June 23rd 1795 saw the death of Scottish architect James Craig.
Due to the amount of smoke that covered Edinburgh, which could be seen for miles, the city of Edinburgh earned the nickname “Auld Reekie”, there was also serious overcrowding, rich and poor lived side by side with the more affluent taking accommodation on the upper floors of the tenements, leaving the lower floors to the poor.
Edinburgh was one of the most densely populated areas in the world at that time.
It was not uncommon for buildings to collapse and the overcrowding also brought disease to the City. Something had to be done so a competition was held to create a New Town in Edinburgh. James Craig, a young Architect aged 22 was the winner in 1766 with his design of a grid system and an area was chosen to the North of the old Town. It is by and large these streets you walk along nowadays, from St Andrews Square to the east, to Charlotte Square in the west.
Despite winning this and being well respected as an architect Craig was not a good businessman, records show he was a regular in the courts for people chasing unpaid bills and others wanting loans repaid.
Aged only 55 James Craig died of consumption (tuberculosis) in 1795, he is buried in his then unmarked family plot in Greyfriars, the family were not well off and with the death of James the line ended, his goods and books, drawings and equipment were sold at auction to pay creditors in the same year, with their matters for finally settled three years later.
In 1930 The Saltire Society honoured him when they paid for a memorial on the grave, the footpath between the old St James’s Centre and Register house is named James Craig walk in his honour, he was also responsible for the planning of James Square, most of which was swept away in the sixties to accommodate the aforementioned St James’s Centre.
This beautiful edition of Byron’s The Prisoner of Chillon was published in 1865 and illuminated by William and George Audsley, a pair of Scottish architects.
Each page features a full medieval-style chromolithograph complete with shining silver and gold accents.
The Audsley brothers were especially known for their Gothic Revival style, so I suppose it’s only natural that they would produce such intricate, vivid borders.
Hi there, I'm an architecture student from Brazil, and I'm going to enter a contest for a hypothetical school of samba. Could you please point me some references of contemporary schools of music you might know about? By the way, you have a nice blog, I love it! Abraços
That sounds like a really interesting project, I am providing some examples below of music and dance schools and venues that might inspire you. Remember to provide large areas for practices with proper ventilation and natural light. Also, don’t forget to provide areas of silence in the building, to serve as breaks from all the glorious samba!
Siobhan Davies Studios Sarah Wigglesworth Architects