selenographie

Johann Gabriel Doppelmayer - Tabula Selenographica (The first comparative chart of the Moon from which the names of many Lunar features have been derived), 1707.

Essentially a comparative chart, Doppelmayer constructed this map to illustrate the Lunar mapping of Johannes Hevelius (left) and Giovanni Battista Riccioli (right). The left hand Lunar map, composed by Hevelius, is a considered a foundational map in the Science of Selenography – or Lunar cartography.

This map first appeared in Hevelius’ 1647 work Selenographia which laid the groundwork for most subsequent Lunar cartographic studies. Here the Moon is presented as it can never be seen from Earth, at a greater than 360 degrees and with all visible features given equal weight. In this map Hevelius also establishes the convention of mapping the Lunar surface as if illuminated from a single source – in this case morning light. The naming conventions he set forth, which associate Lunar features with terrestrial locations such as ‘Asia Minor,’ 'Persia,’ 'Sicilia’, etc, were popular until the middle of the 18th century when Riccioli’s nomenclature took precedence.

The Riccioli map, on the right, is more properly known as the Riccioli-Grimaldi map. This was a significant Lunar chart and offered an entirely new nomenclature which, for the most part, is still in use today. Curiously, though Riccioli, as a devout Jesuit, composed several treatises denouncing Copernican theory, he chose to name one of the Moon’s most notable features after the astronomer – perhaps suggesting that he was a secret Copernicus sympathizer? Other well-known Lunar features named by Riccioli include the Sea of Tranquility where Apollo 11 landed and where Neil Armstrong became the first human to set foot on the Moon’s surface. The upper left and right hand quadrants feature decorative allegorical cartouche work that include images of Angelic children looking through a telescope and a representation of the Ancient Greek Moon goddess Selene. Additional mini-maps show the Moon in various phases of its monthly cycle. Below the map proper extensive Latin text discusses Selenography.

“Wake Up, Young Man,” Pittsburgh PA, 04.01.04

The most unrequited love I’ve ever had. He gave me a song & I took his picture. I remember swooning when I pulled the negatives out of the developing tank: “OH GOD THEY ARE SO GOOD,” I wrote in my journal. These portraits aren’t really that good at all, technically or compositionally, but they are of him, all my favorite parts of him – traced & outlined in blue, here, because I couldn’t touch him. He was everything, for a few months when I was 20, though nothing ever really happened between us. Everything started happening because of us: the song he gave me was the song that sent me Southbound, & brought me to New Orleans for the first time. I was 20 and everything was happening.