sheikh hassan

Bavê Çawîş Pîr Şero the highest Êzidî temple guard recites a part of Qewlê Şêx Hesenî Siltane (Sacred Êzidî Hymn of Sultan Sheikh Hassan

Şêxê Hesenî siltan e, siltan e, siltan e (Sheikh Hassan is a sultan, he is a sultan, he is a sultan). Hay ezîzê mala bavê mino (oh beloved of my father’s house), babê qelpê rehmane (father of the merciful heart), Mîrê qelenderan (lord of the humble). Hay li min hayê (oh beloved). Laliş ye bor, Dîwan ye bor, Mergeh ye bor yabor ye bor, Hay birîndarê mêrano (oh wounded among men), siltan Şixadiyê li hemu derdan yi derman e, hay derman e (sultan Sheikh Adi is the cure for all sorrows, oh he is the cure).

*Dîwan und Mergeh are terms that refer to the Êzidî sanctuary Lalish. Dîwan means residence and Mergeh is a mountain surrounding Lalish.

The sacred text is very emotional, full of sorrow and melancholy and can be dated back to the great attack of the 13th century when the governeur of Mosul Badr ad-Din Lulu attacked the Êzidîs in Lalish in 1246. In this attack 200 Êzidî scholars, Sheikh Hassan and hundred other Êzidî civilians were executed. Sheikh Hassan is the great-nephew of Sheikh Adi and one of the most important Êzidî figures. During his reign the Êzidî religion flourished and the Êzidî principality Sheikhan with Lalish as its centre established itself against hostile Muslim surroundings. Furthermore Sheikh Hassan implemented the Civata Rûhanî (the religious councel) which exists as religious supreme authority in the Êzidî faith to this day. His immense influence was perceived as a threat for the great power of Mosul which lead in 1246 to a campaign of destruction in which countless Êzidîs lost their lives and the holy sanctuary Lalish was heavily damaged. 


The Somali capital, Mogadishu, is hosting an international book fair, the first such event in the city in more than two decades.

Authors, playwrites, poets, artists and musician have travelled from across the world to attend the three-day event that was also guested by the Somali President Hassan Sheikh Mohamud.

“We are holding this fair to revive the culture of writing and reading in our country. Another aim is to connect local writers with their counterparts from abroad so they can exchange ideas.” Mohamed Diini, the event organiser, told Al Jazeera by phone from Mogadishu.

More than 30 writers are gathered here. We brought 3,000 books to the event including three books written by an extremely talented 16-year-old author.”

The fair in the seaside capital is expected to attract more than 1,000 people on each of the three days.

“There is a beautiful buzz in the city. Everyone I met is inspired by the event. I met young people who were asking me how they can publish their first books. It is inspiring to see the next generation of Somalis talking about books and the future looks great.” Mohammed Abdullah Artan, a publisher who travelled from Leicester in the UK, told Al Jazeera from the event.

"It is my seventh time in Mogadishu,” Mohamed Omer, an inspirational speaker from Hargeisa in the northern region of Somaliland, said, “This time it is different. So much creativity and talent displayed in one place. Everyone is happy and smiling. It is beautiful being here.” Omer added.

Somalis on social media have also been caught by the buzz, sharing photos and terming the event “books over bullets” and “Somalia rising”.

Organisers told Al Jazeera the book festival will be an annual event.

"Next year will be bigger and better, God willing.” Diini, the organiser, said.


I found this marriage contract between the bunch of papers. I can see Al-Qiblawi family name, which is a well known family from Akka (Acre), Palestine. In addition, I can see the Al-Haj Ibrahim family’s name, which was, with Al-Sheikh Hassan family, a well known Muslim family in Haifa, Palestine.

This document dates to 1943, and it seems that it was written in Akka (Acre).

anonymous asked:

What exactly are the Muslims doing about the terrorists? Like how are they going against it? We hear in the news about how everybody is against ISIS but what are the people in Islam doing?

Firstly, why are you asking me this when I’m a white girl who has no claims of expertise regarding the situation between Isis and the rest of the world as it stands? You could ask someone way more appropriate than me, like Google.

Secondly, I mean, I would argue that Muslims don’t bear sole responsibility to stamp out terrorism in their midst. To place the blame squarely on the shoulders of the religion to which these terrorists belong is extremely problematic as it ignores the fact that these terrorists’ actions were due to extremism, not Islam. It isn’t only Muslims who have to be vigilant and ready to work against terrorism and extremism, it is society as a whole. We need to make sure that members of minority and oppressed groups are treated with respect, dignity and equality just as much as we treat the ruling / oppressing classes. If we do this, we’ll eradicate at least part of the reason for extremism, which is a feeling of isolation and anger caused by oppression and exclusion from society.

There is a great interview with the sister of an old schoolmate of mine and I think it’s incredibly pertinent and insightful, so I hope she won’t mind me sharing it here. Please take note of the phrase “I can’t get into the psychology of a murderer or a terrorist. I think that’s what Muslims are often asked to do”.

HOWEVER, to answer your question, because unfortunately the majority of the world does believe that this is solely the responsibility of Muslims:

Hezbollah leader Sheikh Hassan Nasrallah denounces ISIS and terrorism as being more hurtful to Islam than anyone else (please note that I am using Sheikh Hassan Nasrallah, a controversial figure who is often dubbed a terrorist, not to try and suggest that his political views are indicative of all Muslims or Islam as a whole, but to try and indicate that it is not just Western Muslims who feel this way, and that not all terrorist / extremist goals are the same, even when ostensibly fighting for the same cause - which makes the ‘terrorists all stand for Islam’ argument moot)

British imams (Muslim community leaders) come together to release a statement urging British Muslims to reject extremist ideas and not to travel to Syria

American imam speaks out against terrorism and urges Muslims internationally to open a debate about extremism (Shamsi Ali wrote this article himself, and it does negate my opening statement - this could well be my white privilege showing)

Australian imam urging Muslims on a global level to denounce terrorism 

Muslim writer explains the differences between extremism and Islam, and contextualises and denounces the former

British imams write directly to Isis* to appeal for the release of their hostages, denouncing their terrorist actions as being unrepresentative of Islam

Basically my answer to your question is twofold: you, as a member of society, should be doing your best to educate people about extremism and its role within politics as a whole and not just the most well-publicised strain of it, and Muslims are doing exactly that, so maybe read the news or something. It took me literally 10 seconds apiece to find those articles, most of which I’d already read, because I don’t get all my awareness of current affairs from Fox News or the Daily Mail.

* officially, Isis has been named IS (Islamic State) since late June 2014, but this name is often not used as it has been condemned as portraying itself as a valid political entity. Both names are technically correct, but the name Isis is more generally accepted.

** Edited to fix a typo - ‘representative’ to 'unrepresentative’. Pretty important typo, that. Well done, me.