scottish sword


Claymore from Scotland dated to the early 16th Century on display at the National Museum of Scotland in Edinburgh

The sword is in the traditional Gaelic style used in the Hiberno-Norse peoples in the Western Isles of Scotland and Northern Ireland and bears the letters IHS on both sides of the blade. IHS is a common Christogram which often means either  Iesus Humilis Societas (Humble Society of Jesus) or Iesus Hominum Salvator (Jesus, Savior of men). However it could also mean In Hoc Signo (Vinces) which translates to “In this sign (you will win)”


The Scottish sword known as the claymore gets all of the glory, but few remember its badass cousin from the lowlands. Aptly named the Lowlander, these swords were mostly wielded by mercenaries and were larger and more powerful than their highland cousins, often being able to smash through chain mail and break the swords of your enemies that would otherwise hinder your strikes. With compound loop guards to aid in defense, these swords were an unstoppable force on the battlefield of the day.

Pictured above is Jack Churchill  leading a training exercise, sword in hand, from a Eureka boat in Inveraray.

‘’Lieutenant-Colonel John Malcolm Thorpe FlemingJackChurchill, DSO & Bar, MC & Bar (16 September 1906 – 8 March 1996) was a British Army officer who fought throughout the Second World War armed with a longbow, bagpipes, and a basket-hilted Scottish broadsword.

Nicknamed “Fighting Jack Churchill”…, he is known for the motto: “Any officer who goes into action without his sword is improperly dressed." 

‘’ Churchill gave the signal to attack by cutting down the enemy Feldwebel (staff sergeant) with a barbed arrow, becoming the only British soldier known to have felled an enemy with a longbow in the war. ‘’


Russian pioneers sword and small percussion pistol belonging to Andrew Drummond of the Argyll and Sutherland Highlanders on display at their regimental museum in Stirling Castle

Drummond recovered the sword while serving in the Crimea and unusually for a private in the army he carried this pistol as well as his rifle.

He was awarded a medal for distinguished conduct during the war.


Early 20th Century dress uniform, helmet, shako and claybeg sword of the 21st Royal Scots Fusiliers, now the Royal Highland Fusiliers after they amalgamation with the Highland Light Infantry in 1959.

The sword hilt is the alternative to the mortuary hilt of the claybeg in the medieval style.

This is on display at the Royal Highland Fusiliers Museum in Glasgow.