Japanese Name Suffixes
Hey guys, today we’re gonna talk about Japanese honorifics. In particular we’ll talk about Japanese name suffixes! When addressing someone by name, it’s important to use an honorific suffix attached to their name as a sign of respect. To drop the honorific, referred to as 呼び捨て・よびすて, is a sign of intimacy between couples in relationships, family members, or very close friends. It can also be a sign of disrespect if used in the wrong way.
Formal Name Suffixes
The most formal name suffix in Japanese is -sama. It’s used for royalty (Princess・お姫様・おひめさま), God (God・神様・かみさま), at Maid cafe’s when referring to customers (Master・ご主人様・ごしゅじんさま and Lady・お嬢様・おじょうさま), and can be used sarcastically or jokingly between friends. This suffix is extremely formal and wouldn’t be used when referring to your friends, family, co-workers, peers, or boss. It can be used for males or females.
This is the most commonly used name suffix, and roughly translates to Mr or Miss. When in doubt, definitely use -san! It’s used between friends, co-workers, peers, and you will hear it being used to customers in businesses (Customer・お客さん・おきゃくさん). It can be used for males or females. It can also be attached to job titles, such as doctor for example (Doctor・お医者さん・おいしゃさん).
Informal Name Suffixes
This suffix is a term of endearment. It’s often attached to children’s names, babies (Baby・赤ちゃん・あかちゃん), teenager girls, couples in relationships, close friends, and some family members (Grandma・おばあちゃん). It can add a sense of cuteness or kinship to a name or title. Generally only used by females.
This suffix is used to address men who are the same age or younger than you. It can also be used for young children, friends, and peers. A male might use this suffix to address female inferiors in schools or companies. It can be attached to both given names and surnames. It can be used for males or females.
This is used to refer to teachers, doctors, or authoritative figures. It’s a sign of respect used for someone who has achieved a high level of mastery in their skill.
This is used to refer to someone’s senior in school, companies, and clubs.
This is used to refer to someone’s junior in school, companies, and clubs.
Hey, can I ask what's going on w Joel rn? I've seen a couple people talking about him but haven't seen much explaining what happened or whatever and I'm so lost