seven per cent

Hey quit expecting only black players to kneel or protest for the anthem. This isn’t just a black issue. This is a humanity issue. Everyone should be outraged. Ask your white faves to do it. You can’t just put this on one race when it takes more than just them to get stuff done, especially in a country ruled by old white men.

Law of Averages [YKH]

↠ kihyun x f!reader; 14.4k; after complaining about his rather annoying roommate, kihyun discovers the two of them are different to what they expected
↠ college au, it’s mostly hate/love, there’s a slightly smutty scene towards the end and mentions of mature topics but nothing too bad!

“Did you say that you thought I was annoying? That you wanted me to change rooms because you were jealous I had friends other than you?”

“No, I told him that I thought you were cute and that you were a really nice person that I would want to go on a date with!”

Originally posted by kihyuon

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crazybatkat  asked:

Hey there - I'm really, really hoping to not get buried under a pile of angry posts, but could you explain why everyone is so opposed to pipelines? I'm no newbie to climate change, but I honestly do not understand the logic - wouldn't a pipeline eliminate emissions made by the trucks/trains/boats that are currently transporting oil? I live in Alberta, and that is the number one argument I hear in favour of pipelines. If it's invalid, I'd really like to know why so I can educate people.

Trucks do not generally transport oil. Trains do but they handle the minority of oil transports.

Ships transport oil that ship overseas regardless of land transport.

Pipelines do not just allow easier access, they allow production to increase, this leads to more oil extraction and more emissions. We should not be expanding oil production & emissions at a time where we have signed the Paris Climate Change accord, which demands a reduction of emissions:

Climate Science says that expanding the oil sands (i.e. approving oil pipelines that will increase production), is incompatible with keeping Earth’s climate at a ‘safe level’ (generally 1.5-2 degrees C rise):

Expanding Tar Sands Will Kill Paris Targets and Climate Stability, Report Finds

But the unrestricted approval of pipeline projects such as Trans Mountain and Line 3 could drive the expansion of bitumen production by nearly two million barrels a day over the next two decades, says the report. Current oil sands production is 2.5 million barrels a day and accounts for 60 per cent of Canada’s oil production.

That means that Canada could be adding more new oil production to global markets than Brazil and Libya combined.

As a result, emissions from Canadian oil could eventually gobble up 16 per cent of the world’s total carbon budget if it is to keep global temperature increases below 1.5 degree Celsius, or seven per cent of the two degree Celsius global carbon budget, the report found.

“Without action, Canada could become one of the fastest growing extractors of new carbon pollution over the next 20 years through the expansion of long-lived tar sands production,” adds the report.

Scientists Call for Halt to Canada’s Oil Sands Growth

Other scientists have warned that if the tar sands continue to be developed and the Keystone XL is constructed, it would make the international goal of keeping global warming under 2°C (3.6°F) extraordinarily difficult.

“Constructing pipelines to support the extraction of the Canadian tar sands commits us to investing in infrastructure that will insure we continue to extract and burn the most carbon-intensive fossil fuels on Earth at a time when we have to be moving in precisely the opposite direction — away from our reliance on fossil fuels toward renewable energy,” Mann said Wednesday.

Then there’s the issue that bitumen oil spills cannot be cleaned up:

LETTER TO PREMIER CLARK REGARDING DILUTED BITUMEN SPILLS

British Columbia is confronted with a proposal that will result in a 6-fold increase in the amount of tar sands crude moving through the province and onto our delicate coastal waters. Most of this thick tar sands oil is thinned with condensate, creating dilbit which is able to flow through the pipelines. A 2013 study by the Government of Canada titled Properties, Composition and Marine Spill Behaviour, Fate and Transport of Two Diluted Bitumen Products from the Canadian Oil Sands found that when the spilled bitumen is exposed to sediment in marine settings, it sinks; it also found that chemical dispersants tested on dilbit were not effective.

In 2016, the National Academy of Sciences (NAS)—the scientific advisor to the United States Congress and President —released a more comprehensive study titled Spills of Diluted Bitumen from Pipelines: A Comparative Study of Environmental Fate, Effects, and Response. After examining the entire field of existing studies on the environmental fate of dilbit (including the Government of Canada 2013 report) over the course of nearly two years, the NAS concluded that when compared with commonly transported crudes, diluted bitumen behaves in fundamentally different ways when spilled.

The NAS found that as a result of weathering, dilbit can and will sink when spilled in water, increasing the impacts associated with a spill. Furthermore, the study concluded that there is no technique or equipment available to effectively clean up heavy oils that have submerged, mixed into the water column or settled on the bottom of fresh- or salt-water bodies. 1 The study also noted that the evaporating diluents are known to result in risks to human health and risks of explosions. The NAS report concluded that “when all risks are considered systematically, there must be a greater level of concern associated with spills of diluted bitumen compared to spills of commonly transported crude oils” and “[T]here are no known, effective strategies for recovery of crude oil that is suspended in the water column.”2

Then there is the issue of indigenous rights:

Although there are some First Nations that support oil development, there are many more that oppose it. The Government of Canada is refusing to grant consent to First Nations about energy projects going on in their territories. This is clearly not a moral or ethical way to get projects approved:

Canada violating UN indigenous right to pipelines consent: Grand Chief

Canada could face ’20 Standing Rocks,’ says Mohawk chief as Ottawa rejects need for ‘consent’

I could go on and on, but I hope this helps.

Melbourne Magicals: Job Hunting With Penelope

Penelope quit, mostly to avoid giving anybody the satisfaction of firing her.

“I’m sick of the continent,” she declared to Aloysius via her tablet that evening while tucking into her dinner: a bottle of Hat-Tricks Estate, old and red and very expensive. It was her new diet plan: red wine, green vegetables, steamed fish. Penelope didn’t like fish or greens, so at this point it was mostly just wine and… wine.

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Immigrants less likely to commit crimes in United States than those born in America

“Immigrants are less likely to commit crimes in the US than those born in the country, according to new analysis of 30-years of census data.  

Between 1980 and 2010, immigrants were one-half to one-fifth as likely to be jailed when compared with American citizens, the study by the Cato Institute think tank found.

Around seven per cent of the country’s population are non-citizens, while five per cent of inmates in state and federal prisons fall into that category,

The drew their conclusions after analysing figures compiled by the US Justice Department.

“There’s no way I can mess with the numbers to get a different conclusion,” Alex Nowrasteh, an immigration policy analyst at the Cato Institute, told the New York Times.

The analysis comes as President Donald Trump submitted an executive order that claims immigrants “present a significant threat to national security and public safety”.

The order forces the Department of Homeland Security to publish a weekly list of all crime “committed by aliens and any jurisdiction that ignored or otherwise failed to honour any detainers with respect to such aliens.”

The list will also include details of so-called “sanctuary cities” that refuse to hand over immigrant residents for deportation.

The order claimed the measures were needed to “ensure the safety and territorial integrity of the United States” and on signing the order, Mr Trump read out the names of US citizens who were murdered by illegal immigrants.”

—from the article Immigrants less likely to commit crimes in United States than those born in America by Shehab Khan

2

Sherlock Holmes: The Seven-Per-Cent Solution #5 cover by Kelley Jones and Jay Fotos. The finished piece really emphasizes the value and skill that a talented colorist brings to a finished piece of art. The lineart is another suitably amazing Kelley Jones piece, but look at the lighting, the separation of the figure from the train’s smoke, and all the other things Jay did to make the artwork shine even more. Really great pairing of artist and color artist, Jones and Fotos.

7

SHERLOCK HOLMES PORTRAYERS (PART TWO): Arthur Wontner (who played him five times in the thirties), Basil Rathbone (who played him 14 times from 1939-1946), Ronald Howard (son of Leslie, who played him on British TV in the fifties), Peter Cushing (who played him on British TV and in The Hound of the Baskervilles, 1959), Christopher Lee (who played him in the early sixties and in the early nineties), Robert Stephens (The Private Life of Sherlock Holmes, 1970) and Nicol Williamson (The Seven Per-Cent Solution, 1976).

Today in 1940 the Luftwaffe made an all-out effort to severely damage Britain’s Fighter Command. The massive air battles which ensued resulted in the 18th of August 1940 becoming known as “The Hardest Day”.

After their major efforts on 15 and 16 August the Germans paused to recover before returning in force on 18 August. Flying 750 sorties, the Germans attacked airfields at Biggin Hill, Kenley, Croydon and West Malling. The raid on RAF Kenley caused severe damage. All ten of its hangars and several aircraft – mostly Hurricanes – were destroyed. The air battles that took place were amongst the largest aerial engagements in history at that time.

“Within minutes all the Dorniers had been hit. Feldwebel Johannes Petersen’s Do 17 was flying higher than the others. It was hit, and caught fire, but carried on. Günter Unger lined up his Do 17 in order to attack a hangar and released his 20 110-lb bombs before his starboard engine was knocked out. Unteroffizier Schumacher watched as three hangars were destroyed by Unger’s bombs. Unger’s Dornier was then was hit by something. It bled black smoke and lost speed. Unger was engaged by No. 111s Harry Newton. Newton was shot down by accurate return fire and bailed out. However, Newton fired a burst of machine gun fire at the Dornier in frustration before leaving the Hurricane. He damaged the Dornier, but Unger flew on. Oberleutnant Hermann Magin was lining up a hangar when he was hit and slumped over. The quick reactions of the navigator, 28 year old Wilhelm-Friedrich Illg, saved the crew. He took control and climbed out of the defensive fire before ordering the crew to abandon the aircraft…” ~ 9 Staffel KG 76 attacks Kenley.

The British outperformed the Luftwaffe in the air, achieving a favourable ratio of 2:1. However, both sides suffered heavy casualties.The RAF and the Luftwaffe lost more aircraft combined on this day than at any other point during the campaign, including Battle of Britain Day, generally considered the climax of the campaign.

“The 25-mile strip of coastline between Bognor and Gosport now became a mass of some 300 hundred aircraft, twisting and turning to bring guns to bear or to avoid guns being brought to bear. Flt Lt Derek Boitel-Gill ordered the 11 Spitfires of No 152 Squadron to move into line astern and then led them into the melee. He picked out a small bunch of dive-bombers heading south, aimed a four-second burst into one of them and saw it crash into the sea. He then shifted his attack to another Stuka but then had to break away when Messerschmitts swept in to protect their charges. The 12 Spitfires of No 602 Squadron caught up with the Stukas of II./StG 77 just after they left the coast near Middleton-on-Sea. Flt Lt Dunlop Urie in the lead fired bursts at five dive-bombers in turn before he ran out of ammunition. Sgt Basil Whall singled out one Ju 87 and made four deliberate attacks before it curved back towards the coast and force-landed near Rustington. Whall then sped out to sea for another go at the dive-bombers and engaged one from 50 yards. The fighter’s rounds raked the Stuka, which caught fire and crashed into the sea. In the course of these attacks, however, Whall appears to have fallen foul of the Germans’ “gaggle trap” tactic. His Spitfire took numerous hits and, his engine losing power, he made a forced landing on the beach near Middleton-on-Sea.” ~ StG 77 attacks Thorney Island.

Between 27 and 34 RAF fighters were destroyed. A specialist source of the battle indicated the figure to be 31 destroyed or beyond repair. Of these, 25 fell to German fighters, two to return fire from the bombers. One was shot down by British ground fire in error and the loss of the remainder cannot be established. Some 26 of the fighters lost were Hurricanes, and five were Spitfires. Personnel losses for the RAF amounted to 10 British fighter pilots killed on the day, and another who died of wounds. Around 19 pilots were wounded, 11 so seriously that they did not take part in the rest of the battle.

Altogether, the Luftwaffe lost between 69 and 71 aircraft destroyed or damaged beyond repair as a result of its operations over Britain on 18 August 1940. Of this total, 59 were lost to certain or probable action by fighters while two fell to ground fire, four to a combination of both and one collided with a British training aircraft. The remaining three crashed in German-held territory owing to technical failures. Altogether, the losses represented seven per cent of the force committed. Around 29 aircraft crashed in England. Personnel losses were 94 German crews killed, 40 captured and 25 returned with wounds. Some 27 to 31 German aircraft returned with damage.

Painting: Spitfire Country by Nicolas Trudgian Aviation Art Fan Page.

“A typical scene from a bright August morning in that momentous summer of 1940. Having climbed into the dawn sky at daybreak, the Spitfires of No 603 Squadron have already been in action, and with more heavy raids on the plotters table, they scurry back to Biggin Hill to re-arm and refuel. A Messerschmitt Me109, shot down during the previous days fighting, lies discarded in a hay field, its lucky pilot having escaped with his life. Meanwhile, the beautiful Kent countryside comes awake as it prepares for the toils of another glorious summers day.”

The Six Thatchers Theories and Speculation Masterpost

Posts are organized by category/subject. (Text in parenthesis provide further description for the post). Italicized text describes post being debunked partially or entirely. FAQ Here. 

Masterpost will update daily and often! Please check back for the most recent update! 

EDIT 1/3/17: EMP and EDT Theories will not be added to this post. @monikakrasnorada already has one started, which can be found here.


Baby Watson/Rosie

- The Fate of the Watson Baby has been Staring us in the Face this Whole Time 

- Wherefore art thou Rosamund? 

- Baby is a dream/not real 


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Manuscript first page of “The Sign of Four”, 1889

This is the earliest surviving manuscript page of a Sherlock Holmes story. The first two paragraphs famously describe Holmes injecting himself with ‘a seven-per-cent solution’ of cocaine. His forearm and wrist are ‘all dotted and scarred with innumerable puncture marks’. He finds the drug so ‘transcendently stimulating and clarifying to the mind that its secondary action is a matter of a small moment’. The novel was first published in the United States as The Sign of the Four and in Britain as The Sign of Four.

Museum of London - Sherlock Holmes Exhibition.
Manuscript lent by University of California, San Diego.

9

ALL THE MYCROFTS!

The Diogenes Club was a great hit this year with all sorts of amazing props and decorations including a gallery of Mycrofts! So for those of you who missed them, these are all the Mycrofts we had to offer!

  1. Stephen Fry as Mycroft in Sherlock Holmes: A Game of Shadows.
  2. Mark Gatiss as Mycroft in BBC’s Sherlock.
  3. Rhys Ifans as Mycroft in Elementary.
  4. Charles Grey as Mycroft in The Adventures of Sherlock Holmes (aka Granada Holmes) and The Seven-Per-Cent Solution.
  5. Boris Klyuvey as Mycroft in The Adventures of Sherlock Holmes and Dr. Watson (aka Russian Holmes).
  6. William Padget’s Mycroft as published in the Strand Magazine.
  7. Christopher Lee as Mycroft in The Private Life of Sherlock Holmes.
  8. Igor Petrenko as Mycroft (Sherlock’s twin brother) in Sherlock Holmes (Russia, 2013).
  9. Rowlf as Mycroft in the continnnnnnnnuing story…. er, comic book Muppet Sherlock Holmes.

The Actual Hollister

Dave Eggers visits the California town more commonly known by its appearance on Abercrombie & Fitch sweatshirts:

The town has no mall and few boutiques or cafés. It is not a tourist destination, like nearby Salinas, the home of John Steinbeck, or Gilroy, known as “the garlic capital of the world.” Many of its older residents are Caucasian, but Hollister’s demographics have been changing for the past fifty years, and today sixty-seven per cent of residents identify as Latino. Most of them work on the surrounding farms or in the few nearby factories. Hollister is an unglamorous town, but its name is now associated with some degree of taste and status all over the world. Which is odd, because the town benefits in almost no way from this success.

Read more on newyorker.com.

Illustration by Barry Falls

A Victorian Drug Binge

ACD Holmes used cocaine on a regular basis and morphine (not heroin) on occasion.

“Which is it today? Morphine or cocaine?”

“It is cocaine. A seven-per-cent solution. Would you care to try it?”

- Dr. Watson speaking to Sherlock Holmes, ‘The Sign of Four’

During the Victorian era both drugs were completely legal and freely available from any pharmacist. Cocaine appeared widely in soft drinks, cigarettes and alcohol. By the mid 1880s cocaine was also available as a solution for direct injection which was ACD Holmes’ preferred method of taking the drug.

Side Note - A pitiable amount: 7% solution of cocaine is much weaker than most of the injectable solutions we have in the modern day. I won’t be so blithe as to say you can’t get addicted on this - addiction is just more unlikely. However chronic use of 7% solution can still give you the changes in brain biochemistry mentioned later. I want to point out that ACD Holmes does not fulfil all the criteria addiction and therefore he is not a drug addict.

Morphine is an opiate, a naturally occurring drug. The most commonly available form of opiates in the Victorian Era was opium, a dried gum obtained from poppy seeds that contained about 12% morphine and significant amount of codeine (a potent painkiller). Opium was smoked widely throughout all levels of society although some opium dens had connotations of vice attached to them. Opiates were also available in liquid form as Laudanum, an alcoholic preparation containing 10% morphine which became a popular folk remedy for any kind of pain. Crying babies were often given Mrs Winslow’s syrup which was basically morphine and sugar.

Synthetic (man-made) opiates are called opioids. The first opioid, diacetylmorphine was first synthesized by CR Alder Wright in 1874. From 1898 through to 1910, diacetylmorphine was marketed under the trademark name “Heroin” as a non-addictive morphine substitute and cough suppressant.

In the Victorian era drug addiction (particularly to opium) did exist as a significant social problem but the scale was eclipsed by poverty, disease, poor sanitation and alcoholism.

Dr Watson mentions Holmes’ cocaine use as “his only vice”, which shows that by the time of ACD’s writing cocaine use was being held in ill repute by certain levels of society. The disapproval is more to do with Holmes’ method of taking cocaine and his regular use than against cocaine itself. It was widely believed that “a bit” of cocaine was fairly harmless and positively useful but addiction/regular use was frowned up by the medical establishment. Although very little was understood about the science behind the addiction, doctors did realise that regular cocaine use had a negative impact on their patients’ health.

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Hidden Treasures, Part One

Summary: If there was anything Mr Gold hated above all that was change. The unexpected, the unexplainable and above all the unpredictable set his teeth on end.

Pity the new librarian is all three.

And possibly inhuman.

Rating: NC-17 for the fic, PG-13 for this part.

Based on a post I can’t quite find right now when someone proposed that librarians, being hoarders of books (and knowledge being a treasure), must be secretly dragons.

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Bullets and Ballots

Ferguson is sixty-seven per cent black, but fifty of its fifty-three police officers are white. In Comment, Jelani Cobb reflects on disenfranchisement, disillusionment, and the protests following Michael Brown’s death.

Illustration by Tom Bachtell.