scientific image

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Phineas Gage is one of the most famous patients in the history of neuroscience. He was 25 years old when he experienced a serious accident at his work place, where a tamping iron was shot through his head - entering under his eye socket at exiting through the top of his head - after an explosive charge went off. The tamping iron was over a metre long, and after exiting Gage’s head landed 25m away. 

Initially Gage collapsed and went into minor convlusions, but recovered quickly and was able to speak after a few minutes. He walked with little assistance to an ox-cart and was brought to a nearby physician. Initially the physician did not believe his story because he was in such good condition, but was convinced when: 

Mr. G. got up and vomited; the effort of vomiting pressed out about half a teacupful of the brain, which fell upon the floor.

Gage exhibited a number of dramatic behavioural changes following the accident. Harlow, the physician who initially treated Gage, described this change “He is fitful, irreverent, indulging at times in the grossest profanity (which was not pre­vi­ous­ly his custom), manifesting but little deference for his fellows, impatient of restraint or advice when it conflicts with his desires”. However the surgeon Henry Jacob Bigelow described his condition as improving over the course of recovery, stated he was “quite recovered in faculties of body and mind”. This may have been early evidence of neural plasticity. This recovery was also reported by a physician who knew Gage while he lived in Chile, who described his ability to hold on a full time job as a Concord coach driver, a job that required exceptional social skills.

Gage’s neurological deficits following his traumatic brain injury is thought to have been exaggerated and distorted over the course of history, to the point that he is often portrayed as a ‘psychopath’. Scientific analysis of the historical accounts of Gage’s life following his accident, namely by the psychologist Malcolm Macmillan, find that these distorted accounts are most likely untrue, and that Gage made a very good recovery.

Post-mortem analysis of the Gage case concluded that it was the left frontal lobe that was damaged in the accident, although further neurological damage may have resulted from infection. Combined examination of the Phineas Gage case with the other famous cases of Tan and H.M. have concluded that social behaviour, memory, and language are dependent on the co-ordination of a number of different brain areas rather than a single region.

This is a scientific Illustration of my scorpion that I ordered online! The process consisted of rehydrating the specimen as well as pinning it into place on a piece of foam board. The end product was completed using carbon dust as well as carbon pencil to achieve the rich dark values within the subject! hope you guys enjoy!

19th century sketches of fishes from the seas surrounding China and Japan. 

The fish in the top image (the drawing clearly has taken some inspiration from the Chinese dragons) belongs to the stargazer family. Stargazers have their eyes and mouths on top of their heads. As the stargazers bury in the bottom of the sea, the top facing mouth and eyes allows them to ambush the prey quickly and unnoticed. This particular stargazer drawn here belongs to Uranoscopus genera, which is also capable of producing electric shocks. 

Image source

Pachamama- Divine Feminine 

Pachamama is a goddess of the ancient indigenous people of the Andes. Pachamama is usually translated as Mother Earth, but a more literal translation would be “Mother World”. She was a fertility goddess who presided over planting and harvesting but who also caused earthquakes.

Dr. P. P. Flambas, - Caribbean Atlantis: A Scientific Analysis 

Image Credit - Pacha Mama by Jose Garcia Chibarro

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Adolphe Ganot. Ghost Scenes, Formation of Images in Plane Mirrors, Images of the Camera Obscura, Virtual Image, Decompisition of Light by Prisms, Positives on Glass, Different Kinds of Lenses, Conjugate Focus, Visual Effects of Refraction, Electrical Discharge in Highly Rarefied Gases (Frontispiece). Natural Philosophy for General Readers and Young Persons. 1876.

Phenology- the study of cyclic and seasonal natural phenomena, especially in relation to climate and plant and animal life (from Oxford Dictionary). 

Because of the climate change the patterns of many phenological activities in animals and plants are changing. Earlier spring means earlier snowmelt and earlier blossoming of flowers. While this may not seem a bad thing, it may well have some dramatic effects because not all organisms adapt to phenological changes at the same rate. For example, the snowshoe hares have white fur in winter and grey in summer to camouflage themselves against predators. With the snow melting earlier, however, the white fur makes hares particularly easy to spot in a muddy spring environment for the predators, causing a fast decline in hare population. 

Image source 

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Adolphe Ganot. Electrical Spark, Sound Waves, Magic Pane, Longitudinal Vibrations of Strings and Rods, Luminous Globe and Tube, Nature of Images in Plane Mirrors, Photo-Electrical Microscope, Nature of Images in Convex Mirrors, Path of Rays in a Prism, Luminous Effects & Luminous Jar. Natural Philosophy for General Readers and Young Persons. 1876.  Contd from here

A photo of the green alga Volvox globator from the Dodel-Port Atlas, circa 1880. 

Volvox globator exists as a spherical colony of individual single-celled organisms, each with two whip-like appendages called flagella that V. globator uses to propel itself around. The cells are stuck together by thin strands of cytoplasm, allowing them to move in concert to direct the colony’s motions.

anonymous asked:

Can we see that moment in PT when Ness and Lucas dance together?^~^

Um of course you can my friend

Did you know that this is a scientific image showing the exact moment where Ness goes from “Maybe bisexual, I’m not sure” to “Oh shit I’m almost as gay as my best friend” 

hey guys wanna see an actual scientific diagram from an actual scientific journal 

[image description: 2 simply drawn hexagons. The one on the left has a smiling cartoon mouse in front of some cheese with the label “5HT” in a box above it. The right hexagon has an unhappy cartoon mouse and cheese, with “???” to the side and the “5HT” box crossed out. The two hexagons are joined by a crossed out “TPH2″]