On the 7th of September, 1822 Dom Pedro declared independence near the Ipiranga river after 322 years of being a colony of Portugal, shouting the famous words of “Indenpendencia ou morte!” or in English, Independence or death. Till this day, Independence day is celebrated annually.
The Portuguese deputies of the Cortes showed no respect towards the prince and openly mocked him. And so the loyalty that Pedro had shown towards the Cortes gradually shifted to the Brazilian cause. His wife, princess Leopoldina of Habsburg, favoured the Brazilian side and encouraged him to remain in the country.
Pedro departed to São Paulo Province to assure the province’s loyalty to the Brazilian cause. He reached its capital on August 25th of 1822 and remained there until September 5th. When returning to Rio de Janeiro on September 7th he received mail from José Bonifácio and his wife Leopoldina. The prince learned that the Cortes had annulled all acts from the Bonifácio cabinet and removed the remaining power he still had. Pedro turned to his companions that included his Guard of Honor and spoke: “Friends, the Portuguese Cortes want to enslave and pursue us. From today on our relations are broken. No ties unite us anymore” and continued after he pulled out his blue-white armband that symbolized Portugal: “Armbands off, soldiers. Hail to the independence, to freedom and to the separation of Brazil”. He unsheathed his sword affirming that “For my blood, my honor, my God, I swear to give Brazil freedom” and cried out: “Independence or death!”. This event is remembered as “Cry of Ipiranga”.
7th September 1822, shore of the Ipiranga River. He reunited with his guard and declared: “Friends, the Portuguese Cortes want to enslave and pursue us. From today on our relations are broken. No ties can unite us anymore”. He pulled out the blue-white insignia from his hat that symbolized Portugal, saying: “Ties off, soldiers! Hail to the independence, to freedom and to the separation of Brazil from Portugal!” After, unsheathed his sword, accompanied by his soldiers and swear: “For my blood, my honor, my God, I swear to give Brazil freedom.” On the same ocassion, according to priest Belchior, he cried that Brazil motto would be: “Independence or death!” (Isabel Lustosa, Dom Pedro I)
Lemme explain to y’all WHY there’s no such thing as “reverse racism”/racism against white people
There is one definition of racism, the dictionary one, that says: “prejudice, discrimination, or antagonism directed against someone of a different race based on the belief that one’s own race is superior.” that people tend to get by heart. Look, I’m not saying this wrong, because, in the literal sense, it’s not, but this don’t apply to everybody and that’s what racism truly means. Racism is a constantinstitution of society,that is, it’s something that affects the way we live our lives because it’s in the core of what makes us us, as a community or as individuals. What do exactly I mean by that?
White people have always been in the winning side of this. Europeans colonized practically the entire world: Spain and Portugal colonized Latin America for over 400 years (probably more, i only know brazilian history. Brazil was an Portugal cologne and, differ from what England did to the US, Portugal exploit everything we had til Dom Pedro I clammed Independence in September 7th, 1822, but we were still exploit by other countries because the monarchy had debts til the military coup in November 15th, 1889 that proclaimed the republic. In another note about Brazil: white people, a group that consisted in not only portuguese people but other nations, owned slaves, slaves that or were native brazilians that lived here before the “discovery” or african people that were brought here against their will. Slavery here lasted for 388 years.), England colonized so many countries i can’t even name them here, France, Germany and I could go on. People that are direct descendants of slaves and/or of these colognes made for exploitation or people there are from these now-countries or still-colognes are on the losing side. We have to work twice as hard and be twice as smart. We have to always carry our ID and live with the constant fear there the cops are going to stop us for no reason or, worse, kill us. People don’t like our traits, our hair. People sexualize us. We are nothing but a stereotype. White people don’t suffer from that, and they never will. When a white person calls a black person the N word, they are reaffirming the power, the privilege they have over us. They’re reaffirming that they can oppress us and that society will allow it.A simple act has more meaning than you think it has.When a poc calls a white person a “cracker” or something like that, they’re literally just calling a white a “cracker”, there’s nothing behind it because they never had the power to oppress this person in any way.
And that’s why reverse racism™ doesn’t exist: poc don’t have the power to oppress white people.