kind of similar! This particle is actually left out a lot of the time because it can often be implied who the topic is. So, while every sentence could use this particle, a lot don’t because the topic is already implied from previous sentences.

彼女の専攻日本語ですね。

かのじょのせんこうにほんごですね。

Her major is Japanese, isn’t  it?

を - “o”

Okay, I know when you learned hiragana this was probably taught to you as “wo” but it is never pronounced like that, EVER. In fact, this kana is only used as a particle, so every time you see it, you should think “Oh hey, there’s ‘o’ and it’s a particle”. Also fun fact: because of this the katakana ヲ is almost never used because particles are ALWAYS written in hirgana, and the katakana オ already exists so that’s what would be used for foreign words that sound like “o”. 

Anyway, を marks the direct object. So this is where remembering your middle school English lessons comes in handy, but I’ll give you a quick refresher because I forgot too. The direct object is the noun that receives the verb. Meaning the direct object is whatever the verb happens to. For example, in the sentence “He stopped to smell the pretty flowers” the flowers are the direct object because that’s whats being smelled.

(私は) 6時にたいてい経済の宿題します。

(わたしは) ろくじにたいていけいざいのしゅくだいします。

At 6 o’clock, I usually do my economics homework.

に - “ni”

に marks when somethings happens or, in other words, に is a time marker. You need this particle after days or the week and set numerical times (like months and times like 4 o’clock). But the fun part lies in the times when you don’t use に! You don’t put に after time expressions that are defined in relation to the present (like today, tomorrow, next week) or words that describe regular intervals (like everyday, every morning, or the word for when). For words that describe parts of the day (morning, afternoon, evening, etc.) or the word for weekend, に isn’t normally used, but it’s not really against the rules. Some people do put に after these things depending on their speaking style, or if they want to add emphasis, etc.

木曜日にテストがありますか。

もくようびにテストがありますか。

There’s a test on Thursday?

( The example for を also shows how に is used for time)

へ/に - “e / ni”

I know what you’re thinking “Rachel’s finally lost it! she put に down twice on her particles list!” Well, I’m not crazy yet. The truth is, に is a particle that can mean a lot of things, but lucky for you I’m only covering two today, and they’re not too hard to keep separate! And also へ is pulling a trick much like は does, so when it’s used as a particle it’s pronounced “e”. So, に and へ are both direction markers. This means they show what the verb happens towards, or the goal of the verb. I know it seems confusing at first, but these two start to make more sense the more you use them. For example when you say “I am going to school” school is what you are going towards, or it  is the goal of your going. に and へ are pretty much interchangeable IN THIS USE ONLY (please don’t use へ for time markers), but へ implies more of a general direction while に is more of a specific spot.

(あなたは) 明日私たちと東京行きませんか。

(あなたは) あしたわたしたちととうきょういきませんか。

(あなたは) 明日私たちと東京行きませんか。

(あなたは) あしたわたしたちととうきょういきませんか。

Do you want to go to Tokyo with us tomorrow?

で - “de”

で is a pretty simple particle, it is the location marker. Don’t get this mixed up with に/へ, those mark the goal of the verb, で marks where the verb is happening. For example you can say “I’m at the train station, going to Kyoto.” “Train station” would be marked with で and Kyoto would have either  に or へ.

昨日は山口さんの家パーティーがありました。

きのうはやまぐちさんのいえパーティーがありました。

There was a party at Mr. Yamaguchi’s house yesterday.