“When John White returned from his voyage to England, he found that the colony of the first English settlement in the New World was abandoned. The only clue to the colonists’ whereabouts was the word C-R-O-A-T-O-A-N found carved on a post at the settler’s fort on Roanoke Island.

What the secret of Croatoan is and in particular what its connection is that caused colony’s disappearance remains a mystery to this day. It would be remiss, however, not to mention one more theory, that of the natives who once lived on Roanoke Island all those years ago. The Croatans themselves believed that the island had a spirit and, if angered, this spirit had the power to change those who offended it into the form of animals, trees and rocks.

John White drew this map of the coast of North Carolina and Virginia in 1585 and 1586. (Note that west, not north, is up.) Although his efforts to map the coast helped him find Roanoke Island, the colonists he left behind had disappeared.

“The towne of Pomeiock,” by John White. Image: the British Museum.

Croatoan has been found in several other mysterious places.
-When famous poet Edgar Allen Poe was on his death bed, he apparently whispered the word shortly before his demise.
-Croatoan was found scribbled in the journal of Amelia Earnhart after her disappearance in 1937.
-Similar to the lost colony, Croatoan was found carved into the post of the last bed that horror author Ambrose Bierce slept in before mysteriously vanishing.
-Notorious stagecoach robber Black Bart carved the word on his prison cell’s wall before he was was released and mysteriously vanished.
-Croatoan was found written on the last page of the logbook of the ship Carroll A. Deering when it crashed into Cape Hatteras in 1921 with no one aboard.”

Source: (X)

Images: American Horror Story: Roanoke, Chapter 3


Coalville, Iowa
Population: 610

“Coalville takes its name from the coal mines of the area. It began as one of the northernmost coal mining towns in Iowa. Early settlers were mining coal from outcrops along the Des Moines River by 1860, and in 1870, a mine was opened on Holiday Creek, about a mile east of Coalville, with a 3-mile tramway to the Dubuque and Sioux City Railroad (later the Illinois Central). Later in 1870, a shaft was sunk at Coalville. The Fort Dodge Coal company took over these mines and opened several more in the Coalville area. By 1880, manual labor was being augmented with machinery in these mines. In 1883, the Fort Dodge Coal company employed 350 miners to produce 30 carloads of coal daily.The Pleasant Valley Coal Company sank a 105-foot shaft in Coalville in 1895, employing 100 men to mine a 6-foot coal bed. This was mined out in the early 20th century. 

The Gleason Coal Company sank a shaft in 1899 that operated until 1907, producing 200,000 tons of coal over its lifetime. Gleason sunk a new shaft in 1908. United Mine Workers local 392 was organized in Coalville in 1899; by 1907, it had 133 members. Mine wages varied from $1.91 to $2.56 per day.”

Nain Rouge

Region of origin: Detroit, Michigan, United States

The “Red Dwarf,” Nain Rouge is a devilish creature said to haunt Detroit, first showing up in 1701 when he supposedly attacked Antoine de la Mothe Cadillac, a founder of Detroit who soon fell on hard times financially after the encounter. Since then his appearance has been a precursor to disastrous events in the city’s history, showing up before battles, riots and murders. Many people have grown to associate or even blame these events on Nain Rouge, but there is a contingent of citizens trying to clear his name who believe he is actually a beneficial presence, his arrival an attempt to warn people of coming danger. Nain Rouge’s origins are split, with some claiming he’s a lutin, a type of French hob, who came over from Normandy along with early European settlers while others maintain he’s actually indigenous to the area, one of a class of protective nature spirit belonging to native Wabanaki folklore. In recent years, a parade has been held in his name, the Marche du Nain Rouge, at the end of which participants burn the figure in effigy in an effort to symbolically ward him off.


Israeli settlements, explained in 8 minutes

Settlers are Israeli Jews who live in the disputed lands of the

West Bank

. In this video, we look at how they got there and what their presence means for the Israel-Palestine conflict.

The Israeli-Palestinian conflict is often more a war of narratives than of weapons (though there are plenty of weapons). Both sides claim the West Bank as legitimately belonging to them. And both sides list a wide spectrum of reasons for their claims, including international law, biblical history, and family heritage.

The settler narrative is one of return, not conquest. The settlers believe they are returning to the ancient lands of Judea and Samaria where many of the events in the Jewish Bible took place.

But in addition to the biblical overtones to their mission, the settlers also have a political mission: to possess the West Bank and prevent a Palestinian state there. As the settler population swells, any scenario of a Palestinian state that encompasses the entire West Bank dwindles. It’s simply not plausible to remove more than 400,000 residents from their established communities.

Early settlers referred to their mission as “creating facts on the ground,” meaning creating a real-life Jewish presence in the West Bank such that any negotiations would have to take them into account.

“Creating facts” was originally the work of zealous activists who moved onto hilltop outposts, unsanctioned by even the Israeli government. But the settlers later began to receive institutional support from the government.

Over time, and especially as Israeli politics has shifted rightward, the settler movement has become an institutionalized part of Israeli society. Support comes in the form of building permits, public investment, and even incentives for Israelis to move into the West Bank.

While peace talks remain frozen, the settlements continue to grow, making any possibility of a Palestinian state in the West Bank faint. Watch the video above for an overview of the history of Israeli settlements in the West Bank.

Many years ago, a badly lost flock of pigeons landed on the Indian Ocean island of Mauritius. The pigeons prospered in this new environment, evolving over hundreds of thousands of years into the flightless, three-foot-tall, 50-pound Dodo Bird–which was probably first glimpsed by human beings when Dutch settlers landed on Mauritius in 1598.

Less than 75 years later, the Dodo was completely extinct; the last confirmed sighting of this bird was in 1662.

Prints available at the link in my profile. 🐦

#paintingsforants #prints

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Listen up kiddies

Want to know what is very important?

my brother’s Fallout ocs. Thomas, Dan, and Lester. All very, very beautiful characters.

My brother mostly has development in Thomas, his SS. Thomas is bisexual? Gay?? Hes shipped with the Vault-Tec Rep. He likes to collect different types of glasses. Also very sarcastic, and his favorite chem is mentats.

He doesn’t have really anything for Dan, but he has a pompadour and I bet he’s a cool lad.

Not much on Lester either??? But im guessing his favorite chem is jet lmao. In my brother’s game, in one of his settlements there is just one settler who is a ghoul, and my brother said its what Lester would look like in-game

AREN’T THEY ALL JUST PRECIOUS??? My brother is young, age 9, and already has nice diversity in his characters!!! (At least more than I did at that age)

And not saying y'all should draw his ocs… but y’all should totally draw his ocs.

Many people misunderstand the nature of the struggle for Palestine. They consider Palestine to be contested land between Israelis and Palestinians. The facts about the struggle are simple: 
1. There was no entity called Israel before 1948 
2. There was no Israelis before 1948 
3. There is no meaningful verifiable connection between modern Israeli and the Israelites of the Bible. Modern Israelis are not Semitic and came to Judaism through conversions.Also, the Hebrew Bible, the only source of the mythology about Israel and the Israelites, is unreliable. 
4. European colonial settlers transported mainly from Europe settled and colonized historic Palestine by force and without the consent of the indigenous population, the Palestinians. 
5. The settler colonists established Israel in Palestine in 1948 by Jews of Jews for Jews with the active support of western colonial powers after ethnically cleansing the majority of the Palestinians, destroying more than 530 Palestinian towns and city sections, and committing scores of heinous crimes against Palestinian civilians to bring about their expulsion. 
6. Since 1948 Israel created an elaborate apartheid system that favors Jews, discriminates against the Palestinians, and is designed to maintain control and dominance of Israeli Jews over Palestinians by using genocidal methods and preventing their return, equality and normal living conditions. 
Palestine is not a contested territory. Palestine has its rightful owners, the Palestinians.Palestine is settled, colonized, and occupied by a foreign population..!


Israeli settlers - who live illegally on Palestinian land and shouldn’t be there in the first place - regularly destroy and uproot olive trees belonging to Palestinians, often striking at night to go unnoticed.

Olive trees are a livelihood for many families, and a key component of the Palestinian economy. That’s how they are meant to survive. 

These attacks are by no means limited to agriculture. They also burn and vandalize churchesmosques, homescars and… cemeteries

I saved the worst for last. Israeli soldiers escort Israeli settlers to attack Palestinians then stand by and watch, if not join in too. 

According to the UN the annual rate of Israeli settler attacks against Palestinians has almost quadrupled in eight years.

GIFs from 5 Broken Cameras (2011)

Hi y'all! 

I’ve compiled a list of readings that speak to issues of nationalism, indigeneity, colonialism, and resistance/decolonization

The list is of course limited to what readings I’ve encountered at some point. They also come from a variety of academic disciplines and political movements (settler colonial studies, native studies, queer theory, postcolonial studies, feminist studies, trans studies).

And, with a few exceptions, these files were legally uploaded and shared… a lot of the time by the authors themselves, which I feel the need to point out because I love when authors can/do share their work online for free. (I say this not because I’m worried about the sanctity of ‘intellectual property’ but because I’m worried about things being deleted.)

Also re-linking to this list of pdf readings, “Natives Read Too,” from The Yáadihla Girls!

 human rights/war/nationalism/sovereignty 

transnational/native/postcolonial feminisms & feminist critiques: 

decolonization, art, and resistance (not necessarily feminist):  

queer theory/sexuality studies/native studies/trans studies 

*Actually just going to link to this page of Dr. Puar’s work because it’s  great and relevant (and she also has a lot of work on Israel/Palestine).

critiques of humanitarianism/developmentalism: 

[Really wish I knew more about this kind of work.] 

Biopolitics, science, environmental justice 

and…. U.S. politics  

The women were lounging about the houses, some cleaning fish, others pounding rice; but they do not care for work, and the little money which they need for buying cloes they can make by selling mats or jungle fruits.

some English lady who spent 5 weeks in Malaya in 1879 that Syed Hussein Alatas quotes in The Myth of the Lazy Native. The joke practically writes itself, but Alatas says it for us: “We may ask the author what is meant by work here? Is cleaning fish and pounding rice not work? Work here means wage earning outside the home. Are making mats and selling fruits not work? It is clear that work here means that activitiy introduced by colonial capitalism. If the ladies became coolies or servants of British planters or firm officials, she would then have considered them as working.”

So when the settler colonials say Indigenous people are lazy, they really mean “they won’t work for us to help us engineer their economy for our benefit”.


A list of all massacres of Indigenous Australians that happened in Victoria. I feel this information needs to be shared as people don’t know nearly enough about Indigenous Australians and do not know how horribly we were and still are treated. Nothing else needs to be said as the list tells it all. Click the photos to save a bigger image for reading the list clearly. 

Photo/display credit: Brambuk - The National Park & Cultural Centre.