she makes a very good point

negative reviews about power rangers hurt my feelings personally and then i look and see it was written by a white dude and i know he’s just mad that it wasn’t a story all about white people, so with that in mind, here’s a list of why white nerdboys hate this movie and why you should go see it!! mild spoilers!!

  • only one white ranger (jason, red), and while he’s the leader, his screentime was not significantly greater than his teammates, nor was his background the most fleshed out. he also suffers real consequences for his poor choices instead of being let off with a slap on the wrist. 
  • half indian ranger (kimberly, pink) who makes a very bad choice that is very cruel, who is not coddled. she is told that her choice was bad, point blank, but that she can still be a good person. reformed mean girl!!! and she’s not a white blonde!!!
  • mexican ranger (trini, yellow) who is LGBT (we don’t know if she’s bi or a lesbian but i’m guessing she’s a lesbian).
  • chinese ranger (zack, black) who is bilingual, showing the struggles and pressures of a kid who is responsible for caring for a single parent who is sick and struggles financially.
  • black ranger (billy, blue) who is autistic, and actually says the words “i’m on the spectrum” in the film instead of dancing around it. is the heart and soul of the team, his friends treat him completely normally.
  • NO ROMANCE!!!! there are slight hints but seeing as the events of the film span roughly two weeks, the film is all about friendship and sacrifice and acceptance, not about teen love.
  • i’m dead serious go see this goddamn movie i cried like ten times and was absolutely amazed by how they took this cheesy little show from the 90s and gave it so much heart and love.

Things that are Very Good in Sawbones:

• Syd’s terrible mom jokes
• Justin refusing to react to her terrible mom jokes no matter how much she points out what she just did there
• When Sydnee loses all perspective to what’s gross or not to non-medical professionals
• When Justin is so icked out he forces the show to go to commercial break
• Either of them putting the other on blast for some wack ass habit
• When Justin just. Apologises to all women ever throughout the history of time
• PLINY THE ELDER TALK
• Those episodes when Charlie was really little & making baby noises on mic

Horizon Zero Dawn and Cultural appropriation: A very different view.

For the first time EVER, I’m sitting on the other side of a discussion about appropriating native culture.  Why?  Well, let me lay the framework.

First off, I’m not a guy who “knows a Native American” or has a “Native friend”  I am a 100% Anishinabe (Ojibway) dude who lives on reserve and has fought racism, stereotypes, pan-Indianism, and cultural appropriation fiercely for as long as I can remember. I’ve been the victim of horrendous racial violence as a child, adolescent, and adult, and I’m also a gamer.

I am the first to point out anything that smacks of any of the above and after I saw the Dia Lacina essay on “Horizon: Zero Dawn” being culturally insensitive and appropriating Native culture, I felt for the first time in a situation like this that I had to say something in rebuttal.

Lacina takes issue with the use of the words Tribal, Primitive, Braves, and Savage being used in the game (fyi they’re used to describe predominantly white people in game and they’re White words we didn’t use to describe ourselves thus I claim no ownership of, nor want to, anymore than I want to be a redskin, Indian or Wahoo)  

It seems (IMO) that most of her beef comes from an apparent belief that numerous aspects of generic tribal culture that appear in the game (making clothing from skins, hunting with spears and bows, living in a Matriarchal society, etc) are the sole domain of the Native American and just to be safe and cleverly keep her POV less subject to scrutiny, she applies it even more broadly to indigenous people world wide (I will just refer to us in particular as NA cuz I’m lazy and I also don’t refer to myself as a Native American) and basically that anything that is remotely “tribal” shouldn’t be used in gaming without our or someone else’s permission.

 In fairness, I don’t know if she’s actually played the game but as someone who is currently in the midst of doing exactly that, I can tell you that I have a pretty good idea of what stuff triggered her being upset and why, and while I absolutely respect her right to get offended by whatever she likes, and she makes excellent points about some other games, I am going to point out that there are flaws with this logic.

First of all, the basics: HZD is set in a post-post-apocalyptic future where people are living in tribal groups in a very destroyed world.  Machines exist but as hybrid animal/dinosaur type creatures and technology is pretty much non-existent in day to day human life.  

The heroine of the story is a red haired, white girl named Aloy who lives as an outcast with her adopted father, Rost.  Without giving a lot away, they are fiercely shunned by the local tribe for something Rost did and also the fact that Aloy is motherless.  

Impressively and rightly, though somewhat dismissively remarked upon by Lacina, is the way women and especially women of color are portrayed so positively in-game as this particular tribe is a total Matriarchy run by elders of various ethnicity.  African, Asian, White, and a variety of undefined people of color are common everywhere in the game.  (The leader of one band of warriors is a very fierce, commanding, intelligently portrayed black woman with a powerful presence.)  It reflects a fairly global society from a “skin color” perspective without any horrible accents or broken speech.

They worship an “All-Mother” goddess and their culture is (at least how I saw a lot of it) fairly heavy on European i.e. Celtic, Germanic, Scandinavian, etc type symbolism and the rest is filled in with mostly generic tribal-ish stuff that you could find in countless cultures around the world.

 I really didn’t get a “Native American” vibe off the game.  Of course, I don’t automatically presume to claim sole ownership of things like tribal life, hunting with bows and spears, and worshiping spirits of various elements solely for my own.  Random fact: Because there are over 500 distinct First Nations in N. America, we, believe it or not, didn’t all ride horses, live in tipis, use bows and arrows, tobacco and sage, and worship Eagles and Wolves.  Why? Well…use your brain.  Tobacco and Sage don’t grow EVERYWHERE, horses came over with the Europeans (and if you saw where I live you couldn’t have and cant for the most part get a horse through the bush if you tried) Eagles and Wolves don’t live EVERYWHERE….get the point?  Anyways….

If you examine Rost, he like most of the men has a braided beard and other seemingly Viking/Middle Ages inspired features, is white, speaks clear, unbroken English, and is a loving, protective and very positive role model for the girl.   Aloy for her part, is also fairly Viking-esque (to the point of looking incredibly like Lagaertha from the show Vikings but with red hair) also Egrit from GoT, and is no damsel in distress who needs men to save her. NOWHERE in the game have I encountered any Tipis, wigwams, Sweatlodges, or Non-White people speaking in stereotypical “Me smoke-um peace pipe, He go dat-a way” fashion.

The  opening cinematic is very touching (and long) as we see the orphaned Aloy as a baby in Rost’s care being carried around in a bundle on his back (which pretty much every culture did in one form or another at some point in time) and him ultimately taking her to the spot where a child of the tribe receives it’s name.

I really liked this idea as it isn’t often portrayed in a lot of mediums outside of stereotypical “Dances With Wolves” bullshit. Also, naming ceremonies are not the sole domain of NA people and what occurs bears zero resemblance to any NA ceremony I know of.  (It was actually a little Lion King at one point lol) But it’s a powerful moment in the beginning with much more that occurs during it but I won’t spoil that either.

Aloy herself is a pretty complex character.  She’s extremely independent, defiant, and questions pretty much everything about why things are the way they are and wants to do something about it.  You actually begin playing her as a 6 year old which is pretty unique and even then she’s tough and fearless and determined to explore her world.  

She is in no way hyper-sexualized (I’m looking your way Overwatch) Her clothing and everyone else’s, is utilitarian and appropriate for the environments she lives in, and so far, I have not encountered anything with her or any other character that made me go “WTF?”and trust me, my radar for that shit is HIGHLY SENSITIVE.  This isn’t Avatar, people.  It’s not John Smith. It’s not The Great Wall or Pocahontas.  This isn’t white dude shows up and saves the helpless non-white people while helpless native woman falls in love with him stuff.  It’s a fictitious future where we maniacs blew it up, damn us all to hell!

But here’s the more annoying thing for me as an actual Anishinabe.  I don’t need people speaking for me or getting offended on my behalf.  I am very capable of doing that myself. I am also in no way writing this claiming to be speaking for any other NA people or persons. It’s based on my observations from actually playing HZD and examining the various fictional “cultural” elements in the game.

If you see a skin tied inside a hoop and automatically assume it’s a dreamcatcher” ripping off “our culture” (FYI Dreamcatchers are a 20th century thing whose popularity was a result of pan-Indianism that exploded in the 70s.) or if you see feathers on a spear or as part of a costume (nowhere is anyone wearing a single eagle feather in the back of a beaded headband or a Dakota looking headdress either) and automatically presume it to be ripping off NA culture, you’re REEEEEEEEEEALY reaching.  If you think caring for the environment, obeying matriarchs, worshipping elemental spirits, or making your own clothes is solely the property of NA culture, see previous statement.

By all means get offended.  Get offended by Chief Wahoo.  Get offended by the Washington Redskins.  Get offended that thousands of Native women have been murdered or gone missing and nothing’s been done about it.  Get offended by Johnny Depp or Robert Beltran playing Native people instead of actual Native people getting those roles.  Get offended by shit like Adam Sandler’s “Ridiculous 6” where a native woman is called a “hot piece of red prairie meat” or Depp’s “Lone Ranger” movie.

Get offended that my family was destroyed by the Residential Schools and that the 60s scoop took babies away from their families and people, that forced sterilizations took place and mass graves of dead Native children exist at former Residential School sites.

Don’t just jump on the I’m offended bandwagon because you saw some feathers or skins or spears or bows in a game and immediately grew indignant and wanted to claim them as OUR culture.  They’re not.  They’re almost globally universal in numerous cultures at various points in time.  Get offended, as she rightly mentioned, when the game Overwatch sexualizes the shit out of almost every female character and takes West Coast tribal art and makes a costume out of it.  

THAT is appropriation.  White people holding powwows in Europe (powwows are also pretty much not traditional and are extremely pan-Indian, not to mention full of us appropriating each other’s Native cultures ie. Dakotas wearing Jingle Dresses, Ojibway wearing Dakota regalia, etc) is appropriation.

This game……I’m just not seeing it the same way.  And I’m nobody.  I have no ties to Guerilla or anybody other than myself and my community.

How to Be “Roomie Goalz”

In college you will most likely have a roommate at some point, whether it be in a dorm, or your first apartment. Here are some little tips on how to be a good roommate (because it really needs to be said.)

  1. Learn each other’s boundaries. My freshman year, I thought my roommate and I were going to be absolute best friends. However, tension grew when I found out she took a picture of me sleeping and showed it to our mutuals. This absolutely infuriated me, because I am very sensitive about my skin and obviously did not have make up on. I also didn’t find out about the picture because she showed it to me - I found out from the aforementioned mutual friends. The tension was palpable for a week until she moved out. I never got another roommate and had the entire room to myself. Bottom line: I felt uncomfortable in my own dorm because of her actions.
  2. Be respectful of the other’s schedule. Is your roommate a night person or morning person? For me, I am definitely a night person. In my dorm, I would make sure that lights were out so that my roommate could get a good night’s sleep before her morning classes. Also, be mindful that your phone alarm will probably also wake up your roommate. They may be able to go back to sleep, but if you are constantly hitting the snooze button, this will probably disturb them IMMENSELY. 
  3. Be respectful of the other’s space. For me, this means don’t have people over when your roommate is really trying to study quietly, don’t blast music in the mornings when you know your roommate is sleeping off an all-nighter, etc. Do NOT lock your roommate out of a shared dwelling when you have a friend ;) over for activities not school-related. The sock on the door thing is not a thing, don’t do that to someone. Also, not slamming doors, even if you aren’t intending to slam them. 
  4. Don’t make decisions about your shared space without consenting your roommate first. This means decorating, having a party, etc. For decorating especially - remember that your taste is not always your roommates taste and you want to involve them so that you can each feel at home!
  5. Share responsibilities. Taking out the trash is a big one. Be upfront about delving out chores so that there is no “ok, I’ve taken out the trash like 7 times in a row.” 
  6. Keep it clean. Dirty dishes in the sink, trash on counter tops, not cleaning up after yourself after you cook, not unloading the dishwasher, leaving clothes in the washer/dryer, leaving stinky shoes in the common area, etc. can come across as majorly disrespectful. Be mindful that while you might not mind a little clutter, your roommate might like things kept clean and orderly.
  7. Establish what is communal and what is personal. Will you be sharing dishes? Food? Cleaning products? Establish those boundaries ASAP so as to avoid the “dude, why are you using my laundry detergent?!” conversation. Have the who is bringing what necessity the day you agree to live together!
  8. Return borrowed items in a better condition in which you took them! Actually, this goes for all walks of life. 
  9. Establish house rules. When are quiet hours? What will the AC be set at to ensure that all roommates are comfortable? Who will do laundry when? If you share a bathroom - who will shower when? 
  10. Do little things to be nice! The two roommates I had in my first apartment and I would spontaneously leave cookies out for all to enjoy, or purchase an assortment of treats for holidays! We would also bring in each other’s mail, leave little notes (even though we weren’t that close and hardly saw one another - literally never knew if they were home or not), etc. They were the best roommates ever! I loved living with them. Not that I don’t love living with my best friend now! But if you are living with basically complete strangers, do your best to develop a good, amicable relationship. 

Hope these little tips make your living situation during your collegiate career go smoothly! Happy studying, realistic students!

cooler1303  asked:

In your opinion what is the biggest difference between pearl and marina in japan as aposed to other regions like america and Europe. And what type of role language Do they each use

Pearl (Hôzuki Hime)

First-Person Classifier: “Atashi” for singular “I”, “Uchi” for plural “We”

Speech Style: Rude, Shounen-like masculine (sentences end in ”ze, zo, daze”, says “kuu” instead of “taberu”, “nee” instead of “nai”, etc.)  uses with occasional feminine traits (like female-specific slang, or ending sentences in “ne”), energetic, uses a lot of anglicisms and slang. 

How the localization changed her: Not at all. Even if Treehouse ocassionally added lines where Pearl seems more “abrasive” in English than in Japanese if you attempt to “translate literally” (which, as I keep saying, is a stupid idea, always), in context the effect of the original and translated dialogue is identical. If anything, it’s scary how well the way Pearl was written originally meshed with Treehouse’s style of translating. She must have been like a gift from god to them. She comes across exactly the same.

Marina Ida (Îda Mariné) 

First-Person Classifier: “Watashi” in Katakana

Speech Style: She speaks literal textbook Japanese(as in, the sort foreigners learn from textbooks), aside from using a lot of feminine traits to soften it up, sometimes to the point that it almost seems artificial. This is because in the Japanese version it’s made abundantly clear that Inkling isn’t Marina’s first language (it’s Octarian), and while her grammar is perfect, her use of the language is still rather unnatural in places, hence why her speech style is a lot more rigid than Pearl’s and has barely any slang in comparison. Oftentimes words will also be written in Katakana when they should be in Hiragana or Kanji which, according to the devs, usually either means that she’s mispronouncing them, or saying them in Octarian by accident.  However, contrary to what you may think that doesn’t make her sound “dumb”, since her grammar is impeccable and she still uses a lot of “big words”, it still does her intelligence justice. If anything, it makes her sound cute, humble and reserved when she’s searching for the right words. Generally, she comes across as a smart, polite and humble young immigrant. 

How the localization changed her: Okay, so, while Japanese Marina has *some* sass (like, she does occasionally tease Pearl about her height and inability to ride a bike without training wheels), the localization cranked it WAY up to eleven. In Japanese, Marina’s teasing never goes further than “ahaha, that’s so silly, Senpai!”, while in English she often roasts the living daylight out of her partner.  This is something Marina would never do in Japanese; not because she can’t, but because it goes against her own standards for herself. She’s trying extremely hard to be supportive to everyone she meets, even if it sometimes makes her internally facepalm (that comes out in Octo Expansion as well).That doesn’t mean Marina doesn’t have any opinions and never voices her thoughts, in fact she’s very quick to disagree or point it out when Pearl is wrong, she just never is rude about it. She just has very good manners, I guess. Another thing is that in Japanese, not only does Marina call Pearl “Senpai”, she’s also a self-admitted fangirl of hers, openly admiring Pearl’s self-esteem and often saying out loud that she needs to try and be more confident and outspoken like that herself, even if she thinks that Pearl can sometimes way overdo it. I guess, in a way, English Marina is what Japanese Marina wants to be like in the future. So maybe you could make the excuse that English Splatoon 2 is set later than the Japanese? But that’s a stretch, really. 

Additional details:

  • Marina and Pearl both love video games and have regular gaming nights together. One of the few things that gets Marina angry at Pearl in the Japanese version in Pearl saying she might cancel game night or forgetting about it.
     
  • The most sassy Marina got in Japanese was when she responded to Pearl saying that she likes shopping for clothing at the Reef with “Weird, I didn’t think they carried XXXS sized clothes.” 

  • In Japanese, Marina often comments on how she thinks Pearl is being “cute” or “cool”, which certainly helps the smooth sailing of a certain *cough* ship…. Ishipit
because nice is different than good

This is not, strictly speaking, a dogfather thing, but I want to talk a little about the way I understand Lily Evans as a character and what I have decided in order for her character to make sense to me. I don’t have any plans to write Marauders-era fic, but having a clear idea of Lily (and by extension, James) helps me write the characters who knew her.

Lily, for me, makes the most sense if she shares one essential trait with Snape: that she is not nice, but she is good.

Now, they express that trait in very different ways, especially as they get older. When they’re younger, they’re both ferociously protective of ‘their’ people– but then, so are James and Sirius. Who counts as ‘theirs’ makes a big difference in how they are perceived. Lily broadens the number of people who are ‘hers’ over her time at Hogwarts, to the point that she’s willing to go to war for them. She joins the Order of the Phoenix because she seems to believe that the Death Eaters are not just morally wrong, but hateful: they are neither nice nor good.

Snape genuinely does not seem to give a damn about anyone but Lily; he joins the Death Eaters because they flatter him and feed his ego. They don’t expect him to be nice or good, which is much easier. They encourage all the worst parts of him. But he never seems to feel much loyalty to them as people. If he ever did, it goes out the window when Lily’s life is threatened. He never learns to be nice, but after Lily’s death he is grimly determined to at least be good.

By the time they’re done with Hogwarts, Lily rejects Snape’s fundamentally selfish outlook, and finds common cause with James. Now, James only works for me as a character if he pulls a really thorough Mr. Darcy by seventh year, and consciously self-corrects his previous behavior because he understands that it was wrong. James starts out nice but not good, and has to put the work in before Lily will give him the time of day.

Lily and James make sense, in canon, if I regard them as two people who are making a choice to be good, and to do good. Whose goodness is an aggressive, active, ‘the world sucks so I am going to fucking fix it however I can’ sort of goodness.

So, how does this come into play when writing Lily, or writing about her? Well, I understand Lily as someone who is not sweet, and whose kindness is not necessarily instinctive. Who can be prickly, who has a temper, who holds grudges. When she is kind, it’s because she is making a choice to be kind: she’s saying ‘fuck everyone and everything who make it easy to be indifferent or cruel. no. I choose to care, I choose to help, I choose to fight to make things better.”

I like the idea of a James who’s even-tempered and sweet-natured and brimful of easy generosity, but who has to work to care about anyone outside his chosen circle. I like the idea of a Lily who picks fights, who’s snappish and sharp-tongued and fierce, but whose moral certainty powers a burning desire to do what’s right. A Lily like that would draw James to her like a moth to flame. She would shore up his own sense of right and wrong and force him to look hard at why he’s chosen the side he’s on. I want a James and Lily who are the moral center of their universe, and whose loss sends everyone who loved them careening off into the dark.

6

“…she didn’t… recognize me?”

So I’m not feeling all that good today; I ended up recycling something I’d sketched earlier and colored and shaded it, hence the sloppy quality. Sorry guys. :(

But anyway this is Greyling’s and Ladybug’s first meeting! Not much of a meeting, huh? Ladybug gets hurt pretty bad by Tux and though she eventually fends him off with the help of a Greyling-possessed volpina, Greyling can’t help but feel as though something is still very wrong and makes the snap judgement to go see for himself. His intuition ends up being right on the money because as Ladybug calls for the Miraculous Cure, she passes out and falls off of the top of the building she was on. Greyling ends up catching her before her head can hit the rooftop below and though her battle wound is healed, she remains unconscious for a couple of minutes, with Greyling freaking out and trying to wake her up.

Ladybug thinks that Greyling has managed to send a second champion when she awakens, not recognizing him. How could she? All she has to go off of to this point is what her classmates tell her and what people submit to the Ladyblog, and neither account is terribly solid since they never actually get a good look at him.

But Alya, oh bless her, sends Mari a text a few minutes later absolutely FREAKING out over the pictures she got of Greyling cradling Ladybug on a rooftop. They’re distant but very clear. (”LOOK MARI IT’S YOUR FUTURE HUSBAND” ”BETTER MAKE A MOVE BEFORE LB SNATCHES HIM UP YOU’VE GOT SOME STIFF COMPETITION”)

Mari has a very patent Oh Shit moment.

anonymous asked:

I am internally convinced that Sarah Rogers was the sort of low key bad ass mom who's disappointed voice could me even Hydra agents reconsider their lives and their choices (but not little shit Steve Rogers) confirm/deny? Mostly I just want neat stories about Sarah Rogers. Please?

i have no idea what the hell youre talking about; there was nothing low key about sarah roger’s badassness. 

steve got his bullheadedness and moral compass from his mom, and even with the super serum he can’t match her Disapproval Face. you think that the Captain America Is Disappointed In You Face is rough? try sarah rogers’ You Really Should Know Better But I Love You Anyways Face. i can personally testify that it was worse than nazi torture. 


im convinced that if sarah rogers had still been around by the time wwii started, and if we’d managed to get her behind german lines, she probably could have convinced hitler to be less of an asshole and just go to art school instead. she was just that good.


at one point, when stevie was sick, mrs sarah was coming home from the hospital with his (very expensive) medicine, and she got cornered in an alley by three muggers. it was the Depression, people were desperate. anyway, mrs sarah gave them her best mom face and told them that she had more faith in them than this, that they could be better if they just tried, that bad times don’t mean you have to be a bad person. they gave her the medicine back. one of them cried.

she even managed to make stevie reconsider his choices, believe it or not. it’s just that steve’s first, second, and third considerations of way too many subjects all result in the same conclusion: ‘i should punch someone.’


its no wonder that sarah rogers had such a good Disappointment Face. she got so much practice.

Female Zodiac Signs As Girls I’ve Met

Aries♈: independent & dependent at the same time, confident, popular, has the best hair I’ve ever seen, can be really moody at times, cares a lot about her friends, isn’t sporty, but still looks very athletic, a bit selfish but will defend anyone who she believes is worth defending and protecting

Taurus♉: mom of the group, somehow she always has snacks in her backpack, wears headphones everywhere, seeks a love relationship, stalker when in love, very good at cooking, marriage material, incredibly stubborn, strong af, loyal

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hilda is autistic (or at the very least autistic-coded): a post by me who is also autistic lmao

i won’t go into super many details, but i’ll still try to explain it as good as i can!!

hilda doesn’t see the point in making human friends her own age, to the point where she’s strongly against it. you could argue that it’s just because she’s lived away from society her whole life, but that’s where the autistic-CODED part comes in!

it’s also interesting how, despite her fear of befriending other kids, she’s great at befriending other creatures. this is probably because of the lack of verbal communication. to hilda, animals and monsters are a lot simpler than human people, easier to identify with (and hey, they’re clearly her special interest!). even when she knew how dangerous the troll was, she was able to understand it and recognize the problem, and helped it without hesitation. this is backed up by this scene:

at this point in the story, hilda’s mom is still worried about hilda’s fascination with monsters. she mentions her ability to befriend them, but compares it to befriending kids because she doesn’t understand hilda’s struggle. hilda is obviously torn up by this.

when hilda manages to talk to some kids in town, they invite her to prank their neighbors with them. the other kids think it’s funny, but hilda doesn’t get it, and she feels awkwardly left out of the group.

they get hilda to try it, but she’s still confused about what they’re doing and WHY they’re doing it, so she messes it up. and then THIS happens:

she panics and proceeds to do something nice instead, though she’s anxious about messing up again. but when the old woman genuinely thanks her for the compliment, hilda is relieved and smiles back, and gives the other kids a thumbs up as if that was the plan all along. she knows that’s probably not what she was supposed to do, but since everything went well, she still accepts it as a victory. a positive outcome was all that mattered to her.

once again, hilda completely misses the point of the game. and even when she’s told what to do, she misunderstands and kicks the can way too hard. and she’s embarrassed.

OTHER THINGS I DIDN’T MENTION BECAUSE THIS POST GOT TOO LONG DAMN:

  • she uses isolation as a coping mechanism
  • she’s bad at dealing with big changes
  • THE. ENTIRE. SCHOOL. EPISODE.
  • uhh watch hilda
second time’s a charm | jjk

⇒ summary: what’s the difference between the handsome stranger you slept with last night and the successful doctor that’s your new boss? 99% of people will get this wrong.

⇒ doctor!au

⇒ pairing: jungkook x reader

⇒ word count: 2k

⇒ genre: fluff

⇒ warnings: alcohol mention + implied smut

⇒ a/n: guess who’s back and better than ever? not me. i’m sick with a cold. but here’s a little something to get me back on my writing! requested by anon!

Jeon Jungkook is very good at his job.

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As someone who spends a lot of time alone with an animal, let me say that Lucretia definitely got in the habit of talking to the Voidfish during her year alone. Sometimes if the Voidfish wasn’t in the room she would forget and just kind of talk to an imaginary Voidfish. 

Sometimes they had coherant conversations! Fisher is a smart jellyfish. Sometimes it was more like;

Lucretia: *drops something* See, this is why we can’t have nice things. Because everything is garbage and we’re all going to die

Fisher: *worried jellyfish noises*

Lucretia: I know, buddy. I want to die too. But we can’t, can we? Because then a giant disc of living darkness would eat all of existence unstopped. And that would be bad. 

Fisher: *hums*

Lucretia: That’s a fair point. I guess we can not die for today. Do you want to find some stories to eat? Goodness knows the locals won’t be using them in a year or so. 

After a few months of isolation it got the point where they’d shout at each other across the ship just to have company. Fisher would blare random music notes and Lucretia would yell back something inane like “Yes, I know” or “I’m on it, Captain!” The Voidfish would follow her around the ship and make noise at her, because it realized how lonely she was, and she would have very serious conversations about the fuselage and the engine and her past and anything else that came to mind with this bouncing, growing (constantly curious, way too rambunctious) fish. 

When everyone else got back they were a little concerned about the way Lucretia kept turning to the Voidfish and randomly saying things like, “If we don’t find something to eat other than transmutated tree bark things I’m going to stage a mutiny and throw everyone in the brig. First I’ll make them build us a brig,” or ask it about its thoughts on religion and the Hunger as a representation of internal emptiness and external consumption. Worse, sometimes the Voidfish would respond in what sounded suspiciously like musical sentences, leaving everyone with the unsettling impression that the still very tiny, baby Voidfish deserved contributing editor status on Lucretia’s journals now. 

Homestuck Camping Headcanons

John: Brought enough kites to populate a small country if the citizens were also kites. “John we’re in the middle of the fucking woods where are you going to fly a goddamn kite,” wrong question Karkat. John makes eye contact while holding a kite, floats up above the tree line, and flies his kite suck a dick everyone. Terezi tries flying one of the kites but seemingly does not know how. When John tries to show her she somehow manages to get him tangled up in the string and just starts cackling. She takes another kite from the pile and flies it perfectly. John is not pleased.

Dave: Spends the entire trip there composing raps and sick beats which is VERY ANNOYING to Karkat who is being carried five inches from Dave’s stupid rhyming mouth fuck you Dave. When they get there, it turns out mr cool kid is hella afraid of bugs, like “fuck oh fuck there’s a bug Karkat kill it please fuck oh my god someone please just kill it” levels of hate. “You know my species starts out as a bug” Karkat narrows his eyes. That is different, Dave tells him, your species can talk and have s- “eat shit, Dave.” Around the campfire, he tries to tell a scary story but it turns out the big plot twist at the end is just a character falling down some stairs and Dave saying “I warned you about stairs, bro” in a spooky voice. Roxy throws a marshmallow at his head from across the campfire.

Jade: Somehow manages to befriend every single forest creature she finds. She goes out for a walk and comes back with five squirrels, three bunnies, and a doe with her baby in tow. “Can we keep them?” She finds a nearby lake with a little waterfall and encourages everyone to go swimming, she cannonballs off the ledge obvi and a belly flop competition starts. Everyone’s belly hurts. This was a mistake. Oh god.

Rose: Finds a dark cave nearby and extends an invitation to explore it, Kanaya lights the way and Jake shows up in full on spelunking gear which ends up being pretty much useless as the cave dead ends after fifty feet. Rose is disappointed, she was hoping to find ancient cave drawings or the remains of a ritual sacrifice. Jake, who found some cool rocks and some kind of skull he might give to Dave, asks her why she seems let down. When she mumbles something about the blood of children he nods and walks a step behind her on the way back. At the campfire, Rose also tries to tell a scary story, she recounts the tale of Mothman. It is actually pretty spooky until she gets to the end and says that there probably was no Mothman and it was most likely a red sand hill crane that had wandered off its mighration course. Dave boos.

Kanaya: No one but Rose will share a tent with Kanaya (especially not Dave) because she likes to turn up her glow a little which attracts every. Single. Bug. She has an entourage of moths following her around and yes they do have names, Rose, they’re our children now you have to love them. Tries her hand at scary stories too, but it ends up just being about a troll who showed up to a white-tie occasion in a semi-formal outfit. Needless to say, the fear and outraged reaction was limited. She does end up scaring John, however. He heads around to the latrine only to see Kanaya hunched over a bag of pre-packed blood. “Uh, Kanaya? What are you doing?” She turns around with blood all over her mouth which she casually wipes away, Oh Hello John, I Did Not Hear You Coming, Is Something The Matter? The last part is said to his back as he sprints away screaming.

Karkat: Eats a bug in front of Dave just to freak him out a little, then Dave asks if it’s cannibalism and Karkat punches him in the arm. Tries to refuse swimming in the lake, but Dave jumps in and pretends to drown so Karkat freaks out and jumps in to try to rescue him. When Dave resurfaces laughing, Karkat pushes him back under and asks Dirk if this would count as a just death. Dirk says he better not risk it. While he’s asleep, Dave and John team up by squirting shaving cream on Karkat’s hand and tickling his face with a crow feather. This backfires because instead of rubbing his own face, Karkat starts swinging his arms out and manages to cover both Dave and John’s faces in shaving cream. He doesn’t notice and goes immediately back to sleep. Dave and John wash the shaving cream off and agree that this never happened, only Jane and Roxy Definitely Saw Them and also took a video.

Terezi: “accidentally” knocks one of John’s tent poles out with her cane while she’s walking, then accuses John of unfairly targeted a poor innocent blind girl. She and Vriska go to the river to try and catch fish for dinner, they end up getting in a competition to see who can catch the most fish. Everyone eats soup for dinner. Terezi and Vriska will not talk about what happened. Terezi gives scary stories a go, but it ends up being less scary and more like one of her roleplaying court scenarios. The only vaguely frightening thing is that at the end, she points up to the trees and everyone suddenly realizes that she hanged a bunch of her plushies sometime during the day and apparently no one noticed until now. She smiles wickedly and everyone feels slightly uneasy.

Jane: Spends part of the afternoon getting the soup ready in anticipation of a lack of fish. Realizes she forgot some of her spices at home and starts panicking until Jade takes her through the woods and helps her find some wild herbs that will taste almost the same. At one point, she goes to the bathroom and comes back with a small carapacian in handcuffs having apparently dodged another assassination attempt. She treats this very casually but enjoys being fussed over for a little bit. She tells a scary story that’s actually scary, no one realizes she’s teamed up with John in the Ultimate Prankster Duo. He is making the wind move through the trees very eerily, and right at the scariest part of the story he jumps out of the woods yelling. Everyone jumps out of their seats, some of the godtier kids accidentally fly up a good ten feet in the air they got so frightened. Jane and John high five and secretly salute Colonel Sassacre.

Jake: Jumps off the waterfall at least fifty times and has a blast doing it. Dirk is hesitant to go because he secretly is sort of afraid of heights after living in the post-apocalyptic high rises of Texas. Jake remedies this by picking him up bridal style and jumping off the ledge with him. Dirk does NOT scream or hold onto Jake for dear life because that would be uncool. Jake shows Jade some of the cool rocks he found and presents Dave with the cool skull he brought back. Dave is slightly in awe and develops a newfound respect for Jake, who promises to show him his Cool Skull collection when they get back home. Jake tells a story around the campfire that might have been intended to be scary, but ends up being more of an adventure tale, Indiana Jones style. Everyone listens intently and really enjoys it even though it’s not a ghost story.

Roxy: Can apparently climb trees like nobodies business? She had to help the carapacians in her old neighborhood get stuff out of them because they were always losing balls and cats and kites. She goes for a walk with Jade and Calliope while Jane is making dinner and they pick her a nice bouquet of wildflowers to give her when they get back. Around the campfire, she tries to tell a scary story but it ends up being about wizards and no one is surprised. Their tent is poppin’ and she and the ladies party it the fuck up all night and end up sleeping until noon the next day because they’re so exhausted.

Calliope: Loves being in nature so so so so much holy fuck. She’s lived underground and chained up her entire life that this is unbelievable. She’ll spend entire hours just staring up at the sky and pointing out cloud shapes to Jane and Roxy. She tries telling a scary story around the campfire, but it ends up being a tale about the importance of friendship and how love is the truest magic of all. There are a few tears in some of the kids eyes at the end of it.

Dirk: He and Jake go out to collect firewood and refuse to take more than one trip so they stagger back into camp with towering piles of branches and make a huge mess by dropping them everywhere. Instead of telling a ghost story, he and Dave have a rap battle over the fire which devolves into them just laughing and quoting SBAHJ until they can’t talk anymore. Karkat and Jake share a Look™ like, I can’t believe these are our fucking dorks. Dirk can name every single star, he knows the stars and constellations that transferred over from his Earth, and he knows the ones that migrated in from Alternia/Beforus. People begin to doubt him when he points out a constellation that he claims is shaped like a dick, most likely because he called it “Ursa Penis”. He spends the rest of the night trying to come up with a major/minor dick size joke but can’t think of a good one and sulks a little about it.

Sollux: Sets up everyone’s tent for them with his psiionics and goes on a walk with Karkat. They get very lost and argue the whole time about whether or not they are actually lost. John and Dave are flying above them and could theoretically help them get back to camp but they will not. Sollux thinks they’re going to die out in the woods and tries eating some roots and berries and mushrooms even though Karkat tells him that that’s the worst possible fucking idea he’s ever had in his life and yes he’s including the time Sollux suggested finding a way to combine troll and bee DNA to make the ultimate being. You mean ‘bee’-ing, Sollux says. No the fuck I do not, Karkat replies. The mushroom Sollux eats ends up giving him wackass hallucinations and Karkat definitely does not record any of the crazy bullshit Sollux starts saying.

What’s up, it’s Alexei!

When Ngozi posted this picture yesterday of young post-draft Tater “trying his darnedest to answer press questions in English,” I thought, “You know, I could make a play fic out of that.” Which is what led to the following 2700+ words about Tater and his ESL tutor.

Many, many thanks to @ktheunready for being my Russian authenticity consultant and beta!


Georgia Martin stood at the back of the media scrum and watched Alexei Mashkov stumble his way through his post-draft interview, saw the way his fingers kneaded the brim of the brand-new Falconers’ cap he’d been handed for the initial official photos, saw the way his eyes widened and stayed intently glued to whoever was asking him a question, like he was afraid he’d miss some key bit of meaning if he blinked.

She pulled out her phone and made a call.

***

«No, Mama, I promise, my room is very nice. The family is very nice. Everything is very…»

«Let me guess, nice? »

Alexei sighed. «Yes.»

«You know I don’t doubt you, right, Alyosha? I’m not worried you can’t do this. You will be fine. But I know this is your first time to live in another country, with none of the boys from your teams here. It can be… hard, sometimes. I know.»

«Yeah, Mama, I know. You told me.»

«Are you telling me you’ve heard the stories of my youth too many times?» she asked in mock outrage.

«No, no!» he laughed. «Of course not.»

«Good. I should think not.» He could picture her face exactly, and it made him smile. «I’m glad your host family seems nice, Alyosha. I’m sure you will have many friends in no time.»

He flopped back on the bed again and stared at the ceiling. «I hope so.»

«We’ll talk again soon. Love you, son.»

«Love you, too.»

He hung up and let his phone rest on his chest. He’d been to America before. He’d thought he’d known what it would be like, that it wouldn’t be so bad. Different, yes, but there would be so many interesting new things to see, and new teammates, and he certainly knew how to play hockey. What he had failed to take into account, apparently, was how exhausting it was to try to function in English all day. For a US hockey team, the Falconers’ roster was shockingly low on Russian players, so his host family was one of the French Canadian ones. To their credit, they did speak some Russian, but it was hardly enough to have a real conversation. Alexei felt like he’d been practically mute all day.

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BOKU NO HEADCANONS

  • Whenever Bakugou is stressed out or angry, he bakes. He bakes and bakes until he calms down and it works, the only problem is who the fuck is going to eat all of this
  • Fear not, for Kirishima, Kaminari and Uraraka are always hungry. They’re also very fond of Bakugou’s baking and cooking, so every time Bakugou goes on his baking spree, they’re always there to support him with their ever-empty stomachs
  • When Bakugou can’t sleep, he does the dumbest most random shit ever. Sometimes he screams into his pillow. Once he made an entire fucking plan to rob a bank at 4am, only to figure out he doesn’t even want to rob a fucking bank. He didn’t sleep that night at all
  • Midoriya loves leaving little presents for his classmates in their common room. He puts their names on them and eagerly waits for them to find them. Ever since Bakugou burned his, he doesn’t leave presents for him anymore
  • Tokoyami hates rainy days because his feathers get all soaked and he looks like a wet mop. He avoids rain at all costs
  • Meanwhile, Tsuyu loves them. Whenever there’s a storm, she waits for it to stop pouring and goes out to jump around in puddles until her classmates or teachers call her back in
  • Todoroki fell asleep in the common room multiple times already. Once Uraraka and Midoriya came up with a plan to carry him to his room with the help of Uraraka’s quirk, but she got sick halfway to his room and dropped Todoroki flat on the floor. He woke up confused and hurt, looking at his two classmates as if they betrayed him. Todoroki tries not to fall asleep in the common room anymore and Uraraka doesn’t try to transport her classmates around either
  • Everyone comes to Yaoyorozu when they need something. Help with studying, advice on their trouble, if they run out of something, they ask her to create it. She loves helping, but is against just creating objects they could easily buy or make themselves.  However, if it’s an emergency, she will help them out even with her quirk
  • On the weekends, the students often organize different events in their dormitory, usually themed ones and everyone provides something, either food, blankets, decorations, anything
  • Iida and Midoriya tried to convince Todoroki to sing on karaoke night, but Todoroki ended up freezing when he had to sing. Literally. It took five minutes of persuasion for Bakugou to help unfreeze him and switching guards to see if any of the teachers were coming. Bakugou stopped heating him up as soon as Todoroki was able to activate his hot side and Yaoyorozu immediately scolded Midoriya and Iida for pressuring him into it. Iida had never felt more mortified in his entire life and kept apologizing to both, Todoroki and Yaoyorozu. In the end, he even said sorry to Midoriya
  • Jirou, Kaminari and Ashido play pranks on their classmates all the time. Putting salt in Bakugou’s tea then running away as fast as possible, gluing googly eyes everywhere around the common room and waiting for someone to notice, taping the ‘don’t disturb’ sign on their dorm rooms, any stupid idea they come up with, they will get to work and do it. Their jokes are all harmless, though, as it’s all in good spirit
  • Hagakure often gets sit on. She feels rather desperate because of it, but there’s nothing she can do, so every time someone’s about to sit on her, or bump into her, she screams and it helps a lot
  • One time in the common bathroom, she was taking a shower and Uraraka thought it was weird the water was on but decided to take the shower in the same cabinet, excluding the possibility of Hagakure being inside. She just figured someone forgot to turn it off. Just in time, right before Uraraka was going to unwrap her towel, Hagakure screamed and Uraraka nearly fell in the shower. The two girls felt so embarrassed that they compromised never to speak of it, however, after a week or so, they laughed about it on their own. They never shared the occurred accident with anyone else, however
  • Tokoyami and Aoyama had a competition on which one makes a better impression of Batman in their capes. The winner was obviously Tokoyami, but Aoyama got extra credit for his sparkly performance and a good acting spirit. They had the competition alone. When some of their classmates walked in on their competition, they just quietly stared at each other, then the classmates turned around and walked out. Tokoyami does not speak of it. Neither does Aoyama.
  • Yaoyorozu is actually very clumsy, but in that adorable, unexpected way. Every time she trips or drops something, she makes an adorable sound of surprise and it’s driving everyone crazy because it’s too fucking cute. Then she gets all bouncy and even more adorable and people suffer around her in a very good way. At some point, everyone had a crush on her. Everyone.
  • Shinsou transfers to the heroic department and Mineta is kicked out. End of story.

The evolution of Astoria Malfoy in my sketches, from the first drawing (May, 2017) to the last one (December, 2017). You can find all of them in my tag #drastoria. Creating a series of sketches helped me to see how important it is to draw a character more than three times and explore as much as I can. Slowly progressing to the look that Astoria has in my head for a very long time. 

Classy woman, with a mysterious, calm look. She has bright blue eyes like a cold lake, but they are warm and kind like her heart. It’s easy to feel like you’re drawning in her gaze. Streight black hair that she oftens puts in a ponytail. She doesn’t like them in her face so they are pushed back.

Rarely she shows her teeth when she smiles but she’s expressive and has sense of humor. She’s very polite and mature, and also very honest. Because she’s a quiet woman by nature, when she speaks the true to the table everyone feels the impact of her words - and that cought Draco’s attention. She’s flirting and cheeky and confident. Also, very meticulous and perfeccionist. She’s annoyed by a number of insignificant things, like food, places, texture of clothes, smells, flavours, annoyed to the point of breaking relationship; she’s someone who is not easy to satisfy - or live with (Draco too, which makes them both perfect for each other). She likes her own space and you have to respect that. She doesn’t like small talks, but she enjoys flirting and teasing. She takes her own clothes before sex and there are things in bed that she absolutely won’t do - and there are things that has to be done.

Surprisingly enough, she and Draco has a very good and balanced relationship - they seem to have what the other needs - he needs someone who listen his thought, the good and bad ones/she does it perfectly, without judgement. - She needs someone who doesn’t try hard to satisfy her/Draco naturally knows what she wants and always seems curious to know something else about her - and that’s why he married her.

You know what I love about Taylor? That people told her she couldn’t do it, but she did. That someone has said she wasn’t good enough, but she is. That at some point she didn’t have very many friends, now she has millions. That she had dreams of becoming a singer one day, look where she is now. Taylor never let anyone make her believe she couldn’t do something or let anything get in the way of following her dreams. We all have big dreams and plans for ourselves and we all have people telling us they’re too big, they’re not realistic, or that we aren’t good enough. Taylor taught me to not listen to them, to do it my way and to prove them wrong. That’s what I love about Taylor.

To all the people that ask me
“Hahahahaha bro lol y u like tony stark brrooo” and “cap was good from the very start broooooo”
Okay.
Okay.
Take a step back and listen.
What makes you a good person?
Let’s start at the very basic point.
Endless/visceral love and support and good experiences.
Let’s talk about Steve Rogers, who had a lotvof shit going on in his life but had the most amazing, hands on, kind mother ever. Sarah Rogers. Who worked her butt off for him, told him all the time that she loved him.
About Bucky who was without fail, continuously there, there, there
Always there, to help Steve and love him.
Let’s talk about his morality and actions and his brain.
Above all, he is an artist. He liked to paint/draw whatever. No absolute question over how that is going to help anyone. None.
He just liked to draw tbh and he was pretty good at it.
Then the war. Everyone knew what was up. Everyone knew there was only one choice.
No questions of morality.
You were doing the right thing. For YOUR country and it’s people.
Steve Rogers, who grew up with unfailing love, no talents that can be used by others and a choice which everyone without fail agreed was the right and only thing to do.

Let’s talk about Tony Stark.
Born after the wars ended and the USA began to be a superpower.
I personally believe that Maria Stark, while a good woman hardly showed any unflinching devotion to Tony.
Let’s talk about how he built a circuit board at the age of FOUR.
You’re like haha so intelligent but do you know how much knowledgemust actually be required to do that?
At four kids are picking up languages.
LANGUAGES.
and Tony built a circuit board.
He must have been a special child .
His brain would have worked so so fast in that tiny little fragile body and it would be so hard for him to get occupied by child toys …with parents like Howard Stark and Maria Stark who provided shit support.

Then he builds the board.

They know now that he’s an unflinching genius.

A child genius.
What is howard’s first action? To thrust the child into limelight and declare that he will build greater, weapons.
Okay. Okay.
Now let’s come down his schooling.
He graduated high school at 13.
He was sent to a boarding school at 7.
A genius. Without his parents. Sent to an uppity boarding school.
Imagine a kid four years younger than you sits in your class and excels
Will you be his friend?
..not really.
HE MUST NOT HAVE HAD ONE FRIEND IN HIGHSCHOOL.
DAMN LORD HE WAS FOUR YEARS YOUNGER THAN EVERYONE.
and a rich kid to boot.
You telling me he did not get bullied?
Impossible.
Now a kid, who’s only doing as he is told gets bullied for being who is.
What would they do?
Tell their parents? Wait. Wait. Howard and Maria? Not so much. ( i like jarvis, but that’s one discussion im not going in rn)
Okay so what does he do?
He builds a thick, thick skin.
Acts out.
Because if he is going to be hated, let’s give those kids a reason. Use his money status. Because it can either ostracise him or make him popular.

Let’s talk about his drinking problem specially in the M.C.U
So in 616 universe, howard stark was an utter dick. He mentally/physically abused Tony and pressed a glass of alcohol in his hands when he was 8 (?) Because it would make him a…man.
In 616, THE character defects of Tony are explained and justified but since its the mcu and they can do no horrifying things.
They made howard a relatively good person WHILE STILL GIVING TONY ALL THE CHARACTER DEFECTS OF 616.
Fuck that.

Im going to say Howard introduced him to alcohol in MCU at young age too.
Now he is a genius, he’s got no friends and no rigid parental support and his mind is too too fast.
What does he do? He drinks.
he then goes to college where everyone drinks and parties and wants to get in his pants because of his money/influence/name.
Should he fight them? Should he fight tge press who continuously portrays him as white privileged kid genius wih bratty issues?
Why should he? Who is there to tell him that is not the right way to manipulate people?
Let’s talk about his wonders.
The first thing tony created, was a circuit board, the second and engine and the third aN AI ROBOT.
does it look like he wants to create destructive things?
He created a robot with artificial intelligence goddamnit.
He’s an engineer, a creator, with the wonder of science in his eyes and he only wants to do that. Just…create. that’s his talent.

Then.
Howard and Maria die.
The company lands on Tony’s head.
Tony who is an engineer, who is only interested in creating is put in the middle of a group of sharks, blood thirsty.
With Obadiah at his back.
Subtly and sometimes strongly pushing him pushing him pushing him.
He creates weapons, to get the board off his back. Keep them happy and he can create in peace. He has to spend his time doing shit he does not actually want to do.
And then there must be howard’s ghost on his head with obadiah propelling it.
“Your father tony..he must …he would want you to..”
And he still hasn’t found one person that would stick by him completely and unfailingly. The press continues to haunt him.
Rhodey? Sure. Sure. He loves Rhodey. But MIT is done and now Rhodey is making his career in the airforce and he’s miles and miles away.
So they tell him, hey you’re good for nothing but making weapons..keep doing that.
So he makes weapons.
And since he’s trapped in this hellhole, he drinks, parties and fucks his way out of it.
Which is wrong and sad. But it makes sense to me.
Pepper who’s only an assistant and who Tony even subconsciously think he’s worthy of.
Then Iron man happens.
There is a whole other rant for that.

I know I’ve posted a lot about my fav scenes in 2x01 but what i really really really loved about this episode was Adena unashamedly telling Kat that she wants her, sexually. The first thing she expresses when she wakes up after a tiresome trip is her desire for Kat, when kat returns from home she outright tells her she has been craving her all day and that she wants to spend the night w her alone clearly down for some sexy/romantic time, she makes delicious dinner and did y’all see how stunning she looks in that black outfit? And when she realizes that Kat isn’t picking up on her frustration she explicitly tells her (even tho it was at the wrong time but that’s not the point here). Adena needed Kat to reassure her that she is sexually attracted to her, and gosh her face and the way she blushes when Kat tells her w/out any doubt in her mind that she is so attracted to her and basically explains to Adena that she’s nervous about ruining it/not being good at it. The point I’m trying to make is the way the bold type portrays sexual attraction and love between two women, this specific plot was well done and fleshed out in an entire episode, if i may add in the very first episode of the second season. The bold type portrays the validity and beauty of romantic love between two women, it’s about women craving each other sexually and then being completely pleased by each other, not for the male gaze/ male consumption or in the context of sexualizing wlw. They showed us an emotionally mature and healthy conversation regarding sex between two women and then proceeded to actually show us a stunningly beautiful and passionate love scene that addresses the specific point of kat actually going down on adena w/out any awkwardness. Not to forget the chemistry between nikohl and aisha and how good and comfortable they’re at portraying all the different aspects of a wlw relationship on screen, which brings out the magic of kadena. Let me tell y'all i’ve never in my entire life seen anything remotely close to kadena on TV, this is the real deal, this is the quality representation i’ve been craving all my life craving now belongs to the kadena fandom. This is the kind of representation that actually makes a difference, the bold type is really doing that.